SRI SHARADA INSTITUTE OF INDIAN MANAGEMENT - RESEARCH                                 Project                             ...
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTBy doing this project, We feel greatly honored to be a management student ofSRI SIIM. We have got a great t...
France–India relationsFrance–India relations refers to bilateral relations between the French Republicand the Republic of ...
and values and to announce their determination to give a new impetus to theIndo-French Strategic Partnership and greater c...
Ministers of Commerce, deals with issues related to commerce and trade. Thelast meeting was held in Paris, on 24-25 June 2...
and fish products and gems & jewellery and organic chemicals have beenincreasing.Investment: France is the 9th largest for...
Arianespace provides launch facilities for Indian Satellites (INSAT), whileIndia’s PSLV has been used to launch satellites...
Pallam Raju, Hon’’ble Raksha Rajya Mantri led an MoD delegation for the49th Paris Air Show from 19 to 23 June 2011.Cultura...
of Grand Ecoles, and another between IIT- Bombay and Group des Ecole desMines as well Institut Telecom to foster academic/...
INDO-FRENCH                ECONOMIC               AND            COMMERCIALRELATIONSThe economic and commercial linkages a...
The top commodities of Indian exports to France during the last twelvemonth period (Dec.2010-Nov.2011) are:      Refined p...
planned in the energy, automobile, aerospace, food processing and other sectorsby 2013.Bilateral Economic AgreementsIndia ...
years. These visits in the commercial and economic field are reflective of theimportance given by both governments to expa...
(d) Paris (Paris Tech Universite Paris Sud ( www.paristech.fr ) , Centrale-Supelec( www.supelec.fr ) , INSTN ( www-instn.c...
for Cultural Relations (ICCR)( www.iccrindia.net ) has instituted an IndiaChair of Sanskrit at Sorbonne University ( www.u...
(f) Eiffel scholarship offered by French MFA for engineering, management,political science and law for Master /doctoral le...
institutions to develop teaching of French language. An MoU has been signedduring the visit of President Sarkozy between P...
Under the new extension programme a building housing additional roomswould be constructed by 2013 on land given by the Fre...
Medical Research and Public HealthCooperation in medical research is another important element of Indo-Frenchscientific an...
between Institute of Chemical Technology ( www.iictindia.org ) ((India) andGroupe des Ecoles des Mines ( www.gemtech.fr ) ...
Indian Exports to FranceThe Indian Exports to France is facilitated through the common forum of Indiaand France chamber of...
Cotton yarn,      Cotton fabric,      Petroleum products,      Man-made fibers for ready made garments,      Transport equ...
Furthermore, the growing Indian Exports to France has facilitated wide-spreadacclamation and acceptance throughout the Eur...
Man-made fibers for ready made garments      Transport equipments      Leather goods      Polished diamonds      Indian wh...
Indian Agro Exports to France is based and focused on, for the improvement oftrade and business relations on the following...
Castor oil      Carpets      Cashew      Fisheries products      Ready-made garments      Cotton      Cotton accessories  ...
Indian IT Exports to FranceThe Indian IT Exports to France is facilitated by Indo French Chamber ofCommerce and Industry (...
Systems integration      Training and Education      Hardware support and Installation services      Network consulting an...
BIBLIOGRAPHYwww.ambinde.frwww.ambe-inde.frwww.ambafrance-in.orgwww.business.mapsofindia.com                               29
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France

  1. 1. SRI SHARADA INSTITUTE OF INDIAN MANAGEMENT - RESEARCH Project OnINDO-FRENCH RELATIONSSUBMITTED TO- SUBMITTED BY-Dr.RitvikDubeyS.Rajalakshmi(20100143) 1
  2. 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTBy doing this project, We feel greatly honored to be a management student ofSRI SIIM. We have got a great theoretical & practical experience of thecorporate world.This report is the result of labor spanning over 3 days. We have got lots ofencouragement and co-operation from our fellow friends, respected teachers,our parents, good wishers.We would like to thank Rev. Swamiji, CMD of SRI SIIM& we would like tothank our subject faculty Dr.RitvikDubey for his sincere co-operation . 2
  3. 3. France–India relationsFrance–India relations refers to bilateral relations between the French Republicand the Republic of India were established in 1947 and both nations have sinceestablished close co-operation in defence and commerce.India-France RelationsRelations between India and France have traditionally been close and friendly.With the establishment of the strategic partnership in 1998, there has beensignificant progress in all areas of bilateral cooperation through regular high-level exchanges at the Head of State/Head of Government levels and growingcommercial exchanges including in strategic areas such as defence, nuclearenergy and space. France was the first country with which India entered into anagreement on nuclear energy following the waiver given by InternationalAtomic Energy Agency and the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group enabling India toresume full civil nuclear cooperation with the international community. Todayour relations are growing fast in important areas for the future, with wide-ranging cooperation in political, economic and cultural fields and on defence,space, science & technology, and education. France has consistently supportedIndia’s increasing role in international fora.At the invitation of Prime Minister Shri Manmohan Singh, President Sarkozyundertook his second visit to India from 4-7 December 2010. His visitcontributed to further strengthening the bilateral relationship between India andFrance – especially in key areas of civil nuclear, space and defence co-operation. This was an occasion for both leaders to reaffirm their shared vision 3
  4. 4. and values and to announce their determination to give a new impetus to theIndo-French Strategic Partnership and greater content to our economic andcommercial relations, while expanding ties in the fields of culture, science andtechnology and education.In the last two years, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President Sarkozyhave also met at international conferences - the G-8 + 5 in Italy and the G-20Summit in London (April 2009) and Pittsburg (Sept 2009). The two leaders helda separate meeting on the sidelines of the CHOGM in Trinidad & Tobago on 27November 2009 and G-20 Summit in Toronto in June 2010 and in Seoul inNovember 2010, and discussed both bilateral and global issues.PM’s visit as Guest of Honour to the 14 July Bastille Day CelebrationsEarlier, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had visited France from 13-14 July2009. He was the guest of honour at the French National Day celebrations(Bastille Day parade). A 400-strong contingent of the Indian armed forces ledthe Bastille Day parade - thefirst time ever, that Indian troops took part inanother country’s national day parade. President Sarkozy hosted a lunch inhonour of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, after which PM and the Presidentaddressed a larger gathering at the President’s National Day reception at theElysée. PM extended an invitation to President Sarkozy and his wife to visitIndia which they did in December 2010.Institutional Structure for dialogueFrance and India have instituted a high-level, Strategic Dialogue at the level ofNational Security Advisors which provides both sides an opportunity to reviewkey elements of the bilateral agenda between India and France and particularly,the overall global security situation and emerging challenges. The 21st round ofthe IndiaFrance Strategic Dialogue took place in New Delhi, on 18 January,2010, while the 22nd round was held in New Delhi, on 11 October 2010.Annual Foreign Office2 Consultations are held at the level of ForeignSecretaries of the two countries. The last Consultations took place in Paris on6th May, 2011. A special Joint Working Group on Terrorism has beenestablished for cooperation in the fight against terrorism. A High LevelCommittee for Defence at the level of Defence Secretaries, working through itsthree specialized sub-committees, deals with issues related to bilateral defencecooperation. The last meeting was held in Paris on 18 –19 November 2010. AJoint Committee for Economic and Technical Cooperationat the level of 4
  5. 5. Ministers of Commerce, deals with issues related to commerce and trade. Thelast meeting was held in Paris, on 24-25 June 2010. Minister of Commerce andIndustry led the Indian delegation.The Indo-French CEOs Forum formed in 2009 was called upon to identify newavenues for cooperation and take initiatives to facilitate business links betweenboth countries. The second meeting of the CEO’s Forum, held in Paris in June2010 had focused on Energy, Water and Infrastructure, Green Growth,Education and fostering Joint Ventures for investment in third countries. Taskedto propose ways of strengthening bilateral economic and trade linkages in thefield of clean energy and education, the Forum submitted theirrecommendations to Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and PresidentSarkozy during the latters visit to India in December 2010.Indo French Trade & InvestmentFrance is the 5th largest economy of the world and an important member of theG-8. Its technological strengths make it the leader in sectors such as aviation,space, food processing, transport, railways and agricultural research. However,France’s business interaction with India is not commensurate with its intrinsiceconomic capacity. France is ranked 5th in the list of India’s trading partnersamong EU countries (after the Germany, UK, Belgium, and Netherlands).While economic and commercial relations continued to remain below potential,the bilateral trade increased to Euro 7.03 bn in 2010, an increase of 31% over2009. During President Sarkozys visit to India, in December 2010, the goal ofdoubling bilateral trade over the period 2008-2012 was reiterated by the twoleaders.Major items of French exports comprise electrical equipment, aeronautical &space construction products, measuring & control equipments, iron & steelproducts, equipment for emission and transmission of sound & image,mechanical equipments, organic and other chemical products, general & specialusage machines, equipment for reception & recording of sound & image,machine tools, engines and turbines etc.Indian exports comprise a range of goods and services from the small andmedium sector. Refined petroleum products, garments, textiles and apparel,accessories, leather clothes & footwear etc. constitute a major share of Indiasexports to France. Imports of refined petroleum products, auto equipment, fish 5
  6. 6. and fish products and gems & jewellery and organic chemicals have beenincreasing.Investment: France is the 9th largest foreign investor in India. [Investment wasof the order of US $ 2.78 bn during the period April 2000 – April 2011 whichrepresents 2% of total inflows]. The number of technical and financialcollaborations approved with France is 952. During the year 2010, there was asubstantial development of cross-3investments between the two countries withinvestments by French companies in the car industry, building materials,electrical equipment, public water utilities and rail transport. Indian companiesalso expanded their presences in France with investments in IT,pharmaceuticals, metallurgy etc. Cumulative French investment in India at theend of 2010 is estimated at Euro 2.75 billion while the Indian investment inFrance is estimated at around $1 billion. Indian companies have created ormaintained more than 8000 jobs in France. However, French firms have in 2010recorded intent of investing Euro 10 billion in the next couple of years.Indo-French dialogue on economic and technical issues is conducted throughJoint Working Groups on IT & Telecom, Roads, Environment, UrbanDevelopment & Urban Transportation and Agriculture. Bilateral Air ServicesTalks were held, on 10-11 February 2010, in Paris and three MOUs on theBilateral Air Services Agreement were signed on the occasion.Civilian Nuclear Energy Cooperation: A landmark Agreement on CivilNuclear Cooperation between India and France was signed during the visit toFrance of PM Dr. Manmohan Singh on 30 September, 2008. This has resultedin collaboration in many related areas and both countries have concluded anumber of agreements.During President Sarkozys visit to India in December2010, a General Framework Agreement and an Early Works Agreement weresigned between NPCIL and AREVA.Civilian Space Cooperation: France and India view each other as importantpartners in space technology and applications. Indian Space ResearchOrganisation (ISRO) and its French counterpart Centre National de EtudesSpatiales (CNES) have a rich legacy of cooperation and collaboration spanningabout four decades. ISRO and CNES hold annual bilateral meetings. The lastmeeting was held in Bangalore in July 2010. Scientific community of these twonations cooperates in joint radiation experiment, space componentsdevelopment and space education. 6
  7. 7. Arianespace provides launch facilities for Indian Satellites (INSAT), whileIndia’s PSLV has been used to launch satellites for European customers. DuringPresident Sarkozys December 2010 visit to India, an MOU has been signedbetween the French Space Agency, Centre National de Etudes Spatiales (CNES)and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on future areas of co-operation in Earth Observation for climate change and space exploration.On 12th October 2011, the jointly developed Megha-Tropiques Earthobservation satellite by ISRO and CNES was successfully launched fromSriharikota. This satellite will yield scientific data of relevance to globalconcerns related to climate change and will be very important forunderstanding the monsoon dynamics and its forecasting.French Parliamentary Group on Space (GPE) visited ISRO Headquarters onMarch 31, 2011 and interacted with ISRO community to understand IndianSpace programme and its linkage with the parliament and general public.Defence Cooperation: Defence cooperation with France is a key aspect of ouroverall bilateral relationship. The High Level Committee on DefenceCooperation held its 13th session in Paris on 18-19 November 2010 andreviewed bilateral ties covering strategic perceptions, collaboration in R&D andprocurement issues. Under 4the framework of the structured talks on Indo-French Defence Cooperation several meetings on industrial collaboration andservice exchanges are held regularly.Indo-French Air Force Exercise Garuda IV was held at Istres air base in Francefrom14 - 25 June 2010 with participation of SU MKI aircraft from India. Indo- French Naval Exercise, Varuna was held in the Indian Ocean from 07 – 14January 2011.The French Chief of Defence Staff, Admiral Edouard Guillaud visited Indiafrom 15 to 20 October 2010 while the French Army Chief, General ElrickIrastorza visited India from 31 January to 02 February 2011. Mr. LaurentCollet-Billon, Head of the French DGA (Delegate General for Armaments) andGeneral Jean-Paul Palomeros, the French Air Force Chief, participated in AeroIndia 2011 at Bangalore from 09 February to 13 February 2011.The French Minister of Defence, Mr. Gérard Longuet visited India from 25 to27 May 2011. During his visit, the French Defence Minister met Shri A KAntony, Hon’ble Raksha Mantri and other senior Defence officials. Shri MM 7
  8. 8. Pallam Raju, Hon’’ble Raksha Rajya Mantri led an MoD delegation for the49th Paris Air Show from 19 to 23 June 2011.Cultural Exchanges: Indian culture enjoys a wide and discerning audienceamong the French population, as is evident in the numerous and frequentcultural events organised all over France, spanning the entire diversity of Indianart, music, dance and literature. The Indian Council for Cultural Relations(ICCR) sponsors visits of Indian artists to France as also exchange of studentsin the field of culture and art. A significant number of Indian artists alsoperform in France on a commercial basis or at the initiative of the various localcultural associations outside the purview of the official exchanges. PopularIndian cinema is finding new appreciation in France. Indian Film Festivals areorganised round the year in different parts of France. India has now acquired aproperty in Paris to establish a centre for cultural activities under the Embassyof India in Paris.In accordance with a Memorandum of Understanding signed between ICCR andthe French Foreign Ministry in November 2009 on organizing cultural festivalsin each other’s countries and in response to a three-month French CulturalFestival "Bonjour India” held in India from Nov. 2009, an Indian culturalfestival, "Namaste France" was launched in France on 14 April, 2010 andclosed on 28 June, 2011. President ICCR, Dr. Karan Singh inaugurated theevent on 14th April. The Festival featured events covering the entire diversity ofIndian culture including art, music, dance, fashion, tourism, films, and literatureas also business and education. The news channel France 24 was launched inIndia. An agreement on Film Co-Production was signed on the occasion of thevisit of the French President to India in December 2010, which will inspireIndia-France joint co-operation projects in the film industry.Educational and Technical Cooperation: Bilateral cooperation in the fieldsof higher education, research, and S&T cooperation is vibrant and intensifyingwithin the governmental framework as well as outside it and is beingencouraged through the India-France educational exchange programme, theIndo-French Consortium of Universities, through scholarships, ICCR Chairs inSanskrit/Indian Economy in France and social sciences research programmes.During the visit of President Sarkozy to India last year in December, bilateralrelations in the field of education 5were further strengthened with the signingof MoUs between Indian Institute of Technology ( Khargpur, Bombay,Chennai, Kanpur, Delhi, Guwahati and Roorkee)and Paris Tech- a consortium 8
  9. 9. of Grand Ecoles, and another between IIT- Bombay and Group des Ecole desMines as well Institut Telecom to foster academic/scientific collaborationthrough faculty/researcher exchange and joint research programmes. An MoUon Indo-French collaboration in establishing an Indian Institute of Technologyin Rajasthan is being finalized.The number and scope of MoUs being signed between prestigious Indian andFrench university and private institutions has crossed the 300 mark in severaldisciplines including new ones (heritage conservation, digital archiving etc) forstudents and faculty exchange. An MoU had been signed during the visit ofPresident Sarkozy between President Grenoble 3 - University and IGNOU forpromoting the study of French language last December. A number ofscholarships are being offered by the French government to Indian students forstudying French language, S&T, IT, Hotel Management, Public Administration,Fine Arts, Mass Communication, etc and the number of Indian studentsstudying in France has gone up to 2200. The French authorities have providedland for extending the Maison de L‘Inde, which will contribute to substantiallyenhancing accommodation facilities for Indian students in France.Indians and Indian-origin persons in France: The Indian communityincluding NRIs in France is estimated to be around 70,000, largely originatingfrom Pondicherry, Karaikal, Yanam, Mahe and Chandranagar. There are alsolarge communities of PIOs in the Reunion Island (about 230,000), Guadeloupe(about 57000), Martinique (about 5000) and St. Martin (about 3600-French andDutch sides), the overseas territories/departments of France.Multilateral: During the visit of President Sarkozy to India in December 2010,both Governments reiterated the need for in-depth reform of the United Nations,including of its Security Council, to make it more representative of the21stCentury. France reaffirmed its support for India to become a permanentmember of an expanded Security Council without further delay. On its part,India committed to working together with France in the G20. In respect ofmultilateral trade, the two countries looked forward to an ambitious,comprehensive and balanced conclusion of the Doha Development Round ofNegotiations in 2011. The two countries called for renewed efforts to achievethe mutually beneficial conclusion of the EU-India Broad-based Trade andInvestment Agreement. 9
  10. 10. INDO-FRENCH ECONOMIC AND COMMERCIALRELATIONSThe economic and commercial linkages are an important component of India’sbilateral relations with France.Bilateral TradeFrance is ranked 5thin the list of India’s trading partners among EU countries(after the UK, Belgium, Germany and Italy). Indo-French bilateral trade hasbeen growing over the years. In 2010, the Indo-French trade increased by30.83% compared to 2009 (from € 5.37 billion to €7.02 billion).Indo-French trade in the last 10 years is as follows (figures in millionEuros):Year Indian French Total Balance of %age of Exports to Exports to Trade Trade for increase / France India India decrease2000 1441 938 2379 +503 +18.18%2001 1497 1018 2515 +477 +5.71%2002 1471 1000 2471 +471 -1.74%2003 1484 1002 2486 +480 +0.60%2004 1684 1296 2980 +388 +19.87%2005 2109 1838 3947 +271 +32.44%2006 2499 2635 5134 -136 +30.07%2007 2784 3351 6135 -567 +19.49%2008 3461 3327 6787 +131 +10.62%2009 2911 2460 5371 +447 -20.86%2010 4127 2900 7027 +1227 +30.83%2011(jan- 4389 2481 6870 +1908 +6.04%nov)Source: Le Chiffre du Commerce extérieur (Foreign Trade Statistics), French Ministry ofEconomy, Finance & IndustryDuring President Sarkozy’s visit to India in January 2008, it was decided todouble the two way trade by 2012 to € 12 billion. This was reiterated during PMDr. Manmohan Singh’s visit to France in September 2008 and again duringPresident Sarkozy’s visit to India in December 2010. Considerable effort will berequired on both sides to increase two way trade to achieve this target throughenhancement and diversification of the trade basket and encouragement toinvestments. During President Sarkozy’s visit in December 2010, a number ofcommercial agreements worth USD 20 billion were signed. 10
  11. 11. The top commodities of Indian exports to France during the last twelvemonth period (Dec.2010-Nov.2011) are: Refined petroleum products Underwear & other wearing apparel & accessories Apparel & accessories Basic organic chemicals Footwear Textile articles Edible oils & fats Automobile equipment Garment & accessories Pumps & compressorsThe top commodities of Indian imports from France during the last twelvemonth period (Dec. 2010-Nov. 2011) are: Aircraft & spacecraft Instruments and appliances for measuring, checking & testing Motors & turbines Electrical equipment & apparatus Steel & iron alloy products Basic organic chemicals Pharmaceutical, medicinal, chemical & botanical products Non-dangerous waste Chemical products Electrical materialInvestmentsIndian investments: In 2010, India was the 14thlargest investor in France.There are about 80 Indian companies in France and have invested in IT,pharmaceuticals, plastic industry, auto parts, etc. They are employing over8,000 persons. Cumulative Indian investments have been around USD 1 billionsince April 1996.French investments: There are about 800 French companies in India. France isthe 9th largest foreign investor in India with cumulative investment ofapproximately USD 2.5 billion. The number of technical and financialcollaborations approved with France is 952. Major French investments are 11
  12. 12. planned in the energy, automobile, aerospace, food processing and other sectorsby 2013.Bilateral Economic AgreementsIndia and France signed a Bilateral Investment Protection Agreement (BIPA -www.finmin.nic.in/bipa/France.pdf) in 2000 and an Avoidance of DoubleTaxation Agreement was signed in 1992. An MOU on Intellectual PropertyRights (IPR) was signed in July 2006. An Agreement on Social Securityexemption was signed during the Indian PM’s visit to Paris in September 2008.The Social Security Agreement has come into force w.e.f. 1st July, 2011.The Indo-French Joint Committee for Economic and TechnicalCooperation was set up in 1976 through an Agreement. Meetings are held atMinisterial level alternately in Delhi and Paris. Several Joint Working Groups atthe senior officials level have been constituted under the Joint Committeethrough MOUs to deal with specific aspects of economic cooperation. The JointWorking Groups are on Urban Development, Roads, Agriculture, IT, Energy,Coal, Mineral Exploration & Development, Posts, Telecommunications,Railways and Environment. The 15th Session of the Indo-French JointCommittee on Economic & Technical Cooperation was held in September 2008at Delhi and the 16th Session of the Joint Committee Meeting was held in Parison 24th& 25th June 2010.India-France CEO’s Forum: During the Indian PM’s visit to Paris inSeptember 2008, it was decided to set up an India-France CEOs Forum to beco-chaired by Mr. Narayana Murthy, Chief Mentor of Infosys and Mr. BertrandCollomb, former President of Lafarge. The first meeting of the Forum was heldin New Delhi on 28-29 November 2009 and the Forum has been holding regularmeetings. The CEO’s Forum is discussing ways and means of enhancingbilateral cooperation and increasing two way business and investments.Small & Medium Enterprises (SMEs): Both India and France are encouragingSMEs. FICCI, ESC and other Indian trade promotion organisations such asNASSCOM, CAPEXIL and AEPC have led delegations comprising mainlySMEs to encourage SMEs of both countries to do business and work with eachother in developing new technologies and enhancing bilateral trade.Bilateral economic and commercial ties have been encouraged by leaders inboth countries and a large number of visits have taken place in the last five 12
  13. 13. years. These visits in the commercial and economic field are reflective of theimportance given by both governments to expanding trade ties.Education, Research and TrainingIndo - French Bilateral Educational CooperationBilateral cooperation in the field of education and research has beeninstitutionalized through a MoU on an Indo-French Educational ExchangeProgramme (IFEEP) signed in 2007 which is monitored through a JointWorking Group (JWG) between the Ministry of Human ResourceDevelopment( www.education.nic.in/ ) in India and the French Ministry ofForeign Affairs( www.diplomatie.gouv.fr ) . The current status of thiscollaboration is vibrant and with a growing desire to intensify it both within thegovernmental framework and outside it, among Universities and academicinstitutions. The last meeting of the JWG was held in Paris (March 2009) whendiscussions were held on addressing the issue of mutual recognition of degrees,bolstering the research programmes, the Indo-French cyber university andstudent scholar research mobility through a flexible visa regime.Separately an MoU on Indo-French Consortium of Universities (IFCU)(www.ujf-grenoble.fr ) which was signed in January 2008 between theAssociation of Indian Universities and its French counterparts the FrenchConference des Presidents des Universités ( www.cpu.fr ) and the Conferencedes Ecoles d’Ingenieurs ( www.cdefi.fr) ( has aimed at promoting student andfaculty movement between India and France. So far eight academic cooperationprogrammes have been set up under the supervision of the IFCU. Theseinclude:(a) UJF Grenoble ( www.ujf-grenoble.fr ) – Delhi University:( ( www.du.ac.in) Master’s degree in nuclear engineering, Master’s in Nanosciences andnanotechnologies(b) UJF Grenoble – Anne University Chennai ( www.annauniv.edu ) : Master’sin nanosciences and nanotechnologies(c) UJF Grenoble – IISC Bangalore( www.iisc.ernet.in ) : International Master’sin computer sciences 13
  14. 14. (d) Paris (Paris Tech Universite Paris Sud ( www.paristech.fr ) , Centrale-Supelec( www.supelec.fr ) , INSTN ( www-instn.cea.fr ) – Delhi University:dual master’s degree in nuclear energy(e) Ecole Polytechnique( www.polytechnique.edu ) – University of Kolkata(www.caluniv.ac.in ) : Agreement of cooperation in Nanosciences andnanotechnologies(f) Ecole Polytechnique-IISC Bangalore: Agreement of coopeation in fluidsmechanics(g) GEM ( www.gemtech.fr ) -VIT Pune ( www.vit.edu )During the year 2009-2010 fifteen scholarship were granted to members of theconsortium. The French Embassy in India has separately earmarked fortyscholarships for the IFCU ( www.ujf-grenoble.fr ).One of the most important initiatives in the field of education has been thecooperation on the new IIT in Rajasthan( www.iitj.ac.in ) . Following the lastvisit (December 4-7, 2010) of President Sarkozy to India, a Letter of Intent wasfinalized for cooperation on IIT-R. Under this, a French Consortium comprisinghigher education & research institutes will send faculty members / experts /academicians / students for research or teaching for a period of at least half asemester to IIT-R. The French partners will contribute towards theestablishment of five centres of excellence /research laboratories in priorityfields like renewable energy, systems engineering, art, conservation andheritage at IIT-R.An MoU between Indian Institute of Technology ( Khargpur ( www.iitkgp.ac.in) , Bombay( www.iitb.ac.in ) , Chennai( www.iitm.ac.in ) , Kanpur (www.iitk.ac.in ) , Delhi( www.iitd.ac.in ) , Guwahati ( www.iitg.ac.in ) andRoorkee ( www.iitr.ac.in ) ) and Paris Tech( www.paristech.fr ) - a consortiumof Grand Ecoles, on faculty/student exchange and joint research was signedduring the visit of President Sarkozy to India in December 2010. Another MoUbetween IIT- Bombay and Group des Ecole des Mines as well Institut Telecom(www.institut-telecom.fr ) was signed to foster academic/scientific collaborationthrough faculty/researcher exchange and joint research programmes.Several other aspects of the bilateral cooperation are being actively promotedthrough the Indo-French Cultural Exchange Programme. The Indian Council 14
  15. 15. for Cultural Relations (ICCR)( www.iccrindia.net ) has instituted an IndiaChair of Sanskrit at Sorbonne University ( www.univ-paris3.fr ) , Paris.An MoU was signed on 2ndMarch 2011 between Sciences Po (www.sciencespo.fr ) and ICCR for the creation of ICCR Short Term Chair.Under this MoU the holder of the Chair would impart courses in Indianstudies/Indian economy/Humanities & Social Sciences/Law at theundergraduate level and/or at the graduate level. The holder of the Chair wouldalso deliver a public lecture called ‘Contemporary India Lecture Series’. TheMoU would be in effect for a period of four terms beginning 2011 to 2015.Joint research in the field of social sciences is being promoted by the JointAdvisory Council of the Maison de Science de l’Homme (MSH)( www.msh-paris.fr ) and UGC ( www.ugc.ac.in ) /ICCSR ( www.icssr.org ) /ICPR (www.icpr.in ) / ICHR ( www.ichrindia.org ) who met in Paris in January 2010to finalize joint research projects, seminars, workshops and exchange ofspecialists for 2010-2011.A number of scholarships are being offered by the French government to Indianstudents for studying French language, S&T, IT, Hotel Management, PublicAdministration, Fine Arts, Mass Communication, etc. Some of the scholarshipsoffered include(a) DCNS-MEEA Scholarship ( www.diplomatie.gouv.fr ) - scholarship offeredjointly by the French MFA, MEEA and the DCNS group for management andengineering students at Master’s level(b) Thales MEEA scholarship ( www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/.../evaluation-du-programme-de-bourses ) offered by the French MFA, MEEA and the Thalesgroup for management and engineering students at Master’s level(c) Orange-MEEA (www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/...bourses/.../) scholarship offeredby the French MFA, MEEA and the Orange group for engineering students atMaster’s level(d) Krishnakriti foundation Hyderabad – French Embassy (http://www.ambafrance-in.org ) for fine arts(e) French Embassy – Neemrana foundation Hyderabad(http://www.ambinde.fr/en/education-and-technology/education-research-and-training) for music 15
  16. 16. (f) Eiffel scholarship offered by French MFA for engineering, management,political science and law for Master /doctoral level(g) Ile-de-France scholarship ( www.iledefrance.fr/recherche.../ ) offered by theregional council of Paris Ile de France for Master’s programme.(h) Scholarship programme of the French Embassywww.ambinde.fr/.../education-research-).Indo -French education cooperation is also being promoted within theframework of the ARCUS programme.( www.u-psud.fr ) This cooperationinvolves between laboratories of the following institutes in Ile-de-France regionwith Indian scientific institutes. These include:(a) University Paris-Sud11( www.u-psud.fr )(b) Ecole Nationale Superieure at Cachan ( www.ens-cachan.fr )(c) Ecole Nationale Superieure at Ulm ( www.ens.fr )(d) University of Paris III,( www.univ-paris3.fr )(e) University of Paris IV ( www.paris-sorbonne.fr )(f) University of Paris X ( www.dauphine.fr )Indian institute like TIFR Mumbai ( www.tifr.res.in ) , IISC Bangalore (www.iisc.ernet.in ) , several IITs (Bombay ( www.iitb.ac.in ), Kharagpur (www.iitkgp.ac.in )), major universities (JNU ( www.jnu.ac.in ) , Pondicherry (www.pondiuni.edu.in ) and Pune ( www.unipune.ac.in ) as well as number ofIndian centres for art and history are involved in this programme. The ARCUSprogramme which was launched in 2008 for a period of three years is financedjointly to the tune of 500,000 Euros by the Regional Council of Ile de Franceand the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Since the launching of theprogramme, collaboration has been launched in the following fields like health,mathematics and cultural heritage.The number and scope of MoUs being signed between prestigious Indian andFrench university and private institutions has crossed the 300 mark in severaldisciplines including new ones (heritage conservation, digital archiving etc) forstudents and faculty exchange. The French language tutor programme is beingorganized by French Embassy and is aimed to help Indian higher educational 16
  17. 17. institutions to develop teaching of French language. An MoU has been signedduring the visit of President Sarkozy between President of Grenoble 3 ( www.u-grenoble3.fr ) - University and IGNOU ( www.ignou.ac.in ) for promoting thestudy of French language.A number of Indian students are studying in France in various fields. In theyear 2009, 1945 Indian students came to France and in 2010 the number wasabout 2000. ‘Higher education in France’ fairs (1998-2007) and ‘EU highereducation Fair’ (2008) have been periodically organised in India. The CampusFrance Agency ( www.campusfrance.org ) organised an Indo-French EducationFair Week from 4th to 10th December 2010. This was held in Bangalore,Hyderabad Chennai and Pune in which prominent French EducationalInstitute/Grand Ecole like SciencesPo, Ecole Centrale Paris ( www.ecp.fr ) ,Groupe des Ecoles des Mines ( www.gemtech.fr/ ) and HEC Paris (www.hec.fr ) -ESCP Europe ( www.escpeurope.eu/fr ) participated.To enhance people to people contact, France has imparted advance training(Grenoble/Paris June 2009) to Indian sportsmen to improve competitive skillsfor CWG. Several other events (conference on renewable and sustainabledevelopment, launching of Indo-French alumni network ( www.ifan.in ) andseries of lectures) were held as a part of Bonjour India and Bonjour Sciencefestival in nearly 20 cities of Indian from Dec 2009 to Jan 2010.The cooperation (2005-2011) between the Indian Institute of PublicAdministration (IIPA) ( www.iipm.edu ) and Ecole National d’Administration(ENA) ( www.ena.fr/ ) entails multi-faceted exchanges for establishing a centreof good governance at the IIPA, bilateral training programme to improve citizenfriendly administration / e-governance / disaster management / decentralizeddecision making and increasing training courses for Indian administrators atENA. French counterparts undertake study tours of administrative traininginstitutes in India.The Maison De L’Inde (India House)( www.maisondelinde.com ) a studenthostel in the Cite Internationale Universitaire de Paris ( www.ciup.fr/ ) wasestablished in 1967. The Governing Board is chaired by the Ambassador. TheMDL with 110 rooms continues to serve as a home for Indian student / scholars/ scientists seeking affordable accommodation in an intellectually stimulatingcampus in Paris. The GOI has decided to undertake the extension of MDL. 17
  18. 18. Under the new extension programme a building housing additional roomswould be constructed by 2013 on land given by the French government.Science & TechnologyIndo – French Bilateral Cooperation in Science and TechnologyCooperation between India and France in the field of S&T is has been givenspecial emphasis by both governments since the 1980s. The Indo-French Centrefor promotion of Advance Research (CEFIPRA) is the nodal framework forpromoting bilateral scientific cooperation in fundamental and applied research,frontier technologies and exchange of scientists and post doctoral researchers.The office of CEFIPRA ( www.cefipra.org) has been established in Delhi andthe centre is currently funded through and annual corpus of Euro three millionwith India and France equally contributing Euro 1.5 million each. Over theyears CEFIPRA has become the flagship for the promotion of Indo-Frenchscientific cooperation.The CEFIPRA is headed by Governing Board, Scientific Council and IndustrialResearch Committee. The next governing boarding meeting of CEFIPRA isscheduled to be held in New Delhi. Since its inception, a strong partnership hasbeen established for collaboration in basic research between Indian and Frenchscientists under CEPIPRA with 306 projects being completed and 67 ongoingprojects. The collaboration has led to 1162 research publications in peerreviewed journals and generated 18 patents. A competitive funding mechanismhas been established by CEFIPRA through rigorous peer review and selectivitycriteria. 406 projects have been funded over the past twenty three years.Industrial research projects have also been taken up since 2002-2003. Twoproducts and two patents have resulted from industrial research collaboration.CEFIPRA completes 25 years in 2012. It is proposed to celebrate the strongpartnership established through CEFIPRA with events which will further buildon and strengthen the partnership. 18
  19. 19. Medical Research and Public HealthCooperation in medical research is another important element of Indo-Frenchscientific and technical collaboration, and is undertaken through closecollaboration between Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR)(), India (icmrhqds@sansad.nic.in) and Institut Nationale de la Sante et de la RechercheMedicale (INSERM) ( www.inserm.fr ) , France which have a Joint WorkingGroup to promote joint objectives. The 8th meeting of the JWG between ICMRand INSERM was held in Paris on June 21, 2010. Both sides reiterated theimportance of collaboration. Seven projects were approved for 2011-2012.During the visit of President Sarkozy to India in December 2010, a Letter ofIntent was signed between ICMR and INSERM for establishing an InternationalAssociated Laboratory (IAL) to be set up in 2011 in the field of catalyticantibodies.Biotechnology, Water Technologies, Geological SciencesCollaboration to develop better water technologies is underway through avariety of joint projects in the form of ‘Indo-French Cell on Water Sciences’ (www.indofrenchcell.com ) at Bangalore, ‘Indo-French Centre for GroundWater Research’ ( ifcgr@ngri.res.in) at Hyderabad and ‘Indo-FrenchProgramme for Research on Weather & Climate’ ( www.nio.org ) at Goa.During the recent visit of French President Nicolas Sarkozy to India inDecember 2010 an MoU between Institut de Recherche Pour le Development(IRD)( www.ird.fr ) ,France and Indian Institute of Science ( www.iisc.ernet.in ), Bangalore (India) was signed for setting up an international joint laboratorycalled the Indo French Cell for Water Sciences.Since 2008, the Geological Survey of India( www.portal.gsi.gov.in ), and theBureau de Recherches Geologiques at Minieres ( www.brgm.fr ) have expandedtheir cooperation on areas of geo-thermal energy, ground water resourcemanagement, sub-soil storage of CO2 and geological mapping. Combinedresearch and training of scientists in the fields of biotechnology, bioinformatics,pharmacogenomics and agrarian research (ICAR) ( www.icar.org.in) isseparately undertaken between the Department of Biotechnology andlaboratories of the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA)(www.inra.fr ) . A MoU for promoting collaboration in the area ofteaching/research was also signed during the visit of French President to India 19
  20. 20. between Institute of Chemical Technology ( www.iictindia.org ) ((India) andGroupe des Ecoles des Mines ( www.gemtech.fr ) (France).Applied SciencesJoint research is continuing through multi-disciplinary projects such as the Indo-French Cell on Water Sciences, Indo-French Cell on Bioprocess forEnvironment, Indo-French Centre for Organic Synthesis ( www.iisc.ernet.in ) ,Indo-French unit on water and waste treatment, Indo-French researchprogramme on weather and climate, Indo-French Laboratory of Solid StateChemistry( www.iisc.ernet.in ), Indo-French Institute of Mathematics (www.math.iisc.ernet.in ) . Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT) and Groupdes Ecoles des Mines have also signed an MoU to promote students/facultyexchange and cooperation in joint research programme in areas of mutualinterest.Economic RelationsFrance holds approximately 1.7% of the market share in India, making it India’s15th supplier and 11th customer.After posting an unprecedented drop in 2009 (-21.2%), bilateral trade betweenFrance and India recovered clearly in 2010. It is possible to predict tradevolume of €10b at the end of 2012, with the resumption of aeronautical exports,in particular. If it is reached without excessive delays, the free trade agreementbetween the EU and India might have its first effects starting in 2015.Today, more than 300 French companies are established in India, employingover 40,000 people. France is the seventh-biggest foreign investor in India (totalof approximately USD 750 million). 20
  21. 21. Indian Exports to FranceThe Indian Exports to France is facilitated through the common forum of Indiaand France chamber of commerce and industry. The Federation of IndianChambers and Commerce or FICCI and UBIFRANCE - the agency forinternational business development, under the Ministry of Economy, Financeand Industry, France are the prime facilitators of trade and business amongsteach other. FICCI and UBIFRANCE are two individual representative for Indiaand France respectively. FICCI and UBIFRANCE are the respective individualrepresentative of their countries, representing trade and business community ofeach other. Further, Indian Exports to France aims at facilitating better India andEuropean Union trading relation.India and France Trading Relations is focused on, for the improvement of tradeand business relations on the following lines - India and France Trading Policies. India and France Trading Procedures. India and France Trade Contracts. India and France Trade Administrative and Regulatory procedures. India and France Trade and Investment opportunities. India and France Business networking.Indian Exports to France grew by 20% in 2003-04, then increased to US $1289.80 million ($ 1.2 billion) as against $ 1074.09 million ($ 1 billion) in2002-03. Indias exports to France stood at $ 1289.80 million in 2003-04, butIndias share in Frances global imports is only 0.45%.Indian Exports to France - major commodities are - Information technology based services, Agricultural products, Fisheries products, Ready-made garments, Cotton, Cotton accessories, 21
  22. 22. Cotton yarn, Cotton fabric, Petroleum products, Man-made fibers for ready made garments, Transport equipments.Indian Exports to France like fabric and yarn for textiles has registeredtremendous growth. The annual growth have risen from $18 million in 1962-1971 to $63 million in 1982-1991. Exports of clothing to France have grownfrom annual average below $3 million in 1962-1971 to $108 million in 1982-1991.Further, Indian Exports to France also includes commodities like - Leather goods, Crude matter, Polished diamonds, Animal feed, Petroleum products, Indian whiskey.The latest hot commodity from India which has got ready and tremendous wide-spread acceptance in France is Indian Agricultural products and Indian fisheriesproducts. The Indian Food-processing sector produces around 50 million tons offruits and 90 million tons of vegetables. But inadequate food processinginfrastructure in India could only process 6% of the perishable productsavailable in India. Thus, the Indian Government has proposed to export asubstantial portion of Indian Agricultural products and Indian fisheries productsto France, in absence of proper food processing infrastructure in India. Thegreat demand for Indian vegetables, fruits and flowers has got ready acceptancefrom the trade and business community of France. Although,the IndianAgribusiness and Food Processing Sector aims to increase the percentage ofprocessed food available in India and to meet export demand by 20% over thenext ten years, but still it is inadequate. A huge future demand for processedfood is an absolute realty with changing socio-economic situations across theworld especially in the developed countries like France. The Processed foodsector in France offers tremendous scope for India. 22
  23. 23. Furthermore, the growing Indian Exports to France has facilitated wide-spreadacclamation and acceptance throughout the European union. Frances economicprowess and business leadership was exploited for entering into Europeanmarket through different trade agreements France had entered into with itsEuropean business partners, benefiting both India and France.Indian Merchandise Exports to FranceThe Indian Merchandise Exports to France is facilitated through the commonforum of India and France chamber of commerce and industry. The Federationof Indian Chambers and Commerce or FICCIand UBIFRANCE - the agency forinternational business development, under the Ministry of Economy, Financeand Industry, France are the prime facilitators of trade and business amongsteach other. FICCI and UBIFRANCE are the respective representative of theircountries, representing trade and business community of each other. Further,Indian Merchandise Exports to France aims at facilitating better India andEuropean Union trading relation.Indian Merchandise Exports to France like fabric and yarn for textiles haveregistered stupendous growth. The yearly growth have risen from $18 million in1962-1971 to $63 million in 1982-1991. Exports of clothing to France havegrown from $3 million in 1962-1971 to $108 million in 1982-1991.IndianMerchandise Exports to France grew by 20% in 2003-04, then increased to US$ 1289.80 million ($ 1.2 billion) as against $ 1074.09 million ($ 1 billion) in2002-03. Indian Merchandise Exports to France stood at $ 1289.80 million in2003-04.Major Indian Merchandise Exports to France are - Cotton Cotton accessories Cotton yarn Cotton fabric Ready-made garments Agricultural products Fisheries products Petroleum products 23
  24. 24. Man-made fibers for ready made garments Transport equipments Leather goods Polished diamonds Indian whiskey Animal feedThe latest Indian commodities which got tremendous wide-spread acceptance inFrance are Indian Agricultural products and Indian fisheries products. TheIndian Food-processing sector produces around 50 million tons of fruits and 90million tons of vegetables. But inadequate food processing infrastructure inIndia could only process 6% of the perishable products available in India. Thus,the Indian Government has proposed to export a substantial portion of IndianAgricultural products and Indian fisheries products to France, in absence ofproper food processing infrastructure in India. The great demand for Indianvegetables, fruits, and flowers has got ready acceptance from the trade andbusiness community of France. A huge future demand for processed food is anabsolute realty with changing socio-economic situations across the worldespecially in the developed countries like France. The Processed food sector inFrance offers tremendous scope for India.Indian Agro Exports to FranceThe Indian Agro Exports to France is channelized through the common tradeand business platform of India and France chamber of commerce and industry.The Federation of Indian Chambers and Commerce or FICCI and UBIFRANCE- the body for international business development, under the Ministry ofEconomy, Finance and Industry, France are the prime facilitators of trade andbusiness amongst each other. FICCI and UBIFRANCE are two individualrepresentative for India and France respectively. FICCI and UBIFRANCE arethe respective representative of their countries, representing trade and businesscommunity of each other. 24
  25. 25. Indian Agro Exports to France is based and focused on, for the improvement oftrade and business relations on the following lines - India and France Trading Policies India and France Trading Procedures India and France Trade Contracts India and France Trade Administrative and Regulatory procedures India and France Trade and Investment opportunities India and France Business networkingIndian Agro Exports to France like fabric and yarn for textiles has registeredtremendous growth. The annual growth have risen from $18 million in 1962-1971 to $63 million in 1982-1991. Exports of clothing to France have grownfrom annual average below $3 million in 1962-1971 to $108 million in 1982-1991.Indian Agro Exports to France - major commodities are: Agricultural products Fresh Fruits and dried fruits Fruit juices and concentrates Vegetables Oilseeds Vegetable oils and fats Edible nuts Sugar and honey Grains and Pulses Wheat Rice Tea Coffee Spices and herbs Tobacco Leather garments and goods Handicrafts Agro-chemicals 25
  26. 26. Castor oil Carpets Cashew Fisheries products Ready-made garments Cotton Cotton accessories Cotton yarn Cotton fabric Man-made fibers for ready made garments Leather goods Crude matter Animal feedIndian commodities which got tremendous wide-spread acceptance in Franceare Indian Agricultural products, Indian fisheries products and Indian Organicfood products. The Indian Food-processing sector produces around 50 milliontons of fruits and 90 million tons of vegetables. But inadequate food processinginfrastructure in India could only process 6% of the perishable products. Thus, ithas been proposed by the Indian Government to export a substantial portion ofIndian Agricultural products, Indian Organic food products and Indian fisheriesproducts to France, in absence of proper food processing infrastructure in India.Due to the great demand for Indian organic food products, vegetables, fruits andflowers has got ready acceptance from the trade and business community ofFrance. Thus, Agro food sector in France offers tremendous scope for IndianAgro exports industry. 26
  27. 27. Indian IT Exports to FranceThe Indian IT Exports to France is facilitated by Indo French Chamber ofCommerce and Industry (IFCCI) - a common forum of India and Francebusiness and trading communities. The Federation of Indian Chambers ofCommerce and Industry (FICCI) through National Association for Software andService Companies (NASSCOM) and UBIFRANCE - the agency forinternational business development, under the Ministry of Economy, Financeand Industry, France are the two representatives at the forum.IFCCIs objective is to facilitate Indian IT Exports to France along with othertrade and business. Indo French Chamber of Commerce and Industry aims atfacilitating Indian IT Exports to France along with promoting better India andEuropean Union trading relations. Further, their common goal is to double thetrade between India and France within next five years.US and UK have been tapped to a small extent of just around 4% of theirindividual market sizes. Non-English speaking countries in Europe are stilllargely unexplored by Indian IT companies. This market alone offers the IndianIT Industry over $5-6 billion in export potential. France has the potential toemerge as a high-growth market for Indian IT companies in the next 2-3 years.The main advantages that France sees in Indian IT products and services are - Quality software products at much lower rate Quality services at affordable priceThe Indian IT Exports to France caters two types of basic IT services: Software development Application outsourcingWith growing numbers of the IT off-shoring jobs coming to India, itssubsequent consolidation of off-shoring models will become more popular. Thefast growing Indian IT industry is expected to exploit new IT services in France,such as - Software development, support and installation Consulting Networking and network infrastructure management 27
  28. 28. Systems integration Training and Education Hardware support and Installation services Network consulting and network integrationIndian IT industry revenue growth is pegged at 24-27% in the current financialyear. India MNC giants like Tata Consultancy Services, Wipro, and Infosys stilllead the race and has been ranked as the top three IT services exporters fromIndia. The Indian IT services sector continues to be the largest employer inIndia and will continue to be so in the near future. The Indian IT industryscontribution to the Indian GDP was 5.2%. The Indian IT industry has recordedrevenue to the quantum of $US 39.6 billion in financial 2006-2007. Challengesin terms of awareness, culture, regulatory environment, and language barriersare some of the bottlenecks that Indian companies need to negotiate. 28
  29. 29. BIBLIOGRAPHYwww.ambinde.frwww.ambe-inde.frwww.ambafrance-in.orgwww.business.mapsofindia.com 29

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