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Arthur Alfonso Schomburg-A Self Educated Scholar
 

Arthur Alfonso Schomburg-A Self Educated Scholar

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Arthur Alfonso Schomburg-A Self Educated Scholar ("ah OG rbg street scholar")

Arthur Alfonso Schomburg-A Self Educated Scholar ("ah OG rbg street scholar")

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    Arthur Alfonso Schomburg-A Self Educated Scholar Arthur Alfonso Schomburg-A Self Educated Scholar Document Transcript

    • Page 1 of 6 Arthur Alfonso Schomburg“Another indication of the direct and indirect mentoring process is found in the works of the various self-educatedscholars. David Walker praised the teachings of his elder, Reverend Richard Allen. (12) Maria Stewart and HenryHighland Garnet in turn evoked the example of David Walker. (13) The mentoring chain can be found in thereflections of Arthur Schomburg who was inspired by John Bruce and Alexander Crummell. (14) John HenrikClarke was in turn mentored by Schomburg. (15)” From: John Henrik Clarke: the Harlem connection to thefounding of Africana Studies...John Henrik Clarke: the Harlem connection to the founding of Africana Studies, Carruthers, Jacob H Arthur Alfonso Schomburg
    • Page 2 of 6HypertextArthur Alfonso Schomburg ....................................................................................................................... 1Independence advocate ................................................................................................................................. 3Marriage and family ...................................................................................................................................... 3Career ............................................................................................................................................................ 3The Negro Society for Historical Research .................................................................................................. 4The Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and Art .............................................................................. 4Later years..................................................................................................................................................... 5Legacy ........................................................................................................................................................... 5References ..................................................................................................................................................... 5Links ............................................................................................................................................................. 6 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Arturo Alfonso Schomburg Arturo Alfonso Schomburg Born January 24, 1874 Santurce, Puerto Rico Died June 8, 1938 Brooklyn, New York Nationality Puerto Rican Political movement Harlem Renaissance movement Spouse Elizabeth Morrow Taylor Notes ----------------------------------------------------Arturo Alfonso Schomburg, a.k.a. as Arthur Schomburg, (January 24, 1874 –June 8, 1938), wasa Puerto Rican historian, writer, and activist in the United States who researched and raisedawareness of the great contributions that Afro-Latin Americans and Afro-Americans have madeto society. He was an important intellectual figure in the Harlem Renaissance. Over the years, hecollected literature, art, slave narratives, and other materials of African history, which waspurchased to become the basis of the Arthur Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture,named in his honor, at the New York Public Library branch in Harlem. Arthur Alfonso Schomburg
    • Page 3 of 6Schomburg was born in the town of Santurce, Puerto Rico (now part of San Juan) to MaríaJosefa, a freeborn black midwife from St. Croix, and Carlos Féderico Schomburg, a merchant ofGerman heritage.While Schomburg was in grade school, one of his teachers claimed that blacks had no history,heroes or accomplishments. Inspired to prove the teacher wrong, Schomburg determined that hewould find and document the accomplishments of Africans on their own continent and in thediaspora, including Afro-Latinos, such as Jose Campeche, and later Afro-Americans. Schomburgwas educated at San Juans Instituto Popular, where he learned commercial printing. At St.Thomas College in the Danish-ruled Virgin Islands, he studied Negro Literature.[1]Independence advocateSchomburg immigrated to New York on April 17, 1891 and settled in the Harlem section ofManhattan. He continued his studies to untangle the African thread of history in the fabric of theAmericas. After experiencing racial discrimination in the US, he began calling himself"Afroborinqueño" which means "Afro-Puerto Rican".[1]He became a member of the "Revolutionary Committee of Puerto Rico". He took an active roleadvocating Puerto Ricos and Cubas independence.[1][2]Marriage and familyOn June 30, 1895 Schomburg married Elizabeth Hatcher of Staunton, Virginia. She had come toNew York as part of a wave of migration from the South that would increase in the 20th centuryand be known as the Great Migration. They had three sons: Maximo Gomez; Arthur Alfonso, Jr.and Kingsley Guarionex Schomburg.[2]After Elizabeth died in 1900, Schomburg married Elizabeth Morrow Taylor of Williamsburg,North Carolina. They were married on March 17, 1902 and had two sons: Reginald Stanton andNathaniel José Schomburg.[2]CareerIn 1896, Schomburg began teaching Spanish in New York. From 1901 to 1906 Schomburg wasemployed as messenger and clerk in the law firm of Pryor, Mellis and Harris, New York City. In1906, he began working for the Bankers Trust Company. Later, he became a supervisor of theCaribbean and Latin American Mail Section, and held that until he left in 1929.While supporting himself and his family, Schomburg began his intellectual work of writingabout Caribbean and African-American history. His first known article, "Is Hayti Decadent?",was published in 1904 in The Unique Advertiser. In 1909 he wrote Placido, a Cuban Martyr, ashort pamphlet about the poet and independence fighter Gabriel de la Concepción Valdéz.[2] Arthur Alfonso Schomburg
    • Page 4 of 6The Negro Society for Historical ResearchIn 1911, Schomburg co-founded with John Edward Bruce the Negro Society for HistoricalResearch, to create an institute to support scholarly efforts. For the first time it brought togetherAfrican, West Indian and Afro-American scholars. Schomburg was later to become the Presidentof the American Negro Academy, founded in Washington, DC in 1874, which championed blackhistory and literature.This was a period of founding of societies to encourage scholarship in African American history.In 1915, Dr. Carter G. Woodson co-founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life andHistory (now called the Association for the Study of African American Life and History) andbegan publishing the Journal of Negro History.Schomburg became involved in the Harlem Renaissance movement, which spread to otherAfrican-American communities in the U.S. The concentration of blacks in Harlem from acrossthe US and Caribbean led to a flowering of arts, intellectual and political movements. He was theco-editor of the 1912 edition of Daniel Alexander Payne Murrays Encyclopedia of the ColoredRace.In March 1925 Schomburg published his essay "The Negro Digs Up His Past" in an issue of theSurvey Graphic devoted to the intellectual life of Harlem. It had widespread distribution andinfluence. The autodidact historian John Henrik Clarke told of being so inspired by the essay thatat age seventeen he left home in Columbus, Georgia to seek out Mr. Schomburg to further hisstudies in African history. Alain Locke included the essay in his edited collection The NewNegro.[3]The Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and ArtAfter the New York Public Library (NYPL) purchased his extensive collection of literature, artand other materials in 1926, they appointed Schomburg curator of the Schomburg Collection ofNegro Literature and Art, named in his honor, at the 135th Street Branch (Harlem) of theLibrary. It was later renamed the Arthur Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.[4]Between 1931 and 1932 Schomburg served as Curator of the Negro Collection at the library ofFisk University, Nashville, Tennessee, helping direct their acquisition of materials. During 1932he traveled to Cuba. While there he met various Cuban artists and writers, and acquired morematerial for his studies.He was granted an honorary membership of the Mens Business Club in Yonkers, New York. Healso held the position of treasurer for the Loyal Sons of Africa in New York and was elevatedbeing the past master of Prince Hall Lodge Number 38, Free and Accepted Masons (F.A.M.) andRising Sun Chapter Number 4, R.A.M. Arthur Alfonso Schomburg
    • Page 5 of 6Later yearsFollowing dental surgery, Schomburg became ill and died in Madison Park Hospital, Brooklyn,New York on June 8, 1938. He was buried in Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn.[2]LegacyBy the 1920s Schomburg had amassed a world-renowned collection which consisted of artworks,manuscripts, rare books, slave narratives and other artifacts of Black history.[5] In 1926 the NewYork Public Library purchased his collection for $10,000 with the help of a grant from theCarnegie Corporation. The collection formed the cornerstone of the Librarys Division of NegroHistory at its 135th Street Branch in Harlem. The library appointed Schomburg curator of thecollection, which was named in his honor: the Arthur Schomburg Center for Research in BlackCulture. Schomburg used his proceeds from the sale to fund travel to Spain, France, Germanyand England, to seek out more pieces of black history to add to the collection.[6] In 2002, scholarMolefi Kete Asante named Schomburg to his list of 100 Greatest African Americans.[7]To honor Schomburg, Hampshire College awards a $30,000 merit-based scholarship in his namefor students who "demonstrate promise in the areas of strong academic performance andleadership at Hampshire College and in the community."[8]Arturo Alfonso Schomburgs work served as an inspiration to Puerto Ricans, Latinos and Afro-Americans alike. The power of knowing about the great contribution that Afro-Latin Americansand Afro-Americans have made to society, helped continuing work and future generations in theCivil rights movement.[5]  Puerto Rican literature  List of Puerto Ricans of African descent  Black history in Puerto RicoReferences 1. Robert Knight, "Arthur Alfonso Afroborinqueno Schomburg", History Notes, Global African Community, accessed 2 Feb 2009 2. "Arturo Alfonso Schomburg: Pionero en la historia afronorteamericana", Nuestro Mondo/Peoples Weekly World, accessed 2 Feb 2009 3. Arthur Schomburg, "The Negro Digs Up His Past", The Survey Graphic, Harlem: March 1925, University of Virginia Library, accessed 2 Feb 2009 4. Schomburg Studies on the Black Experience, New York Public Library 5. The Arthur A. Schomburg Papers 6. NYPL, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture 7. Asante, Molefi Kete (2002). 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Amherst, New York. Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-963-8. 8. http://www.aie.org/Scholarships/?StartRow=241&q=performance&SearchType=1 Arthur Alfonso Schomburg
    • Page 6 of 6Links  Schomburg Studies on the Black Experience  Schomburg (Arthur A.) Papers, 1724-1895 (1904-1938), New York Public Library  "Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture", New York Public Library  "The Arthur A. Schomburg Papers"  "Schomburg Museum", Kappa Alpha Psi history Arthur Alfonso Schomburg