Grade 3 MTB Learners Module


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Grade 3 MTB Learners Module

  1. 1. 3 MTB-MLE (Mother Tongue Based-Multi Linguistic Education) Learner’s Material Unit 1 Department of Education Republic of the Philippines This instructional material was collaboratively developed and reviewed by educators from public and private schools, colleges, and/or universities. We encourage teachers and other education stakeholders to email their feedback, comments, and recommendations to the Department of Education at We value your feedback and recommendations.
  2. 2. MTB-MLE – Grade 3 Learner’s Material First Edition, 2014 Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in any work of the Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties. Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, pictures, photos, brand names, trademarks, etc.) included in this book are owned by their respective copyright holders. Every effort has been exerted to locate and seek permission to use these materials from their respective copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them. Published by the Department of Education Secretary: Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC Undersecretary: Dina S. Ocampo, Ph.D. Department of Education-Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (DepEd-IMCS) Office Address: 5th Floor Mabini Building, DepEd Complex Meralco Avenue, Pasig City Philippines 1600 Telefax: (02) 634-1054 or 634-1072 E-mail Address:
  3. 3. Quarter 1 Knowing Myself and My Family
  4. 4. 1 Week 1 Read the dialogue of the two pupils. What did they tell to each other? If you were one of the children in the dialogue, what other information will you give? Get a partner and get to know each other by telling those information. Tell and Learn! Hello! I’m Rosita. I’m 8 years old. You may call me Rose. Hi! I’m Albert. I’m 8 years old too. You may call me Bert.
  5. 5. 2 Week 1 Activity 1 A story is made up of different elements. Create a map by filling in the information for the story “The Pet”. Setting Map Character Map Title of the Story Who are the important people in the story? Tell something about each person in the story. Who is your most liked person in the story? Why? Title of the Story Where does the story take place? When does the story take place? How does the place look like? Tell and Learn!
  6. 6. 3 A story has three elements. Setting, Character and Plot are elements of a Story. The setting tells about the time and the place where the story happened. The character tells about the important person or persons in the story. The Plot tells about the events in the story. It includes problems the character faces in the story and the resolution of the problem. Plot Map Title of the Story What are the important events in the story? What is the problem of the character/s in the story? What is the solution to the problem? Remember!
  7. 7. 4 A noun is a name of a person, a place, or a thing. Activity 2 Read the following sentences from the selection “The Pet” A. The family was going to a beach resort. B. Father saw a kitten on the grass. C. Greg enjoyed looking at the dragonflies around. D. There were colorful butterflies in the garden. E. A boy carrying a big cat came along. Can you identify the nouns in the sentences? Copy and write them on your notebook. What are nouns? Activity 3: Each sentence describes a noun. Read each one carefully and write the noun it describes on the blank. 1. We have the same mother and father. We live in one house. She is my __________________. 2. We eat it. It has fins and scales. It swims in the water. It is a ____________. 3. It can be round and it can be square or other shapes, too. Mother prepares it for my birthday. It is a _________. 4. I use it to clean our house. I also use it to remove cobwebs. It helps me do my chores. It is a ________. 5. I carry it to school. I read it and it teaches me a lot of things. I get a lot of ideas from it. It is a ________. Remember! Tell and Learn! Let’s Try This!
  8. 8. 5 Activity 4 – A Read the story. Read and Learn! Waiting for Sally (By: Nelia D. Bamba) “Sally is coming home today!” said mother. “We should go to the bus terminal to welcome her.” Father and Ben went along. Sally will surely have heavy baggage. Aunt Rosa stayed back home to prepare Sally’s favorite buko shake and bibingka. “How exciting, mother! After two long months of work, sheis coming home,” said Ben. “I wonder what she bought for me.” At the terminal, Father asked, “Buses have come and gone. Where is Sally?” “The sun is now starting to set. Let’s wait for the next bus. Sally might already be in it, “mother said with a worried voice. Holding back tears from his eyes, Ben said, “Mother, I’m sure she’s on the next bus. Don’t worry.” “Here is the last bus from the city!” said father. “Let’s hope Sally is in it.” As the door of the bus opened, Sally ran to her family with smile on her lips and shouting “Mother, father, at last, I’m here!” “You have made everybody worried,” said father. “I’m sorry but traffic was long,” said Sally.
  9. 9. 6 Answer the following questions. 1. Who is coming home? 2. Who will meet her at the bus station? 3. What do you think did the family feel? 4. How do you think Sally feels too? 5. Why did Aunt Rosa stay at home? 6. Why was mother worried? 7. What did the family feel? Dramatize. 8. What did Ben feel? Dramatize. Activity 4 – B Read each riddle. Encircle the correct answer in the box. 1. It is a pet. It has four legs and one tail. ant cat bird 2. It can be round or square. It is delicious and sweet. Mother prepares it for me on my birthday. cow carabao horse 3. It has four legs and two long horns. He helps the farmer in the field all day long. bag cake candy 4. I have many different colors. You see me in the sky after a rainy day. rainbow clouds color 5. I have many seats. You can ride on me and I will take you anywhere. pencil bus school POST ASSESSMENT Exercise # 1: Read the story “Waiting for Sally”. Copy five (5) sentences from the story that contains a noun. Underline the nouns in the sentences then tell if it is a name of person, place, or thing. Example: person 1. “Sally is coming home today, said mother.” _________2. _______________________________________ _________3. _______________________________________ Father and Ben helped Sally with her bags. Sally carried the extra bag. “Ben, I bought you three new t-shirts and a back pack,” said Sally. “Thank you,” said Ben. “But what is more important is we’re together again.”
  10. 10. 7 _________4. _______________________________________ _________5. _______________________________________ Exercise # 2: Read the sentences. Write the underlined noun in the appropriate column in your notebook. a. Julie walked around the barn and saw the chickens. b. A cat was seen running with the dogs. c. Mother asked them to play marbles with you. d. The beach is filled with colored umbrellas. e. I can’t get him out of bed. f. Jim bought a box and two jars. NOUN Singular Plural Week 2 Activity 1: Read the sentences. Copy the nouns in each sentence. Then tell if it is a count noun or a mass noun. Write your answers in the proper column. 1. The water from the fountain is cool and clean. 2. Ana wore a red ribbon on her hair. 3. My Aunt Sally needs a bottle of cooking oil for the menu. 4. Father bought vegetables and fruits for dessert. 5. Mother carried a can of milk and a bowl of oatmeal. Count Nouns Mass Nouns ___________________ _______________________ ___________________ _______________________ ___________________ _______________________ ___________________ _______________________ Tell and Learn!
  11. 11. 8 Activity 2: Look around you. Can you name examples of count nouns and mass nouns? Count Nouns Mass Nouns Activity 3: Read each sentence carefully. Choose a word from the box that will complete the idea of the sentence. Then tell if the word is a count noun or a mass noun. Write your answers on the blank. mass nouns1. Drinking lots of coffee will keep you awake. ___________ 2. I will use some ______ on my skin so it will not be dry. ___________3. Filipinos eat with ______ and fork. Let’s Try This! Remember!  Nouns can be divided into two groups: COUNT nouns and MASS nouns.  Nouns can be counted are called “count nouns.” The plural forms of these nouns are usually made by adding an “s” to the singular forms. For example: flower – flowers kite – kites road – roads friend – friends  MASS nouns are things which cannot be counted one by one. Some common mass nouns are: rice flour oil sugar tomatoes lotion spoon milk mangoes coffee water
  12. 12. 9 ___________4. A glass of ______ a day is good for your bones. ___________5. Doctors say we need to drink at least eight glasses of ______ . ___________6. Mother needs five ______ for the dish. Read the story orally. Juicy, Juicy, Fruits By: Nelia D. Bamba “Beep, beep, beep!” The school bus is here!” the children scrambled out and picked their bags. “Time to go home, thank God its Friday!” said the children. “Alright kids, everybody on the bus now,” said Mang Peping. Soon the bus was on its way. Suddenly, the bus stopped. It would not run. “I have to check the machine, kids, “the driver said. “We will be a little late, but don’t worry this is just a small problem.” The children let out a loud sigh. “I thought I can still watch my favorite cartoon show, “Frances said. “Wow! Look outside! Everybody look outside! Look at those melons, pomelos, pineapples, and guavas at the stalls! They look so fresh,” said Marie. “Those fruit stalls were not there yesterday,” said Miguel. “It’s harvest time,” said Mang Peping. “Those fruits were harvested yesterday by those people from their farm.” “I wish mother had seen these fruits. She will surely buy some,” said Miguel. “I love to eat fruits. Mother said they’re good for the health.” “Hey, remember the activity we did in class this morning?” Ana said. “Yes, we did a rap and a chant about healthy food with Miss Santos,” Kevin answered. “Instead of getting bored waiting, let’s rap,” Jose exclaimed. The he began to rap: “Pomelos, Pomelos, juicy, juicy, juicy, Pomelos juicy, fruity, juicy pomelos (Right) I love juicy, juicy pomelos Juice that tickles, tickles me b est. (Yes, yes, yo!) Jose, Mario and Ana followed and started rapping: “Melons, Melons, juicy, juicy, juicy, Melons juicy, fruity, juicy melons (Right) I love juicy, juicy melons Juice that tickles, tickles me best. (Yes, yes, yo!)” Read and Learn!
  13. 13. 10 All the other kids joined in the rap naming all the fruits they saw in the fruit stand. No one noticed the bus running again to take them home. Answer the following questions. 1. Who are the characters in the story? 2. What are they doing in the bus? Why? 3. What did the children do while in the bus? Activity 4: Write each noun in the appropriate box. a. a bottle of cooking oil b. a pan of rice cake c. an apple d. a cup of sugar e. ten mangoes f. a pack of butter g. one banana h. a jar of salt i. a glass of juice j. three oranges Tell and Learn! Think It Over! N O U N Mass Noun Count Noun
  14. 14. 11 The setting of a story tells:  the place where the story happened and,  the time when the story happened The setting answers the questions where and when. Activity 5: Choose five phrases from the list in Activity 4. Write your own sentences using the nouns. 1. _______________________________________ 2. _______________________________________ 3. _______________________________________ 4. _______________________________________ 5. _______________________________________ Read the paragraph taken from the story “Up, Up, and Away”. It’s Saturday. Father and Marlon could spend the whole day together. They walked across rice fields and a stony path before they reached the meadow. Marlon was all excited! Where did the story happen?? When did the story happen? What is the setting of the story? What part of the story tells when and where the story happened? Activity 6: Choose the correct setting for the kind of stories below. Write the letter of your answer. 1. Fiesta Where will it take place? a. in the barrio b. in a canteen c. at the sea When will it happen? Remember! Tell and Learn!
  15. 15. 12 a. opening of classes b. Christmas time c. any time of the month 2. Fairy Tale Where will it take place? a. School b. palace c. zoo When will it happen? a. Past b. present c. future 3. A school singing contest Where will it take place? a. In a party b. in a program c. in the office When will it happen? d. 12:00 midnight e. lunch time f. after class hour
  16. 16. 13 Activity 7 Fill in the boxes with the correct spelling of the words from the story to be dictated by the teacher. Let’s Try This! J t r y S b e th h v l
  17. 17. 14 The Plot is an element of the story. It is made up of the problem and its solution. The problem tells a situation that the character of the story faces. The solution tells how the character faced the solution and solved it. Read the story and answer the questions that follow. Rolly ran to the store. He was going to buy salt for mother who was cooking lunch. He saw his friend, Cris, at the store. Cris showed him his new toy robot. Rolly was so thrilled at the toy. Suddenly, Aling Maria asked him. “Are you going to buy something?” Rolly looked at Aling Maria with a blank look on his face. He forgot what is it that mother asked him to buy. Aling Maria asked him what his mother was doing. Rolly smiled and answered, “She is cooking lunch. I need to buy her a pack of salt.” Leaving the store, Rolly thanked Aling Maria for helping him remember. What is Rolly’s problem? How was he able to solve his problem? What do you call the part of the story that tells character’s problem and how he/she solved it? Activity 8: Read the short story below. Try to find the problem in the story, and its solution. Paragraph A Jenny and Joyce visited grandfather’s farm. “I really love this place,” said Jenny “The trees are amazing!” said Joyce. “They’re full of fruits. Let’s go to my favorite tree,” she added. “It has lots of fruits in it! I want to get some but I can’t reach them.” Remember! Read and Learn!
  18. 18. 15 COME AND GET TO KNOW ME!!!!! What is your complete name? What is your favorite color? How many brothers and sisters do you have? What are your favorites? What do you usually eat for breakfast? What do you love to eat for lunch? What is your best dinner meal? Reminder: ANSWER IN COMPLETE SENTENCE Paragraph B “Here, take this pole,” said Jenny. One, two, down the mangoes go. “I got two!” said Joyce. “Look at those ducks in the pond. Look how lovely they are,” said Jenny. She moved closer. One of her slippers slipped off her feet and floated away. “Oh, no, my slipper! “she shouted. “Let go off it,” said Joyce.” I have a pair of slippers in my bag,” she added. Activity 10: How do you know yourself? Fill-up the following questionnaire with the appropriate information. Answer in complete sentence. What is the problem? What is the solution? What is the problem? What is the solution?
  19. 19. 16 POST ASSESSMENT Exercise # 1: Fill in the boxes with the correct nouns. Then write 5 sentences using the nouns below. 1. a bottle of catsup 2. egg 3. a kilo of flour 4. meat 5. jelly 6. cucumber 7. a cup of vinegar 8. apple 9. carrot Sentences: 1. ___________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________ 3. ___________________________________________________ 4. ___________________________________________________ 5. ___________________________________________________ Week 3 Activity 1 Read the story. Answer the questions that follow. A hungry dog went into an open gate. He saw a brown hen with five chicks scratching the ground. The little chicks looked good to eat. He slowly walked towards them with sharp teeth showing. The farmer saw the dog and immediately got a wooden stick. The dog saw the farmer and ran away. Read and Learn! N O U N Count Nouns Mass Nouns
  20. 20. 17 Events in poems and stories happen in a certain order. When we sequence events, we arrange them according to the order they happened in a story or poem. Comprehension Questions: 1. Why did the dog enter the gate? 2. What did the dog want to do? Why? 3. How did the farmer save the hen and the chicks? Number the following sentences according to the sequence of events in the story. Write the numbers 1-5 on the blank. __________ The farmer got a wooden stick. __________ The dog ran away. __________ The hungry dog saw a hen with her chicks. __________ The dog entered an open gate. __________ He walked towards the chickens ready to attack. Activity 2 The sentences from the story are in the jumbled. Copy and then arrange the sentences according to the correct sequence of events. Do this in a separate sheet of paper. Story Number 1:  That night, I had a stomach ache.  Mother brought home a basket of fruits from the farm.  I ate green mangoes, camias and sampaloc when mother was not looking.  She told me not to eat sour fruits at one time.  I felt very full. Story Number 2:  We visitedt he People’s Park and the Shrine called “La Tierra de Maria  We had a great time visiting my cousin in Tagaytay last summer.  My brother and I will be visiting Tagaytay again next vacation.  At the park, I rode a white horse and took pictures of the Taal Lake.  We also went to visit the church of the Pink Sisters. Remember!
  21. 21. 18 Count nouns are nouns that can be counted by piece. Mass nouns are nouns that cannot be counted. Activity 3 Read the sentences taken from the selection. a. Mother started cleaning the plates, pans, and pots. b. Louie placed a glass of milk on the table. Which are the count nouns and mass nouns in each sentence? Which nouns can be counted? Which nouns cannot be counted? Which are the mass nouns? Which are the count nouns? What are mass nouns? What are count nouns? Activity 4 Mother is going to the grocery to buy thing she needs for the dish she is going to cook. Put a check mark () on the things that you get by using exact numbers and a star for the things that you will buy using different counters. Example: _______ powdered pepper _______ oregano leaves Remember! Tell and Learn! oil oranges mangoes flour chicken legs salt vinegar potatoes cream tomatoes onions soy sauce coffee
  22. 22. 19 Activity 5 Study your answers for Activity 4. Identify the count nouns and the mass nouns based on the answers you have written. Count Nouns Mass Nouns Activity 6 Match the correct quantifier for the following mass nouns. Draw a line from the object to the quantifier Handful Bottle glass Piece a bowl of a kilo of
  23. 23. 20 a pack of a bag of a box of Activity 7 Put Gina’s activities after school hours in order. Number the events as they happen. Gina tells Annie what she does in the afternoon after school hours. ________Then, she goes to the kitchen sink to help mother wash the dishes. ________When her homework is done, she sits at the sala to watch her favorite show with mother. ________Next, she gets her assignment notebooks and do her homework. ________Finally, after kissing mother goodnight, she goes straight to bed to take a good night sleep. ________Upon reaching home she goes straight to the kitchen to eat her snacks. Remember! Let’s Try This! Events in a story follow a sequence or order. To arrange the events in a story, look for signal words like first, next, last, before, after and finally or last to help you figure out the sequence. Other word clues in the text may also be used depending on your own knowledge and understanding to find the sequence.
  24. 24. 21 Activity 8 Read each word. Then write the correct answer inside the chart. Word Root word suffix Meaning Activity 9 Use the correct counter for the following mass nouns. Choose your answer from the box. ________of soup ________of raisins ________of juice Let’s Try This! sackful spoonful bagful basketful packful bucketful dropful boxful bowlful plateful basketful bottle bag jarful handful cupful glassful
  25. 25. 22 ________of medicine _________of jam _________of rice Activity 10 Arrange the steps in taking a test by writing the number before each item. _______ Read and understand the directions. _______ Write the information needed like your name, grade and section. _______ Find out the time allotted for the test. _______ Review the answers. _______ Read each test item carefully before you write the answer Assessment A. Imagine that you are going on a camping trip for 5 days. List down at least 20 person, places and things that you would like to see or bring in the camp. B. Study the list you have made. Then put a check mark () beside the word if it is a count noun and a star mark if it is a mass nouns.
  26. 26. 23 C. Choose the correct counter for each mass noun. Then use them in simple sentences. Sentence 1: _______________ Sentence 4: _______________ Sentence 2: ______________ Sentence 5: _______________ Sentence 3: ______________ ________ water ________ jelly________ rice ________ cake _____ cake _________ fruits ________ fruits __________sand ________ raisins jar of slice of basketful of plateful of bottle of cup of handful of drop of glassful of
  27. 27. 24 Week 4 Activity 1 Fill in the blanks with hope or wish to complete the sentence. 1. I _______ it will not rain on my birthday. 2. Maria and Carla ________ they are magical fairies. 3. I _______ that my grandparents visit us today. 4. My brother _______es to meet an alien from outer space. 5. Norman ________s to win the jackpot prize in the contest. Remember! Tell and Learn! Hope and wish are used to tell about your dreams or things that you would like to happen. Use hope to tell about something you want and you think it is really possible. Ex. I hope it will rain tomorrow. Use wish to tell about something you desire but you do not think it is possible. Wish is also used to express your desire for things to be different from what they are at present. Ex. I wish I have wings. I wish I am not here. Wish can also be used to express goodwill and pleasantries. Ex. I wish you a Merry Christmas.
  28. 28. 25 Activity 2 Study the pictures carefully. Tell if it shows hope or wish. Put a check mark on the blank. hope ___ wish ___ hope ___ wish ____ hope ___ wish ___ hope ___ wish ____ hope ___ wish ___ Activity 3 Read these nouns taken from the story “Let Me Get In!” love garden happiness excitement siblings beauty fear dishonesty bushes
  29. 29. 26 trees misery disobeyed Which of these nouns name things you can see, hear, touch, taste, or smell? Which of these nouns name thing you cannot see, hear, touch, taste, or smell? What are these nouns called? What do you think can a little cat give? What does the little cat feel each time she meets a new playmate? Activity 4 Listen to the teacher first as she/he reads the poem. Read the poem with appropriate speed, intonation and expression. Read and Learn! Think It Over! Remember! A concrete noun is a noun which names something that can be touched, seen, or experienced using the senses. An abstract noun names an idea, a thought or a feeling which cannot be touched, seen or experienced using the senses.
  30. 30. 27 Answer the following questions. 1. What is the poem about? 2. How will you describe the little cat in the poem? 3. Is the little cat a happy cat? Which stanza of the poem proves your answer? Read it. 4. Which stanza tells that the little cat is a friendly cat? Read it. 5. What do you think is the best thing that the little cat brings to her owner? Explain. Think It Over! Little Pussy Cat by: Florita R. Matic I am a little cat They call me Pussy Cat This cute little cat Gives a lot of love. The love that I give Brings real happiness Uncertainty and loneliness Are out of my interest. Eagerness and excitement Are the feelings I get Each time I meet A new playmate.
  31. 31. 28 Activity 5 Can you tell the root words of the following? 1. dishonest 2. impolite 3. happiness 4. colorful 5. unhappy What words were added to the root words? Is there a change in the meaning of the root words when the words dis-, im-, -ness, - ful, and un- were added. What are affixes? Activity 6: Read the following words from the poem “Little Pussy Cat.” Underline the affixes used. happiness uncertainty loneliness eagerness excitement Let’s Try This! Remember! Tell and Learn! Affixes are syllables which are added to the root words to form words with new meanings. They may be added before the root words such as dis-, im- and un-. Example: dishonest, impolite, unlock They may also be added at the end of the root words such a –ful and –ness. Example: thoughtful, greatness.
  32. 32. 29 Read the following words. character setting plot paragraph stanza verse rhyme poem story How can you classify the given words? Which words tell something about a story? Which words tell about a poem? Activity 7 Write S for story and P for poems. 1. The sentences are written in paragraphs. 2. The words at the end of the line rhyme. 3. The sentences are arranged in lines. 4. The idea or experience in written in stanzas. 5. The first sentence of the paragraph is indented. Activity 7 – A Write one-stanza poem about your pet. Answer these questions as your guide in writing your poem. Make the last words of your lines rhyme when possible. Let’s Try This! Remember! Tell and Learn! Poems and stories tell about ideas, experiences, and feelings. A story is made up of paragraphs. It has the elements like characters, the setting and the plot. The first sentence of the paragraph is indented. A poem is made up of stanzas. A stanza is made up of sentences arranged in lines. Most poems use words that rhyme at the end the lines.
  33. 33. 30 mis- -ry -ness -ment un- First Line: What is your pet? Second line: How do you call your pet? Third line: What quality of your pet do you like most? Fourth line: What are the things that you do together? Fifth line: How do you feel about your pet? Activity 7 – B Write the first thing that comes into your mind for the following: 1. setting – one place __________________________ 2. setting – a time _____________________________ 3. characters – two persons ___________ ________ 4. describe each character you named – two words each to tell something about the character 5. plot – one memorable event of happening Using your answers to the activity, put them together to form a short story. Write it on the lines below. . Activity 8 In each sentence below, underline the concrete nouns and circle the abstract nouns. 1. The teacher asked all the pupils to think about the importance of honesty. 2. The pupils wrote a letter to tell their teacher of their love for her. 3. Celso looked at the food on the table with hunger in his eyes. 4. Isabel looked at her project with happiness. 5. Her eyes were full of hope as she asked her mom to let her keep the kitten. Activity 9 Write the correct affixes to form new words. Choose from the list below. 1. serious____ 2. brave_____ 3. ____awareness 4. ____communication 5. accomplish_____
  34. 34. 31 Post Assessment Exercise # 1-A: Underline all the abstract nouns in the given sentences. 1. Children should never tell a lie. 2. He shared his bright idea to the class. 3. He is very thirsty. 4. I love to play music. 5. She is an honest child. Exercise # 1-B: Encircle the concrete nouns in the given sentences. 6. The dress is very beautiful. 7. We live in a small house by the river. 8. Gary closed the door with a bang. 9. Sarah dropped her cell phone with a thud. 10. She moved to table to the right side of the room. Exercise # 2: Fill in the blanks with affixes to form new words. 1. hospital___ 2. ____justice 3. _____perfection 4. aware____ 5. enjoy____ Exercise # 3: Choose the meaning of the words in each number. Write the letter of the correct answer in a separate sheet of paper. 1. bravery a. not brave b. the state or condition of being brave c. not showing courage 2. achievement a. the act or result of gaining something b. the act of not gaining something c. the result of not gaining something 3. disbelief a. without belief b. full of belief c. with belief
  35. 35. 32 4. impatience a. with patience b. not showing patience c. showing patience 5. loneliness a. inability to feel alone b. without the feeling of being alone c. the state or condition of being alone Week 5 Can you name some famous people, places and events in your community? Who are the famous people in your community? In what places in your community will you bring your friends if they want to visit you? In what events is your place known for? Tell and Learn!
  36. 36. 33 Activity 1 Use the graphic organizer to show the famous people, places and events in your community. Paste the pictures on the designated parts of the body: head – famous people hands – famous events feet – famous places. Let’s Try This! Remember! Communities have different famous people, places and events. We must learn to respect them.
  37. 37. 34 Activity 2 Read the following words taken from the story “A Birthday Wish.” Compare the words in column A with the words in column B. A B Excitement smile Surprise gift Loneliness tears Enthusiasm party Eagerness family Which group of words can we experience with our five senses? How about the words that tell something we cannot see, hear, touch, taste, or smell, in what column can we find them? What are these nouns called? Concrete nouns are naming words that we can experience using the five senses. Examples are ball, book, and friend. Abstract nouns are nouns that tell about things we cannot see, hear, touch, taste, or smell. Examples are love, anger, and friendship. Remember! Tell and Learn!
  38. 38. 35 Activity 3 Can you use concrete nouns to show the abstract nouns? Write concrete nouns from the word bank that will represent the abstract nouns. Write them on the spaces provided for. Example: Love – flowers chocolate 1. faith – 2. justice – 3. education – 4. culture – 5. progress – Think It Over! market prayer room police officer school dances artifacts books jail roads bible
  39. 39. 36 Friends are like Diamonds by: Florita R. Matic You and I do need friends The right persons whom we can depend on Like rocks that stood mightier With strength that will never end. In moments when we go astray Friends are there to stay Like roads that lead the way Real friends will never leave our way. True friends shine like precious gems Like gold that glitters all day No amount of treasure can ever repay The goodness of having a lifetime friend. The value of friendship is immeasurable Its worth is really unthinkable Friends’ love sparks as bright as diamonds And keeps its shine forevermore. Do you have friends? How will you describe your friends? Can you compare your friends with things around you? Activity 4 Read the poem and find out how friends are described. Read and Learn! Think It Over!
  40. 40. 37 Answer the following questions. 1. Why is a friend compared to a rock? What characteristic or description of a rock is like a friend? 2. Why is a friend compared to a road? How is a road similar to a friend? 3. Why is a friend like a precious gem? In what way are they the same? 4. Why is a friend compared to a diamond? In what way are they similar? Activity 5 Read the poem again. What does the poem tell us? Write it inside the box. Read and analyze the following sentences taken from the poem. 1. Friends are like rocks with strength that never ends. 2. Friends are there to stay like roads that lead the way. 3. A friend’s love sparkles like diamonds. 4. True friends shine like precious gems. 5. Friends are like gold that glitters all day.  What objects are used to describe a friend in the poem?  Can human beings be compared to objects?  Do human beings and objects have similar characteristics?  What do ompared?  What woryou call the way in which two unlike things are explicitly cds are used in making comparisons? Read and Learn! Think It Over!
  41. 41. 38 Activity 6 Underline the simile that is used in each sentence. Example: That lady is like a rose. 1. His eyes shine brightly like the sun when he saw Leah. 2. She speaks as gentle as the wind. 3. The paper is as light as feather. 4. A gentle wind feels like soft cotton. 5. Her eyes shone like stars in the sky. 6. The swimmer swam as fast as fish. Activity 7 Rearrange the following words to form sentences with simile. Write the correct answers on the spaces provided for. 1. box, as light as, The, feather, is. 2. The, as busy as, worker, a bee, works. 3. laborer, The, works, like, an ant. 4. idea, as bright as sun, Her, is. 5. cookies, The, are, rocks, as hard as. 6. Her, flows, like a river, idea. Let’s Try This! Simile is a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared. It uses the expressions, as and like. Example: She is as sweet as candy. She is beautiful like a rose. Remember!
  42. 42. 39 Read the friendly letter. Observe how the body of the letter is written. Answer the following questions. 1. Who wrote the letter? 2. To whom did she send the letter? 3. What is the letter about? How is the body of the letter written? 1. How is the first sentence in each paragraph written? 2. How is the beginning of each sentence written? 3. How does each sentence in the letter end? 4. How are the words spelled? 5. What can you say about the two sides of the letter? 18-B. Chico St. Marulas Valenzuela City July 23, 2013 Dear Ellaine, My grandmother will be celebrating her 89th birthday on August 10. I am planning to surprise her with a special homemade 3-layer 9 inch chocolate cake. Can you help me prepare the cake? Please send me the recipe that I need to prepare and the directions that I need to follow. I know that my grandmother would be delighted if you can come on her birthday. Thank you in advance and I hope to see you on my grandmother’s birthday celebration. Your friend, Eunice Think It Over!
  43. 43. 40 Activity 8 Write a friendly letter. Think of two important things you did in school today. Tell it to your friend by writing him or her a letter. Activity 6 The paragraph is written in a wrong way. Rewrite the following paragraph. Check punctuation marks, capitalization and the proper way of writing a paragraph. Dear ________, . Your friend,
  44. 44. 41 my sister and I enjoy cooking together every Saturday, mother teaches us how to cook this weekend we are going To Bake a cake we are excited about it POST ASSESSMENT Exercise # 1 – A: Write the words under the appropriate heading. Exercise # 1 – B: Read the sentence then answer the questions. Write the letter of your answer on your notebook. Sentence 1: She admired her beauty in the mirror. 1. What is the concrete noun in the sentence? a. she b. admired c. mirror 2. What is the abstract noun in the sentence? a. admired b. beauty c. mirror Sentence 2: Ernie cannot hide his anger when the ball hit him in the face. 1. What is the concrete noun in the sentence? a. cannot b. anger c. ball 2. What is the abstract noun in the sentence? a. hide b. face c. anger success gold medals love patience knowledge books computer school peace flaglets
  45. 45. 42 as dark as as sweet as an angel a sun a river Exercise # 2: Complete the simile using the words from the word bank. 1. Her tears flowed like ______. 2. Her hair is ______ night. 3. She speaks like ________. 4. Our friendship is _________jam. 5. His smile is like _____ that brightens my day. Exercise # 3: Write the following steps in frying fish in paragraph form. Observe the convention in writing a paragraph. first you have to clean the fish with water then cover it in flour seasoned with salt and pepper next Put the fish in hot oil last Fry the fish until golden brown Week 6 Do you have garden at home? How can a garden be a source of food? What else can a garden be? Read the poem to find out. My Garden…My Platter by: Florita R. Matic One day I woke up And saw the sun popped up It smiled to me so sweetly Like a fair lady. I went to the backyard And started to work hard I was an ox in the meadow And not a couch potato. Soon the plants grew fast Read and Learn!
  46. 46. 43 They were giants at last Plants were nice to look at They were the apple of my eye. If you are feeling blue As if everything is taken away from you My garden will be there for you To take away all your sorrows. My garden is also my platter That keeps me healthier Because I nurture it well With tender love and care. Answer the following questions. 1. What is being talked about in the poem? 2. Who is talking in the poem? 3. To what was the sun compared? 4. Read the second stanza. Where did the “I” go? What did he do there? Activity 1 Getting the main idea from each stanza. The main idea tells what a stanza is all about. Read each stanza. Choose the sentence that gives the main idea. Write the letter of your answer on your notebook. Think It Over! I went to the backyard And started to work hard I was an ox in the meadow And not a couch potato. Main Idea: a. The speaker takes care of an ox. b. The speaker works hard in the garden. c. There are potatoes in the garden.
  47. 47. 44 Activity 2 Draw a garden that you would like to have. Activity 3 Read the following sentences taken from the poem. 1. I was an ox in the meadow. Read and Learn! If you are feeling blue As if everything is taken away from you My garden will be there for you To take away all your sorrows. Main Idea: a. My garden will give you sorrow. b. My garden can make you happy. c. My garden can take everything away. Soon the plants grew fast They were giants at last Plants are nice to look at They are the apple of my eye. Main Idea: a. Plants are nice to look at. b. Plants look like apples. c. Plants are giants.
  48. 48. 45 2. I am not a couch potato. 3. Plants were giants. 4. Plants were the apple of my eye. 5. If you are feeling blue, my garden will be there for you. 6. My garden is also my platter that keeps me healthier. How are things compared to each other in the sentences? What kind of comparison is used in these sentences? These comparisons are called metaphor. Activity 4 Draw a star ( ) before the sentence that uses metaphor. ______ 1. The ocean was a raging bull during stormy weather. ______ 2. The paper is as light as feather. ______ 3. Model has a great taste in clothing. ______ 4. Mary could not finish any work because she is a couch potato. ______ 5. She is the apple of the eye of her father. Activity 4-A Complete the sentence using a metaphor from the box. 1. Your teeth are the __________, its whiteness is incomparable. 2. The owner of the house has a ____________. He sent the children away even at the height of the strong rain. 3. Maria’s hair is the _________ without light. 4. Juan’s car is a _________________ in the sleepy road. 5. My mother’s mouth is a _______________ when she is upset. Let’s Try This! Remember! A metaphor is a figure of speech in which a person or a thing is compared to another without the use of as or like. pearl of the seas wild horse machine gun heart of stone dark night
  49. 49. 46 Do you have journal? What do you write on your journal? Read Ronel’s journal and find out what he does daily. Read and Learn! I am Ronel, 8 years old. Gardening, collecting plants and planting trees are my favorites hobbies. I am truly a nature lover boy. Every close encounter I have had with nature is recorded in my journal. Monday, July 22, 2013, 7:00 p.m. Ms. Santos, my grade 3 teacher brought her Science class to the school garden to observe the plants. I was amazed by the number of colorful plants in our school garden. I admired the way our school gardener takes care ofthose plants. Tuesday, July 23, 2013, 7:30 p.m. I had a chance to talk to our school gardener, Mang Carding. He told me that he talks to his plants every time he waters them. Probably, the school garden was the apple of his eye! Wednesday, July 24, 2013, 7:00 p.m. On my way home from school, I saw again Mang Carding. He surprised me with what he gave me on that day...seedlings of different plants! He said that those were spare seedlings from our school garden. I was very thankful for his gesture. He knew that I really love planting! Thursday, July 25, 2013, 8:00 p.m. I woke up early to plant the seedlings in my garden. I poured a little water on them. I also put them in a place where there is no direct sunlight. I can’t wait to see them grow!
  50. 50. 47 Activity 5 Which part of Ronel’s journal did you like best? Draw something about it inside the frame. Write 2 to 3–sentence paragraph to describe your work. Friday, July 26, 2013, 7:15 p.m. I went home early to visit my garden. I pulled the weeds and picked the dried leaves. I enjoyed watching the flower buds of my ornamental plants. Saturday, July 27, 2013, 8:00 p.m. I woke up early though we had no classes. I was not a couch potato. After cleaning my bedroom, I immediately went to my garden. To my surprise, I saw some young leaves sprouting from the young plants! Sunday, July 28, 2013, 7:00 p.m. I invited my classmates to visit my garden. They saw different varieties of ornamental plants in my garden. They also saw that my garden became the haven of many colorful butterflies .They were inspired to put up their own garden!
  51. 51. 48 Activity 6 Write a one-day journal entry about your personal experiences in taking part in protecting your environment. Be guided by the following questions. Follow the format in writing a journal entry. 1. How will you describe yourself? 2. What exciting experience do you want to share? 3. When and where did it happen? 4. What happened on that day? Are you fond of reading books? Do you know the different parts of a book? Can you identify five of these parts? Encircle them. Think It Over! . cover title page body sports page bibliography title editorial table of contents
  52. 52. 49 POST ASSESSMENT Exercise # 1 Match the metaphor to its meaning. Write only the letter of the correct answer. A B _____1. apple of the eye a. lazy _____2. rug rat b. not sympathetic _____3. couch potato c. sad _____4. feeling blue d. love or favorite _____5. heart of stone e. little boy Exercise # 2 Put a check mark on the parts of a book from the list below. Exercise # 3 Choose the letter that best describes the main idea of the poem. Write it on the blank provided for. Remember! Books have different parts. These are cover, title page, copyright page, preface, table of contents, body, index, glossary, and bibliography. cover sports page copyright page index glossary title title page table of contents tables surface preface body _____1. In a city they live A family they were No backyard to plant trees So in cans and bottles And boxes they sow Pechay, tomatoes and eggplant Oh, how lovely Rico’s garden to see. a. Rico and his family plant vegetables. b. Rico and his family wish to have trees in their backyard. c. Rico and his family has no vegetable garden.
  53. 53. 50 Week7 Similes and metaphors compare words in a sentence. They make the sentences interesting. The following are examples of Simile 1. A star is like a diamond in the sky. 2. The charcoal is as black as midnight. 3. She is like a calculator. The following are examples of Metaphor 1. The baby is an angel in the family. 2. He is a hungry lion. 3. The sun is a ball of fire. o How was each picture described? o Does the description given match with the comparison shown? Why? o How does a simile differ from a metaphor? Activity 1 Below are sentences that contain similes and metaphors. Underline the two words being compared. Then write S for simile and M for metaphor on the blank. _______1. The smoke was cotton balls floating in the sky. _______2. Cindy is a fish in the water when she swims. _______3. Pamela’s smile is as fresh as the morning. _______4. Tom is like a bouncing ball. _______5. Her eyes are balls of fire. Remember! A simile is when you compare a person or place, animal or a thing to something using “as” or “like”. Example: She sleeps like a baby. The baby is as sweet as sugar. A metaphor is when you directly compare a person, place, animal or thing to a different thing whose qualities or characteristics are similar to each other. Example: My father is a dragon when he is angry. The rains were wild horses in my roof.
  54. 54. 51 Activity 2 Change the following simile to metaphor. Write your answers in a separate sheet of paper. Example: Barbara is as hungry as a horse. Answer: Barbara is a hungry horse. 1. The cat’s fur is as white as snow. 2. John is sleeping like a log. 3. The athlete runs like lightning in the race. 4. Anita is as light as a feather. 5. My sister and I fight like cats and dogs. Activity 3: Spin the Wheel Describe the picture in the wheel using simile or metaphor. Read the following sentences taken from the story. a. Athena sweeps the yard. b. Brigette waters the plants. c. Rose cultivates the soil. d. Kuya Anton carries the dry leaves to the compost pit. e. Little Mark pulls the weeds. f. Mang Jose puts organic fertilizers to the plants. Read and Learn!
  55. 55. 52 Who is being talked about in each sentence? What does the sentence tell about him or her? How did the sentence end? Activity 1 – A Identify the subject and the predicate in the given sentences. Underline the subject and encircle the predicate. 1. My family lives in a small house. 2. We are a happy family. 3. Father and mother teach us how to do house chores. 4. My brother helps father in the backyard. 5. I help mother cook in the kitchen. Activity 1 – B Complete the following sentences by giving a subject. 1. ________________ works hard in the garden. 2. __________ and _____________study their lessons every night. 3. ___________ clean the classroom everyday. 4. ________________ teaches us how to read and write. 5. _______________ eats bananas. Activity 1 – C Write simple sentences about each picture. Let’s Try This! Remember! A sentence has two parts, the subject and the predicate. The subject tells who or what is being talked about in the sentence. The predicate tells something about the subject. A simple sentence expresses one complete thought or idea. It ends with a period.
  56. 56. 53 1. __________________________ 2. __________________________ 3. __________________________ 4. __________________________ 5. __________________________ 6. __________________________ 7. __________________________
  57. 57. 54 8. __________________________ Just Like the Ants by: Claire B. Barcelona “Look at the ants Kuya Anton, why are they always busy?”asked Brigette. “They help each other looking for food to save for the rainy days,” answered Attila. While they were busy observing the ants crawling on the ground, they heard their father. “Athena, Brigette and Rose come here. Please help me clean our backyard,” called Mang Jose. Immediately the children ran towards their father. Soon they were busy with their chores. Athena sweeps the yard. Brigette waters the plants. Rose cultivates the soil. Little Mark pulls the weeds. Kuya Anton carries the dry to leaves to the compost pit and Mang Jose puts organic fertilizers on the plants. Every one helped in the vegetable garden. Mother smiled. She said,” You’re just like the ants, so busy working on your chores.” Answer the following:  What did each member of the family do?  Why do you think mother compared them to the ants?  What did Anton mean when he said that the ants save for the rainy days?  What lesson does the story teach us? Activity 2 Find the main idea. Read the paragraph carefully then answer the questions that follow. Tell and Learn! Read and Learn!
  58. 58. 55 Questions: 1. What is the paragraph all about? 2. Which sentence in the paragraph tells it? 3. What do you call the sentence that gives the main idea? 4. What do the other sentences tell about the family? 5. What do you call the sentences that add details or information about the main idea? Activity 3 Read the following paragraphs. Underline the key sentence that gives the main idea of the paragraph. 1. It was going to be Carla’s first airplane ride. She woke up early and dressed for the trip. She was already thinking of the clouds and all the things that she will see. She can’t wait to be at the airport. 2. Mario and Carlo wanted to make a garden of their own. They went to see Mang Jose, the school gardener. Mario asked Mang Jose if he could give them some seedlings. Carlo told him about the garden they are going to make. 3. Sarah and her classmates brought broomsticks and rags to school. Miss Tadeo told them to come early. They were going to help. It was Brigada Eskwela week. Activity 3-A Remember! We are a happy family. Father and mother teach us to be good children. We always obey what father tells us. My sisters and I help mother in the house chores. My brother, Jose helps father in the garden. The main idea is the most important part of the paragraph. It tells what the paragraph is all about. The main idea can be found in the key sentence. The key sentence can be found in the beginning, middle or end of the paragraph. All the other sentences in the paragraph add information to support the main idea.
  59. 59. 56 Read the paragraph carefully. Then fill the graphic organizer that follows it with the information needed. Paragraph 1 Carabaos help farmers in the field. They plow the field to soften the soil. They also carry heavy baskets of fruits and other crops during harvest time. They work hard all day. Paragraph 2 Leila and Bebot are good friends. They seat together during classes. At recess time, they share their food to one another. They always help one another. Read the infomercial in a radio broadcast. ANCHOR 1: DCBB top of the hour news will return after this Infomercial. Joseph: Mark, where have you been? Mark: I went to the library. I prepared my homework there and borrowed this book. Tell and Learn! Key sentence Supporting sentence Supporting sentence Supporting sentence Key sentence Supporting sentence Supporting sentence Supporting sentence
  60. 60. 57 Joseph: Why do you read those books? Let’s just play computer. Mark: Tata said reading is a good exercise. Here, let me show you, my favorite book. Joseph: You really know where to locate the favorite part of this book. Mark: Of course, I learned already the different parts of the book. I can easily locate them. Joseph: I think I must join you reading this book. Mark: Reading is fun! ANCHOR 2: This is a friendly reminder of AKLAT Foundation and this station. o What is the infomercial about? o How did Mark convince Joseph to join his hobby? o Why was Joseph amazed with how Mark located his favorite part of the story? Activity 4: Study the data below that give information of the parts of the book. The Title Page The title page appears at the beginning of the book and gives… Title Author Illustrator Publisher Place of Publication The Table of Contents The table of contents appears in the front of the book. It lists… *units, chapters, or stories along with their page numbers The Glossary The glossary appears in the back of the book. It lists… alphabetically new words used in the book with their definitions. The Index The index appears in the back of a book following the glossary. It lists… alphabetically names, places, and topics in the book with page numbers.  What are the different parts of a book?  What information is found in each part?
  61. 61. 58 Glossary Index Title Page Table of Contents Activity 5 Connect the parts of the book to locate the information. Column A Column B 1. English for You and Me 3 Benita N. Miranda 2. Unit 1- Looking Around Me 3. Book Wise Publishing House, Inc. 4. Lesson 7- The Fireflies 5. village/vill’age (n.) community 6. animal kingdom 5 Antelope 9 7. Kiddie Goat…… 70 8. cats 24, 25 cheetahs 16 9. meadow/mead’ow (n.) piece of grassland 10. Antonio Basilla, illustrator POST ASSESSMENT A. Listen to the short story and answer the questions. “Mama, where are you?” Mark cried out loud. He looked around the house but nobody was there. He went out of the street. Everybody was busy! Father cleaned the canal. Kuya Attila threw the plastic bottles to the garbage can. Mother and Athena swept the street. Brigette collected the plastic bags while Rose segregated the non- biodegrade waste. Mark ran towards them and helped too. “Tomorrow is the grand parade. We are almost ready with the preparations for our fiesta,” Barangay captain said with excitement. “Together we stand, divided we fall,” Mark commented. 1. What is a good title for this story? a. The Festival b. Cleaning Time c. Family Participation d. Preparation for Fiesta 2. Which statement summarizes the idea of the selection? a. Everybody was busy cleaning the street. b. Barangay Captain requested every family to clean. c. Children helped maintain cleanliness in the community. Let’s Try This!
  62. 62. 59 d. Parents encouraged their children to become responsible. 3. Which sentence below supports the idea “Together we stand, divided we fall? a. Children are encouraged to clean the streets. b. Only the old ones must be involved in the preparations for the fiesta. c. Barangay captain ordered every family to clean the street. d. Every member of the family helped in the preparations for fiesta. B. Underline the figures of speech used in each sentence. Write on the blank S for simile and M for metaphor. _____4. The traveler is so hungry that he eats like a pig. _____5. Mrs. Tuazon was a lion when she saw her favorite vase broken. _____6. Durian fruit smells like hell but tastes like heaven. _____7. The winner is a horse that nobody can outdo him in the race. C. Circle the letter of the correct answer. It is Saturday morning. The siblings prepare for their visit to their grandparents. Athena wakes up early and cooks the Bicol express. Brigette bakes cookies for grandpa. Rose picks fresh Gumamela flowers for grandma. Little Mark practices his song for his grandparents. Attila and Joseph rehearse their dance in school. They are excited to visit their grandparents’ farm. 8. What is the key sentence? a. It is Sunday Morning. b. They are excited to visit their grandparents’ farm. c. Little Mark practices his song for his grandparents. d. The siblings prepare for their visit to their grandparents. 9. Which sentence does not support the main idea? a. Brigette bakes cookies for grandpa. b. Attila and Joseph rehearse their dance in school. c. Rose picks fresh Gumamela flowers for grandma. d. Little Mark practices his song for his grandparents. 10. What is the main idea of the paragraph? a. The busy children b. A weekend in grandparents c. Excitement for a day in the farm d. Preparation for visit to grandparents 11. Rose wants to find out the author, illustrator and publisher of the story book. Which part of the book must she look into? a. index b. glossary c. title page d. table of contents 12. Study the group of words below. Which is an example of a simple sentence?
  63. 63. 60 a. The children help mother cook lunch. b. Three lovely butterflies in a beautiful garden c. Ramil went to Manila and he visited his wife Joyce. d. Anjelie cried because she lost his favorite computer in school. D. Describe the picture using appropriate figures of speech. Write three (3) simple sentences about it. (13-15) Week 8 Trip Everybody is on a hurry Feeling happy and lucky Come, let’s go on a trip Watch your steps be careful not to trip Comprehension Questions: 1. Who are going on a trip? 2. How did they feel about going on the trip? 3. What do you call people who love going on trips? Activity 1 ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ Tell and Learn! Read and Learn!
  64. 64. 61 Words with Multiple-Meaning Analyze the meanings of the word in the chart. Word Meanings trip Journey stumble foot base or lower part end of leg top spinning toy upper surface fan cooling device enthusiastic admirer Activity 2 Study the sentences and connect it with the correct meaning in the picture. Think It Over! Remember! Words can have more than one meaning. The meaning of the word depends on how they are used in a sentence. We use context clues to know which meaning is correct. My family likes to watch teleserye shows in the evening. Martha lost her ring in the pool. because she lost her ring.
  65. 65. 62 Activity 3 Inferring Character Traits A story has characters. They do and say things in the story. We can tell the kind of person they are by understanding what they say and do in the story. Read the sentences. Give the character trait of the person based on his/her actions. Choose from the list below. brave kind greedy honest intelligent Sentence Character Trait 1. Anita saw a wounded bird. She brought it home and took good care of it. 2. Mang Jose’s manggo tree was full of fruits but he never shared a single fruit to anybody. 3. A twenty-peso bill was lying on the cantee table. Janet saw the money and she gave the money to the teacher. 4. It was getting dark. Mother asked Mark to go to the store and buy medicine for his brother. He had never gone there alone but he knows is brother needs it. He got a flashlight and the money. Soon he was back with the medicine. 5. Gracia studied hard for the test. She carefully reviewed all the lessons the teacher taught them. She got the highest mark in the class. Tell and Learn! Brigette enjoyed dancing in the ball last night.
  66. 66. 63 Activity 4 From the list of words in the box, put a  mark on the word that describes a character trait. Put an  mark if it is not. __________1. happy __________6. kind __________2. respectful __________7. smart __________3. candy bar __________8. helpful __________4. cheerful __________9. hardworking __________5. lazy __________10. school house Activity 5 Read the sentences and choose from the list in Activity 1 the character trait of the character. _______________1. Sandra and Grace greeted their teachers. _______________2. Tatay worked in the rice fields the whole afternoon. _______________3. Maria always try to make the people she loves happy. She tells them jokes and smiles at everyone. _______________4. The little boy hates cleaning. He avoids taking a bath and brushing his teeth. He says these make him so tired. _______________5. Every morning Sarah cleans their room. She sees to it that Miss Paz has a clean chalkboard and eraser. Activity 6 Compound Sentence Read and Tell! Remember! You can describe a character of the story using Character Traits. Character Trait tells about the kind of person the character is. You can tell the trait from what the character says and does in the story.
  67. 67. 64 Read the sentences. Combine the given simple sentence. Use the connector before each number to form one compound sentence. (and) 1. Miss Dela Rosa is excited. Miss Dela Rosa is happy. Answer: Miss Dela Rosa is excited and happy. (and) 2. Father is proud of their children. Mother is proud of their children. Answer: _________________________ (and) 3. Josie worked hard to get good grades. She succeeded. Answer: _________________________ (but) 4. Charito is a hardworker. Bryan is lazy. Answer: _________________________ (but) 5. She called. No one answered. Answer: _________________________ Activity 7 Where’s my pair? Connect the two sentences to form compound a sentence. Use the connector and to join the ideas. Write the compound sentence on your paper. A B Remember!  A simple sentence has one idea or thought. It ends with a period.  A compound sentence has two ideas or thought. Is has two independent clause joined by a connector.  Compound sentences use the connectors and or but to combine simple sentence.
  68. 68. 65 Mark loves painting * *He practices in the track daily. Joseph plays guitar* *She leads the cheering squad. Erick swims like a fish* *The band sings in the party. Rose dances gracefully* *He joins in the poster making. Ramil runs as fast as the horse* *He receives gold medal. Activity 8 Table of Contents Study the table of contents entry. Answer the questions. o How many lessons are in this book? o What is the title of the last lesson? o What pages can you find the information about discovering the strengths? o What information is found on page 98? o If you want to know the effects of hobbies, which lesson must you read? o Which lesson gives an overview of hobbies? o Attila loves to share his talents to his sisters, on which lesson can he relate his experiences? o Which lesson discusses the relevance of prioritization and hobbies? o If you are starting to discover your talents, which lesson must you read? Remember! YOUR HOBBIES AND YOU Lesson1 Talking about Hobbies…………………..1-7 Lesson 2 Discovering Your Strengths…………….. 8-39 Lesson 3 Honing Ones Potentials………………… 40-76 Lesson 4 Sharing with Others …………………….. 77-99 Lesson 5 Personality Development………………100-124 Lesson 6 Hobbies vs Priorities………………………125-150
  69. 69. 66  What information/data are found in the table of contents?  How do you make use of the information in the table of contents? POST ASSESSMENT A. Read the story. Answer the questions that follow. Choose the letter of the correct answer. 1. Which description was shown by Miko? a. confident b. selfish c. foolish d. friendly 2. How did Myka feel about his brother’s actions? a. guilty b. lonely c. angry d. sorry 3. What character traits could you infer that Miko has? a. selfishness b. foolishness c. helpfulness d. friendliness 4. Which statement proves that Miko is a self-centered child? a. You can’t play with this. b. You have your doll too. c. I won’t use your bicycle. d. May I please play with your ball?  The table of contents is an important part of the book.  It is found at the beginning part of the book.  It lists units, chapters, or stories along with their page number arranged in the order in which the parts appear. Miko and Myka are twins. They received birthday presents from their Uncle Bobby. Myko insisted that the bicycle was his. Even though he was playing with his basketball, he didn’t want Myka to use it. “I won’t use your bicycle. May I please play with your volleyball,” Myka pleaded . “No, you can’t,” Miko shouted. “This is my ball. You have your doll, too. You can’t play with this,” he said angrily.
  70. 70. 67 B. Write the letter of the correct answer. _____5. Which is a compound sentence? a. Myka pleaded to borrow the new basketball of Miko. b. Miko and Myka received a gift from their Uncle Bobby. c. When Miko did not let Myka borrow his toys, she left teary-eyed. d. The children thanked their uncle and they appreciated the gifts. 6. My brother Ramil went to Manila to work for a large firm. What meaning of the underlined word is used in the sentence? a. strong b. determined c. difficult to move d. a business company 7. Combine the simple sentences using appropriate conjunction. The girls recited the poem. The boys danced well. Which sentence in correct? a. The girls recited the poem so the boys danced well. b. The girls recited the poem, but the boys danced well. a. The girls recited the poem, and the boys danced well. b. The girls recited the poem when the boys danced well. 8. Study the picture. Which meaning of the word steps was used in the sentence correctly? a. Don’t step on the grass. b. Watch your steps, you might fall. c. I enjoyed the steps in the Hip-hop dance. d. Tristan ran down the steps to meet his mother at the gate. 9. Miguel saw flames coming from the kitchen of their neighbor. He ran to the barangay hall and informed the officials. He got bucket of water and helped the firemen extinguished the fire. What kind of boy was Miguel? a. brave b. selfless c. grateful d. obedient Study the table of contents entry. HEALTHY LIVING Lesson 1 What’s good for your body? .................1-18 Lesson 2 Prevention more than cure ……………19-36 Lesson 3 Working Out: Regular Exercise…………37-54 Lesson 4 Food Trip: What’s best for you? ............55-75
  71. 71. 68 10. Which lesson must you read if you want to know a workout that suits you? a. lesson 1 b. lesson 2 c. lesson 3 d. lesson 4 11. What information is found on page 32? a. Exercise b. Food Guide c. Prevention d. Workout C. Choose the meaning inside the box. Write only the letter of the correct answer. _____12. The railroad track cuts across the road. _____13. Horses raced around the track. D. Study the picture. Write two (2) compound sentences about it. Week 9 Vocabulary Enhancement Read each sentence carefully. Decide which of the answers has the same meaning as the underlined word in the first sentence. 1. Maria went to the store to buy some biscuits and noodles. a. I asked Aling Charito to store the old newspaper in a box. b. The store sells fresh fruits every Saturday 2. The flower vase is only a foot high. a. I only need one foot of the blue ribbon. b. Mr. Mariano pledged to foot the rent of the sound system. 3. We are holding the program in the open field near the school. a. Kindly open the door. b. The open stage is a good place for the program. 4. Mr. Peron, the photographer, promised to take pictures of the whole event. a. Wow! I can already picture the fun and excitement. Read and Learn! a. pathway b. rail structure c. recorded input d. course of travel 14._______________________________________________ 15. _______________________________________________
  72. 72. 69 b. My family pictures are important for me. Activity 1 Picture Search: Put a check on the correct picture for the given sentence. 1. Gina never forgets to water the plants every morning. 2. Mimi left a note for her sister. 3. Two volleyball players try to block from their opponent’s spike. Let’s Try This! Remember!  Many words have more than one meaning.  The meaning of the word depends upon how it is used in the sentence.  Readers think about how the word is used in the sentence to decide which meaning is best.
  73. 73. 70 4. Tie the lace properly. 5. The player hit the ball with the bat. Activity 2 Recall the events in the story. Choose the character trait of the person described in the sentence. a. Monita leaves the unwashed dishes for Monina to wash in the evening. Monita was __________. generous disrespectful lazy b. Monina washes all the dishes without complain. Monina was __________. kind giving helpful c. “Monita, let us give our baon to the poor, old woman,” volunteers Monina. Monina is __________. sad angry generous d. “You give your baon but I will not give mine,” replies Monita. She was __________. selfish thoughtful friendly e. She felt __________. glad lonely irritated Tell and Learn!
  74. 74. 71 Activity 3 Read and understand each situation. Complete the Character Trait Chart. Character Trait Chart Who? Character Trait? Evidence? I know… is… because in the story… Read and Learn! Remember!  What a character says, does, thinks and feels shows the kind of person he/she is.  What other characters say also give you clues to his/her character trait. “Missy! Come here!” Mother called out in an irritated voice. “I almost fell from the stairs when I tripped on your dolls.” “I’m sorry, Mother,” Missy apologized. “But it’s Mimi who left them there.” “No! It was you who used them this morning. You really never keep your toys after using them,” said Mimi. “Stop arguing, instead you get and keep those toys,” Miki said. “Next time always put your things in proper places to avoid accidents.” “Yes, Miki is right. Let us not wait for anyone to be hurt before you start organizing your things,” Mother added.
  75. 75. 72 Activity 4 Read the following simple sentences. Combine them using because or while. Write your answers in your notebook. 1. I am happy. I passed the test. __________________________________________________ 2. Maria cleaned the room. Mario waited outside. __________________________________________________ 3. The boy sang. His classmates listened attentively. __________________________________________________ 4. We went home early. The principal called for a teachers’ meeting. __________________________________________________ 5. The dog barked angrily. There were strangers in the backyard. __________________________________________________ What is a complex sentence? How do we form complex sentences? Activity 5 A. Read each sentence carefully. Tell if it is a Compound sentence or a Complex Sentence. Let’s Try This! Remember! Read and Learn!  A complex sentence is made up of two simple sentences. It expresses two ideas joined together by connectors.  Because and while are two of the most common connectors used in complex sentences.
  76. 76. 73 1. We visited our garden but we didn’t do any work there yesterday. 2. Alice was sick and she had to stay home for a week. 3. The Montemayor family went to the evacuation center because they wanted to help. 4. Lina and Sarah cannot ride the bike because it has a flat tire. 5. Mother read a magazine while she waited for the bus to arrive. B. Complete the following complex sentences with the connectors because or while. 1. We visited a lot of places _____ we were in Cebu. 2. Martha had to wear slippers for school ______ she hurt her toe. 3. The Gagarra family are well-known ________all their children are in the school honor roll. 4. We have to read a lot _______ we are young and able. 5. We stayed in the library ______ the boys cleaned the room. Activity 6 Read the journal carefully. Answer the questions. Comprehension Questions: 1. Who wrote the journal? 2. What important events did he write in his journal? Read and Learn! April 25, 2012 Father bought me a blue bike. I will be spending my summer learning how to drive my bike. I am so excited. Bert April 27, 2012 I am good at driving my bike now. Father taught me but I slipped in the wet road yesterday. I hurt my knee. It was very painful. Bert
  77. 77. 74 3. What does the journal tell about Bert? Activity 7 JOURNAL WRITING Answer the following questions in complete sentence: 1. What important things happened to you during the weekend? Write two sentences. 2. Why did it happen? 3. How did you feel about it? Using your answers to these questions, write a journal entry on the space provided for, Enrichment Draw and Color. Make a drawing to show your journal. Make your work interesting with colors. Share and celebrate your work in class. A journal is a record of events about ourselves, our feelings, things we like and things we don’t like or what we think about people and things around us. It helps us remember important events in our lives Remember! My Journal Entry _______________________ Date _________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________.
  78. 78. 75 Share and Celebrate Read the journal entry carefully. Put a check mark on the column that will describe the journal entry best. Content and Organization Rating 1. Sentences are well-written, complete and clear.(with proper punctuations) 2. Sentences complete and clear. 3. Sentences not complete but clear. Quality 1. Journal entry is pupils own life experiences and clear details. 2. Journal entry show a little detail and similar with other pupils 3. Journal entry lacks detail. Final Rating : Excellent 6 stars Very Good 5 stars Good 4 stars Fair 3 stars
  79. 79. 76 Quarter 2 Exploring My Community
  80. 80. 77 Week 1 Read the dialogue of the two pupils. What questions were asked? What answers were given? If you were one of the children in the dialogue, what other questions will you ask? Get a partner and get to know each other by asking information questions. Tell and Learn! My name is Liza Santos. What is your name? Where do you live? I live at 76 Tandoc, San Carlos City, Pangasinan
  81. 81. 78 Activity 1 Write questions that start with interrogative pronouns who, what, where or when for the following sentences: 1. The story happened at home. 2. Mildred and Nestor spent a two-week vacation with their cousin. 3. Nestor picked ripe fruits in the backyard. Let’s Try This! The question words WHAT, WHO, WHERE and WHEN are called Interrogative Pronouns. Interrogative pronouns are words that are used to ask questions.  Interrogative pronoun WHO asks for a person. Examples: Who is our visitor? Who will sing me a song?  Interrogative pronoun WHERE asks for a place. Examples: Where are they going? Where do you want to stay?  Interrogative pronoun WHEN asks for time. Examples: When will you leave for Manila? When will we visit Grandmother and Grandfather?  Interrogative pronoun WHAT asks for a thing, or event. Examples: What are you doing? What can you say about the exhibit? Remember!
  82. 82. 79 4. They came home on a Sunday. 5. Their mother, father, and sister welcomed them at the gate. 6. They hugged one another. 7. The children narrated their happy experiences in the barrio. 8. Mildred cleaned the house. 9. In the compost pit, Nestor dumped the dried leaves. 10. At night, they dined together happily. Activity 2 Add an interrogative pronoun that will best complete the following sentences. Fill in the blanks with who, what, where, or when. 1. _______ would you like to do tomorrow? 2. _______ will bring the flowers to school? 3. _______ will the new teacher arrived? 4. _______ will the program be held? 5. _______ did you put the ballpens? 6. _______ is the new member of the band? 7. _______ is the title of the book that you have read? 8. _______ is your birthday? 9. _______ did you write you assignment? 10. ______ do you keep your things? Read the short narrative below. Take note of its important elements. Mila’s Promise On her way to school one morning, Mila thought of pleasing her teacher, Ms. Romero, by bringing her flowers for her vase. Mila passed by the town plaza where big gumamela flowers were in bloom. There was a big sign that say “Don’t pick flowers!” in a post nearby. Mila looked around. After making sure no one was looking, she took some of the gumamela and hurriedly continued her way to school. Ms. Romero was thankful for the beautiful flowers Mila brought. She praised Mila for her thoughtfulness. Ms. Romero’s lesson for the day was about obeying public signs and symbols. One of these was, “Don’t pick flowers!.” Ms. Romero explained how important it is to follow these signs. She remembered what she did that morning. Mila was very sorry. She silently promised to always obey public signs. Read and Learn!
  83. 83. 80 Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper. 1. What did Mila want to do? 2. Why did Mila bring flowers for her teacher? 3. Where did she pick the flowers? 4. How did she realize her mistake? 5. Why should we obey public signs? Activity 2 Using the story, “Mila’s Promise” complete the graphic organizer below. Write the title at the center. Answer the four questions. Let’s Try This! Remember! The elements of a story are setting, characters and plot.  Setting - where and when the story happened. The interrogative pronouns where and when are used to ask about the setting.  Characters - people or animals in the story the story. The interrogative pronoun who is used to ask about the characters.  Plot - events that happens in the story. The interrogative pronoun what is used to ask about the plot. Who? Where? When? What?
  84. 84. 81 Activity 3 Underline the interrogative pronouns. 1. What is the story about? 2. Who is the main character? 3. Where did the twins go? 4. When did they realize their mistake? 5. What happened after they realized their mistake? POST ASSESSMENT I. What question word is answered by the underlined part of the sentence? Choose from the word box. Write your answer on a separate sheet. 1. The school children brought used plastic bottles to school. 2. The school children brought used plastic bottles to school. 3. The school children brought used plastic bottles to school. 4. Packs of goods were given to the flood victims last week. 5. Packs of goods were given to the flood victims last week. 6. Packs of goods were given to the flood victims last week. 7. Don Jose Pidlaoan will sponsor a six-month feeding program for malnourished children in Barangay Magalang . 8. Don Jose Pidlaoan will sponsor a six-month feeding program for malnourished children in Barangay Magalang. 9. Don Jose Pidlaoan will sponsor a six-month feeding program for malnourished children in Barangay Magalang. 10.Don Jose Pidlaoan will sponsor a six-month feeding program for malnourished children in Barangay Magalang. II. Read the short narratives. Point out the story elements: setting, characters, and plot. Think of an appropriate title for each narrative. A. Last Sunday, the whole family of Mr. and Mrs. Fernandez went to Baguio for day-long family picnic. They first attended the Sunday mass. After that, they had fun riding in the colorful boats at Burnham Park, strolling at Pines’ View and shopping at the SM Mall. Who What Where When
  85. 85. 82 B. The pupils of Miss Lopez prepared a memorable program during their Feast Day of the St. John Bosco, yesterday. They held it in their classroom with finger foods and some drinks. They didn’t fail to open and close the celebration with a prayer to their saint. Setting: Plot: Characters: Title: Setting: Plot: Characters: Title:
  86. 86. 83 Week 2 Look closely at the pictures. What is happening in each picture? What experience do you have related to each picture? What do you need to do after doing these activities? Share it during class discussion. Read the poem with proper phrasing and intonation. What Do You Need? To fix your hair, you need a comb. To press your dress, you need an iron. To trim your nail, you need a cutter. And when you bathe, you need a towel. To clean your teeth, you need a brush. You need a hankie, to get rid of dust. To smell fresh, you need soap. Get them all and you’ll look good. -LAM- Based on the poem, what are the things you need that will help make you clean? Read and Learn! Tell and Learn!
  87. 87. 84 Activity 1 Read the following: Sentence A. I need soap. It makes me smell good. Sentence B. Do you need soap? Does it make you smell good? What happens to your voice when you read the sentences in A? What happens to your voice when you read the sentences in B? When does your voice rise? When does it fall? Activity 2 - A Read the following sentences with falling intonation. 1. Ah, your toothache again I bet! 2. Why are you crying? 3. Mother, please take me to the dentist now. 4. Her gums are swollen. 5. Let’s wait for the dentist. Let’s Try This! Let’s Try This! The rising or falling of your voice when speaking is called intonation.  A falling intonation is used at the end of a sentence, a command, or a request and a question which cannot be answered by yes or no.  A rising intonation is used at the end of a yes/no question.
  88. 88. 85 Read the following sentences with rising intonation. 6. Is that new? 7. Do you find it interesting? 8. Does your teeth hurt? 9. Are your coming? 10.Do you want some candies? Activity 2 – B Read the sentences carefully. Write R if the sentence needs a rising intonation. Write F if it needs a falling intonation. ______1. Sara came early. ______2. Where did you come from? ______3. Was she late? ______4. May I see your assignment. ______5. Our school has two parks and one garden. ______6. Have you seen my notebook? ______7. When is your birthday? ______8. Can you come to the party with me? ______9. I am hungry. ______10. Did you take a bath? A. Read the short narrative below. Take note of its important elements. Playful Anette by Lilibeth A. Magtang “Anette…Anette… Aneeeeette!” Aling Sion was calling Anette at the top of her voice. The whole Barangay Malinis could hear her. But not even the shadow of Anette appeared. “I wonder where my daughter has gone again,” she muttered helplessly. It had always been like this. Anette had the habit of playing around until dusk. She didn’t want to go home until everyone else had gone home ahead of her. Playing was all that mattered to her. She would skip meals just so she could play all day long. She even didn’t mind if she failed to take a bath. “Mother, let’s eat, please? I am very hungry,” pleaded Anette one time. She went straight to the table. “Wait! Better wash your hands first, you’re so dirty!” warned Aling Sion. Instead of obeying her mother, Anette continued eating without even washing her very dirty hands. After eating, she went out again to play despite the fact that it was already late. She looked for her playmates again. Read and Learn!
  89. 89. 86 Soon after that, she came home crying. “Mother, I got a terrible stomach ache,” she cried. In a low and concerned voice, Aling Sion told her, “That’s what I always tell you, child. Take care of yourself. Don’t you ever miss your meals. Keep yourself clean and take some rest.” Answer the following questions orally. 1. Who is the girl in the story? 2. What can you say about her? 3. Who is the other character in the story? Describe her. 4. Is Anette a good model for children? Why? 5. What were the pieces of advice given by Anette’s mother? 6. What does this show about her? 7. If you were to give a different ending to this story, how would you want it to end? B. Describe Anette using this graphic organizer. Remember! The elements of the story are: setting, characters, plot.  Use WHO when asking about persons (characters).  Use WHAT when asking about events (plot).  Use WHERE and WHEN when asking about place and time (setting.)
  90. 90. 87 Activity 3: Here are some sentences from the story, “Playful Anette.” What questions can you ask about each sentence? Write your answers on your own paper. Be sure to use the correct interrogative pronouns. 1. Anette had the habit of playing around until dusk. 2. Playing was all that mattered to her. 3. After eating, she went out again to play despite the fact that it was already late. 4. “Mother, I got a terrible stomach ache.” 5. “I am very hungry.” Activity 4: From the story, “Playful Anette” , complete this diagram to show the different story elements. Read the announcement. Note the important details of the announcement by filling in the blanks that follow. Read and Learn! Playful Anette Setting PlotCharacters Let’s Try This!
  91. 91. 88 What: When: Where: Why: POST ASSESSMENT I. Write at least three questions about the elements of each of the following short stories. Selection 1 It all happened one night when everybody was asleep. I tiptoed across the bedroom and went out of the house. Our dog saw me. Our dog barked noisily and everyone woke up. Questions: 1. 2. 3. Selection 2 It was a windy afternoon. My friend James and I decided to fly our kites in the farm. Our kites flew high above the tall trees. My kite got tangled in a branch of a tree. James bravely climbed and gave me back my kite. I thanked James for it. Questions: 1. 2. II. Read the short passage then complete the questions below with the appropriate question words. Rey went to the pond to fish, one day. It was a Saturday so his friends Manny and Pong joined him. They had a good catch. Rey placed the fishes in a pail with water. He called out to his friends and they all went home before dusk. Excited, Rey requested his mother to clean the fish so ANNOUNCEMENT! Classes are suspended tomorrow, October 10, 2013. The school will undergo school wide fumigation. The purpose of the fumigation is to free the school from dengue causing mosquitoes. All pupils are advised to do their homework and be back to school on October 11, 2013.
  92. 92. 89 he could start to grill them. He knew his family would love grilled fish for dinner. Rey wants to go back to the pond next Saturday hoping to get more and better catch. 1. __________ went fishing one day? 2. __________ went with him? 3. __________ did he place his catch? 4. __________ did they go after fishing? 5. __________ did he do with the fish? 6. __________ does he plan to go back to the pond? 7. __________ do you think is the taste of grilled fish? 8. __________ do you want to do on weekends? 9. __________ is it not safe to go fishing in the open sea? 10. __________ should you do before going out to fish? Week 3 Have you tried recycling? What recycling project did the Grade 3 – Santos class do? Read the selection below to find out. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle by Lilibeth A. Magtang Of the several classes of Palaming Elementary School, the Grade 3- Santos Class was awarded this year’s “Most Environment-Friendly” class. When asked about why they have been winning the award for five consecutive years now, they shared their secret. Mr. Santos, their adviser said that he imposes the rule, “Pocket your own garbage”. Throughout the year, the children under his care are trained to practice this habit. They are also encouraged to do the same at home. This year, the biggest project of the Grade 3-Santos class is the “recycle used objects. This is about recycling used materials. The children said that they collected used materials like old newspapers, cardboards, bottles and the like. The pie graph shows their collection. Read and Learn!
  93. 93. 90 From these materials, they made paper maché vases, miniature animals and pen holders. They sold these products for a low price. The money they made from selling was used for the construction of their class comfort room. Mr. Santos is hopeful that their practice will soon be observed by everyone. He encourages all to: “Reduce, reuse and recycle things. You can earn while you are helping reduce wastes in the environment.” Questions: 1. Which of the Palaming Elementary School classes won this year’s “Most Environment-Friendly” award? 2. Who is the adviser of the winning class? What admirable trait does he possess? 3. How did they win the contest? 4. What recyclable material takes the biggest percentage in their collection? Which one is the least? Which two have the same percentage? 5. What new items did they create from the recycled materials? 6. Describe the class of Mr. Santos. 7. What lesson does the story tell us? A. Do this on your own paper.  What do you think will the other classes do if they join the contest again? Think It Over!
  94. 94. 91 Activity 1 Think of a possible ending for the following selections. Selection 1 Ben’s mom had told him he was not to touch her computer when she wasn’t home. But Ben’s friend, Jerry, had told him about this great new game online. Ben thought that if he just went online quickly to check it out, it would be no big deal. After he turned the computer on, he hit a wrong key, and deleted his mom’s work. He tried hard to find it, but he had no luck. Ben shut the computer down, and started back to his room. He turned one last time and looked at the computer. What do you think happened next? Selection 2 Lianne and Rose were walking home from school when Lianne noticed something brown and small on the ground. He picked it up. It was a wallet. Rose grabbed it and opened it. Inside was Php 500.00. Lianne and Rose looked at each other, then looked at the money. Lianne thought about a new doll. Rose thought about a new pair of shoes. They stood for a while thinking. What do you think happened next? Let’s Try This! Remember! Predicting  To predict is to tell what you think will happen next in a story.  To make good predictions, a close look at given clues has to be done.  Prior knowledge and experiences may help in giving predictions.
  95. 95. 92 Read the following words. What are these words made of? These words are made of the root word and an affix which is either a prefix or a suffix. Root Word Affix Meaning New Word Meaning Prefix Suffix tell re- again retell tell again locate dis- not dislocate not locate honest -ly State of being honestly state of being honest Tell and Learn! retell dislocate honestly review disable faithfully reuse dishonest really retry discourage bravely remodel disobey meekly
  96. 96. 93 Activity 2 Give the meaning of each word. review Disable Faithfully reuse Dishonest really retry Discourage Bravely remodel Disobey Meekly Activity 3 Form a new word out of each word in the first column. Add re-, dis- or –ly. Give the meaning of the new word. Let’s Try This! Remember! An affix is a syllable added to a root word to form a new word.  An affix may be a prefix or a suffix.  A prefix is a group of letters or syllable added at the beginning of a root word to change its meaning.  In contrast, a suffix is a group of letters or a syllable added after a word or base. Look at these words: reorganize discourteous wonderful Each of them is made of a root word or a base and an affix.  Reorganize – re (prefix) meaning again or back organize (root word)  Discourteous – dis (prefix) meaning not courteous (root word)  Madly – ly – (suffix) meaning state of being mad (root word)
  97. 97. 94 Ex. write - rewrite - write again open connect play appear amazing kind view charge like do Activity 4 Prefixes im-, in-, un-, il- and ir- mean not or opposite of. Examples: Impolite means not polite or opposite of polite. Incorrect means not correct or opposite of correct (wrong). Untrue means not true or opposite of true (false) Illegal means not legal or opposite of legal. Irregular means not regular or opposite of regular. Suffixes –ness and –ity mean state of being. Examples: Kindness means state of being kind. Clarity means state of being clear. Suffix –less means without. Examples:  Hopeless means without hope or no hope.  Merciless means without mercy or no mercy. Activity 5 Can you give the meaning of the following words? Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper. 1. untidy 6. versatility 2. inaccurate 7. darkness 3. illiterate 8. fairness 4. immoral 9. helpless Learn More!
  98. 98. 95 5. irrational 10. careless Activity 6 Fill in the blanks with the correct interrogative pronoun. 1. __________ among the ladies wears the most glamorous gown? 2. __________ gown has the simplest design? 3. __________ has the best escort? 4. __________ is the celebration about? 5. __________ of the occasions you have attended so far is the most memorable? Activity 7 Use interrogative pronouns to construct questions using the data in the given pie chart. Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper. WhoWhoseWhom What Which
  99. 99. 96 POST ASSESSMENT I. Read the short selection then do as instructed. Chloe wanted to create a clay sculpture. She chose between two models - an elephant and a puppy. She preferred the elephant model to the puppy model. She carefully formed the lumpy material into a beautiful elephant. She designed and redesigned it until it has conformed to her taste. It has to look special. She made it for a person whom she regard very special – her mother who was fond of collecting miniature animals. She placed her clay elephant onto a board on the floor and ran quickly out of the room to call her mom. Excitedly, she called all others to show her work of art. As she walked back, she saw her brother and three of his friends running from the room, bouncing a basketball. They disappeared suddenly. Slowly, Chloe entered the room and looked down at the floor where she had left her clay elephant. A. Based on the short selection read, complete the table below with the needed details. New Word Affix Root Word Meaning of the New Word carefully redesigned quickly disappeared slowly beautiful B. Fill in the blanks with which, what, who, whose, or whom to complete the questions. 1._______________wanted to create a clay sculpture? 2._______________model did she choose? 3._______________did she make it for? 4._______________clay elephant was laid on the floor? 5._______________happened to her project? C. On your paper, write your prediction of the ending of the story.
  100. 100. 97 Week 4 Read the following words. Can you tell what these words mean? Can you arrange these words alphabetically? Which words should come first in set A? set B? Remember! Set B tasty penniless dreadful unhappy untrue unripe misunderstand mislead mistake Set A creamy hopeless hopeful hilly jobless wonderful brainy helpless beautiful Tell and Learn! The prefixes:  un –  in –  dis–  im– mean not or opposite of  ir–  il–  mis – Examples: unhappy - un– + happy (not happy) Incorrect - in– + correct (not correct) dishonest - dis– + honest (not honest) imperfect - im– + perfect (not perfect) irrelevant - ir– + relevant (not relevant) illegal - il– + legal (not legal) mismanage - mis– + manage (manage faultily) Some suffixes and their meaning:
  101. 101. 98 Activity 1 Underline the prefix and box the root words. 1. mislook 6. ageless 2. uneasy 7. thankful 3. unhealthy 8. breathless 4. healthy 9. fruitful 5. fruity 10. bony Activity 2 Add an affix to the word in the parenthesis to form a new word that will complete each sentence. 1. Mr. Ramos went home (happy)_______________ because he lost his job. 2. He is now (job) ________________ so he is worried about how to provide the needs of his family. 3. He is jobless and (penny) _______________. Examples: unhappy - un– + happy (not happy) Incorrect - in– + correct (not correct) dishonest - dis– + honest (not honest) imperfect - im– + perfect (not perfect) irrelevant - ir– + relevant (not relevant) illegal - il– + legal (not legal) mismanage - mis– + manage (manage faultily) Some suffixes and their meaning:  –y means many Ex. leafy – leaf + –y (many leaf)  –less means without Ex. hopeless – hope + –less (without hope)  –ful means full of Ex. hopeful – hope + –ful (full of hope) Let’s Try This!
  102. 102. 99 4. He was forced to tell a lie. What he said to his wife was (true)_______________. 5. Because of his misfortune, he feels (worth)_______________ Read the short selection then answer the questions that follow. The Giant Bell of Binalatongan Retold by Lilibeth A. Magtang Once upon a time, in a town called Binalatongan, an old church stood with a gigantic bell. Not one, but ten people would pull the rope to ring it. When it rings, pregnant women would suffer from miscarriage due to its very loud and vibrating sound. It reverberates so loudly that even the earth would shake. When the new church was built, the people decided to transfer the bell from the old to the newly built church. However, this wasn’t easy to do. They had to cross a river before they could reach the new church. Besides, the bell was too big that not a hundred bulls could carry it. Even the biggest and strongest men helped but they still found it difficult to move the bell and would retire helpless. When they were half-way across the river, the church bell feel and sank into the deepest portion of the river. Never again did the people find it. Many would say that a beautiful mermaid was guarding it. She was a very beautiful half woman, half fish creature who sang so sweetly. However, many claimed that her melodious voice brought danger to fearless community people who would come to look for the bell. Whoever would attempt to get it would get drowned. Remember! Read and Learn! Predictions - are guesses you make about what you think will happen in a story. To be able to make good predictions, one must find clues given in the sotry.
  103. 103. 100 Activity 3: Read and predict. A boy wearing dirty shirt and faded pants entered a gate where a grand party was going on. Seeing that many people were having fun with lavish drinks and sumptuous food, he excitedly joined in. He started getting his share of the food served on the table. He enjoyed the music as he ate. Suddenly, the party host, a tall man came close to him. In one sentence or two, predict what may happen next. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________ Activity 4: Here are some words taken from the story. Arrange them alphabetically and number them 1 – 10. _____easy _____ cross _____mermaid _____bulls _____giant _____river _____drown _____voice _____sink _____loud POST ASSESSMENT Exercise # 1: I. Circle all words with affixes. unify missing dirty buy wireless mistress bountiful colorless misjudge under unhealthy joyful Let’s Try This!
  104. 104. 101 II. Choose five of the words in Test I and use them in sentences. 1. ___________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________ 3. ___________________________________________________ 4. ___________________________________________________ 5. ___________________________________________________ III. Number the following words from 1 – 10 to show their alphabetical order. _____ table _____ decorations _____ chair _____ floor _____ stairs _____ kitchen _____ window _____ roof _____ furniture _____ bedroom Week 5 Read the following sentences taken from the essay “It’s About Working Together.” Could there be nouns replaced by the underlined words in the sentences? If these words replace nouns, what do we call them? Can we give specific person pointed out by these words? How many is referred to by the words “someone”, “everyone”, “everybody”? Why do you say so? How many is referred to by the word “all”? Why do you say so? These words are indefinite pronouns. Why are they called indefinite pronouns? What are indefinite pronouns? Tell and Learn! 1. Teamwork is helping someone out when he needs it. 2. It is the spirit that pushes everyone to work together as one. 3. Anything is possible to achieve when everybody helps out. 4. All win as a team and all lose as a team.