States Of Matter


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  • guestc7679d I am sorry that my slideshow did not give you the information you were looking for, but it is about the States of Matter not the elements. However, I did a quick google search and I found this website that does list the 6 most important elements:

    the 6 important elements are
    water,fire,soil,air,sunlight,carbon cycle


    Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulpher
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States Of Matter

  1. 1. Matter
  2. 2. Properties of all objects: <ul><li>They take up space </li></ul><ul><li>They have mass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass is how much there is of an object. It is related to how much something weighs, but mass and weight are two different things. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Objects that take up space and have mass are called matter . All matter is made up of lots of tiny particles that are too small to be seen by the eye.
  4. 4. So, what are some examples of matter? <ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Houses </li></ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul><ul><li>Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Pencils </li></ul><ul><li>EVERYTHING </li></ul>
  5. 5. Physical Properties <ul><li>Physical properties refer to the characteristics of an object that can be seen without changing how that object looks. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of physical properties are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement of particles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spacing of particles </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Physical Properties <ul><li>When we describe matter, we use the physical properties to talk about the states of matter. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, if I was describing a solid I would say that ALL solids have a definite shape and a definite volume. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notice I didn’t say that they are hard. I didn’t say that because not ALL solids are hard. Think about your hair. Is it hard? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The States of Matter <ul><li>Solids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Rocks, chairs, clothes, paper, ice, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Liquids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Water, soda, milk, juice, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Oxygen, helium, carbon dioxide, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Solids <ul><li>Ways to describe solids: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ALL solids have a definite shape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALL solids have a definite volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The particles in ALL solids are packed closely together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The particles in ALL solids vibrate in place. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Finding Volume of a Solid <ul><li>There are two ways to find the volume of a solid. You must determine the type of the solid before you can find the volume. </li></ul><ul><li>The two types of solids are rectangular solids and irregular solids. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Volume of Rectangular Solids <ul><li>An example of a rectangular solid would be a book. A book has a length, width, and volume. </li></ul><ul><li>To calculate the volume of a book, you would first measure the length, width, and height. Then, you multiply those values together. </li></ul><ul><li>Length x Width x Height = Volume </li></ul>
  11. 11. Volume of an Irregular Solid <ul><li>To find the volume of an irregular solid, you will need to use water displacement with a graduated cylinder. </li></ul><ul><li>Water displacement means that you would put water in the graduated cylinder. Then, drop the solid into the cylinder. Then however much the water rose would be the volume of the solid. </li></ul><ul><li>Volume of irregular solid = new water level – original water level . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Liquids <ul><li>Ways to describe liquids: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ALL liquids have a definite volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALL liquids take the shape of the container they are placed in. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The particles in liquids are relatively spread out. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The particles move apart from each other and flow from place to place </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Finding Volume of a Liquid <ul><li>To find the volume of a liquid, scientists use a tool called a graduated cylinder. </li></ul><ul><li>A graduated cylinder is similar to a measuring cup in that it shows measurements in increments on the outside of the container. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Gases <ul><li>Ways to describe gases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ALL gases have no definite volume. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALL gases take the shape of their container, filling all of the available space. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The particles in a gas are spread out in the available space. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The particles move easily through the available space. </li></ul></ul>