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Local Knowledge and Capacity Management of Disaster Vulnerability, A Case Study of Coastal Areas of Sindh

Local Knowledge and Capacity Management of Disaster Vulnerability, A Case Study of Coastal Areas of Sindh

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A Razzaq Presentation Ff R A Razzaq Presentation Ff R Presentation Transcript

  • First PhD Seminar
    LOCAL KNOWLEDGE AND CAPACITY IN MANAGEMENT OF DISASTER VULNERABILITY:A Case Study Of Coastal Areas Of Sindh.
    Research Scholar Abdul Razzaq khan
    Guide
    Prof. Dr. Pervez Ahmed Pathan
    Sindh Development Studies Centre (SDSC)
    University of Sindh, Jamshoro.
    Co-guide
    Prof. Dr. Abida Taherani
    Sindh Development Studies Centre (SDSC)
    University of Sindh, Jamshoro.
  • Layout of the Presentation
    Back Ground
    Introduction
    Previous Literature .
    Justification and scope
    Objectives of the Study
    Hypothesis
    Research Methodology
    References.
  • Back Ground
    Pakistan is one of the most vulnerable developing countries to suffer very often from various natural disasters.
    Pakistan ranked 48 in relatively high mortality risk from multiple hazards with 22.8% total area and 49.6% of total population on risk.
    The coastal areas of Sindh are most vulnerable and exposed to cyclones.
    1999 cyclone wiped out 73 settlements from Badin and Thatta.
    .6 million people affected and killing of 11,000 cattle and causing loss of Rs.380 million PKR in 1999 cyclone
  • Projected path of cyclone Yemyin, which made landfall at Ormara in Sindh and Baluchistan province, on 26th June 2007
    Source: Information Bulletin no.02/2007, 26 June 2007, Glide No. TC-2007- 000084-PAK and TC-2007-000085-PAK
  • Introduction
    Types of Disasters
    Natural Disasters:
    An event caused by natural forces of nature that often has a significant effect on human populations. Typically the human populations either are displaced (left homeless) or killed.
    Man made disasters:
    Events which are caused by man, either intentionally or by accident, which that can directly or indirectly cause severe threats, either directly or indirectly, to public health and/or well-being
  • Introduction (continue…)
    Key stages within disaster risk management.
    Pre-Disaster (Before a disaster)
    Disaster Occurrence (During a disaster)
    Post-disaster (After a disaster.
    Present study intends to examine
    The scale of disaster in Pakistan over past 20 years
    Capacity to reduce disaster vulnerability through local knowledge.
    local knowledge, skills and resources with a more dynamic and anthropological perspective rather than merely rediscovering static knowledge
  • Destruction of Cyclone 2007 in District Thatta
    Source; http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/348438.stm
  • Previous Literature
    Disaster’ is defined as a crisis situation causing wide spread damage which far exceeds our ability to recover.
    From 1980 to 2007 about 8093 natural hazard events has recorded with average 343 events per year in the world.
    By 2015 on average over 375 million people per year are likely to be affected .
    South Asia from 1991 to 2007 more then 459,770 thousand people have died and 1,122,719 thousand have affected. 
  • People Affected by Climate-related Disasters 1980 to 2007 (millions) with Forecast to 2015
  • Reported Natural Disaster Impacts in South Asia (1990–2008)
  • Justification and scope
    Formulating policy framework for minimizing natural disaster.
    Highlighting major factors of disasters
    Help in policy making for govt. as well as NGOs
    Uncover the local strengths of tackling disasters
    Highlighting linked problems of study area
  • Justification and scope
    Recognizing socio-economic loss
    Identifying major causes to develop preventive measures.
    Enable to reduce hurdles of study area.
    Enable to improve strategies regarding the issue
  • Cyclone in Coastal belt of Sindh 1999
    Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cyclone_03B_25_jun_2007_0610Z.jpg#filelinks
  • Objective of the Study
    To study and examine the background, scale and major causes of disasters, both natural and man-made in the coastal region of Sindh.
    To assess the impact of cyclone/floods on the natural livelihood resources and socio-economic status of the coastal communities.
    To examine the existing strength and local knowledge of communities in reducing disaster vulnerability and managing post disaster effects.
    To analyze public initiatives in disaster management- both pre and post disaster.
    To develop policy suggestions for the government, national and international development institutions as well as advocacy input for disaster prevention and mitigation in the region
  • Hypotheses
    People do not possess knowledge about symptoms of disaster to come,
    Government always effectively implement the policy (disaster reduction measures) without involving local knowledge to reduce disaster vulnerability.
    Disaster Management Units always use local knowledge in Pre and Post Disaster activities.
    Local knowledge is very small in magnitude and could be used only for few preventive measures.
  • Methodology
    Research Design
    Descriptive survey
    Focused group interviews
    Secondary reviews.
    Data
    Primary and secondary data
    Secondary data
    Public and private sector offices working on Disaster Management.
    Primary data
    Household survey
    Target population: Badin and Thatta
  • Map of Coastal area of Sindh
  • Sample and Sampling Method
    Sample size : 240
    Sampling technique: Purposive Sampling
    Analysis of Data.
    Techniques like percentages, charts, tables, figures, Microsoft excel and SPSS will be used to analyze the data
  • Tools and Techniques for Data Collection
    Tools
    • Structured observations
    • Semi-structured dialogue
    • Transect walk as a crosscutting research technique.
  • Tools and Techniques for Data Collection (Conti…)
    Techniques:
    • Review of secondary sources: Documents, reports, books, files, maps, aerial photos and statistical bulletins.
    • Direct observation of disaster affected areas and communities.
    • Semi-structured interviews of key individuals focus groups and mixed groups asking probing questions.
    • Ranking and scoring of issues and options.
    • Diagramming and analysis of maps.
    • Stakeholder Analysis.
    • Case studies, life histories and oral as well as written stories.
  • REFERENCES
    Agrawal, A. (1995) .Dismantling the Divide between Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge., Development and Change, Vol. 26. Hague: Institute of Social Studies 1995
    Anderson, M. and Woodrow, P. (1989) Rising from the Ashes : Development Strategies in Times of Disaster. Paris:UNESCO.
    Bankoff, G. (2001) .Rendering the World Unsafe: Vulnerability. as Western Discourse., Disasters, 2001, 25(1): 19-35. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), (2006), Natural Hazards and Disaster Management. Delhi: Preet Vihar.
    EM-DAT: Emergency Events Database. (online database, accessed in August 2008).
    Larson, R.C., M.D. Metzger, and M.F. Cahn.”Responding to emergencies: lesson learned and need for analysis”. Interfaces 37(6)(2006): 486-501
  • Thank You