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ITS National Update 2011  3-01-11 SIU
 

ITS National Update 2011 3-01-11 SIU

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  • The RC is responsible for Technical Assistance – Technology Deployment – and Technical Training I am located in the Matteson Illinois office, just outside of Chicago.
  • The NAS was established by an Act of Congress that was signed by President Abraham Lincoln on March 3, 1863, at the height of the Civil War, which calls upon the NAS to "investigate, examine, experiment, and report upon any subject of science or art" whenever called upon to do so by any department of the government.
  • Mobility : Cost of congestion is $9.45 billion/yr for the 85 major urban areas (weather causes ~25% of non-recurrent delay on freeways) Productivity: Weather-related delay adds $3.4 billion to freight costs annually Environment: Chemicals affect watersheds, air quality and infrastructure U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood today released updated 2009 fatality and injury data showing that highway deaths fell to 33,808 for the year, the lowest number since 1950.  The record-breaking decline in traffic fatalities occurred even while estimated vehicle miles traveled in 2009 increased by 0.2 percent over 2008 levels. In addition, 2009 saw the lowest fatality and injury rates ever recorded:  1.13 deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled in 2009, compared to 1.26 deaths for 2008. Fatalities declined in all categories of vehicles including motorcycles, which saw fatalities fall by 850 from 2008, breaking an 11-year cycle of annual increases. 4,683 brave Americans have died since the launch of Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan) and Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • The ITS Strategic Research Plan, 2010-2014 was defined through a multimodal Departmental effort. Collectively, the partners set the plan’s guiding vision.
  • Research is for all vehicle types, including fleets. It is for mobile devices/pedestrians. Drivers Infrastructure, we are connected it all for transportation.
  • Title slide: Program Structure We have applications research, looking to the benefits. We have underlying technology work that needs to be done. We have policy work that needs to be completed. All of this is needed so that we can get to decisions about implementation.
  • Invest in supporting development of high value V2X safety applications Examine and assess delivery of applications over a variety of technologies Test and demonstrate applications in real world environment Near Term Activities: Issue RFI on advancing the development and accelerating the deployment of highest value V2V safety applications: Evaluate the effectiveness of safety applications for crash reduction Assess and evaluate human factors implications Research and demonstrate viable approaches to ensure interoperability, security, and scalability of potential solutions. Determine need for a large scale safety field test for V2V, V2I Define the minimal infrastructure requirements
  • An analysis by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration on the types of crashes that can be addressed through V-2-V and V-2-I technology greatly influenced our thinking about the optimal pathway for achieving safety benefits. The analysis found that V-2-V applications (without V2I) have the potential to address up to 82 percent of crash scenarios involving non-impaired drivers, while V2I alone could potentially address only 16% of crash scenarios. While 16% is still significant, the greatest potential safety benefits clearly come from V2V applications. This realization drove us to focus on how to achieve V2V benefits more quickly.
  • Vehicles provide different messages. Basic safety message, gives core data? As applications come along, vehicles might ask for specific types of information. Where is my bus? What is my fastest route. I am full.
  • Picture showing all of this coming together. Standards are shown on this, which haven’t been talked about much in the presentation. Policy – certification and governance models will be available. Overview – describes the basis of the research & gives a high level view of activities Roadmap – illustrates the research tracks & the major activities over a 5 year time line Program Tracks – identifies and organizes the research activities
  • There are a series of steps, that can be done partly in parallel. Step one, we are focused on Safety first and leveraging DSRC. Doing the safety application devleopment for all vehicles types, and looking at aftermarket equipment to accelerate deployment. Key milestone is the 2013 decision.
  • We are going to use the safety pilot to demonstrate the safety systems and the benefits of them. Several contracts for fully integrated systems and the Test Conductor themselves. Safety pilot will provide real world experience and generate data and information for decision making onteh 2013 deciison and will provide a mechanism to implement interoperable products from multiple vendors for Here I am Devices Roadside equipment Aftermarket safety devices.
  • We are also developing, through a systems engineering process, the Architecture for a Core system for connected vehicles. We plan to implement the design in the Connected Vehicle Testbed. Meanwhile the testbed is up and running and can be used to see how equipment operations and works to connect vehicles to provide safety, mobility and environment devices.
  • Additioanlly, we are continuing to develop V to I safety, Mobility and AERIS applications. These applications will be developed using a systems engineering process. The Mobility team recently announced high priority apps in signal systms, transit management, freight management, rescueme, ATIS, and speed harmonization. Plan to have an open source software development process for mobility applications. There will be a data environment to store data used for research and plan for data environments for an implemented system.
  • We plan to build a reference implementation for the system once the architecture is completed.
  • Given all the work, it comes together in a suite of Regional pilots that will seed implementation of the connected vehicle environment and use lessons learned from the safety pilot. Regions could implement any of the V to V, V to I, Mobility or AERIS applications.
  • ITS Strategic Research Plan, 2010-2014 On December 8, 2009, the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) released the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Strategic Research Plan, 2010-2014.  This plan defines the strategic direction for the USDOT's ITS research program for the next five years. The ITS Strategic Research Plan is designed to achieve a vision of a national, multi-modal surface transportation system that features a connected transportation environment among vehicles, the infrastructure and passengers’ portable devices.  This connected environment will leverage technology to maximize safety, mobility and environmental performance. The core of the program is IntelliDriveSM, a suite of technologies and applications that uses wireless communications to provide connectivity with and between vehicles; between vehicles and roadway infrastructure; and among vehicles, infrastructure and wireless consumer devices. Safety : There are over 5.8 million crashes per year on U.S. roadways, resulting in 37,000 deaths annually.  These crashes have a direct economic cost of $230.6 billion and are the leading cause of death for ages four to 34 .  IntelliDriveSM safety applications, using vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications technology based on Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC), are designed to increase drivers' situational awareness and reduce or eliminate crashes by advising or warning drivers of dangerous situations. Mobility : Traffic congestion is an $87.2 billion annual drain on the U.S. economy, with 4.2 billion hours and 2.8 billion gallons of fuel spent sitting in traffic, the equivalent of one work week and three weeks worth of gas every year.   IntelliDriveSM, using V2I capabilities and anonymous information from passengers’ wireless devices relayed through DSRC and other wireless transmission media, has the potential to provide transportation agencies with dramatically improved quality and quantity of real-time traffic, transit and parking data, making it easier to manage transportation systems for maximum efficiency and minimum congestion.  IntelliDriveSM could also enable travelers to change their route, time and mode of travel, based on up-to-the-minute conditions, to avoid traffic jams. Environment : Tailpipe emissions from vehicles are the single largest human-made source of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxides (NOx) and methane.  Vehicles that are stationary, idling and traveling in a stop-and-go pattern due to congestion, emit more than those traveling in free flow conditions.  IntelliDriveSM environmental research is designed to provide data that transportation managers can use to better understand the potential environmental impacts of transportation management decisions made in real time. The ITS Research Strategic Plan assumes that the USDOT's ITS research program will receive the same level of funding as previous years: $100 million per year for five years. In 2010, up to $77 million will be dedicated to multimodal research and an additional $14 million to technology transfer and evaluation. IntelliDriveSM research comprises $49 million of the multimodal research funds. The ITS Research Strategic Plan outlines the following multi-year research activities:
  • Assess mobility and environmental impacts of reducing crashes Develop a core understanding of how new types of data may be used to improve mobility and how existing traffic and planning models and tools can be modified or reinvented with new data. Near Term Activities: Initiate real time traveler information market assessment Conduct probe data application workshop Solicit industry input and develop detailed program plan for VII mobility area.
  • ITS Strategic Research Plan, 2010-2014 On December 8, 2009, the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) released the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Strategic Research Plan, 2010-2014.  This plan defines the strategic direction for the USDOT's ITS research program for the next five years. The ITS Strategic Research Plan is designed to achieve a vision of a national, multi-modal surface transportation system that features a connected transportation environment among vehicles, the infrastructure and passengers’ portable devices.  This connected environment will leverage technology to maximize safety, mobility and environmental performance. The core of the program is IntelliDriveSM, a suite of technologies and applications that uses wireless communications to provide connectivity with and between vehicles; between vehicles and roadway infrastructure; and among vehicles, infrastructure and wireless consumer devices. Safety : There are over 5.8 million crashes per year on U.S. roadways, resulting in 37,000 deaths annually.  These crashes have a direct economic cost of $230.6 billion and are the leading cause of death for ages four to 34 .  IntelliDriveSM safety applications, using vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications technology based on Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC), are designed to increase drivers' situational awareness and reduce or eliminate crashes by advising or warning drivers of dangerous situations. Mobility : Traffic congestion is an $87.2 billion annual drain on the U.S. economy, with 4.2 billion hours and 2.8 billion gallons of fuel spent sitting in traffic, the equivalent of one work week and three weeks worth of gas every year.   IntelliDriveSM, using V2I capabilities and anonymous information from passengers’ wireless devices relayed through DSRC and other wireless transmission media, has the potential to provide transportation agencies with dramatically improved quality and quantity of real-time traffic, transit and parking data, making it easier to manage transportation systems for maximum efficiency and minimum congestion.  IntelliDriveSM could also enable travelers to change their route, time and mode of travel, based on up-to-the-minute conditions, to avoid traffic jams. Environment : Tailpipe emissions from vehicles are the single largest human-made source of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxides (NOx) and methane.  Vehicles that are stationary, idling and traveling in a stop-and-go pattern due to congestion, emit more than those traveling in free flow conditions.  IntelliDriveSM environmental research is designed to provide data that transportation managers can use to better understand the potential environmental impacts of transportation management decisions made in real time. The ITS Research Strategic Plan assumes that the USDOT's ITS research program will receive the same level of funding as previous years: $100 million per year for five years. In 2010, up to $77 million will be dedicated to multimodal research and an additional $14 million to technology transfer and evaluation. IntelliDriveSM research comprises $49 million of the multimodal research funds. The ITS Research Strategic Plan outlines the following multi-year research activities: ITS Strategic Research Plan, 2010-2014 On December 8, 2009, the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) released the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Strategic Research Plan, 2010-2014.  This plan defines the strategic direction for the USDOT's ITS research program for the next five years. The ITS Strategic Research Plan is designed to achieve a vision of a national, multi-modal surface transportation system that features a connected transportation environment among vehicles, the infrastructure and passengers’ portable devices.  This connected environment will leverage technology to maximize safety, mobility and environmental performance. The core of the program is IntelliDriveSM, a suite of technologies and applications that uses wireless communications to provide connectivity with and between vehicles; between vehicles and roadway infrastructure; and among vehicles, infrastructure and wireless consumer devices. Safety : There are over 5.8 million crashes per year on U.S. roadways, resulting in 37,000 deaths annually.  These crashes have a direct economic cost of $230.6 billion and are the leading cause of death for ages four to 34 .  IntelliDriveSM safety applications, using vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications technology based on Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC), are designed to increase drivers' situational awareness and reduce or eliminate crashes by advising or warning drivers of dangerous situations. Mobility : Traffic congestion is an $87.2 billion annual drain on the U.S. economy, with 4.2 billion hours and 2.8 billion gallons of fuel spent sitting in traffic, the equivalent of one work week and three weeks worth of gas every year.   IntelliDriveSM, using V2I capabilities and anonymous information from passengers’ wireless devices relayed through DSRC and other wireless transmission media, has the potential to provide transportation agencies with dramatically improved quality and quantity of real-time traffic, transit and parking data, making it easier to manage transportation systems for maximum efficiency and minimum congestion.  IntelliDriveSM could also enable travelers to change their route, time and mode of travel, based on up-to-the-minute conditions, to avoid traffic jams. Environment : Tailpipe emissions from vehicles are the single largest human-made source of carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxides (NOx) and methane.  Vehicles that are stationary, idling and traveling in a stop-and-go pattern due to congestion, emit more than those traveling in free flow conditions.  IntelliDriveSM environmental research is designed to provide data that transportation managers can use to better understand the potential environmental impacts of transportation management decisions made in real time. The ITS Research Strategic Plan assumes that the USDOT's ITS research program will receive the same level of funding as previous years: $100 million per year for five years. In 2010, up to $77 million will be dedicated to multimodal research and an additional $14 million to technology transfer and evaluation. IntelliDriveSM research comprises $49 million of the multimodal research funds. The ITS Research Strategic Plan outlines the following multi-year research activities:
  • A Clear Solution for Road Weather Information Why do Quality Checking? For agencies, it allows for an assessment of network health, such as Communications (from ESS to agency server) Calibration (if sensors need service) Quality (validity against neighbors and against data from other networks) For end users, it provides a sense of Data Quality (including any biases) Data Reliability (for use in products)
  • Advanced Weather Observing and Forecasting Data Management System Surface Transportation Observations: atmosphere, pavement surface, subsurface, Hydrologic “ One Stop Portal”
  • QCh Algorithms under review: Sea Level Pressure Test Climate Range Test Barnes Spatial Analysis Test Persistence Test Sensor Range Test Like Instrument Test Step Test Dew Point Temperature Test Plus the Manual Set Flag The Completion Flag
  • The Alaska DOT&PF also plans to use Clarus System data during the upgrade of the Alaska-Canada Road Weather Portal, which will improve services required for a natural gas pipeline as well as natural resource and energy development around the Alaska-Canada Highway. Portal upgrades will include integrated traveler information systems, data delivery to trucking dispatch centers and transportation agency centers, integration of vehicle detectors and radio frequency identification with ESS to provide value-added services to commercial vehicle operators, enhanced road weather forecasting including flood and avalanche support, a seasonal weight restriction decision support tool, and non-winter maintenance and construction decision support tools. Alaska DOT & Public Facilities representatives feel that participating in Clarus ICC meetings has fostered sharing of ideas and approaches to quality assurance. Jack Stickel feels that FHWA efforts in leading the community and developing the Clarus System are commendable. He also thinks that easy access to quality checking information on a real-time basis is a key benefit of the system. A real-time quality assurance program and an effective performance measure program are important parts of the DOT’s overall Data Business Plan. The Alaska DOT&PF is the lead state for a planned Aurora Program (http://www.aurora-program.org) project that will use Clarus System data to develop a robust health-of-the-network web application as well as sensor and system performance reports. Personnel from the Virginia DOT access Clarus System data from the State of Virginia and surrounding states to track approaching weather systems. Gene Martin stated that the Clarus System “has proved very useful to our operations folks”. DOT personnel utilize the Clarus System map to view observation data and use a subscription to retrieve quality checking flags. Their internal agency web sites have embedded links to the Clarus System web site. All of the DOT’s maintenance personnel are aware of the Clarus System and “have given very positive feedback”. The Clarus System provides “real time data access for transportation agencies and their vendors”. The Virginia DOT plans to direct their road weather forecast provider to utilize the Clarus System to enhance forecasts.
  • VII Consortium/OEM Participants BMW, Chrysler, Ford, GM, Honda, Nissan, Toyota, VW IntelliDrive is a concept that leverages technology to promote connectivity among vehicles, roadway infrastructure, and wireless devices. Connectivity will create a data-rich environment, providing substantial opportunities to make surface transportation safer, smarter, and more environmentally friendly. The IntelliDrive system will deliver networked connectivity that will truly transform travel. IntelliDrive applications provide connectivity: Among vehicles to enable crash prevention Between vehicles and the Infrastructure to enable safety, mobility and environmental benefits (for example, by maximizing the efficiency of traffic signal phase and timing) Among vehicles, infrastructure, and wireless devices to provide continuous real-time connectivity to all system users I wanted to  make sure all of you and your contractors are aware of our practice for using the IntelliDrive(SM) 1 service mark in documents. It is necessary to use the SM symbol after Intellidrive the first time it is used in the text of a document. Either in parenthesis or superscript (not both). It is also necessary for you to include a footnote stating that “IntelliDrive is a service mark of the U.S. Department of Transportation”.
  • The Vehicle Data Translator (VDT) Probe data are complex and pose a significant challenge for use as weather/road condition measurements Sophisticated processing of the data is required A demonstration VDT is under development to demonstrate probe data potential Data Quality Checking processes: Sensor Range Test Climatological Range Test Neighboring Vehicle Test Neighboring Surface Station Test Model Analysis Test Remote Observation Test (not yet run due to lack of high-resolution satellite-based temperature and pressure data) 2 analyses along the Dulles Toll Road conducted by Noblis (2006) Exploratory look at mobile observing National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) was tasked to develop the Vehicle Data Translator (VDT) Feasibility study (2007) VDT Ver1.0 completed in July, 2009 VDT Ver2.0 on target for completion this summer IntelliDrive SM Development Test Environment in Detroit Source of most of the probe data for the VDT development
  • Derive data and communications requirements for weather, road condition, and vehicle status variables from mobile platforms (Using State DOT vehicles as the source) Enhance and expand post-processing algorithms to turn the data into useful observations that are tied to existing mesonets (e.g., Clarus ) Explore the use of these and other observations in weather-related decision support systems. Clarus will be transitioning over the next few years to the NWS mesonet as part of a “National Next Gen Network”. Schedule is TBD Other observations may include input from other mesonets and networks or State DOT information
  • U.S. Department of Transportation Announces Connected Vehicle Technology Challenge The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA) today announced the Connected Vehicle Technology Challenge, a new national competition seeking ideas for using wireless connectivity between vehicles to make transportation safer, greener and easier. Through the competition, RITA is soliciting ideas for products or applications that use Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC), an advanced wireless technology, similar to WiFi but faster and more secure. DSRC can communicate basic messages – such as alerts about imminent crash situations or roadway hazards – from one vehicle to another in a fraction of a second with minimal interference and without manipulation by the driver. The spectrum used by DSRC technology has been reserved by the Federal Communications Commission for transportation applications. ― This is an example of new technology helping to make transportation safer and more efficient,‖ said U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. DSRC will be the basis for a future system of connected vehicles that will communicate with each other as well as the surrounding infrastructure, such as traffic signals, work zones and toll booths. According to a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration report, wireless Vehicle- to-Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) communications can potentially address 81 percent of all unimpaired vehicle crashes. ― This technology is an opportunity to help create a future where millions of vehicles communicate with each other by sharing anonymous real-time information about traffic speeds and conditions. This new world of wireless communication will make transportation safer, provide better and faster exchange of information for vastly improved daily and long-distance travel, and even reduce environmental pollution,‖ said RITA Administrator Peter Appel. Selected prize recipients will receive funded opportunities to present their winning ideas to unleash a new breed of advanced wireless technologies to make universal vehicle connectivity a reality. The Connected Vehicle Technology Challenge is open to all idea generators and innovators, including those not working in the transportation industry. It will run from Jan. 24 through May 1 and competition rules and additional details can be found at www.Challenge.gov.

ITS National Update 2011  3-01-11 SIU ITS National Update 2011 3-01-11 SIU Presentation Transcript

  • National ITS Program Update… Moving Towards Implementation of Wireless Connectivity in Surface Transportation
      • Ray Murphy, US DOT - FHWA
      • Office of Technical Services – Resource Center
    National ITS Update @ SIU ASCE Student Chapter Meeting – March 3, 2011
  • Overview
    • ITS Update
      • Five Year ITS Strategic Research Plan (2010 – 2014)
      • Major ITS Initiatives
          • Applications for the Environment: Real-Time Information Synthesis (AERIS)
          • The Clarus Initiative
          • The Vehicle Data Translator (VDT)
          • Integrated Mobile Observing (IMO) Project
      • Connected Vehicle Initiative
    • Wrap-Up Q&A
    • Introduction
      • Background
      • Context – Scope of the Problem
    2011 National ITS Update
  • US DOT www.dot.gov/ Turner Fairbank Highway Research Center http://www.tfhrc.gov/ FHWA HQ http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ R esource C enter http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/resourcecenter/ 51 Federal-Aid State Divisions http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/field.html National Highway Institute http://www.nhi.fhwa.dot.gov/ Office of Technical Services Technology Partnership Programs http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/hfl/tech.cfm RITA http://www.rita.dot.gov/ 2011 National ITS Update
  • Office of Technical Services Resource Center Atlanta, GA Georgia Matteson, IL Illinois Technical Assistance – Technology Deployment – Training Lakewood, CO Colorado Baltimore, MD Maryland One Resource Center Five Locations 2011 National ITS Update
    • Ray Murphy, ITS Specialist
    • U.S. Department of Transportation
    • Federal Highway Administration
    • Office of Technical Services
      • Intelligent Transportation Systems
      • 511/Real-Time Data Systems
      • Road Weather Management
      • Emergency Transportation Operations
    San Francisco, CA California
  • THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Advisors to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine The National Academy of Sciences is an honorific society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare.  4 organizations comprise the Academies: the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering , the Institute of Medicine & the National Research Council (NRC). The work of the NRC is made possible by the world’s top scientists, engineers, and other professionals who volunteer their time without compensation to serve on committees and participate in activities.  Transportation Research Board (TRB) - is 1 of 6 major divisions of the NRC. TRB provides leadership in transportation innovation and progress through research & information exchange. TRB engages more than 7,000 engineers, scientists, & other transportation researchers & practitioners from the public and private sectors & academia, all of whom contribute their expertise in the public interest by participating on TRB committees, panels, and task forces. The program is supported by state transportation departments, federal agencies including the component administrations of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and other organizations and individuals interested in the development of transportation. http://www.trb.org/GetInvolvedwithTRB/public/GetInvolvedwithTRB.aspx 2011 National ITS Update It’s all about Partnerships…
  • The Intelligent Transportation Society of America (ITS America) was established in 1991 as a not-for-profit organization to foster the use of advanced technologies in surface transportation systems. They are one of the leading advocates for technologies that improve the safety, security and efficiency of the nation's surface transportation system.   Their members includes private corporations, public agencies, and academic institutions involved in the research, development and design of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies to enhance safety, increase mobility, and sustain the environment.   Mission - to be proactive leaders for all ITS stakeholders promoting collaboration and networking in research, development and design of ITS technologies to accelerate their deployment and sustain the environment. Vision - help save lives, time and money and sustain the environment through broad deployment of interoperable ITS technologies. http://www.itsa.org/worldcongress.html 2011 National ITS Update
  • The ENTERPRISE Program is a FHWA Pooled Fund Study with member agencies from North America and Europe. Its main purpose is to use the pooled resources of its members, private sector partners and the United States federal government to develop, evaluate and deploy Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Members http://www.enterprise.prog.org 2011 National ITS Update Goals and Objectives
    • The goals for ENTERPRISE aim to define areas of benefit which the group intends to pursue. ENTERPRISE goals include the following:
    • increase highway safety;
    • reduce highway congestion;
    • increase highway efficiency;
    • reduce environmental impacts of travel;
    • increase comfort and convenience of travel; and
    • support research and development of promising advanced technologies for use in solving transportation problems.
  • The Scope of the Problem!!! 24% of all crashes occur under adverse weather conditions 2011 National ITS Update
    • Safety
    • ~40,000 deaths/year
    • ~6,000,000 crashes/year
    • Leading cause of death for ages 4 to 34
    • Mobility
    • ~4,200,000,000 hours of travel delay
    • ~$80,000,000,000 cost of urban congestion
    • Environment
    • ~2,900,000,000 gallons of wasted fuel
  • National Congestion 2010 Annual Urban Mobility Report 2011 National ITS Update
  • U.S. Department of Transportation Budget Invests $129 Billion in Restoring America's Economic Competitiveness Monday, February 14, 2011 U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood today said President Obama’s $129 billion budget for the U.S. Department of Transportation, the first year of a comprehensive six-year transportation plan, will lay a new foundation for economic growth and competitiveness by rebuilding the nation’s transportation systems, enabling innovative solutions to transportation challenges and ensuring the highest level of safety for all Americans. Nationwide, our transportation systems are already congested & overburdened.   With the US population expected to grow from more than 300 million in 2010 to more than 400 million by 2050, rebuilding and expanding the capacity of our roads, airports and transit systems is a strategic necessity for long-term economic growth.   The transportation investments proposed in President Obama’s FY12 budget will put Americans to work repairing the bridges and repaving the roads we have now, while supporting the development of the new electric buses and high-speed rail lines of America’s future.  The Administration’s six-year proposal will also provide $336 billion, a 48 percent increase over the previous authorization, to rebuild America’s roads and bridges, and $119 billion, a 128 percent increase over the previous authorization, in funding for affordable, sustainable, and efficient transit options. 2011 National ITS Update
  • http://www.itsa.org/itsa/files/pdf/092910%20Smart%20Technologies%20for%20Communities%20Act.pdf Smart Technologies for Communities Act and related legislation that will be reintroducing this spring as part of the surface transportation reauthorization.   2011 National ITS Update
  • Smart Technologies for Communities Act 2011 National ITS Update The Scope of the Problem!!!
  • Five Year ITS Strategic Research Plan (2010 – 2014) A Truly Multimodal and Connected Effort… Vision To research and facilitate a national, multimodal surface transportation system that features a connected transportation environment around vehicles of all types , the infrastructure, and portable devices to serve the public good by leveraging technology to maximize safety, mobility, and environmental performance. Plan developed with full participation by all surface transportation modal administrations as well as with significant interaction with multi-modal stakeholders. Addressing the Problem!!! 2011 National ITS Update
  • ITS Research = Multimodal and Connected www.ITS.DOT.GOV 2011 National ITS Update Vehicles and Fleets Wireless Devices Infrastructure Drivers/Operators
  • ITS Strategic Research Plan – Overall Work Program 2010 2011 2012 2013 Is Infrastructure Required for Security? Yes No Define Infrastructure Requirements Refine Application Strategy Yes No Deployment Scenarios Preliminary Financial Scenarios Preliminary Deployment Scenarios Final Financial Scenarios Final Governance & Certification Assess Driver Distraction Objective Tests Field Testing Application Assessment Objective Testing Requirements Determination Benefits Determination Field Testing Regulatory Decisions Applications Infrastructure Technology Market Penetration Sustainable Acceptable Scalability Additional Testing Other App Testing Note: Investments extend beyond 2013 2011 National ITS Update Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) Standards Security Positioning Data Define Requirements Technical Testing Develop Business Options Retrofit Feasible? Fleet Turnover OK?
    • Goal: Safety
      • Vehicle to Vehicle Communications for Safety Vehicle to Infrastructure Communications for Safety
      • Goal: Mobility
      • Real-Time Data Capture and Management & Dynamic Mobility Applications
    • Goal: Environment
    National, multi-modal surface transportation system that features a connected transportation environment among vehicles (cars, trucks, buses, fleets of all kinds), the infrastructure, and mobile devices to serve the public good by leveraging technology to maximize safety, mobility and environmental performance. Connectivity is achieved through dedicated short range communications (DSRC).
      • Applications for the Environment: Real-Time Information Synthesis (AERIS)
        • Real-time, environmental data from all sources will be integrated and available for use in multimodal transportation management and performance improvement and will contribute to better environmental practices.
    Five Year ITS Strategic Research Plan (2010 – 2014) 2011 National ITS Update
  • ITS Research Program Components 2011 National ITS Update
  • Safety Applications
    • Leverage technology to make vehicles discoverable to other vehicles, infrastructure, and pedestrians.
    • Enable 360 degree situational awareness to the vehicle/driver for potentially hazardous situations
    2011 National ITS Update
  • ITS Strategic Plan – Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V) Communications for Safety
      • Purpose
        • To accelerate the implementation of next generation of safety improvements through the widespread deployment of V2V - equipped vehicles of all types (truck, transit, auto & fleets)
    • Headlines
      • 76% Crash Scenarios
      • DSRC 5.9GHz
      • Vehicles have 360° awareness (“Here I Am”)
    FY 2011 investment up to $11, 500,000
      • Objectives
        • Reach NHTSA regulatory decision by 2013
        • Accelerate in-vehicle technology to ensure value to the first V2V vehicles
    Safety Applications - The Game Changers 2011 National ITS Update
  • 5.9 GHz DSRC Overview SPECTRUM USED DATA RATE COVERAGE ALLOCATION STATUS INTERFERENCE POTENTIAL MAXIMUM RANGE MINIMUM SEPARATION CHANNEL CAPACITY POWER (Downlink) POWER (Uplink) 75 MHz 6 Mbps - 27 Mbps Overlapping communication zones Co-Primary Status (high protection) Sparsely located Military Radars, Sparsely located Satellite Uplinks 1000 m (~ 3000 ft) 50 ft (on small zone channels) 7 channels Nominally less than 33 dBm (2 W)* Nominally less than 33 dBm (2 W)* ITS RADIO SERVICE is the FCC Part 90 designation for the 915 MHz & 5.9 GHz DSRC spectrum. *Note - as a special case up to 44.77 dBm (30 W) may be use for qualified public safety applications. PARAMETERS 5850 - 5925 MHz Band Green – Substantial Advantage over 91 0 MHz systems 5.9 GHz DSRC (Dedicated Short Range Communications) is a short to medium range communications service that supports both Public Safety and Private operations in roadside infrastructure to vehicle (V2I) & vehicle to vehicle (V2V) communication environments. It is one of the most effective means to deliver rapidly changing information that is time and location dependent. DSRC can be used anywhere timely delivery of data is required. 2011 National ITS Update
  • A World With Connected Vehicles and Travelers “ Here I Am” / Where’s My Bus/Carpool? latitude, longitude, time, heading angle, speed, lateral acceleration, longitudinal acceleration, yaw rate, throttle position, brake status, steering angle, headlight status, wiper status, external temperature, turn signal status, vehicle length, vehicle width, vehicle mass, bumper height 2011 National ITS Update
  • FOUNDATIONAL ANALYSIS PROGRAM AREA Five Year ITS Strategic Research Plan (2010 – 2014) Major Milestones Safety V2I Safety V2V AERIS Data Capture Dynamic Mobility Apps. Safety Pilot Testbed RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT & TESTING PILOT IMPLEMENTATIONS Sys. Eng. Security Standards 7/09 7/11 7/13 7/15 1/11 V2V NHTSA Agency Decision Mobility and Environment Workshop Mobility Benefits Testbed Launch Upgraded Testbed Launch Revised Architecture Released V2I Apps Defined Regional Pilots High-Priority AERIS Applications Selected Safety Workshop AERIS Benefit Safety Pilot Safety Benefits Assessment Completed High-Priority Mobility Apps Announced Qualified Product Lists (QPLs) MOBILITY SAFETY B B B V to V Apps Data Environments Apps Develop Initial Aftermarket V to I Apps Policy Certification Governance Prototype Certification Process Prototype Governance Structure Prototype Security Process It will take a series of steps to get there… 2011 National ITS Update
  • Step One – Accelerate V to V Safety
    • Develop a Core Set of Applications
    • Conduct Benefits Assessment
    • Develop Driver Vehicle Interface Guidelines
    • Define Globally Harmonized Standards
    • Assess Security Issues
    • Accelerate V to V DSRC Devices
      • Basic Safety Message Broadcast Devices (Here I am)
      • Aftermarket Safety Devices
    • Prepare for 2013 NHTSA Agency Decision
    SAFETY 2011 National ITS Update Human Factors
  • Step 2 - Demonstrate Safety
    • Safety Pilot
    • Major road test and real world implementation taking place 2011 – 2013 involving:
      • Multiple vehicle types
      • Fully integrated systems and aftermarket devices
      • Test Prototype security mechanisms, and
      • Certification processes
    • Goals
      • Support real world V2V and V2I applications with a data rich environment
      • Establish benefits data in support of NHTSA 2013 Agency Decision on V2V Communications with Real World Field Data
      • Create Public Awareness & Determine User Acceptance
    SAFETY 2011 National ITS Update
  • Step 3 – Define the System and Establish a Testing Environment “ In the street – running Jan 2012” CA Testbed FL Testbed NY Testbed FHWA Turner Fairbank Testbed SAFETY 2011 National ITS Update Systems Engineering Approach Aug./Sept. 2010 Oct. to Dec. 2010 Jan. to March 2011 Summer 2011
  • Step 4 - Build V to I Safety, Mobility, and AERIS Data Environments and Applications
    • V to I for Safety – Accelerate Signal Phase and Timing (SPAT) Based Applications, Smart Roadside, and Transit
    • Prototype the Data Environment of the Future – All Vehicles as Probes and Open Data
    • Prototype, Field Test and Analyze Mobility Applications
      • Use Open Source Software Approach to accelerate deployment
    • Define and Test AERIS Applications
    Signal Systems Transit Management Freight R.E.S.C.U.E.M.E ATIS Speed Harmonization MOBILITY Applications for the Environment: Real-Time Information Synthesis (AERIS) 2011 National ITS Update
  • Step Five – Build a Reference Implementation
    • Reflect the System Architecture
    • Utilize Harmonized International Standards
    • Implement a Certification Process
    • Implement a Governance Process
    • Implement a Security Process
    Policy Five Year ITS Strategic Research Plan (2010 – 2014) 2011 National ITS Update
    • Multiple Implementation Areas
    • Opportunity to Pilot a variety of applications per area’s need (Sites choose from a suite of field tested applications)
    • Seeds Implementation
    • Uses Lessons Learned from Safety Pilot
    • Builds on a Stakeholder Defined Architecture
    • Accelerates DSRC for Safety
    • Leverages Available Wireless Communications for Mobility and Environment Applications
    • Leverages Private Sector Investments Occurring Now
    Step 6 - Conduct Regional Pilots It will take a series of steps to get there… 2011 National ITS Update
  • Five Year ITS Strategic Research Plan (2010 – 2014) – Real-Time Data Capture & Management
    • Purpose
      • To accelerate the implementation of the next generation of transportation system improvements by providing real-time, cross-modal (bus, rail, parking, roadway) information in all 50 states that will improve energy conservation, traveler information, safety, and reduce congestion
    • Purpose
      • To improve transportation mobility by providing travelers and transportation system operators with real-time, dynamic, cross-modal decision-making capabilities through access to a nationwide suite of applications based on improved collection and processing of real-time data, supplemented by improved communications between vehicles (transit, truck, auto and fleets) and infrastructure
    Dynamic Mobility Applications FY 2011 investment up to $1, 995,000 FY 2011 investment up to $8,000,000
    • Headlines
      • Applications for Real-Time data that are both DSRC & non DSRC-based
      • V2I Multi-modal applications for mobility
    • Headlines
      • Real-Time multimodal information throughout the U.S. captured from connected vehicles, devices and infrastructure.
    2011 National ITS Update
  • Mobility and Environment
    • Enhance mobility and environmental benefits through fewer crashes and richer data
    2011 National ITS Update
  • ITS Strategic Plan – Applications for the Environment: Real-Time Information Synthesis (AERIS) Road Weather Management
      • Purpose
        • To generate/acquire environmentally-relevant real-time transportation data, use this data to create actionable information to support and facilitate “green” transportation choices, and assist system users and operators with “green” transportation alternatives or options
    Approved FY 2011 Funding: $1,930,000
    • Purpose
      • To facilitate and improve the value of road weather information provided by both public and private sector weather communities to all transportation users and operators through robust data assimilation, quality checking and effective dissemination
    FY 2011 investment up to $4,600,000 2011 National ITS Update Real-time… Robust data…
  • The Clarus Initiative
    • A database management system for all surface transportation weather observations in North America
    • One database removes borders
    • Provides advanced quality checking for both atmospheric & pavement data
    • Includes extensive metadata
    www.clarus-system.com
    • Easy access via web portal & subscription
    • Once development completed, transfer to NOAA for operations
    Road Weather Management… 2011 National ITS Update
    • The Clarus System provides near real-time atmospheric and pavement observations from participating states’ environmental sensor stations (ESS).
    • Functions include:
      • data assimilation,
      • quality checking, and
      • data dissemination
    2011 National ITS Update
  • 2011 National ITS Update
      • Integrated traveler information systems
      • Data delivery to trucking dispatch centers and transportation agency centers
      • Integration of vehicle detectors and radio frequency identification with ESS for CVO services
    How Transportation Agencies are using ITS applications such as the Clarus System to Improve Operations 2011 National ITS Update
  • Vehicle-based Probe Data Weather Data & the Connected Vehicle 2011 National ITS Update
  • The Vehicle Data Translator (VDT)
    • Functions
    • Parsing
    • Filtering
    • Quality Checking
    • Data integration
    • Statistical processing
    • Data export
    VDT Data Parser Processing Cache Data Filtering Algorithms Data Quality Checking Statistical Processing Output Queue Ancillary Data Data Subscribers sophisticated processing of data Road Weather Management developed by NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) 2011 National ITS Update Data Network
  • Clarus Connected Vehicle Data Capture VDT (NCAR) Wireless communications e.g. 3G/4G cellular or RF data-link State DOT Vehicles State DOT Clarus Regional Demo 2-5 MDSS MMS Other Connected Vehicle Applications DOT Operations NCAR State DOT entity Clarus entity Connected Vehicle Entity Commercial or gov’t program Legend : Internet data flow Step I Step II Step III Step IV & V Project Vision Wireless data flow Integrated Mobile Observing & Dynamic Decision Support New Project Road Weather Management 2011 National ITS Update
  • Connected Vehicle Challenge- Mode Specific Research Achieved Through A national, multi-modal surface transportation system that features a connected transportation environment among vehicles, the infrastructure, and portable devices to serve the public by leveraging technology to maximize safety, mobility and environmental performance … and a suite of targeted research and development initiatives that support cross-modal ITS solutions www.Challenge.gov. 2011 National ITS Update
  • Opportunity for Safer Driving The Connected Vehicle has the potential to address 82% of the vehicle crash scenarios involving unimpaired drivers
    • Greater situational awareness
      • Your vehicle can “see” nearby vehicles and knows roadway conditions you can’t see
    • Reduce or even eliminate crashes thru:
      • Driver Advisories
      • Driver Warnings
      • Vehicle control
    2011 National ITS Update
  • Opportunity for Greater Mobility & Efficiency
    • Creating an information-rich environment for multi-modal transportation solutions.
      • Traveler information for rerouting or “modal shift” options
      • Better management & system performance of road network
      • Urban planning
    • Environmental benefits
      • Reduced stopping/starting at traffic signals which consumes 3-5 times more fuel than constant driving
      • Navigation systems with real time information can reduce fuel consumption by 10.5% over systems without real time traffic data
    2011 National ITS Update
  • 2011 National ITS Update Opportunities are endless…
      • Ray Murphy, US DOT - FHWA ray.murphy@dot.gov 708-215-0979
    My sincere appreciation goes out to Professor Eichfeld, Megan Hoelscher – ASCE President and the members of the ASCE Student Chapter! Thank you for your time and attention - best wishes on all future endeavors! On behalf of the US DOT/FHWA… 2011 National ITS Update http://www.slideshare.net/raymurphy9533/2011-national-its-update-2-2511-public-version?from=share_email