Carlos A. Cook: The Ideological Son of Marcus Garvey
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Carlos A. Cook: The Ideological Son of Marcus Garvey

Carlos A. Cook: The Ideological Son of Marcus Garvey

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     Carlos A. Cook: The Ideological Son of Marcus Garvey Carlos A. Cook: The Ideological Son of Marcus Garvey Document Transcript

    • RBG Communiversity CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY Founder of A.N.P.M. (African Nationalist Pioneer Movement)
    • Page 1 of 20 CARLOS A. COOK: THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY Founder of A.N.P.M. (African Nationalist Pioneer Movement) Carlos A. Cooks, A True Blackman by Robert Acemendeces Harris If, as the new saying goes, “truth is [really] on its way” then, perhaps, Black People can finally also be back on their way. Which way? The way out of all of the confusion, contradictions and cultural degeneration that has retarded the liberation of our people these last few years. Truth is not an abstract, it refers to sincerity, honesty, conformity to fact, correctness, exactitude, et cetera. Carlos Cooks was truth personified. It is also the truth that, if one man can be singled out as,the individual personality, most responsible for the resurrection on Marcus Garvey’s philosophyand program then that man is Carlos Cooks.Carlos Cooks was to Black Nationalism what John Coltrane was to the so-called avant-grade“jazz”, and what Aretha is to soul music; the prime progenitor among their respective peers.The main difference was the fact that during his life time, Cooks never receive his properrecognition. This was mainly because he was denied national coverage — by white and “Black”press — and was bound by an oath (the sacri) not to seek publicity for himself.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 2 of 20But since programs are often personified within certain individuals, and either live beyond or diealong with their respective advocates, AJASS believes that — if we are really going to re-establish truth in our Liberation Struggle, then more of our people should know about therelevance of Carlos Cooks.Carlos A. Cooks was born on June 23, 1913 in the Dominican Republic and died May 5th, 1966in Harlem. During his 52 years on this planet, he passed through a phenomenal experience byspending his entire lifetime dedicated to the liberation of Africa, its universal communities, andall its peoples. This fact alone puts him among the ranks of the Hon. Marcus Garvey and thegrand patriarch of the, movement, Hon. Edward Wilmot Blyden.It was Carlos Cooks who administered the Advance Division of the UNIA after Garvey’sdeportation. He fought psychologically and physically — to uplift Mr. Garvey’s name from thegutters of ghetto minds. Brother Frank Rockwood of the Harlem UNIA branch can attest to thistruth.It was Carlos Cooks who coined the phrase “BUY BLACK” as an economic solvency in thevarious African Communities throughout America. Attorney Cora Walker, who successfullyengineered the Harlem Co-op market can vouch for that.It was Carlos Cooks who found the first so-titled African Nationalist organization. Check it outwith Brothers and Sisters of the African Nationalist Pioneer Movement, they will tell you.It was Carlos Cooks whom the late Malcolm X told many of us, that: “I respect Mr. Cooksbecause he is real Garveyite, a true Black Nationalist!” Since truth is supposed to be the onlyway, ask Sister Betty Shabazz about this.It was Carlos Cooks who kept Garvey’s UNIA Red, Black, and Green tricolors displayed dailyand nightly. Go on over to the African Market at 125th Street near Lenox Avenue, ask forBrother Frank Jones ’cause he can tell you about it.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 3 of 20It was Carlos Cooks who maintained an African Nationalist Legion, mentally prepared andphysically ready to join the African Liberation struggle. I don’t know if the rest of the officials ofthe Republic of New Africa know this, but I’m sure that Brother Herman Ferguson does.It was Cooks who continuously advocated armed retaliation against the cracker beasts whoviciously murdered our Brothers and Sisters in the South. Truth is supposed to be on its way, soask Brother Robert Williams.It was Carlos Cooks who designated August 17th — the birthday of Marcus Garvey — as thefirst Black holiday, official or unofficial. And if you ask James Lawson (privately), the Brotherwill probably tell you the truth, too.It was Carlos Cooks who first perfected an oratorical art of street speaking from his step-ladder,all over Harlem, but, especially on 125th Street and 7th Avenue. Brother Ed. “Porkchop” Davisand Brother Charles Kenyatta can verify that as the truth.It was Carlos Cooks who first formed an independent school, complete with a course inKiswahili at a time (1954) when many of our people didn’t even know where Africa was, nevermind what Swahili was. Brother Al Vann, of the African-American Teachers Association, caneducate you to the truth about this.It was Carlos Cooks who first defined the difference between the terms Black and/or African asopposed to “Negro” and fought to have the latter word abrogated as a racial classification. Youcan even ask Richard Moore (author of The Word Negro And Its Evil Use) about this. Or youcan read the documentation of this in “BLACK NATIONALISM: A Search For Identity InAmerica” by Prof. E. U. Essien-Udom of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He printed sometruth about this particular issue.It was Carlos Cooks who organized the Universal African Relief to send tons of cloths andmedical supplies to our struggling fellow Africans in South West Africa and Angola — over tenyear ago. Ask Brother Hage Geingob of SWAPO or any of the other Brothers representing theliberation forces in Namibia (Southwest Africa). Their case is based on truth.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 4 of 20It was Carlos Cooks who first initiated the concept of natural hair as an issue of racial pridethrough his ANPM’s MISS NATURAL STANDARD OF BEAUTY CONTEST. But just abouteveryone who comes in contact with AJASS knows this because our programs are based on truthand, so, we always let everyone know just where we’re coming from. (Don’t bother to ask thefolks running the “Miss America Beauty Contest.) ——————————————————————————–WHAT IS THE A.N.P.M. ?(The Preamble to the A.N.P.M. Constitution.)By Carlos A. CooksThe African Nationalist Pioneer Movement is a educational, inspirational, instructive,constructive, and expansive society.It is composed of people desirous of bringing about the establish-ment of a progressive,dignified, cultural, fraternal and racial confraternity amongst the African people of the world.The members pledge themselves to devote their knowledge, physical energy, private fortune, andsacred honor to ameliorate the tragic inequalities and medieval backwardness that the universalstatus of the race reflects.We hold these condition to be a challenge to our manhood, and an insult to the aristocracy of ournoble race.Whereas, every sovereign state of Europe is ruled and controlled by Europeans. The land mass ofAsia is governed by Asiatics. The Arabs dominate Arabia. Jewish aspirations is satisfied by thecreation of the state of Israel. Africa is the only continent that is still dominated by the tyrannicyoke of European mass plunderers, with the approval of the so-called United Nations, and theactive support of the Christian Churches of all denominations.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 5 of 20CERTAINLY NO BLACKMAN THE BLOOD OF AFRICA COURSING THROUGH HISVEINS CAN LIVE IN GOOD CONSCIENCE ACCEPTING THESE CONDITIONS THATTHE POWER DRUNK WHITE WORLD HAS CONSPIRED TO PERPETUATE ON ANOFFENDING PEOPLE.The African Nationalist Pioneer Movement realizes that the world is organized in homogenoussegments, in the light of existing circumstances, the African Nationalist Pioneer Movement as ameans of self defense and survival, a racial hegemony of Africans at home and abroad, that willresurrect the nobility, courage, and resourcefulness that once typified African character.Rejecting all ideas for social improvement that do not animate from within the group. Denyingall standards of beauty that does not represent the vibrant characteristics of the African Race.Heading no voice but our own on the issue of racial policy. Denouncing all religions thatperpetuate the myth of white supre-macy and the fallacy of divine adjudication. We believe inthe principles of self determination of all races.We submit that the Black people of Harlem and all other Homo-geneous African communities,have the same natural and moral right to be clannish in their patronage as all other people havedrama-tised that they are. We advocate as a matter of sound racial economic, the BUY BLACKCAMPAIGN.Patronize the merchants of your own race. Build a solvent foundation for your children. Helpcreate employment and independence for your race. ——————————————————————————–LIBERATION COLORS AND STANDARDSby Elombe BrathThe red, black and green flag found a new popularity during the 1960’s as the “liberation flag,”and was adopted by many neo-nationalists and disgruntled neophytes who had begun to leave theCivil Rights non-violence movement in search of a new militancy. The colors had originallybeen adopted as the “national colors” of the African people at the 1920 International Conventionaccording to the Universal Negro Catechism of the African Orthodox Church.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 6 of 20The Catechism, which had been authorized by Rev. George Alexander McGuire, the church’sleading figure, stated clearly the symbolic meaning of the colors: “Red is the color of the bloodwhich men must shed for their redemption and liberty; black is the color of the noble anddistinguished race to which we belong; green is the color of the luxuriant vegetation of ourmotherland.”To appreciate the vast scope and time span of the Garvey influence, the endurance and spread ofthe red, black, and green colors illustrate the point. Carlos A. Cooks contended that the colorscame from an ancient African civilization known as the “Zengh Empire.” He insisted that thiswas one of the earliest usage of colors as a flag, standard, or pennant to represent a people as anation.While I have found no corroborating evidence in my research, Dr. Tony Martin has documentedsome other facts regarding the spread of the red, black, and green.In his Pan-African Connection, Martin reveals that T.D. Mweli Skota, who was responsible “for[the] adoption of the ANC anthem, Nkosi Sikelel i-Africa, (Lord Bless Africa) which was lateradopted by even the ANC’s rival organizations and the whole African population of South[ern]Africa,” was also largely responsible for – introducing in 1925 – the ANC’s flag of black, green,and gold, which was patterned after Garvey’s red, black, and green. Three and a half decadeslater, SWAPO, using the same configuration of three horizontal bars of equal size and differentsolid colors, followed suit in its own blue, red, and green tricolor to represent the Namibianpeople’s national liberation movement.Garvey’s influence also set the standards for racial pride and material support for the liberationmovements.Just prior to the African cultural revolution of the 60’s, an event took place that actually openedthe stage for the most intense period of Black consciousness since the Garvey era, on August 16,1959, Cooks issued a call to convention by the ANPM to abrogate the term “Negro” as theofficial racial classification. Instead, he argued for the use of “Black” when speaking in terms ofcolor (irrespective of complexion) and in relationship to the so-called white, yellow, brown, andred races. Likewise, and even more important, the term “African” would be used genericallyCARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 7 of 20when speaking in relationship to land or origin (regardless of one’s own “native” birthplace),heritage, and culture.Although the white media, including the New York Times, ostensibly the U.S. “paper of record,”was informed, they did not attempt to cover this historic meeting. The Times, however, wasquick to attribute the use of the term “African American” to the Rev. Jesse Jackson in 1988 – 29years after it became a compromise choice in the wake of Cooks’ 1959 convention. But it ismore an irony that in the light of him being the seminal figure in the institutionalization of theconcept of Black people in the U.S. re-identifying themselves as Africans, that the denial ofbeing of African ancestry would develop in the Dominican Republic as practically an article offaith for those seeking political office and/or upper mobility in regards to their acceptance intothe social strata –a factor that sadly caused the late Jose Francisco Pena Gomez to never achievehis quest of the presidency of that Africaribbean Latin-American nation.While those who acquire wealth because of their exceptional skills as Major League Baseballplayers in the U.S. are praised and accepted in spite of their very obvious biological, historicalaffinity to the African continent, the question of being perceived as the representative of thenational policy is still out of the question. To wit, in an unusual sense, the financial class factorseems to have been subdued to the racial contradiction. This true, however, not only in theDominican Republic but in other non-English speaking nations as well, (i.e., including the caseof Pele and other Black people in Brazil).Nevertheless, it should be made known that the 1959 convention, in effect, established that theterm African was to be used in the future as the common denominator of identification of allBlack people throughout the world. African is our term of worldwide unification. It identifies ourhistorical ties to the African blood pool. It imposes upon us a critical interest in our commonplight throughout history, the need to find resolutions to our present conditions, and absolutenecessity of working out our common destiny.And if in the carrying out of this historic mandate for African liberation, there ever needed forthose Africans “abroad” to be designated with at least a regional categorization, then the termAfrican-American [hyphenated] was more apropos than “AfroAmerican,” based on the fact that,CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 8 of 20as Cuban patriot Jose Marti pointed out, we do live in the Americas (i.e., North, Central a ndSouth America). On another note, however, the term “West Indian” was considered as invalid asthat of the usage of American Negro.The ‘59 convention would also give birth to the establishment of an African standard of beautythat was to be institutionalized nationwide, thereby enhancing the appreciation of Blacknessworldwide, and the acceptance of one’s Africannes personified. In this regard, AJASS (theAfrican Jazz-Arts Society & Studios), a Black politi-cultural group which had been foundedduring the summer of 1956 in the South Bronx, also attended this historic convention. This groupwas a collective of Black artists, photographers, performers, and students (including KwameBrathwaite, Robert Gumbs, Chris Acemandeces Hall, and this writer) who had been studyingGarveyism and African nationalism on their own. The convention’s new concepts of raisingBlack people’s consciousness impressed AJASS immensely.Following the resolutions and mandates of that meeting, AJASS began to intensify its study andbegan organizing throughout 1960 and most of ‘61. By the fall, AJASS had formed the nucleusof a group of models to explicitly promote the African standard of beauty, The GrandassaModels. This image had been long overlooked by such magazines as Ebony, Jet, Tan, etc. Thus,the Naturally series of “cultural extravaganzas designed to restore our racial pride and standards”was born.From The Daily Challenge“New York City’s Only Black Daily”June 24, 1998More Info on “The Red Black and Green.” (UNIA-ACL) ——————————————————————————–CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 9 of 20THE NATIONALIST MANIFESTOby Carlos CooksThe time is at hand when the Black man must pause and take serious note of the rapid current ofworld events.Life for the People of African stock, has been for the past three centuries, a relentless struggle forsurvival.Not so much against the forces of nature, Nay!Nature blessed the African Race with the richest of all continents, and the finest of all climates,and it has equip the Black man with the greatest and most rugged physique among men, togetherwith a woman whose wholesome beauty, sparkling eyes, rhythmic gait, warm tender smile,cheerful and affectionate disposition, cannot be excelled or rivaled by any other female.The Black man’s menace, has been, and still is, the white man’s diabolical and determined planto commit GENOCIDE!Even as they exterminated the American Indians, and the Australian Aborigines; so too, everyplan, every scheme, points to their murderous intent to liquidate the African people.As the great Bamganwato Chieftain Logumbula, asked in the late nineteenth century, when theBritish were barbarously exterminating the Bamganwatos: “Why do you kill my people?”Today their method is subtler, but just as effective.Hundreds of thousands died in Kenya, and many more are quartered in compounds on astarvation ration. Death to them will come through slow and painful agony of malnutrition. IT’SGENOCIDE!In Cuba, under the pretense of vengeance against Batista’s Regime, Castro is wiping out theBlack population.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 10 of 20The Black man, if he has any desire to survive, will have to embrace Black Nationalism —TOTALLY!The greatest tools of the White Supremacist are the Flunky Vassals, the modern day Custodiansof Uncle Tom’s Cabin, the Lackey’s that fought the doctrine of Marcus Garvey, the Stooges thatadvocates civil rights — social equality — and miscegenation in America.The gang of British Toms, in the West Indies, that see themselves as a part of the British Empire,and encourages the Black man to sell his land and seek his fortunes in England, only to find uponarrival there, a hungry mob of Murder-bent Whites, waiting to bury them. IT’S GENOCIDE!The African Nationalist Pioneer Movement, through its Executive Spokesman, Carlos A. Cooks,is calling on the world of Black men everywhere, to rally behind the doctrine of BlackNationalism.There is no permanent future for the Black anywhere in America.The integrationist doctrine, that have fostered so much strife, is but a death trap for the Blacks,deliberately agitated by people who do not belong to the race, does not have the interest of therace at heart, and are using the Black man as a distracting force, less what happened to them inGermany and other European Countries happen here.The Nigger Stooges that they are using to perpetuate their cruel joke, would sell their ownmothers into bondage, for the sake of being able to move around as Circus Clowns in the Circleof White Society. They may be black in Color, but they are Psychological Bastards, whose fatein the final hour of reckoning, will be the common end of a traitor.Next to the White man, the greatest enemy of Africa and Black opportunity, ranks theintegrationist, civil righters, miscegenationist, and close behind, comes the Communist, andthose who would encourage the Black man to take his problem to the Lord in prayer and leave itthere.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 11 of 20The gang in Africa who cannot understand that there cannot and will not be any Partnershipbetween the African and the white man.It is not in the nature of the White man to share anything.Did he share America with the American Indian? No!Did he share Australia with Australian Bushman? No!Where is the American Indian and the Australian Bushman? They are both dead!The victim of their own charity and gullibility.They too believed that they could share the land with the white man.Isn’t it strange that the African leaders cannot realize that the white man shares Europe with noone?The picture in Africa from the standpoint of leadership, narrows down to two States that arepotentially capable of spearheading the drive for total redemption of continental Africa; namely,Egypt, based on the dynamic drive of that great organizer, Abdel Gamal Nasser, and the Sudan,based on its vast land area and its strategic location.Ethiopia — under the present leadership, must be written off as futile encumbrance to thedesigns of a modern free Africa.Liberia is but an extension of White Imperialism.Ghana is a model for a new type of British Colonialism.Guinea is much too involved in the battle for survival at this time to make it’s power felt.The position of Blacks in the Western World, should — and must be one of militantNationalism….The marshalling and organizing of all Black people, and the linking up of their power, with thePatriots of Africa, Organizing Combat Brigades, Medical Units, and Pioneer Corps.These should be organized and held in readiness, so that when the hour of decision tolls, Blackmen everywhere would not only be willing, but they shall be able, to answer the call.The conflict thickens, on ye bravesLet’s charge for Africa, or the grave.Wave Africa; let all your banners wave.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 12 of 20Attack — Black men, with all your ferocious rage.Few! Few shall part — where many meetThe sacred soil of Africa shall be their winding sheet.And every turf of ground, beneath the invader’s sacrilegious feetShall be a white man’s sepulchre.By Carlos A. CooksFounder, The African Nationalist Pioneer Movement Carlos Cooks and Black Nationalism from Garvey to Malcolm by Robert Harris, Nyota Harris, Grandassa Harris (Editor) Paperback (March 1992) Majority Press; ISBN:0912469285 There are no other books about this remarkable man.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 13 of 20THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF CARLOS COOKSby Robert Acemendeces HarrisThe A.N.P.M. – a racial confraternity amongst the African peoples of the world. The onlyorthodox African Nationalist organization in the western world from 1941 to 1966.The African Pioneering Syndicate, Inc. – whereas the merchants and business people of theAfrican communities should be African, whose aims and objectives are to conduct a worldwidecommercial and industrial intercourse for the good of the race and to promote economic self-sufficiency in all Black communities.The African Colonization society, Inc. – to resettle those Black people living in the Americasinto Africa – those who voluntarily would like to take advantage of the opportunities that Africahas to offer.The Universal African Relief – to conduct relief work amongst the universal. African family.The 1959 African Peoples Convention – this was the convention that did away with the term,“Negro”, being used as a racial classification for African people and caused the world to addressthe Black people with the same dignity and respect extended to all other racial and ethnic groups.We demanded to be called when dealing with color, Black men and Black women; and whendealing with race, land and heritage, Africans.The mobilization of all the material resources of the Black Race in all areas of the world bindingthem together into one grand racial hegemony whose only shall propose be the welfare andsecurity of Black people very where.The activation of the African Communities League in all communities where people of theAfrican ethnic group are in the majority. The economy of all African communities must bemarshaled, controlled and channeled in a progressive direction so that the commerce, businesslife and body politic of the community are controlled totally by the resident majority.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 14 of 20The synchronization of all organizations regardless of religious passion or sectional sentiment to.One overall aim and endeavor towards the complete freedom of Africa for the benefit of theAfrican peoples of the world. This should include moral, physical and material support to theneedy cause of the valiant Africans at home who are fighting against tremendous odds.The Buy Black Campaign – a scientific method of productive action which will result in thecommerce, business life of the Black communities being put into the hands and control of theBlack people of the co-unity simply by adjusting their shopping habits, whereas they do not buyanything from an alien (non-Black person) in the community and only patronize members of theRace in the community. If a commodity cannot be purchased through Black merchants, then goout of the community and purchase it. This will scientifically force parasitical alien merchantsout of the Black communities and make way for more Black people to enter the community’sbusiness life. The Buy Black Campaign will transfer the commerce business life and body politicof the Black communities from its present alien parasites to its rightful owners – the Blackmajority population.The African Nationalist Legion – the military arm of the race, to be developed into a forcecapable of defending and protecting the race. strategic, tactical and logistical forces of the BuyBlack Campaign.The School of African culture and Fundamentalism – an institution to develop the knowledge,skills, abilities and character of the Race. To establish universities, colleges, academies andschools for the racial education and culture of the Race.The Nationalist Social Club dedicated to the principles and concepts of encouraging the youth ofthe race to fraternize and exchange their ideas on germane problem. To indulge in debates onworld problems and to formulate and activate as a socioeconomic organism for the good andwelfare of the community at large and the membership of the Nationalist social Club bydramatizing the ability of the African youth to engage in commercial intercourse through theinitiative of the race (Self-determination).The Marcus Garvey Memorial Building – at approximately 5:30 P.M. Friday, August 17, 1962,Carlos Cooks officiated at the ground breaking ceremony of the Marcus Garvey MemorialCARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 15 of 20Building on a site located on the south side of 141st street, approximately 100 ‘ east of EighthAvenue, Harlem, New York. Carlos Cooks outlined two main purposes for the erection of theMarcus Garvey Memorial Building. (1) It will be a stone monument that will spiritually testify tothe admiration and respect that the Black people of Harlem and throughout the world have forthe life, efforts, deeds, doctrine and memory of this great man; and (2) to serve as the permanentheadquarters of the African Nationalist pioneer Movement. Carlos Cooks postponed launchingthe programs of the A.N.P.M. until the completion of the Marcus Garvey Memorial Building. Hestated “The A.N.P.M. is pending its hopes on the construction of the Marcus Garvey MemorialBuilding.” Carlos Cooks died On May 5,1966 with the Marcus Garvey Memorial Building two-thirds complete. It was never completed and was finally demolished by the City of New York inthe 1970′s. Consequently, the programs of the A.N.P.M. were never launched and remainunfinished business for the African Nationalists. The erection of the Marcus Garvey MemorialBuilding or its equivalent is also unfinished business for the African Nationalist.Orthodox African Nationalist Literature – whereas the true historical, economical, political andsocial aspects of the race were promulgated, African Nationalism was expounded throughout theBlack world through such publications as (1) the Street speaker Magazine, (2) the BlackChallenge Magazine, (3) Calvacade Afrikana Magazine and other publications of the A.N.P.N.The Marcus Garvey Day Celebration – an annual affair commemorating Marcus Garvey as thefather of African Nationalism on his birthday August 17, with a parade, eulogistic mass meting, abeauty contest (Miss Natural standard of Beauty), a grand raffle, show and dance. Carlos Cooksstated that “The culture of a people is best manifested by the homage they pay to those who ledwith dedication and devotion to freedom and cause.” Marcus Garvey stands out like a giant overmidgets to all who have led with dedication and devotion to our freedom and cause.” MarcusGarvey gives the universal Black people a common hero and natural symbol for a commoncultural union simply by the universal Black people paying homage to Marcus Garvey everyAugust 17, a universal African holidayAfrican Freedom Day – January let was designated as African Freedom flay which we set asideto extol the feats and accomplishments of Black people and Black nations whose efforts broughtabout freedom and independence for Black people throughout the world. Many Bla ck nationsCARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 16 of 20and peoples throughout the world announced their freedom on January let – the variousEmancipation Proclamations ending slavery in the 19th century were announced on January lit.The most celebrated African Freedom Day was January 1st, 1956 when the leaders of theSudanese people assembled in Khartoum and proclaimed their independence.Miss Natural Standard of Beauty Contest – this is a unique and rare contest designed to helprestore pride and self-confidence in the heavily inferior-minded Black woman who falselybelieves that the white woman (and all other women) is more beautiful than the Black woman.This beauty contest is also designed to break and discontinue the nearly 400 year old habit ofBlack people viewing the white woman as the object of feminine beauty. This beauty contestdeclares to the world that as far as we are concerned, if there is any physical beauty in the world,it is incarnate in the physical likeness of people and things that are of our race and heritage.Finally, we deny all standards of beauty that do not represent the vibrant characteristics of theAfrican Race.Memorandum and Bills of Particulars to the President of the U.S.A. – 1964 On Monday, August3, 1964 – 9:35 P.M., the membership of the A.N.P.M. empowered the Honorable Carlos Cooksto appoint a committee whose function it was to prepare and dispatch a memorandum and bill ofparticulars to the president of the U.S.A. and to the various concerned officials and Agencies ofthe U.S. Government recommending the President of the U.S.A. to recommend to the congressand appropriate Governmental agencies that a bureau similar to the Freedman’s Bureau of 1847be established by the U.S. Government for the purpose of mobilizing and processing all personsof African descent residing in the U.S.A. or territories, who voluntarily indicate their desire toavail themselves of the opportunities and advantages at resettling in Africa, the land of theirorigin.The many articles, speeches and lectures (over 40,000) of Carlos Cooks have become thecatechism and gospel of Orthodox African Nationalism and serves as the theme, plot andfundamentals of the present Orthodox African Nationalists.The logic and evidence of Carlos Cooks’ articles, speeches and lectures are interwoven andinterlocked into the articles, speeches and lectures of the present Orthodox African Nationalists.CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 17 of 20Carlos Cooks was probably the best Black mind in the world from 1941 to 1966. AlthoughMartin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X were the nationally known leaders during that time(thanks to the U.S. media), Carlos Cooks stands over King and Malcolm like a giant overmidgets.These are really the missing pages in Black History daring the above period – 1941 to 1966.The statements, logic and positions that are generally attributed to Malcolm X by the Blackyouth were long part of the dialogue and lectures of Carlos Cooks before Malcolm X was ateenager and in his early elementary school days.This is the other side of the story, which is known by a fortunate few who had the privilege tomeet and know Carlos Cooks. The American historians and propagandists trace the history of theBlack people in the U.S.A. through the eyes of the integrationists.When Marcus Garvey is acknowledged as part of that history, there is no connected backgroundto show the historical development of Marcus Garvey with the earlier advocates of racial unity,economic solvency and the “Return to Africa” philosophy.More negligent and one-sided, if not outright false, is the connecting historical developmentfrom Marcus Garvey forward. Although the U.S. Media traces this historical development fromMarcus Garvey to Elijah Mohamed, Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael and the integrationmovement, including Martin Luther King, Jr., however, the one true and natural outgrowth ofMarcus Garvey and the U.N I .A. is Carlos Cooks and the A.M.P.M. Carlos Cooks was theideological son of Marcus Garvey whose philosophical doctrine and program he lived andworked. ——————————————————————————–CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 18 of 20 The Carlos Cooks Creed Passionately fascinated with the excellence of our African origin. Philosophically committed to the ideals of Marcus Garvey - African Nationalism and self-determination. Dedicated to the assertion of our freedom, regardless of obstacles. One Cause One Goal One Destiny. ——————————————————————————–CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 19 of 20 Charge of the Mighty Black Warrior by Carlos Cooks The conflict thickens On ye Braves Let’s charge for Africa Or the grave. Wave Africa, Let all your banners wave. Attack Black men, with all your ferocious rage. Few! Few shall part where many meet. The sacred soil of Africa shall be their winding sheet And every turf of ground beneath the invaders Sacrilegious feet shall be a white man’s sepulcher. ——————————————————————————–CARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY
    • Page 20 of 20 One Cause versus One God. Mr. Cooks saw religion as a divisive force. As was demonstrated by this flaw within the UNIA itself.Undisputedly, African people universally were under a common yoke of oppression;Hence having common cause – One Cause, One Goal and One Destiny As opposed to One God, One Aim and One Destiny.This is the only difference between Mr. Cooks and Mr. Garvey.Thanks to:Robert Acemendeces HarrisThe ANCM & ANPMCARLOS A. COOK:THE IDEOLOGICAL SON OF MARCUS GARVEY