Sex-trade in Thailand … where law is not implemented SOLD
Oldest known profession
Early as 16 th -17 th century
“ rest & recreation”
I ntercourse & I ntoxication
Prostitution Prohibition Act in 1960 United nations Did not work ! passed
After the PPA 1960
woman from rural area became prostitutes !
More Increase Prostitutes Before the act 15% age 15-19 Increased to 25% Age 15-19 after
Entertainment places act of 1966
“ special services”
Prevention & Suppression
of Prostitution Act of 1996
Law outlaw Not enforced
Isaan region 50,000 in 2003
$300 Million transfer to rural area
2003 & 2005 Annual Income
$22.5 & $27 Billion!
Thailand’s Sex Tourism Andrea Martinez “ On this trip, I’ve had sex with a 14 year old and 15 year old . I’m helping them financially. If they don’t have sex with me, they may not have enough food. If someone has a problem with me doing this, let UNICEF feed them.” - Ret. US Schoolteacher
“ When someone travels to another country for the purpose of paying to have sex, especially with children.”
American military during Vietnam War
Bangkok Pattaya Phuket Koh Samui
Thailand’s neighboring countries
Northern hill tribes
Getting the word out there
1995, 25 US businesses offering arranged sex tours
“Sex with two young Thai girls for the price of a tank of gas.”
There has been a 50% increase in total amount of sex industry establishments from 1998-2003
Cycle of Transmission Foreigners-Local Spread of HIV Local-Rural Spread of HIV 2. Unprotected sex 3. Hollowing-out effect In rural villages 1. Rural, uneducated, Money for family. 2. Contract/spread Disease 3. unprotected sex with spouse or others 1. Local and international tourist
Expectation for women to support and make sacrifices for the family
Clients are given the option for condom use rather than the sex workers
Lack in education, especially among sex workers
Children thought less likely to contract diseases
Thai Government and U.S. military signed treaty allowing soldiers to have “I&I”
Thai Government implemented Prostitution and Prohibition Act of 1960
Thai Government passed Entertainment Places Act
Transcending the Cycle
Controlled & regulated by the government
100% condom use in sex industry
Free testing and health care provided for women
Educational programs aimed at sex workers, employers, and tourist.
First mentioned in the West in reports from sailors visiting Siam in the 16 th and 17 th centuries. (Siam was former name of Thailand until 1939)
Prostitution has been illegal since the United Nations pressured the Thai government to pass a law against it in 1960.
Thai government passed the Entertainment Places Act of 1966 to allow for “special services”.
Prevention and Suppression of Prostitution Act of 1996 outlaws the hiring of prostitutes under the age of 18.
Legal age of sexual consent is 15. (The Age 2003)
Hard to determine true number of child prostitutes because it is illegal, therefore not reported.
The CPCR (Center for the Protection of Children’s Rights Foundation) estimates there are tw0 million prostitutes, 800,000 under the age of 18, and 200,000 under the age of 12. (Francoer 1997-2001)
Thai government only estimates that 30,000 – 40,000 prostitutes are under the age of 18. (The Nation 2004)
“Body Massage” Parlors, Hostess Bars, and Karaoke Bars all cater to mainly locals and other Asians
Go-go Bars and “Beer Bars” cater to Western expatriates and tourists.
Make Money for Family
Many children are captured in Burma.
Much of Thailand-Burmese border is unchecked and easy to cross.
Children sold or captured to be taken to Thailand to be prostitutes
Children are literally slaves forced to have sex with at least 1-2 men a day, and up to 26 men in a day
Many are kept on drugs to keep them awake, but submissive
Get them addicted then they won’t stop because they need the drugs
Work for their freedom
Cost of sex is between $20 and $50 U.S. dollars
Girls keep $1.20 per day for food and brothel gets the rest
Rural families are poor so it is common for the children to be sold to brothels
Will be forced by family to go work at brothels and send back money
Stories of parents drugging their children and selling them to brothels
HIV/AIDS is very prevalent
One of many brothels raided pulled out 12 girls under the age of 18 and 11 of the 12 were HIV positive. (Sorajjakool 2003)
“ Mr. Condom”, Mechai Veravaida, has campaigned tirelessly for 100% condom use which has greatly cut down the new cases of HIV/AIDS. (Pusurinkham 2007)
It is illegal for brothels to allow sex without condoms
HIV/AIDS rates monitored by local clinics to help determine brothels that allow sex without condoms. (The Age 2003)
Francoeur, Robert 1997-2001 ”T he International Encyclopedia of Sexuality”. Volume I–IV 1997–2001. April 6, http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/thailand.html r: International Encyclopedia of Sexuality
Pusurinkham, Sirirat 2007, “Child Prostitution in Thailand”. April 6, http://www.thewitness.org/agw/pusurinkham.121901.html r:A Globe of Witnesses
Sorajjakool, Siroj 2003, Child Prostitution in Thailand: Listening to Rahab . New York: The Haworth Press
The Age 2003, “Thailand Mulls Legal Prostitution”. April 6, http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/11/26/1069825832486.html?oneclick=true
The Nation 2004, “ Prostitution: More Thais selling sex, study finds”. April 6, http:// www.nationmultimedia.com/search/read.php?newsid =91309