First PhD Seminar LOCAL KNOWLEDGE AND CAPACITY IN MANAGEMENT OF DISASTER VULNERABILITY:A Case Study Of Coastal Areas Of Sindh. Research Scholar Abdul Razzaq khan Guide Prof. Dr. Pervez Ahmed Pathan Sindh Development Studies Centre (SDSC) University of Sindh, Jamshoro. Co-guide Prof. Dr. Abida Taherani Sindh Development Studies Centre (SDSC) University of Sindh, Jamshoro.
Layout of the Presentation Back Ground Introduction Previous Literature . Justification and scope Objectives of the Study Hypothesis Research Methodology References.
Back Ground Pakistan is one of the most vulnerable developing countries to suffer very often from various natural disasters. Pakistan ranked 48 in relatively high mortality risk from multiple hazards with 22.8% total area and 49.6% of total population on risk. The coastal areas of Sindh are most vulnerable and exposed to cyclones. 1999 cyclone wiped out 73 settlements from Badin and Thatta. .6 million people affected and killing of 11,000 cattle and causing loss of Rs.380 million PKR in 1999 cyclone
Projected path of cyclone Yemyin, which made landfall at Ormara in Sindh and Baluchistan province, on 26th June 2007 Source: Information Bulletin no.02/2007, 26 June 2007, Glide No. TC-2007- 000084-PAK and TC-2007-000085-PAK
Introduction Types of Disasters Natural Disasters: An event caused by natural forces of nature that often has a significant effect on human populations. Typically the human populations either are displaced (left homeless) or killed. Man made disasters: Events which are caused by man, either intentionally or by accident, which that can directly or indirectly cause severe threats, either directly or indirectly, to public health and/or well-being
Introduction (continue…) Key stages within disaster risk management. Pre-Disaster (Before a disaster) Disaster Occurrence (During a disaster) Post-disaster (After a disaster. Present study intends to examine The scale of disaster in Pakistan over past 20 years Capacity to reduce disaster vulnerability through local knowledge. local knowledge, skills and resources with a more dynamic and anthropological perspective rather than merely rediscovering static knowledge
Destruction of Cyclone 2007 in District Thatta Source; http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/348438.stm
Previous Literature Disaster’ is defined as a crisis situation causing wide spread damage which far exceeds our ability to recover. From 1980 to 2007 about 8093 natural hazard events has recorded with average 343 events per year in the world. By 2015 on average over 375 million people per year are likely to be affected . South Asia from 1991 to 2007 more then 459,770 thousand people have died and 1,122,719 thousand have affected.
People Affected by Climate-related Disasters 1980 to 2007 (millions) with Forecast to 2015
Reported Natural Disaster Impacts in South Asia (1990–2008)
Justification and scope Formulating policy framework for minimizing natural disaster. Highlighting major factors of disasters Help in policy making for govt. as well as NGOs Uncover the local strengths of tackling disasters Highlighting linked problems of study area
Justification and scope Recognizing socio-economic loss Identifying major causes to develop preventive measures. Enable to reduce hurdles of study area. Enable to improve strategies regarding the issue
Cyclone in Coastal belt of Sindh 1999 Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cyclone_03B_25_jun_2007_0610Z.jpg#filelinks
Objective of the Study To study and examine the background, scale and major causes of disasters, both natural and man-made in the coastal region of Sindh. To assess the impact of cyclone/floods on the natural livelihood resources and socio-economic status of the coastal communities. To examine the existing strength and local knowledge of communities in reducing disaster vulnerability and managing post disaster effects. To analyze public initiatives in disaster management- both pre and post disaster. To develop policy suggestions for the government, national and international development institutions as well as advocacy input for disaster prevention and mitigation in the region
Hypotheses People do not possess knowledge about symptoms of disaster to come, Government always effectively implement the policy (disaster reduction measures) without involving local knowledge to reduce disaster vulnerability. Disaster Management Units always use local knowledge in Pre and Post Disaster activities. Local knowledge is very small in magnitude and could be used only for few preventive measures.
Methodology Research Design Descriptive survey Focused group interviews Secondary reviews. Data Primary and secondary data Secondary data Public and private sector offices working on Disaster Management. Primary data Household survey Target population: Badin and Thatta
Sample and Sampling Method Sample size : 240 Sampling technique: Purposive Sampling Analysis of Data. Techniques like percentages, charts, tables, figures, Microsoft excel and SPSS will be used to analyze the data
Tools and Techniques for Data Collection Tools
Case studies, life histories and oral as well as written stories.
REFERENCES Agrawal, A. (1995) .Dismantling the Divide between Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge., Development and Change, Vol. 26. Hague: Institute of Social Studies 1995 Anderson, M. and Woodrow, P. (1989) Rising from the Ashes : Development Strategies in Times of Disaster. Paris:UNESCO. Bankoff, G. (2001) .Rendering the World Unsafe: Vulnerability. as Western Discourse., Disasters, 2001, 25(1): 19-35. Oxford: Blackwell. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), (2006), Natural Hazards and Disaster Management. Delhi: Preet Vihar. EM-DAT: Emergency Events Database. (online database, accessed in August 2008). Larson, R.C., M.D. Metzger, and M.F. Cahn.”Responding to emergencies: lesson learned and need for analysis”. Interfaces 37(6)(2006): 486-501