Movement for Canadian Literacy : "The ability to understand and use printed material found at home, at work and in the community - to achieve one's goals and develop one's knowledge and potential.”
The US Workforce Investment Act of 1998 defines literacy as
"an individual's ability to read, write, speak, compute and solve problems at levels of proficiency necessary to function on the job, in the family of the individual and in society.”
The New Literacies …. becoming fully skilled in the new literacies of information and communication technology (ICT) such as word processors, web editors, presentation software & e-mail. However, this means using these ICT’s in new ways that involve participation, collaboration, distributed production and relationships (Lankshear & Knobel, 2007).
As ICT has increasingly shaped our society, the skills we need to function successfully have gone beyond reading;
literacy has come to include the skills and the mindset associated with the use of ICT. (the “technical stuff” and the “ethos stuff” (Lankshear & Knobel, 2007).
Information Literacy - consists of skills, strategies, and ways of thinking that are essential to success in a knowledge-based economy.
Information literacy is the ability to find and use information with critical discrimination in order to build knowledge.
An information literate person is a lifelong learner expert at using complex cognitive processes with diverse technological tools in order to solve problems in personal, social, economic, and political contexts. (National document- CSLA/ATLC)
Beyond traditional and context-based literacies – higher order framework for understanding it.
Learners must navigate in and out of multiple discourses in all aspects of life (Lankshear & Knobel, 207).
Howard Gardner (1990) “…regardless of the discipline, one must be able to read and write the symbolic forms present in one’s culture.”
Elliot Eisner (1991) “ … the ability to encode and decode meaning in any of the forms used in culture to represent meaning” Such as… print, visual signage and symbols or icons, oral traditions music, art, dance, natural rhythms (the tides, the seasons, the weather)