THESIS 1 UPDATE Ray Mancini | Prof. Tom Klinkowstein
PROBLEM/HYPOTHESISMany modern speech therapies have deficiencies, and no single technique works foreveryone suffering from d...
RESEARCH OUTLINE
1: Introduction1. State that I am a stutterer2. Define Stuttering3. Use statistics to show it is a significant problem4. Dis...
2: Stuttering and Speech Therapy1. Three main types of Stuttering (repetition, prolongation, blocking)2. How stuttering is...
3: Design Thinking1. Define Design Thinking2. Show an example from the design world that users may understand3. Show that d...
4: A new system based on design thinkingDefine the basic idea of my new “system”“I am not creating a new system of therapy....
4a: How the system could operate1. Personal Stance/BeliefsBe aware of your own decisions, and inquire about the beliefs an...
4b: How the system could operate2c. Test this inference.Create a prototype/experiment and test your “hunch”. If necessary,...
5: ConclusionCreate a conclusive ending, as well as greater aspirations for futureimplementation.
John HarrisonHarrison is a copywriter, scriptwriter, and a writer of corporate trainings andbooks. He is also a gifted spe...
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October 24th - Thesis 1 Update

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October 24th - Thesis 1 Update

  1. 1. THESIS 1 UPDATE Ray Mancini | Prof. Tom Klinkowstein
  2. 2. PROBLEM/HYPOTHESISMany modern speech therapies have deficiencies, and no single technique works foreveryone suffering from disfluency. More often, speech therapists emphasizephysiological behaviors and techniques, while not fully confronting or understandinga stutterer’s mental anxieties and personal experiences.In contrast to current stuttering approaches, which often set unrealistic expectationsof perfection, strict guidelines, or focus on only one area for improvement, designthinking examines a problem holistically and promotes experimentation.Using design thinking’s human-centered observation, prototyping, and constantrefinement, a robust system of speech disfluency evaluation and experimentationcould be created to facilitate self-improvement and augment existing therapy.
  3. 3. RESEARCH OUTLINE
  4. 4. 1: Introduction1. State that I am a stutterer2. Define Stuttering3. Use statistics to show it is a significant problem4. Discuss speech therapy in general • no miracle cure, many methods/schools of thought, room for improvement5. Mention a bit about design thinking • the ways designers think in order to solve a problem6. State the problem7. State the hypothesis
  5. 5. 2: Stuttering and Speech Therapy1. Three main types of Stuttering (repetition, prolongation, blocking)2. How stuttering is generally evaluated3. Stuttering Therapies and Treatment approaches in-depth • General Categories (DAF, Fluency shaping, stuttering modification, • Notable Therapies and approaches • Limitations/critiques of specific and overall therapies/approaches4. Therapy statistics (effectiveness, satisfaction, therapy vs. no therapy)5. Stuttering and Society • Cultural and social relevance • Myths and stigmas that work against stutterersNotes:• Add in personal vignettes• Incorporate research from interviews & discussions with stutterers and therapists
  6. 6. 3: Design Thinking1. Define Design Thinking2. Show an example from the design world that users may understand3. Show that designers and stutterers have similar “issues” or variables that affecthow they operate or achieve success. • Possible Example: John Harrison’s Hexagon & T-Shaped Persons • “Stuttering can be more accurately understood as a system involving the entire person” - John Harrison
  7. 7. 4: A new system based on design thinkingDefine the basic idea of my new “system”“I am not creating a new system of therapy. I am creating a method/system ofevaluation, experimentation, and discussion to help stutterers bring new insight totheir stuttering (and to themselves) in an exploratory, incremental way. Only YOU(the stutter) really know every variable and nuance of how your stutter and itseffects. This new system will allow you to discover these observable variables anduse these insights to achieve your own goals.”Through a new example, show how design thinking is the basis for this new system,and how it would apply to stuttering.Roger Martin:Designer’s Personal Knowledge System (Stances, Tools, and Experiences)Values validity and exploration. Rather than perpetuate the past, designer creates the future.
  8. 8. 4a: How the system could operate1. Personal Stance/BeliefsBe aware of your own decisions, and inquire about the beliefs and assumptions behind them. Beready to embrace the complexity that comes with evaluating your stuttering.“Why am I afraid of the phone? Do I just dismiss it without reason, or is there something I can workon there?”2a. ObservationObserving subjects in action. For stuttering, video taping and posting situations (like phone calls)enables immediate evaluation of my stuttering, as well as getting analysis from others. Look forpatterns/insight.2b. ImaginationBased on the video taping, make an inference to why you are behaving certain ways (abductivereasoning). This can’t be proved in advanced, only through exploration. You are asking if this maybe true.“Do I make calls better after I exercise for 10 minutes? It seems like it...”
  9. 9. 4b: How the system could operate2c. Test this inference.Create a prototype/experiment and test your “hunch”. If necessary, refine it each time as youbegin to observe patterns. Can it be refined more?2d. ConfigurationMake the results of your inference into a repeatable activity that works for you, as well as fittinginto your current therapy or treatment.3. ExperiencesMaster your tools, but don’t lose sight of originality in approaching new problems. While youcontinue to practice your speech techniques, and may master them within the confines of certainsituations, you should be prepared to try new situations out and expand your knowledge base.“I speak incredibly well when ordering from this familiar restaurant, but I really should try anunfamiliar one sometime and see what happens.”
  10. 10. 5: ConclusionCreate a conclusive ending, as well as greater aspirations for futureimplementation.
  11. 11. John HarrisonHarrison is a copywriter, scriptwriter, and a writer of corporate trainings andbooks. He is also a gifted speaker, speechwriter and presentation coach, aswell as a “former” stutterer.He wrote a 600-page book about it:REDEFINING STUTTERING: What the struggle to speak is really all about“You need a supportive environment where you can practice, experiment,totally let go, and trust your inner self without fear of penalty.”According to John Harrison s Hexagon, stuttering is the by-product of sixHexagon points: physiological responses, behaviors, beliefs, emotions,beliefs, perceptions and intentions. Changing these elements of theHexagon will lead Changing these elements of the Hexagon will lead usautomatically away from stuttering.”Harrison runs public speaking workshops through his “Speaking Freely”organization in San Francisco, where individuals pay to practice their publicspeaking skills with each other, using observation and refinement. Alsodescribes how to do this at home with your own groups. He has outlinedspecific steps to accomplish this. He doesn’t believe in traditional therapy,and doesn’t feel you should identify as a stutterer. Many stutterers find itcontroversial (feels like self-help program).
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