GamePlan forAthlete Success: Treatment and Prevention of Ankle Injuries in Soccer
 

GamePlan forAthlete Success: Treatment and Prevention of Ankle Injuries in Soccer

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Ankle sprains are common in soccer. Prevention and initial treatment of the ankle sprain will improve return to play and reduce the incidence and re-injury, maximizing performance on the field. ...

Ankle sprains are common in soccer. Prevention and initial treatment of the ankle sprain will improve return to play and reduce the incidence and re-injury, maximizing performance on the field. www.bauerpt.com

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    GamePlan forAthlete Success: Treatment and Prevention of Ankle Injuries in Soccer GamePlan forAthlete Success: Treatment and Prevention of Ankle Injuries in Soccer Presentation Transcript

    • Ankle InjuriesTreatment and Prevention For the Soccer Athlete Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • What Is A Sprain? Sprain (Definition):  A sprain involves ligaments  Ligaments support joints providing stability  When stretched or torn, a joint can become unstable  The outside of the ankle is the most commonly sprained Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • Mechanism of Injury The lateral ankle sprain occurs as a result of turning the outside (lateral) aspect of the ankle This is called an inversion sprain This may occur when landing on an opposing players leg/foot, twisting, cutting, or slide tackling Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • Treatment of Ankle Sprain Rest – Avoid weight bearing/exercise if painful or swollen Ice – Application of cold pack or soak in cold water Compress – Wrapping the ankle controls swelling and provides support Elevate – Raising the ankle above the heart with support helps reduce swelling Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • Medial Management Medical Assessment  If there is pain, swelling, limited mobility, and is painful when walking  X-rays to rule out fracture Physical Therapy  Promote healing  Restore mobility, strength, endurance, and agility  Return to play testing Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • Promote Healing Protect  Immobilize to allow healing of ligaments (brace, boot, compress wrap)  Crutches may be used to avoid increased stress with gait  Must allow ligament to completely heal or chronic instability may occur Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • Mobility Restoring ankle after an injury, or prevention of ankle injuries, requires normal mobility of the ankle Perform ABC’s one time through tracing letters in the air, A to Z Perform foot circles in the air, 25 each clockwise and 25 each counter-clockwise Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • Ankle Balance Injury to ligaments can damage joint positioning and awareness. If not restored, this may lead to chronic injuries.  Beginning Balance – Stand on leg with slight bend. Practice reaching leg opposite leg forward, side and backward. Continue for 1 min.  Advanced Balance – Perform this exercise with eyes closed.  Specific Balance – Stand on injured leg and practice lightly kicking soccer ball to helper with inside, outside, and front of free leg. Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • Strength & Endurance Increasing the strength and endurance of the ankle and foot muscles helps to provide additional support and protection of the ankle ligaments/joint. Ankle strength and endurance can be performed with body weight and resistive exercise (manual, bands). Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • Strength & Endurance Increasing the muscle’s ability to perform repeated work will require adding repetitions and sets of activity. This can begin with 1 to 3 sets of exercise. Repetitions can begin at 10 and build to 20-30 reps. Progressing the activities must be performed without increased pain, swelling, or stiffness. Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • Return-to-Play Guidelines Criteria for ankle injuries in soccer includes:  Restoration of full mobility, strength, and endurance of ankle and leg muscles.  Restoration of full balance, agility, and speed, that meet the demand for performance and skill on the soccer field.  Physical tests include: Hopping, change of direction, jumping, speed in all directions and ball handling/passing.  Further protection/prevention of ankle injury can be provided by ankle braces and/or taping of the ankle. Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com
    • Ankle Injuries Randy Bauer PT, ATC rbauer@bauerpt.com  Bauer Physical Therapy: Laguna Hills  WellEvolvEdU: Bauer PT Blog  Bauer Physical Therapy Wellness: Facebook Page Bauer Physical Therapy www.bauerpt.com