Page 1 of 30                   In Pursuit of George G. M. James   Study of African Origins in "Western Civilization"      ...
Page 2 of 30The innocence, or ignorance, about the Africans major roles as creators of European civilizationis less here t...
Page 3 of 30[white] civilization" [philosophy included] void of its African and Asian Roots and/or Orgins, etc. Itmust be ...
Page 4 of 30        The Memphite Theology is an inscription on a stone containing the cosmology,        theology and philo...
Page 5 of 30George G. M. JamesOften-times called "the umbrella man," because he was seldom seen without one in his hand,co...
Page 6 of 30Tennessee. This type of erratic behavior was never typical of the highly disciplined GEORGE G.M. JAMES.Organiz...
Page 7 of 30                                 Character of Students. Published in the Georgia                              ...
Page 8 of 30        and WOOLY HAIR FOUNDED ON THE STUDY OF THE LAWS OF NATURE        THOSE CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS SYSTEMS WHI...
Page 9 of 30          The term Greek philosophy, to begin with is a misnomer, for there is no          such philosophy in ...
Page 10 of 30works, is for purpose of debunking the myth of a JUDAISM, JUDAEO-CHRISTIANITY and/orGREEK PHILOSOPHY that ori...
Page 11 of 30The GREEKS WERE NOT THE AUTHORS OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY, BUT THE PEOPLE OFNORTH AFRICA COMMONLY CALLED EGYPTIANS....
Page 12 of 30             e. This explains why all religions, seemingly different, have a common                nucleus of...
Page 13 of 30Lodge of Luxor. For the evidence in the DIAGRAM OF THE LAW OF OPPOSITES before you(see the discussion of this...
Page 14 of 30which they transmitted to the Helenes; Pythagotas, for example, his geometry, his theory ofnumbers, and trans...
Page 15 of 30Aristotle was not amusing in his attempt at belittling the Africans DIAGRAM OF THEPRINCIPLE OF THE LAW OF OPP...
Page 16 of 30Fuller, on page 19 of his HISTORY OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY, articulated the very same point Ihave highlighted: thu...
Page 17 of 30Certainly my following remarks relative to Isis IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, at least 4100years before Marys [which...
Page 18 of 30medical art in the ancient southern Nile Valley High-Culture from central Africa [UGANDA,KENYA, TANGANYKA, an...
Page 19 of 30PHILOSOPHY AS HEALING ART             Hippocratic Oath I SWEAR by Apollo the physician, and             Æscul...
Page 20 of 30              Into whatever houses I enter, I will go into them for the benefit of the              sick, and...
Page 21 of 30                        common sources of power.             1350 [7] Berlin Medical Papyrus—an XIXth Dynasty...
Page 22 of 30                        traveling                     to                    Egypt.                           ...
Page 23 of 30           How fruitful are your works!           They are hidden from our presence.           Oh my only God...
Page 24 of 30What I have just read for you came from the contents of a series of papyri, one such named"THE HYMN OF ATON,"...
Page 25 of 30In my research, down through the past four [4] decades, I have only encountered one term forthe philosophical...
Page 26 of 30       good shepherd who is tireless, capable and loving. ...I am citing page 189 of her book, Temples, Tombs...
Page 27 of 30The Hebrews turned the "GEESE" into an "EAGLE"; another miracle by the Hebrew Deity Ywh!Quoting from another ...
Page 28 of 30                 Were all their goods beneath their heads stolen,                     They would be unaware o...
Page 29 of 30James, George G. M., Stolen Legacy, New York Philosophical Society, New York, 1954 Zeller,Edward, A History o...
Page 30 of 30Ruins of Empire, London, 1789 [First Edition; listed our of sequence] Babylonian Talmud [SixthCentury C.E. Ed...
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In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western Civilization by Yosef A. A. ben-Jochannan

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In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western Civilization by Yosef A. A. ben-Jochannan

  1. 1. Page 1 of 30 In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in "Western Civilization" By Dr. Yosef A. A. ben-Jochannan Prelude Fellows, scholars, students and others assembled, particularly all of us directly involved in the area of "Africana Studies and Research," I have before me in this paper basic evidence on Judaism, Greek Philosophy and European civilization, etc. which was not available to the late African- Guyanese linguist, Egyptologist, theologian, philosopher, historian, scientist, mathematician, and professor - George G. M. James, in whose honour I appear - when he wrote his masterpiece - Stolen Legacy - in 1954 C.E. This materialranges from an article in The New York Times, March 1, 1979, page A1 and A16 titled "NubianMonarchy Called Oldest," by Boyce Rensberger; one of the earliest pictures of a statue of themost honoured of "Greek Philosophers," Sokrates, in the London Museum of NaturalHistory I extracted from a book - The History of Free Thought, London, 1887 (See apicture of his bust to the right.); to another article in a photography magazine -Camera 35, February, 1980, page 6 titled "Potpourri" - showing a picture of a late African-European of historical fame - Alexander Dumas Pere, by the nineteenth century C.E. French photographer Gaspard Felix Tournachon [otherwise called "Nadar"]; and beyond these. Note that the picture of Dumas was sold either on November 1 or 2, 1979 at the Sotheby Parke Berke Bernet Gallery, New York City, New York for the respectable sum of sixteen thousand ($16,000) dollars. I wonder if the purchaser realized that he, or she, waspurchasing a picture of an African like anyone of us here tonight! Did this "lover of the arts"know that there was hardly any difference between Sokrates and Dumas in terms of their "racialorigin"? (See a picture of Dumas to the left)In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  2. 2. Page 2 of 30The innocence, or ignorance, about the Africans major roles as creators of European civilizationis less here than it was when Professor James began the research for his basic work, StolenLegacy, which re-ignited in me the fervor to research further and present this paper today. ThusI begin with a major contradiction of "Western Academia" about which nation of Africans - Egyptor Nubia - preceded the other in history. The following revelation contradicts almost everythingwe have been taught about the origin, development and zenith of the High-Culture of Egypt interms of historical arrival as a Nile Valley High-Culture. More so, all of the following was knownto many at the University of Chicago, Illinois; as they have always held pertinent information inthe artifacts of Nubia within their possession, and of which the general Academic Communitywas kept almost totally ignorant such existed; thus:If these reflections are not sufficient to begin this presentation, let me refresh your memory ofthe fact that we were supposedly engaged in the celebration of "Black [which should have been"African" at least] History Month" only this past February, 1980. Yet very little, if anything, ofwhat I have so far divulged in less than one page of this paper was mentioned during the entire29 days African people in the United States of America were allotted to tell our own history, andalso glory in our own heritage - all of the millions of years of it - from Zenjanthropus boise 1.8million years ago to the present 1980 C.E.Of course I must laugh at the attempt to make us believe that the entire Worlds oldest people,especially our existence universally, can be told in twenty-eight or twenty-nine [consecutive]days of each year; whereas that of the worlds youngest people requires three hundred andsixty-five or three hundred and sixty-six [consecutive] days each year: "White CaucasianHistory"!This comment should in no way detract from the laudatory efforts of our late African Americanscholar and fellow historian—Dr. Carter G. Woodson—for having established what waspreviously called "Negro History Week" around the middle 1930s until the end of the 1950sC.E. For even this preliminary effort was rejected by most "Negro Scholars" at that period oflittle or no awareness of African History by them, and much less by their European Americancounterparts. Thus what I am revealing now was equally suppressed by the same detractorswho scuffed and scorned Dr. Carter G. Woodson while a Professor of History at HowardUniversity, Washington, D.C. Yet it was the turmoil that brought about "Negro History Week"which equally caused Professor George G. M. James to remind European American Academiaof their African Beginnings; and thus the onset of the challenge to the exclusively "EuropeanIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  3. 3. Page 3 of 30[white] civilization" [philosophy included] void of its African and Asian Roots and/or Orgins, etc. Itmust be indelibly permanent in our minds that the concept of European "Judaism" and "Judaeo-Christianity" was also challenged; that is providing we realize it is impossible to speak about anytype of European Philosophy in the absence of its African Beginnings along the entire NileValley. Professor James, on page 182 of his Stolen Legacy, said it this way: CHAPTER VII The Curriculum of the Egyptian Mysteries Through the curriculum of the Egyptian mysteries it is now know that the African Continent has given the following Legacy to the civilization of the world. It consists of the following culture patterns: — 1. Holy Catholic Orders, together with a priesthood divided into ranks according to training. 2. Holy Catholic Worship, consisting of rituals, ceremonies including processions and appropriate vestments of priests. 3. Greek Philosophy and the Arts and Sciences, including the Seven Liberal Arts, that is , the Quadrivium and Trivium which were the foundation training of Neophytes. These were included in the forty-two Books of Hermes. 4. The applied Sciences which produced the pyramids, tombs, libraries, obelisks, and Sphinxes, war chariots and ships, etc. 5. The social sciences, appropriate for the highest civilization in ancient times. Read The Stromata of Clement of Alexandria, C. 6, p. 756, 758; also Diodorus I, 80. Read also The Mechanical Triumphs of the Ancient Egyptians by F. M. Barber; History of Mathematics by Florian Cajeri; History of Mathematics by W. W. R. Ball. CHAPTER VIII The Memphite Theology (1) DefinitionIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  4. 4. Page 4 of 30 The Memphite Theology is an inscription on a stone containing the cosmology, theology and philosophy of the Egyptians. Read Frankforts Ancient Egyptian Religion, C. 20 and 23; also Frankforts Intellectual Adventure of Man. It is located in the British Museum. (2) Importance Its importance lies in the fact that (a) it is an authoritative source of Egyptian Philosophy, Cosmology and Religion (b) it is proof of the Egyptian origin of Greek philosophy. (3) The source of Modern Scientific Knowledge a. Atom the Egyptian Sun God who is the Logos of Heracleitus, the Demiurge of Plato and the Unmoved Mover of Aristotle creates eight other Gods by projecting them from His own body, thus producing nine Gods or the Ennead. This is identical with the Nebular Hypothesis of Laplace, in which the original Sun creates eight other planets, by throwing off rings from itself, thus producing the nine major planets of modern scientific belief. b. It has been shown on pages 146 and 147 of this book, that the name of Atom of Egyptian Sun God is the same name used for the atom of science and also that the attributes of both are the same. Read Frankforts Intellectual Adventure of Man, p. 53; Frankforts Kingship and the Gods, p. 182; also Herodotus II, 112; Diodorus I, 29. (4) It offers great possibilities for modern scientific research What science knows about (a) the number of major planets (b) how these major planets were created by the Sun and (c) the attributes of the atom has been traced to the Cosmology of The Memphite Theology, which suggests that (d) science knows only 1/5 of the secrets of creation and therefore 4/5 of such secrets yet remains to by discovered (e) consequently The Memphite Theology offers great possibilities for modern scientific research.Of course attempts were also made earlier by Wilson Armistead in his book, A Tribute to theNegro, pages 120–124, etc., published in 1848 A.D.! However, it was George G. M. James whoactually published the very first full-length scholarly work by an African educator challenging anyand all "European Scholarship" about so-called "Greek Philosophy."In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  5. 5. Page 5 of 30George G. M. JamesOften-times called "the umbrella man," because he was seldom seen without one in his hand,come rain or shine; "poppycock," because it was a common word he sometimes used whendisturbed by others mediocrity; still there should not have been a solitary one of us African,African American and African Caribbean academicians who did not know of the latephilosopher, theologian, mathematician, scientist, professor, etc. George G. M. James and hisworks. It is as criminal as not having heard or known of the person and works of Marcus MosiahGarvey, Paul Robeson, David Walker, Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Hatshepsut,Malcolm-X, Martin Luther King, Jr., Langston Hughes, and so many other African historicalgiants of our HERITAGE which we should have enshrined during the "BLACK CULTURALREVOLUTION" of the era some still call "…The Glorious 1960s. …"George G. M. James was born in the British Crown Colony of GUIANA, South America[presently the "Republic of Guyana"] to the Reverend Linch B. and Margaret E. Jamessometime in the latter half of the nineteenth century—the exact year and date being obscure tomy knowledge at this moment. He was nurtured into full boyhood, and completed hisnormal/elementary and advanced/high school education in his native homeland. Following thisbeginning he journeyed to England where he earned the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor ofTheology degrees from Durham University. At London University he continued his studies in thearea of research, having many projects to his credit, including work towards the D. Litt degree.He left and entered the United States of America where he worked on his Ph.D. degree. Addedto all of this were: a Teachers Certificate to teach Greek, Latin and Mathematics in the State ofNew York school system, the same being equally true for North Carolina and Florida; at thelatter also as an Administrator. His college career included two years as Professor of Logic andGreek at Livingston College, Salisbury, North Carolina; ten years as Professor of Languagesand Philosophy at Johnson C. Smith, Charlotte, North Carolina; two years as Professor ofMathematics and Dean of Men at Georgia State College, Industrial College, Georgia; one yearas Professor of Social Science at Alabama A. & M. College, Normal, Alabama; and five years asProfessor of Social Sciences Arkansas State College, Pine Bluff, Arkansas.In 1954 he published the long-awaited challenge to the Greeks having fathered "GREEKPHILOSOPHY"; thus his book Stolen Legacy. This was, unfortunately, the same year hemysteriously died after having left his job and friends at Pine Bluff, Arkansas for Nashville,In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  6. 6. Page 6 of 30Tennessee. This type of erratic behavior was never typical of the highly disciplined GEORGE G.M. JAMES.Organizations to which Professor James belonged were numerous; a few follow: o American Association for the Advancement of Science, o Association of University Professors, o American Teachers Association, and the o National Education AssociationThe most important of the organizations he worked towards projecting for African people wasthe only one for which he made his deepest obligation; thus: ORDER OF [the Egyptian, or NileValley indigenous people] MYSTERIES SYSTEM [O.M.S.], as High-Priest: Plumbed-Level-Square 360° .The publications of Professor James are numerous, the following being the most important of allso far as I have rated them: thus: PAMPHLETS 1. Health Week in New Castle 2. Intermarriage. Published in London, England 3. Black People Under Germany. Published in New York 4. The Need of a New Education for the Subject Peoples of the World. Published in Arkansas, U.S.A 5. The Probable Causes of Religious Apathy in our Institutions of Higher Learning and the Proposal of a New Naturalism. Published in Arkansas, U.S.A. ARTICLES 1. The Church and the New Mentality. 2. Religion is an Inductive and Progressive Science. 3. The Anti-Classical Wave. 4. The First Step in Negro Reconstruction. 5. Know Thyself. (A Series of 12 Articles) Published in the New York Age and the Zion Quarterly. 6. The Influence of Mathematics Upon the Mentality andIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  7. 7. Page 7 of 30 Character of Students. Published in the Georgia Herald.This is but a very short introduction to the "academic genius" who dared to challengeEUROPEAN, BRITISH and EUROPEAN-AMERICAN [white] "SCHOLARSHIP" in the 1930s–1950s C.E. when most of his fellow AFRICAN, AFRICAN AMERICAN and AFRICACARIBBEAN [black] "EDUCATORS" were trying to secure their EUROPEAN AMERICANcounterparts approval and endorsement as "SCHOLARS," George G. M. James equallychallenged the very foundation of "JUDAISM, JUDAEO-CHRISTIANITY" and "WESTERNCIVILIZATION" as being original and/or void of their "AFRICAN BEGINNINGS." In so doing hehad revealed too much of the "SECRETS" of even friends, particularly in terms of their"SECRET SOCIETYS TEACHINGS" they (i.e. Europeans) STOLE and PLAGIARIZED from theTEACHINGS of the African/Egyptian MYSTERIES SYSTEM which was housed in the GrandLodge of Luxor in ancient times, and among very few today who still continue the objectives offirst Grand Master AMEN-RA. "Man [African] Know Yourself" were the "PASSWORDS" ofJames life, but not that of those who snuffed his light in order to maintain their control overthose he wanted to free—at least mentally.Professor George G.M. James loss to the AFRICAN COMMUNITIES everywhere can never beequaled; yet countless AFRICANS will take heed of his clarion call in terms of theirenlightenment with respect to their AFRICAN HERITAGE he so devotedly brought to light.If you ever dare to read the works of George G.M. James you will never again be the same asbefore you did. He stands at the head of the line with AKHENATEN, RAMESIS II, MANETHO ofSybenetos, St. AUGUSTINE OF Numidia, TERRENCE, of Nubia [before Rome], and so manyothers who heeded the warning: "MAN [African] KNOW YOURSELF"; and knew himself.James RevivedCount C.F. Volney, an eighteenth century C.E. French academician of the highest esteem inEuropean academic circles, wrote the following in his major work—Ruins of Empire, page xvii,for all the racists who denied the indigenous African origin of the ancient Egyptians to read: THERE A PEOPLE NOW FORGOTTEN DISCOVERED WHILE OTHER WERE YET BARBARIANS, THE ELEMENTS OF THE ARTS AND SCIENCES. A RACE OF MEN NOW REJECTED FOR THEIR BLACK SKINIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  8. 8. Page 8 of 30 and WOOLY HAIR FOUNDED ON THE STUDY OF THE LAWS OF NATURE THOSE CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS SYSTEMS WHICH STILL GOVERN THE UNIVERSE.Isnt it rather interesting that today BLACK has become "SABLE," and WOOLLY turned"FRIZZLED" in the quotation! BLACK and WOOLLY are stated in the original edition; whereasVolneys successors found it necessary to change them in a later edition to "SABLE" and"FRIZZLED," etc. This, unfortunately, has been too long typical of "Western Scholarship."Previous to the publication of Volneys Ruins of Empire the following appeared in the SixthCentury C.E. Balylonian Talmud through the effort of disorters of the original who calledthemselves "JEWISH TALMUDIST SCHOLARS," etc.; thus: Now I cannot beget the fourth son whose children I would have ordered to serve you and your brothers! Therefore it must be Canaan, your first born, whom they enslave. And since you have disabled me…doing ugly things in blackness of night, Canaans children shall be born ugly and black! Moreover, because you twisted your head around to see my nakedness, your grandchildrens hair shall be twisted into kinks, and their eyes red; again because your lips jested at my misfortune, theirs shall swell; and because you neglected my nakedness, they shall go naked, and their male members shall be shamefully elongated! Men of this race are called Negroes, their forefather Canaan commanded them to love theft and fornication, to be banded together in hatred of their master and never to tell the truth.I know you cannot believe this was in you own HOLY BIBLE [Jewish and Christian]; but it stillappears in the Mormon and Calvinist VERSIONS today. This is best analyzed on pages 121–122 of Raphael Patais Hebrew Myths: The Story of Genesis, and in my own Black Man of theNile and His Family, pages 13–14.Which of these two questions shall we, as AFRICAN PEOPLE, and especially "SCHOLARS"and "STUDENTS," pursue in terms of our HISTORY and/or HERITAGE? I say the former,particularly in view of the teachings left us by Professor George G.M. James. In this context hereminded us in the "Introduction" of Stolen Legacy, page 1, of the following fact: CHARACTERISTICS OF GREEK PHILOSOPHYIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  9. 9. Page 9 of 30 The term Greek philosophy, to begin with is a misnomer, for there is no such philosophy in existence. The ancient Egyptians had developed a very complex religious system, called the Mysteries, which was also the first system of salvation. As such it regarded the human body as a prison house of the soul. Which could be liberated from its bodily impediments, through the disciplines of the Arts and Sciences, and advanced from the level of a mortal to that of a God. This was the notion of the summum bonum or greatest good, to which all men must aspire, and it also became the basis if all ethical concepts. The Egyptian Mystery System was also a Secret Order, and membership was gained by initiation and a pledge to secrecy. The teaching was graded and delivered orally to the Neophyte; and under these circumstances of secrecy, the Egyptians developed secret systems of writing and teaching, and forbade their Initiates from writing what they had learnt. After nearly five thousand years of prohibition against the Greeks, they were permitted to enter Egypt for the purpose of their education. First through the Persian invasion and secondly through the invasion of Alexander the Great. From the sixth century B.C. therefore to the death of Aristotle (322 B.C.) the Greeks made the best of their chance to learn all they could about Egyptian culture; most students received instructions directly from the Egyptian Priests, but after the invasion by Alexander the Great, the Royal temples and libraries were plundered and pillage, and Aristotles school converted the library at Alexandria into a research centre. There is no wonder then, that the production of the unusually large number of books ascribed to Aristotle has proved a physical impossibility, for any single man within a life time.James has arisen once more; not to save or heal in the same sense as this term is used by so-called "Born Again Christians" like President Jimmy Carter of the United States of America,Eldridge Cleaver, et al, but in light of the FREEDOM OF THE MINDS of the African, AfricanAmerican and African Caribbean communities where they are. James "rebirth," through hisIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  10. 10. Page 10 of 30works, is for purpose of debunking the myth of a JUDAISM, JUDAEO-CHRISTIANITY and/orGREEK PHILOSOPHY that originated and developed free of their AFRICAN ORIGINS.There are quite a number of perplexing books, papers, dictionaries, etc. by "Western Scholars"whose works have alleged some form of commonality in origin between "Western Civilization"and both "Judaism" and "Judaeo-Christianity." Some have even attempted to make all three—"Judaism, Judaeo-Christianity" and "Western Civilization"—EUROPEAN in every sense of thisword. Thus my reason for bringing before you highlights "In The Pursuit of George G.M. JamesStudy of the African Origins in Western Civilization."I will begin with the introduction of certain poignant points on so-called "Greek Philosophy" notcited by Professor James in any of his works, but in context with the following he wrote on page31 of Stolen Legacy about what…We are told in the Timaeus of Plato, that aspirants for mystical wisdom visited Egypt for initiationand were told by the priests of Sais, "that you Greeks are but children" in the Secret Doctrine,but were admitted to information enabling them to promote their spiritual advancement. …Of course, this is in direct contrast to the following by a fairly contemporary "Western Scholar,"Dr. Edward Zeller, who wrote in Volume I, pages 49–50 of A History of Greek Philosophy, that:We have no need, however, to seek for foreign antecedents: the philosophic science of theGreeks is fully explained by the genius, resources, and state of civilization of the Hellenic tribes.If ever there was a people capable of creating its own science, the Greeks were the people. Inmost ancient records of their culture, the Homeric Poems, we already meet with that freedomand clearness of spirit, that sobriety and moderation, that feeling for the beautiful andharmonious, which place these poems so distinctly above the heroic legends of all other nationswithout exception.To this we need add Dr. Heinrich Ritters comment on page 145, Volume I, of The History ofAncient Philosophy:Upon reviewing these elements of Greek intellectual culture, which were favourable to thedevelopment of philosophy, no doubt can be entertained that they were sufficient to impart andto sustain a philosophical impulse. When a people has arrived at the degree of civilisation atwhich the Greek people stood in the time of Thales, an expectation naturally arises that it willsoon form for itself a philosophy, unless other unfavorable circumstances should occur toimpede its opening career. We might, without hesitation, assert that the Greeks took in no needof instruction in this department of mind, and without any foreign teachers they were able toadvance to philosophical thought.In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  11. 11. Page 11 of 30The GREEKS WERE NOT THE AUTHORS OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY, BUT THE PEOPLE OFNORTH AFRICA COMMONLY CALLED EGYPTIANS.This is the profound manner in which the late professor George G. M. James began his majorthesis—Stolen Legacy. Professor James, by so saying, challenged the entire foundation of so-called "Western Civilization"—from the ancient European of pre-Christian Greece and Rome tothe contemporary European Americans of North, Central, and South America. But moreso,Professor James equally challenged within this context the foundations of both "Judaism" and"Judaeo-Christianity" as he stated the following on pages 177–178 of Stolen Legacy: (5) The statue of the Egyptian Goddess Isis with Her Child Horus in Her Arms This was the first Madonna and Child of human history. It was a Black Madonna and Child. Read Max Mullers Mythology of Egypt, c. 13, p. 241– 245; also Sandfords Mediterranean World, p. 551–568. Remember that the name Egyptian is a Greek word Aiguptos which means Black, and that primitive man visualized God in terms of his own attributes and this included colour. (6) All the great religious leaders from Moses to Christ were Initiates of the Egyptians Mysteries This is an inference from the nature of the Egyptian Mysteries and prevailing custom. a. The Egyptian Mystery System was the One Holy Catholic Religion of the remotest antiquity. b. It was the one and only Masonic Order of Antiquity, and as such, c. It built the Grand Lodge of Luxor in Egypt and encompassed the ancient world with its branch lodges. d. It was the first University of history and it made knowledge a secret, so that all who desired to become Priests and Teachers had to obtain their training from the Mystery System, either locally at a branch lodge of by traveling to Egypt. We know that Moses became an Egyptian Priest, a Hierogrammat, and that Christ after attending the lodge at Mt. Carmel went to Egypt for Final Initiation, which took place in the Great Pyramid of Cheops. Other religious leaders obtained their preparation from lodges most convenient to them.In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  12. 12. Page 12 of 30 e. This explains why all religions, seemingly different, have a common nucleus of similarity; belief in a God; belief in immorality and a code of ethics. Read Ancient Mysteries by C.H. Vail, p. 61; Mystical Life of Jesus by H. Spencer Lewis; Esoteric Christianity by Annie Besant, p. 107, 128–129; Philo: also read note (2) Chapter III for branch lodges of the ancient world.There should be no misunderstanding amongst you relative to "Judaism" and/or "Judaeo-Christianity" being integral parts of "Western Civilization." This is true, even though neither ofthe latter two had anything to do with "Europe" in terms of their origin. The first, "Judaism,"predated the original European High-Culture/Civilization called "Pyrrus" or "Helladas" in ca.1000 B.C.; it being related to the transformation of the first Hebrew of Jewish Prophet namedAbraham or Avrm. A man said to have been born in ca. 1775 B.C.; his transformation, or newbirth to "Judaism," having taken place in ca. 1675 B.C. in the City of Ur, Chaldea, the sameplace in which he was born while a colony of Africans called "Elamites" from the Nile Valley.These dates and events equally deny any validity to the claim by Dr. Ritter mentioned above.At this juncture it would appear that Professor James should have remained mute, and equallymyself as his student and protégé of very long standing. This is providing there was no evidenceto the contrary of what we have been conditioned to believe about "Western Civilization."For example, PLATOS Timaeus is fraught with inconsistencies and outright dishonesty,particularly the extent of his comment on Egypt and other Nile Valley high-culture from whichGreece drew its fundamentals in philosophic ideology. Thus it is that Professor KathleenFreeman felt obliged to write the following on pages 73–74 of her work—Pre-SocraticPhilosophers.That Pythagoras himself left no writings was widely believed in antiquity. Further, it was believedthat one of the rules imposed on his disciples was that of secrecy, the betrayal of any of hisdoctrines being punished by excommunication. According to some, this secrecy was observedwith marvelous strictness, and no account of Pythagorean doctrine was available till the time ofPlato, when Philolaus the Pythagorean, owing to pressure of poverty, wrote an account of threebooks, which were bought from him at Platos instigation by Dion of Syracuse…Was this disciplinary conduct executed by Pythagoras not part of his African schooling in Egyptand Nubia! And, did Plato not plagiarized much of it under his own name!We need not become perplexed by Ritter, Zeller, and all of the other early and contemporaryEuropean distorters of the teachings from the African MYSTERIES SYSTEM of the GrandIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  13. 13. Page 13 of 30Lodge of Luxor. For the evidence in the DIAGRAM OF THE LAW OF OPPOSITES before you(see the discussion of this in the next section) further personifies what Gerald Massey, on pages13–14 of The Natural Genesis, had to say about the Greeks and their "MYSTERIES SYSTEM"they developed from their African teachers creation. The Greeks, who even sacked the GreatLibrary of the Grand Lodge of Luxor!Outside of their own mysteries the Greeks stood altogether outside of the subject. They, as theirwriters alleged, had inherited their mythology, and the names of their divinities, without knowingtheir origins or meaning. They supplied their own free versions to stories of which they neverpossessed the key. Whenever they met with anything they did not understand, they turned themore effectively to their own account. All that came to hand was matter for metaphysics, poetry,statue and picture. They sought to delight and charm the word with these old elements ofinstruction, and with happy audacity supplied the place of the lost nature of mystic meaning withthe abounding grace and beauty of their art. Nothing, however, could be more fatal than to try toread the thoughts of the remoter past through their eyes, or to accept the embellishments ofthese beautifiers for interpretations of the ancient topology.The human mind has long suffered an eclipse and been darkened and dwarfed in the shadow ofideas, the real meaning of which has been lost to the modern. Myths and allegories whosesignificance was once unfolded to initiates in the mysteries have been adopted in ignorance andreissued as real truths directly and divinely vouchsafed to mankind for the first and only time.The earlier religions had their myths interpreted. We have ours misinterpreted. …The Greek and still more modern misinterpretations of ancient topology have made it the mostterrible tyranny in the mental domain.Homers Iliad and Odessy are Prima facie evidence of Masseys observation, and that of manyother scholars; also that "…the gods Zeus and Apollo are from Ethiopia [Afric]. …What I have just quoted for you has an anti-climax, the writing of Zeller on page 27n of A Historyof Greek Philosophy; thus:We find nothing in Herodotus as to any Egyptian origin of Greek philosophy. In regard toreligion, on the other hand, he not only maintains that certain Greek cults and doctrines[especially the worship of Dionysus and the doctrine of Transmigration ii. 49, 123] wereimported from Egypt to Greece, … and Diodorus asserts, the Egyptian priests related thatOrpheus, Masaeus, Lycurgus, Solon had come to them; and moreover, Plato, Pythagoras andEudoxus, Democritus and Oenopides from Chios, and that relics of these men were still inEgypt. These philosophers had borrowed from the Egyptians the doctrines, arts and institutionIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  14. 14. Page 14 of 30which they transmitted to the Helenes; Pythagotas, for example, his geometry, his theory ofnumbers, and transmigration; Democritus, his astronomical knowledge; Lycurgus, Plato andSolon, their laws.Zeller, like many other Western Scholars," cannot accept Herodotus personal primaryevidence. Why! Because it would mean that the entire basis of their claim of a "GREEKPHILOSOPHY" is baseless. Carried to its ultimate conclusion, this is also true for "JUDAISM"and "CHRISTIANITY."We have plainly seen that "Western Scholars" have failed to understand thatdepartmentalization, or in fact fragmentation, of educational discipline is "European"; not"African." For this reason, and many others of course, they cannot see or admit PHILOSOPHYin the religion, mathematics, science, law, engineering, etc. of Africa that produced theDIAGRAM OF THE LAW OF OPPOSITES I now place before you for you own examination ofthe philosophy complexities it contains. Yet in the case of Aristotles attempt at being sarcasticabout the philosophical foundation of the SCIENTIFIC EVALUATION therein, he knew from first-hand knowledge he had plagiarized the originalPHILOSOPHIC THOUGHT PROCESSThis is … Aristotles "Four Humors" [or Plagiarized Nightmare]If I leave you with this "DIAGRAM" without any further comment, you will probably act as if it isgenuine. Yet this is as authentic as the man for whom it is ascribed—ARISTOTLE, whomasterminded the sacking of the LIBRARY OF THE MYSTERIES SYSTEM of the Grand Lodgeof Luxor, Egypt, Northeast Africa. It is his "FOUR HUMORS," this being the work of a "GREEKPHILOSOPHER" of the type that, allegedly, became such without any AFRICANPHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT PROCESS in his training! It is the so-called "DIAGRAM OFOPPOSITES" you will find in many of the works on "GREEK PHILOSOPHY" by "WesternAcademicians" over the past two hundred Years.In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  15. 15. Page 15 of 30Aristotle was not amusing in his attempt at belittling the Africans DIAGRAM OF THEPRINCIPLE OF THE LAW OF OPPOSITES; neither those who attributed his distorted versionof the original you can see below. In fact, Aristotles embryo wasnt formed when thisPHILOSOPHICAL PRINCIPLE became common knowledge to all of the "THIRD STAGE"[and/or "CREATORS"/"SONS OF LIGHT"] students who became a part of the "SPIRITUALCONSCIOUSNESS" in the Mysteries System of the Grand Lodge of Luxor; the Nile ValleyAfricans SYSTEM OF EDUCATION that included the teaching of "PHILOSOPHY" from beforeca. 4100 B.C.E. to this very moment we are assembled here tonight. Professor James madethis point very clear when he wrote the following on page 81 of Stolen Legacy; thus: The history of the following ancient theory of "The Four Qualities and Four Elements," provides the world with the evidence of the Egyptian origin of the doctrines of (a) Opposites or Contraries, (b) Change or Transmutation and (c) the life and function of the universe is due to either of four elements: fire, or water, or earth, or air.DIAGRAM OF THE PRINCIPLE OF OPPOSITES[8 was the highest number at this period of antiquity. Only along the Nile River Civilizations]The Four Elements: AIR, FIRE; WATER, EARTH.The Four Qualities: HOT, DRY; WET, COLD.The 8 EQUAL D POLE STARSIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  16. 16. Page 16 of 30Fuller, on page 19 of his HISTORY OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY, articulated the very same point Ihave highlighted: thus he wrote: Aristotle surmised that philosophy first arose in Egypt because the priesthood there had leisure. With the geographical correctness of this statement we are not concerned, but Aristotles reasons for making it are significant. In the first place he lays down one of the conditions necessary to philosophic specification. The Egyptian priesthood, he tells us, had leisure. Philosophy requires time—time to wonder and meditate and make our guess about the inner constitution of the world.The issue here is that the GREEKS themselves confirmed the origin of their ownPHILOSOPHIC THOUGHT PROCESS as having come from their African teachers along theNile Valley High-Cultures—Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt, etc. Aristotleknew first-hand .Strangely enough Zeller, unknowingly, concurred with Fuller when he wrote on pages 46–47 ofa History of Greek Philosophy the following: Aristotle knew nothing of any philosophical inquiry pursued in Egypt. He contends that knowledge is on a higher level when it is pursued only for the end of knowing, than when it serves the purposes of practical necessity, and observes, in connection with this, that purely theoretical sciences therefore first arose in places where people were sufficiently free from anxiety about the necessities of life to be able to devote themselves to such sciences.Freedom to think to Egypt and other Nile Valley nations had the climate of peace which Greeceseldom experienced by virtue of the wars the Greeks engaged in during the period of so-calledGreek Philosophy. Greek life was nothing but TRAGIC from Thales to Aristotle: the"philosopher."At this point it is necessary to note that the first "Greek Philosopher," Thales [ca. 600 B.C.],existence is questionable. We need not labor on the proof, as all of the Greek and otherEuropean chroniclers of antiquity have agreed his origin, as existence, is doubtful; so as most ofthe others that preceded Sokrates. Throughout Professor James Stolen Legacy this is clearlystated and documented. Of course, I must assume that so critical a scholarly work will be readby all of us! We must, if we are to understand "African Roots of Western Civilization"!In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  17. 17. Page 17 of 30Certainly my following remarks relative to Isis IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, at least 4100years before Marys [which was less than 1981 years ago], deals with a very deep philosophicaland theosophical concept in teachings that originated in the Grand Lodge of LuxorsMYSTERIES SYSTEM. The text reads that after Osiris CRUCIFIXION, DEATH and BURIAL he"AROSE ON The THIRD DAY" and "BECAME THE RULER OF THE DEAD" [Godfrey HigginsANACALYPSIS, Vol. II, p. 122]. During this period Isis, the mother of Horus, and her sisterNephthys, guarded the body of Osiris [Veronica Ions EGYPTIAN MYTHOLOGY, p. 133]. Thephilosophical dimension in this episode comes as Isis began to restore Osiris back to life by thepowers given her by Thoth [J. Gwyn Griffiths The Origins of Osiris, p. 4], the moment of the"CONCEPTION OF HORUS"; AND THUS The Holy of Sacred Scripture from the OSIRIANDRAMA where Osiris states: Your sister comes to you, joyous through her love for you. You have her placed upon your phallus. Your sperm enters her, so that she is like Sothis. It is Horus-Sopd who comes out of you as Horus who is also Sothis. You have become a glorious spirit through him in his name Djenderowbarque. He saves you in his name of Horus-the-son-who-saves-his father.You have noted the source of the FATHER, SON and HOLY GHOST/SPIRIT basicphilosophical concept adopted in the theology of the Judaeo-Christian Religion for the godJESUS-the Christ. But you will also notice, I have applied 20 th Century common/Christian EraEnglish form in my translation from the original HIEROGLYPH to ENGLISH; thus no "THY" and"THOU," etc.Further assessments on the Judaeo-Christian philosophical and theosophical teachings aboutthe "IMMACULATE CONCEPTION OF MARY" and the "VIRGIN BIRTH OF JESUS," or any ofthe other "FIFTEEN CRUCIFIED SAVIOURS" [Kersey Braves The Sixteen Crucified Saviors],are of no major advantage here; as the continuation will only renew our prognostication about"RESURRECTION, IMMORTALITY" and "DEIFICATION," etc, already solved in the BOOK OFTHE COMING FORTH BY DAY AND BY NIGHT [Book Of The Dead and Papyrus of Ani] of theAfrican Mysteries System.A rapid departure from philosophy to music might otherwise indicate an attempt at detouringsomewhat from the critical point in question. But you must remember that neither can beextricated from the other in context of its African/Egyptian point of reference; thus thephilosophical development of medicine as an art-form with magico-religious functions. Thisconcept is best understood if you should become familiar with the evolution of medicine and theIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  18. 18. Page 18 of 30medical art in the ancient southern Nile Valley High-Culture from central Africa [UGANDA,KENYA, TANGANYKA, and SOMALIA. Etc.] all the way down to Egypt ca. 4100 miles away duenorth. For here, once again, we have the GOD OF PHILOSOPHY," Thoth equally being the"GOD OF MEDICINE." And we also find him as "THOTH THE MEASURER," before her statusas "GODDESS"; thus her title" "PATRONESS OF THE MAGICIANS." Horus, too, is inMEDICINE," and even called a "PHYSICIAN"; thus" CHIEF PHYSICIAN IN THE HOUSE OF RÉAT LETOPOLIS." Do not exclude Imhotep, also called I-em-hotep, the most celebrated "GODOF MEDICINE," the Greeks later renamed "Aescalapiou"; the man who was equally great in"MAGIC," also called the "protector of the soul of both the dead and living from all physical andspiritual enemies" [Y. ben-Jochannans Black Man of the Nile and His Family, pp. 185–190, etc.]The philosophical concept of medicine can be best seen in eight different papyri which are mostfamiliar to "Western Academicians"; they are as follows according to their numericalchronological order:[1] Kahum, [2] Edwin C. Smith, [3] Ebers, [4] Hearst,[5] Erman, [6] London, [7] Berlin, [8] Chester Beatty.Obviously, these names are as hypocritical as the term "GREEK PHILOSOPHY" and /or"GREEK PHILOSOPHER." All bear the names or titles of "Westerners" who had nothingwhatsover to do with either except as the illegal possessor of the booty caused by the colonialravaging of Egypt and other Nile Valley Africans High-Cultures from the time of theHyksos/Sheperd Kings of Beduina invasion and conquest of Egypts Delta Region in cs. 1675B.C. to the present in 1980 A.D. by the descendants of Arab who did the same in ca. 640 A.D.under the banner of their extension of Judaism and Judaeo-Christianity, called "Islam," and theirlater deity Allah in 622.In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  19. 19. Page 19 of 30PHILOSOPHY AS HEALING ART Hippocratic Oath I SWEAR by Apollo the physician, and Æsculapius, and Health, and All-heal, and all the gods and goddesses, that according to my ability and judgment, I will keep this Oath and this stipulation—to reckon him who taught me this Art equally dear to me as my parents, to share my substance with him, and relieve his necessities if required; to look upon his offspring in the same footing as my own brothers, and to reach them this art, if they shall wish to hear it, without fee or stipulation; and that by precept, lecture, and every other mode of instruction, I will impart a knowledge of the Art to my own sons, and those of my teachers, and to disciples bound by a stipulation and oath according to the law of medicine, but to none others. I will follow that system of regimen which, according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous. I will give no deadly medicine to any one if asked, nor suggest any such counsel; and in like manner I will not give to a woman a pessary to produce abortion. With purity and with holiness I will pass my life and practice my Art. I will not cut persons laboring under the stone, but will leave this to be done by men who are practitioners of this work.In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  20. 20. Page 20 of 30 Into whatever houses I enter, I will go into them for the benefit of the sick, and will abstain from every voluntary act of mischief and corruption; and, further from the seduction of females or males, of freemen and slaves. Whatever, in connection with my professional practice or not, in connection with it, I see or hear, in the life of men, which ought not to be spoken of abroad, I will not divulge, as reckoning that all such should be kept secret. While I continue to keep this Oath unviolated, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and the practice of the art, respected by all men, in all times! But should I trespass and violate this Oath, may the reverse be my lot!Isolating each papyrus in terms of its preposterous nomenclature we have the following:(all times in BCE) 1700 [1] Kahum Medical Papyrus—a compendium of information about womens diseases and pregnancies. 1600 [2] Edwin C. Smith Papyrus—a comparative surgical text, and anatomical inquiry. It especially deals with the spinal column. 1550 [3] Ebers Medical Papyrus—the most extensive of all, and most collective of different authors and sources dealing with internal medicine pregnancy, etc. 1550 [4] Hearst Medical Papyrus—Hearst Medical Papyrus—an XVIIIth Dynasty masterpiece of specialized medical practices and practitioners in rural areas. 1550 [5] Erman Medical Papyrus—medicine mostly related to childbirth and pediatrics. 1350 [6] London Medical Papyrus—an XVIIIth Dynasty theoretical document mixing medicine, magic and religion, etc. with special references to philosophical ideas, etc. Prayers areIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  21. 21. Page 21 of 30 common sources of power. 1350 [7] Berlin Medical Papyrus—an XIXth Dynasty reflection of most of the teachings presented in the Hearst and Ebers papyrus; particularly adopted to pregnancy determination and possibility of fertility, etc. 1350 [8] Chester Beatty Medical Papyrus—deals with the medical writings of Tet, or Neter-hotep, the Chief Physician of his era, diagnostic medicine.The outstanding work by Paul Ghalioungyi, THE HOUSE OF LIFE: MAGIC AND MEDICALSCIENCE IN ANCIENT EGYPT, and Chauncy D. Leake, THE OLD EGYPTIAN MEDICALPAPYRI, although quite contemporary and of "Western Academia," can be used to furthersupport my findings. Richard Catons work, I-Em-Hotep and Ancient Egyptian Medicine, equallydeserves mention in this light.Back-tracking somewhat to Professor James Stolen Legacy, pages 177–178, we find himsaying the following about Moses of the Hebrew Religion, and Jesus-the Christ of the ChristianReligion: (6) All the great religious leaders from Moses to Christ were Initiates of the Egyptian Mysteries This is an inference from the nature of the Egyptian Mysteries and prevailing custom. a. The Egyptian Mystery System was the One Holy Catholic Religion of the remotest antiquity. b. It was the one and only Masonic Order of Antiquity, and as such, c. It built the grand Lodge of Luxor in Egypt and encompassed the ancient world with its branch lodges. d. It was the first university of history and it made knowledge a secret, so that all who desired to become Priests and Teachers had to obtain their training from the Mystery System, either locally at a branch lodge or byIn Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  22. 22. Page 22 of 30 traveling to Egypt. We know that Moses became an Egyptian Priest, a Hierogrammat, and that Christ after attending the lodge at Mt. Carmel went to Egypt for Final Initiation, which took place in the Great Pyramid of Cheops. Other religious leaders obtained their preparation from lodges most convenient to them. e. This explains why all religions, seemingly different, have a common nucleus of similarity; belief in a God; belief in immortality and a code of ethics. Read Ancients Mysteries by C. H. Vail, p. 61; Mystical Life of Jesus by H. Spencer Lewis; Esoteric Christianity by Annie Besant, p. 107, 129–129; Philo; also read note (2) Chapter III for branch lodges of the ancient world.PHILOSOPHY AS RELIGIONThis point has been cited because of the philosophical concept thats fundamental to thebeginning of JUDAEO-CHRISTIAN-ISLAMIC THEOSOPHY and GRAECO-ROMANO["Western"] CIVILIZATION, all of which can be underscored as being from the teachings ofPharaoh Amenhotep IV of the XVIIth Dynasty, ca. 1370–1353 B.C.E., who is otherwise morepopularly known as Akhenaten. In this regards the following from an "ARMANA PAPYRUS,"attributed to Pharaoh Akhenaten, states: When you set in the Western horizon of heaven The world is in darkness like the dead Every lion comes forward from his den The serpents all sting, and darkness reigns. Light falls over the earth when you rise in the horizon The two lands are in daily festival Then all over the world they do toil.In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  23. 23. Page 23 of 30 How fruitful are your works! They are hidden from our presence. Oh my only God, whose powers no other has. You alone created the earth as you desired, and alone: All that are upon the earth.We now see the plagiarism and distortion of this Africans teaching in the following from whathas been labeled "PSALM 104" in the Hebrew HOLY TORAH or OLD TESTAMENT, which hasno existence before 700 B.C.E. when its FIRST BOOK/GENESIS, was published. Of course, Iam copying the Old English usage of which most of us are familiar; thus: Thou makest darkness and it is night, Wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth; The young lions roar after their prey; they seek their meat from God... The sun ariseth, they get them away And lay them down in their dens. Man goeth forth unto his work And to his labour until the evening... Oh Lord, how manifold are thy works! In wisdom has thou made them all; The earth is full of creatures.I suggest an examination of Barbara Mertz Temples, Tombs and Hieroglyphs: The Story ofEgyptology, page 237, for an exciting evaluation of what is implied here between these twoquotes. Mertz could only conclude that the Hebrew writers plagiarization of the Africans workcame from a "... literary tradition which flourished throughout the Near East..." that covered anextensive period of time. Of course the term "Near East," by itself, is nebulous actually citing nota solitary piece of specific geography. Yet this is typical of "Western Scholarship" in reference tocontemporary African scholars, and more so those of antiquity.In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  24. 24. Page 24 of 30What I have just read for you came from the contents of a series of papyri, one such named"THE HYMN OF ATON," etc.Let me cite two more parallels in the same context supportive of the forgone. One of the basictenets of Judaisms doctrines is found in the FIRST BOOK OF MOSES, which is equally calledGENESIS. Thus from Chapter I, Verses 26–27 the following: And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. ... So God created manin his own image, in the image of God created he him.Continuing the "creation of man" episode GENESIS, Chapter V, Verse 1 recites: In the day God created man; in the likeness of God made he him. ...GENESIS, Chapter 9, Verse 6, and CORINTHIAN, Chapter 11, Verse 7, etc., both deals withthis "CREATION STORY" dating back to a work from the Xth Dynasty, ca. 3249 B.C.E., or OLDKINGDOM PERIOD, which was more than 1,574 years before the birth of the first Hebrew orJew—ABRAHAM—in ca. 1775 B.C.E. For it is GOD RÉ, commonly referred by "WesternAcademicians" as the so-called "SUN GOD RÉ," whom the Nile Valley "MYSTERIES SYSTEM"taught first described "MAN" in said type of "CREATION"; thus: They [meaning mankind] are his likeness who have come forth from his [RÉ] body.In the XXVth Dynasty, cs. 729 B.C.E., the Ethiopian Period, other writings related to this werecommonplace. As such Pharaoh Taharqas sister, Shepenwepet, is described as being: ... the image of God Ré. ...At this juncture the GOD of Egypt is also of the rest of the entire Nile Valley—from Uganda orPunt in the far south of Central Africa/Alkebu-lan all the way north to the Great Sea / Sea of Saisof Mediterranean that washes the northern coast of Egypts boundary of North Africa, etc.Included between these two extreme points, of at least 4100 statue miles, were Itiopi orEthiopia, Old Meröe or Meröwe, and Ta-Nehisi of Sudan, etc.In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  25. 25. Page 25 of 30In my research, down through the past four [4] decades, I have only encountered one term forthe philosophical and theosophical concept of the "DEITY" or "GOD" among the Nile ValleyAfricans of antiquity; that is: THE GOOD SHEPHERD OF THE PEOPLE.I have also noted that the Haribu, or Jews, adopted this from their African teachers andattributed it to their DEITY or GOD they called "YWH" of "JEHOVAH," which we find in theirBOOK OF ISAIAH, Chapter 31, Verse 11. I will quote from each according to its chronologicalorder stated in my presentation; thus: "He [God or Jehovah] shall feed his flock like a shepherd; "Hear the word of the Lord...He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him as a shepherd doth his flock "For thussayeth the Lord God; Behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out. As ashepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will Iseek out my sheep. ..."Note that as far back into the FIRST INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, otherwise the XIth–XIVthDynasties, or ca. 2152–1675 B.C.E., the DEITY/GOD was addressed by the ancient Nile ValleyAfricans of Egypt and elsewhere as a "SHEPHERD." Thus it is we find the great scribe andmost venerable sage, IPUWER, saying the following about God RÉ or AMEN-RÉ: He is the Shepherd of everyone, in whose mind there is no evil. His herds arediminished, yet he has certainly spent the day caring for them.We must remember that the entire human family is often said to be "THE NOBLE FLOCK." Thisis obvious in the following from the BOOK OF THE COMING FORTH BY DAY AND BY NIGHT. Men, the noble flock of God [Ré of Amen-Ré] are well taken care of.Even Barbera Mertz conceded this fact when she referred to the SUN HYMN OF RE as havingthe spoken words of RÉ; thus the ...In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  26. 26. Page 26 of 30 good shepherd who is tireless, capable and loving. ...I am citing page 189 of her book, Temples, Tombs and Hieroglyphs: The story of Egyptology.The extent of the cooptation and plagiarization of the Nile Valley Africans theosophical,theological and philosophical hypotheses by the ancient Haribu/Jews, and later the Greeks, etal, is best realized in reviewing the so-called "PROVERBS" attributed to certain jewish scribes,priests, kings, and others. Yet, we find most of them in the major works of an African geniusnamed AMEN-EM-EOPE, which dates back to centuries before the authorship of the very firstso-called "HEBREW PROVERBS" in the Holy Torah or Old Testament with its origin no earlierthan ca. 700 B.C.E. Although I have already cited some of these comparative works in TheBlack Man of the Nile and his Family, pages 312भ?, and in many of my other publications. Ineed just cite two such comparisons here; thus from PROVERBS, Chapter XXII, Verse 4: Do not toil to become rich; Cease from your plundering! Do you eyes light upon it? It is gone! For riches make themselves wings, Like an eagle in which flies to the sky.The original in THE WISDOM OF AMEN-EM-EOPE recites the following: Do not exert yourself to seek gain, That your needs may be secure for you: If riches are bought to you by robbery, They will not spend the night with you; At daybreak they are not in your house; Their places can be seen, but they are not there! They have made themselves wings like geese And have flown towards the shy.In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  27. 27. Page 27 of 30The Hebrews turned the "GEESE" into an "EAGLE"; another miracle by the Hebrew Deity Ywh!Quoting from another PROVERB, Chapter XXII, VERSE 24, we have: Do not be friendly with a hot-tempered man Nor go with a passionate man, Lest you learn his ways, And get a snare for yourself!We find the original in THE WISDOM OF AMEN-EM-EOPE written thus: Do not fraternize with the passionate man, Nor go too near him for conversation... Do not make him cast his speech to lasso you, Nor be too free with your answer.The Hebrews turned a "LASSO" into a "SNARE"; both having the same quality of entrapment.If I may take leave of your patience for just one more example; this time from the BOOK OFPSALMS of the Hebrews, and specifically Chapter 104, Verse 20, which states; Thou appointest darkness, that it may be night, In which all the beasts of the forest prowl; The young lions roaring for their prey, To seek their food from God.Lest us ignore the fact that the Hebrew PSALMIST who wrote this one did not realize that "ALLTHE BEASTS OF THE FOREST" do not "PROWL" at night. But, let us examine how the originalsource was distorted from a HYMN OF AKHENATEN; thus: When you do set in the western horizon, The earth is in darkness, liken to death. Man sleep in a bed-chamber, their heads covered, One eye unable to see the other.In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  28. 28. Page 28 of 30 Were all their goods beneath their heads stolen, They would be unaware of it. Every lion has come forth from his lair; All the reptiles sting. Darkness prevails, and the earth is in silence, Since he who created them rests in his horizon.Colleagues, fellow faculty members of African Studies and Research Center, Cornell University,there could be no wiser manner to end this PAPER I have completed in honour of one of theMasters of our family, and a "giant" or "genius" in African History, Professor GEORGE G. M.James, but with the following from PSALMS, Chapter 104, Verse 24; thus: How manifold are thy works, O Ywh! All of them thou hast made by wisdom, The earth is full of thy creations.In the original text by AKHENATEN [in praise of his God] I found a "HYMN TO ATEN" whichwas often quoted by Professor James; thus the following: How numerous is that which you have created and hidden from view! You, only God, there is no other like you. You did create the earth according to your own will, being alone.The "ONLY GOD" to which Akhenaten referred, ATEN, he mentioned as such even before thebirth of the Hebrew Prophet MOSES in ca. 1346 B.C.E.; Akhenaten having been dead from ca.1352 B.C.E. All of this In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in "WesternCivilization."BIBLIOGRAPHY(Listed according to their chronological order of appearance in the text of this "Paper.")In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  29. 29. Page 29 of 30James, George G. M., Stolen Legacy, New York Philosophical Society, New York, 1954 Zeller,Edward, A History of Greek Philosophy, London, 1881, Vol. I Freeman, Kathleen, The Pre-Socratic Philosophers, Oxford, 1946 Massey, Gerald, The Natural Genesis, Samuel Weiser,Inc., new York, 1974 [reprint from The New York Philosophical Society Publication, New York, 1928] Budge,Ernest A.W., Osiris, University Books, New Hyde Park, N.Y. 1961, Vol. I Higgins, Godfrey,Anaclypsis, University Books, New Hyde Park, N.Y. 1965, Vol. II Ions, Veronica, EgyptianMythology, homlyn Publishing Group, Ltd., Italy, 1968 Griffiths, Gwyn J., The Virgins of Osiris,Verlay Bruno Hessling, Berlin, 1966 Caton, Richard, "I-em-hotep and Ancient EgyptianMedicine" [in, The Harvenian Oration], C.J. Clay and Sons, London, 1904 Ghalioungui, Paul, TheHouse of Life: Magic and Medical Science in Ancient Egypt, B.M. Isreal, Amsterdam, 1973 Leake, Chauncey D., The Old Egyptian Medical Papyri,University of Kansas, Kansas 1952 Mertz, Barbara, Temples, Tombs and Hieroglyphs: TheStory of Egyptology, Coward-McCann, Inc., New York, 1964 Plato, The Timaeus [any translation into Englishfrom the original Greek/ben-Jochannans] Old Testament [Five Books of Moses; Englishtranslation] Ritter, Heinrich, The History of Ancient Philosophy, Oxford, 1946, Vol. I. Homer, Iliad[and translation from the original Greek into English/ben-Jochannans] ——, Odessy [ibid] Graves, Kersey, The Sixteen Crucified Saviors, University Books, Inc.,New York, 1921Egyptian Book of the Dead and Papyrus of Ani [translated from Hieroglyph into English by E.A.W. Budge, London, 1895] Kahum MedicalPapyrus [translated by anyone from Hieroglyph into English/ben-Jochannans] Edwin C. SmithPapyrus [ibid] Ebers Papyrus [ibid] Hearst Medical Papyrus [ibid] Erman Medical Papyrus [ibid]London Medical Papyrus [ibid] Berlin Medical Papyrus [ibid] Chester Beaty Medical Papyrus[ibid] Akhenaten, Hymn of Aten [ibid] ben-Jochannan, Yosef, Black Man of the Nile and hisFamily, Alkebu-lan Books Associates, New York,1972 [or 1979 Anniversary Edition] Amen-em-oepe, The Wisdom of Amen-em-oepe [translated from Hieroglyph into English by anyone/ben-Jochannans] Hymn of Akhenaten[ibid] Armistead, Wilson, A Tribute to the Negro, New York/London, 1848 Volney, Count C.F.,In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan
  30. 30. Page 30 of 30Ruins of Empire, London, 1789 [First Edition; listed our of sequence] Babylonian Talmud [SixthCentury C.E. Edition by "Jewish Talmudist Scholars"] Patai, Raphael, Hebrew Myths: The Storyof Genesis, Doubleday Company, Valley Stream New York, 1961In Pursuit of George G. M. James Study of African Origins in Western CivilizationYosef A. A. ben-Jochannan

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