Wydot tim 3 26-13 by ray murphyPresentation Transcript
Traffic Incident Management Wyoming DOT Supervisors Meeting Cheyenne, WY Ray Murphy, US DOT – FHWA March 26, 20131
Presentation Topics I. National TIM Program… FHWA’s vision II. Business Case for TIM… why it’s important III. National Unified Goal… working together IV. TIM Process… it’s a team effort V. SHRP2 TIM Training 2
Traffic Incident Management (TIM) TIM consists of a planned and coordinated multi-disciplinary process to detect, respond to, and clear traffic incidents so that traffic flow may be restored as safely and quickly as possible Effective TIM reduces the duration and impacts of traffic incidents and improves the safety of motorists, crash victims and emergency responders 3
National TIM Program Vision… Reduce or eliminate responder & motorist injuries & fatalities Promote rapid incident clearance TIM Programs that benefit corridors, regions and states Emphasize TIM as a system operations “core mission” Measure performance / improved TIM responses and programs Standardize Training 4
II. Business Case for TIM Quantifying the Problem - Motorist Safety Every hour, car crashes kill an average of four people on Americas roads. “Traffic crashes really need to be moved to the forefront of the American discussion as the public safety (and) health threat that they are," observes AAA . 5 Evolving Business Case: Why TIM?
Quantifying the Problem - Responder Safety Average annual number of responders struck and killed nationally while working in or near moving traffic: Highway: 100 /year + 20,000 injured Fire/Rescue & EMS: 6 to 8 /year As of March 2013 Killed in the Line of Duty Law Enforcement: 10 to 12 /year Law Enforcement 14 Tow/Recovery: 50 /year Fire Fighters 6 EMS 7Source: Emergency Responder Safety Institute Tow/Recovery 5 6 Evolving Business Case: Why TIM?
Quantifying the Problem -Secondary Incidents Estimated 20-25% of all incidents are secondary They generate ~18 percent of accident fatalities The likelihood of a secondary incident increases ~3% for every minute An incident lasting 35 minutes or more has almost a 100% likelihood of a secondary incident occurring7 Evolving Business Case: Why TIM?
Quantifying the Problem - Societal Costs “The emotional toll for Americans who lose a friend or loved one in a motor vehicle crash has a steep financial counterpart - an average $6 million per fatal accident” Annual cost of traffic crashes: $299.5 B Cost per person ≈ $1,522 8 Evolving Business Case: Why TIM?
Quantifying the Problem -Responder Costs Courtesy of the Washington DOT9
Quantifying the Problem - Freight Issues High volume long haul trucking Lack of alternate route options Motor Carrier Regulations – 11 hours behind wheel Parking and rest areas 10 Evolving Business Case: Why TIM?
Average Daily Long-Haul Freight Truck Traffic on theNational Highway System: 2009 2009 ~14,000 per day ~25,000 per dayOur highway systemhandled the movement of44 million tons of freight (onaverage), worth $40 billion,each day in 2009. 11 Evolving Business Case: Why TIM?
Projected Average Daily Long-Haul Freight TruckTraffic on the National Highway System: 2040 2040 ~20,000 per day ~40,000 per day projections indicate that these numbers will climb to approximately 74 million tons and $108 billion per day by the year 204012 Evolving Business Case: Why TIM?
III. NUG Strategies 12 Core StrategiesObjective 1: Responder Safety1. Recommended Practices for Responder Safety2. Move Over/Slow Down Laws3. Driver Training and AwarenessObjective 2: Safe, Quick Clearance4. Multidisciplinary TIM Procedures5. Response and Clearance Time Goals6. 24/7 Availability 14
12 CoreIII. NUG Strategies StrategiesObjective 3: Prompt, Reliable, Interoperable Communications7. Multidisciplinary Communications Practices and Procedures8. Prompt, Reliable Responder Notification9. Interoperable Voice and Data Networks10. Broadband Emergency Communications Systems11. Prompt, Reliable Traveler Information Systems12. Partnerships with News Media and Information Providers 15
6 Cross-Cutting StrategiesIII. NUG Strategies6 Cross-Cutting Foundational Strategies:13. TIM Partnerships and Programs14. Multidisciplinary NIMS and TIM Training15. Goals for Performance and Progress16. TIM Technology17. Effective TIM Policies18. Awareness and Education Partnerships 16
IV. The TIM Process Detection Verification Detection & Verification Response Response Traffic Site Management Traveler Site Management Management Information Clearance/RemovalClearance / Removal Traffic Management Traveler Information After-Action Review / Debrief After-Action Review/Debrief 17
Detection and Verification The process that brings the incident to the attention of responders Incident victims most vulnerable Traffic flow most disrupted and unpredictable Quick, accurate detection / verification is critical 18
Strategies and/or EnhancementsDetection and Verification Mayday and Automated Crash Notification(ACN) systems Data Trauma Response CCTV surveillance Accident Site Fire/Rescue in high-crash locations I 80/US 189 Interchange – MM 18 Enhanced reference markers 911 and 511 systems 19
Strategies and/or EnhancementsResponse Deployment of: Requires appropriate understanding of the personnel, incident’s nature, equipment, scope and what it will take to clear and communications, restore to normal traffic management, operating conditions. traveler information “Ready Response” Trailers Emergency Response Call-Out Pre-positioned TIM Equipment Staging Policies Enhanced Public Safety Dispatch/CAD 20 Linkages
Strategies and/or EnhancementsSite Management The process of accurately assessing the incident, establishing priorities, coordinating and communicating with responders Incident Command System Vehicle Markings … provides structure Lighting Policies High Visibility Apparel ANSI/ISEA 107-2004 Performance Class 2 or 3 ANSI/ISEA 207-2006 Public Safety Vests 21 http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/
Incident Command System (ICS) ICS is a subset of the Department of Homeland Security’s National Incident Management System (NIMS). Unified Command Utilized when incidents require multijurisdictional or multiagency response Allows all agencies to: Work together respecting authority, responsibility or accountability Manage an incident together by establishing a common set of incident objectives and strategies 22
Clearance / Removal Restoration of capacity May require specialized equipment Often most critical step due to length of time Quick clearance and removal Wyoming “Move-Over Law” Statute: § 31-5-22423 common clearance goals
Measuring SuccessWhat Gets Measured Gets Performed... Quantifying TIM benefits will advance program continuity: Builds program support from managers & elected officials: • Supporting what works Ensures buy-in from diverse stakeholders: • Multiple agencies, coordinated responseNewly Released Supports allocationCost technical and budget resources “Traffic Incident Management of Management and Cost Recovery Primer” http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/fhwahop12044/fhwahop12044.pdf 24
TIM Performance Measures“Roadway” Clearance Time The time between first recordable awareness of an incident (detection/ notification/verification) and confirmation that all lanes are available for traffic flow.“Incident” Clearance Time The time between the first recordable awareness and the time at which the last responder has left the scene.Secondary Crashes The number of secondary crashes beginning with the time of detection of the primary incident where a collision occurs 25
Performance Measure ReportingExample PerformanceMeasures Report Example Performance TMC Verification Time Targets… Roadway Clearance Incidents involving a Time fatality - 90 minutes Incident Clearance Time Incidents involving an Road Ranger Responses injury - 60 minutes Benefit Cost Analysis Incidents involving Travel Reliability property damage only - Travel Time Index 30 minutes Secondary Crashes 26
Towing and Recovery towing industry is a key component accepting and acknowledging them as a roadway partner encourage that you include them in your trainings The Wyoming Highway Patrol does not have a 90 minute policy 27
Strategies and/or Enhancements Traffic Management Traffic Control Standard Operating Guidelines and Training Emergency Alternate Route/Detour Planning Pre-Identified Decision Points Pre-positioned TIM Equipment Ramp Closure Gates/Barricades avoid unnecessary delay and secondary incidents 28
Strategies and/or EnhancementsTraveler Information Real-time, accurate traveler information is key to managing an incident Road Weather Information System 511 Media Partnerships Technology at Rest Areas 29
After-Action Review (AAR) / Debrief A function of an on-going TIM Program (not at the incident scene) Helps ensure success Facilitates inter-agency relationships Evaluation What went well? What went not so well? How can we do better? 30
AAR / DebriefingsTypical Incident AAR/Debrief Incident Debrief Info Review basic details of incident Incident location Utilize pictures and/or video to illustrate Incident duration incident scene Brief description Roundtable discussion/agency Timeline of events perspectives Road closures/alternate Discuss issues and/or areas of concern routes used Identify solutions/enhancements List of responding agencies No finger pointing! Best practices Opportunities for Identify at least one action item per improvement AAR/Debrief 31
Developing a TIM Program The goal of a TIM program Identify, involve, encourage is not to create a response, participation from all responding but rather to allow for a agencies and stakeholders more effective, efficient (i.e. TIM Committee) response for all responding Establish & maintain relationships agencies Collectively assess the “climate” TIM programs and - Where are we now? associated committees Collectively establish goals for and/or task forces are performance and progress - Where do we want/need to go? sustained and on-going 32
TIM Program… Committees Meet regularly to: Establish, confirm, reinforce goals/objectives Consider a vision or mission development activity and subsequent “charter” or “MOU” signed by all participants Identify, discuss problem areas, needs Collaborate in developing solutions, strategies Conduct after-action reviews, debriefs Promote awareness of on-going TIM-related activities and initiatives Monitor training requirements Establish, reinforce and renew relationships 33
National Traffic Incident Management Responder TrainingThe emphasis of Tier 1 training is response activities andthus targets incident responders. 34
National Traffic Incident ManagementResponder Course Audience: Objectives of Program: • Law Enforcement officers Quick Clearance • Fire and Rescue personnel Improved responder safety • Transportation Professionals Improved reliability • Public works Improved motorist safety • Emergency medical services • Towing and recovery • Hazmat responders Approach: • Coroners/medical examiner Core competencies All disciplines participated every step Development of multi-disciplinary training program for all responder stakeholders Cross-training in TIM core competencies 35
In-Person DeliveryTrain the Trainer:Multi-discipline full curriculumdeveloped in SHRP2 L12 project.Classroom Training:Multi-discipline trainers trainedthrough the TtT courses will conductclassroom-based training.Bringing the Paul Jodoin, TIM Program Manager Training to Wyoming FHWA Office of Operations please (202) 366-5465 contact: Paul.Jodoin@dot.gov 36
Thank you! Any questions?FHWA Technical Assistance Programthat provides public sectortransportation stakeholders to tap intothe growing TIM knowledge base.http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/eto_tim_pse/p2p/index.htm Ray Murphy, FHWA Office of Technical Services email@example.com http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/ fhwahop10050x/fhwahop10050x.pdfThis 37 presentation: