First PhD Seminar<br />LOCAL KNOWLEDGE AND CAPACITY IN MANAGEMENT OF DISASTER VULNERABILITY:A Case Study Of Coastal Areas Of Sindh.<br />Research Scholar Abdul Razzaq khan <br />Guide<br /> Prof. Dr. Pervez Ahmed Pathan <br /> Sindh Development Studies Centre (SDSC)<br /> University of Sindh, Jamshoro.<br />Co-guide<br />Prof. Dr. Abida Taherani<br /> Sindh Development Studies Centre (SDSC)<br /> University of Sindh, Jamshoro.<br />
Layout of the Presentation<br />Back Ground<br />Introduction<br />Previous Literature .<br />Justification and scope <br />Objectives of the Study<br />Hypothesis<br />Research Methodology<br />References.<br />
Back Ground<br />Pakistan is one of the most vulnerable developing countries to suffer very often from various natural disasters.<br />Pakistan ranked 48 in relatively high mortality risk from multiple hazards with 22.8% total area and 49.6% of total population on risk.<br />The coastal areas of Sindh are most vulnerable and exposed to cyclones. <br />1999 cyclone wiped out 73 settlements from Badin and Thatta.<br />.6 million people affected and killing of 11,000 cattle and causing loss of Rs.380 million PKR in 1999 cyclone<br />
Projected path of cyclone Yemyin, which made landfall at Ormara in Sindh and Baluchistan province, on 26th June 2007 <br />Source: Information Bulletin no.02/2007, 26 June 2007, Glide No. TC-2007- 000084-PAK and TC-2007-000085-PAK<br />
Introduction<br />Types of Disasters<br />Natural Disasters:<br />An event caused by natural forces of nature that often has a significant effect on human populations. Typically the human populations either are displaced (left homeless) or killed.<br />Man made disasters:<br />Events which are caused by man, either intentionally or by accident, which that can directly or indirectly cause severe threats, either directly or indirectly, to public health and/or well-being<br />
Introduction (continue…)<br />Key stages within disaster risk management.<br />Pre-Disaster (Before a disaster)<br />Disaster Occurrence (During a disaster)<br />Post-disaster (After a disaster.<br />Present study intends to examine <br />The scale of disaster in Pakistan over past 20 years <br />Capacity to reduce disaster vulnerability through local knowledge.<br />local knowledge, skills and resources with a more dynamic and anthropological perspective rather than merely rediscovering static knowledge<br />
Destruction of Cyclone 2007 in District Thatta<br />Source; http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/348438.stm<br />
Previous Literature<br />Disaster’ is defined as a crisis situation causing wide spread damage which far exceeds our ability to recover.<br />From 1980 to 2007 about 8093 natural hazard events has recorded with average 343 events per year in the world.<br />By 2015 on average over 375 million people per year are likely to be affected .<br />South Asia from 1991 to 2007 more then 459,770 thousand people have died and 1,122,719 thousand have affected. <br />
People Affected by Climate-related Disasters 1980 to 2007 (millions) with Forecast to 2015<br />
Reported Natural Disaster Impacts in South Asia (1990–2008)<br />
Justification and scope <br />Formulating policy framework for minimizing natural disaster.<br />Highlighting major factors of disasters<br />Help in policy making for govt. as well as NGOs<br />Uncover the local strengths of tackling disasters<br />Highlighting linked problems of study area<br />
Justification and scope <br />Recognizing socio-economic loss<br />Identifying major causes to develop preventive measures.<br />Enable to reduce hurdles of study area.<br />Enable to improve strategies regarding the issue<br />
Cyclone in Coastal belt of Sindh 1999<br />Source: wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cyclone_03B_25_jun_2007_0610Z.jpg#filelinks<br />
Objective of the Study<br />To study and examine the background, scale and major causes of disasters, both natural and man-made in the coastal region of Sindh.<br />To assess the impact of cyclone/floods on the natural livelihood resources and socio-economic status of the coastal communities.<br />To examine the existing strength and local knowledge of communities in reducing disaster vulnerability and managing post disaster effects.<br />To analyze public initiatives in disaster management- both pre and post disaster.<br />To develop policy suggestions for the government, national and international development institutions as well as advocacy input for disaster prevention and mitigation in the region <br />
Hypotheses<br />People do not possess knowledge about symptoms of disaster to come, <br />Government always effectively implement the policy (disaster reduction measures) without involving local knowledge to reduce disaster vulnerability.<br />Disaster Management Units always use local knowledge in Pre and Post Disaster activities.<br />Local knowledge is very small in magnitude and could be used only for few preventive measures. <br />
Methodology <br />Research Design<br />Descriptive survey<br />Focused group interviews <br />Secondary reviews.<br />Data<br />Primary and secondary data<br />Secondary data<br />Public and private sector offices working on Disaster Management.<br />Primary data<br />Household survey<br /> Target population: Badin and Thatta<br />
Sample and Sampling Method<br />Sample size : 240<br />Sampling technique: Purposive Sampling<br />Analysis of Data.<br /> Techniques like percentages, charts, tables, figures, Microsoft excel and SPSS will be used to analyze the data<br />
Tools and Techniques for Data Collection<br />Tools <br /><ul><li>Structured observations
Transect walk as a crosscutting research technique.</li></li></ul><li>Tools and Techniques for Data Collection (Conti…)<br />Techniques:<br /><ul><li>Review of secondary sources: Documents, reports, books, files, maps, aerial photos and statistical bulletins.
Direct observation of disaster affected areas and communities.
Semi-structured interviews of key individuals focus groups and mixed groups asking probing questions.
Case studies, life histories and oral as well as written stories. </li></li></ul><li>REFERENCES<br />Agrawal, A. (1995) .Dismantling the Divide between Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge., Development and Change, Vol. 26. Hague: Institute of Social Studies 1995<br />Anderson, M. and Woodrow, P. (1989) Rising from the Ashes : Development Strategies in Times of Disaster. Paris:UNESCO.<br />Bankoff, G. (2001) .Rendering the World Unsafe: Vulnerability. as Western Discourse., Disasters, 2001, 25(1): 19-35. Oxford: Blackwell. <br />Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), (2006), Natural Hazards and Disaster Management. Delhi: Preet Vihar.<br />EM-DAT: Emergency Events Database. (online database, accessed in August 2008).<br /> Larson, R.C., M.D. Metzger, and M.F. Cahn.”Responding to emergencies: lesson learned and need for analysis”. Interfaces 37(6)(2006): 486-501 <br />