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  1. 1. Thailand <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Political System </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Important Festivals </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting Places </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Lies in Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>world's 51st-largest country </li></ul><ul><li>20th most-populous country, with approximately 63 million people. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Capital and largest city of Thailand is Krungthep. </li></ul><ul><li>Krung Thep&quot;, meaning &quot;City of Angels&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Outside of Thailand, the city is known throughout the world as Bangkok. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The country's center of political, commercial, industrial and cultural activities. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Political System <ul><li>Government system </li></ul><ul><li>The King </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Government system </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentary Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to England, we recognize the monarch as the head of the state, but the Prime Minister is the one who runs the country. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Sovereignty King Legislative Branch (Parliament) Administrative Branch (Prime Minister) Judiciary Branch (Court)
  8. 10. <ul><li>The King </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional monarchy with King Bhumibol Adulyadej as the ruling monarch. </li></ul><ul><li>The King has reigned for more than half a century </li></ul><ul><li>The longest reigning Thai monarch and the longest reigning current monarch in the world. </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>The King is recognized as the Head of State, the Head of the Armed Forces, the Upholder of the Buddhist religion, and Defender of the Faith. </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>94.7% of the total population are Buddhists of the Theravada tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims are the second largest religious group in Thailand at 4.6% </li></ul><ul><li>Christians, mainly Catholics, represent 0.75% of the population. </li></ul>Religion
  11. 17. Culture <ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>Greeting </li></ul><ul><li>Cuisine </li></ul><ul><li>Art & Music </li></ul><ul><li>Sport </li></ul><ul><li>Important Festivals </li></ul>
  12. 18. <ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>Respect towards ancestors is an essential part of Thai spiritual practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Thai have a strong sense of hospitality and generosity, but also a strong sense of social hierarchy. </li></ul><ul><li>Seniority is an important concept in Thai culture. Elders have by tradition ruled in family decisions or ceremonies. </li></ul>
  13. 19. <ul><li>Greeting </li></ul><ul><li>The traditional Thai greeting, the wai, is generally offered first by the youngest of the two people meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Usually coinciding with the spoken word &quot;Sawat-dii khrap&quot; for male speakers, and &quot;Sawat-dii ka&quot; for females. </li></ul><ul><li>The elder then is to respond afterwards in the same way. Social status and position, such as in government, will also have an influence on who performs the wai first. </li></ul><ul><li>The wai is a sign of respect and reverence for another </li></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>Cuisine </li></ul><ul><li>Blends five fundamental tastes: sweet, spicy, sour, bitter and salty. </li></ul><ul><li>Some common ingredients used in Thai cuisine include garlic, chilly, lime juice, lemon grass, and fish sauce. </li></ul>
  15. 22. <ul><li>The staple food in Thailand is rice which is included in almost every meal. </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand is the world's largest exporter of rice, and Thais domestically consume over 100 kg of milled rice per person per year. </li></ul>
  16. 23. <ul><li>Art & Music </li></ul><ul><li>Most of Thai art and music are related to Buddhist beliefs and the king. </li></ul>
  17. 26. <ul><li>Sport </li></ul><ul><li>Muay Thai, or Thai boxing, is the national sport in Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Achieved popularity all over the world in the 1990s. </li></ul><ul><li>Muay Thai has received with its full-contact rules allowing strikes including elbows, throws and knees. </li></ul>
  18. 27. <ul><li>Besides Muay Thai, Thailand also have several kinds of traditional sports </li></ul>
  19. 28. <ul><li>Songkran </li></ul><ul><li>Loy Khrathong </li></ul>Important Festivals
  20. 29. <ul><li>Songkran festival </li></ul><ul><li>Songkran falls in the hottest time of the year in Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>The day is April 13 th , but the festival usually lasts till the 15 th </li></ul><ul><li>The most obvious celebration of Songkran is the throwing of water. </li></ul><ul><li>People roam the streets with containers of water or water guns, or post themselves at the side of roads with a garden hose and drench each other and passersby . </li></ul>
  21. 31. <ul><li>Songkran was traditionally a time to visit and pay respects to elders, including family members, friends and neighbors . </li></ul>
  22. 32. <ul><li>Loy Krathong </li></ul><ul><li>Loy Krathong is held on the full moon of the 12th month in the traditional Thai lunar calendar. In the western calendar this usually falls in November. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Loi &quot; means &quot; to float &quot;. &quot; Krathong &quot; is a raft about a handspan in diameter traditionally made from a section of bana na tree trunk decorated with elaborately - folded banana leaves, flowers, candles, incense sticks etc . </li></ul>
  23. 33. <ul><li>The festival probably originated in India as a Hindu festival similar to Deepavali as thanksgiving to the deity of the Ganges with floating lanterns for giving life throughout the year . </li></ul><ul><li>T he act of floating away the candle raft is also symbolic of letting go of all one's grudges, anger and defilements, so that one can start life afresh on a better foot. </li></ul>
  24. 34. Interesting Places