IntroductionIndia stepped up its airport securityafter the 1999 Kandahar hijacking.The Central Industrial Security Force, aparamilitary organisation is in charge ofairport security under the regulatoryframe work of the Bureau of CivilAviation Security ( Ministry of CivilAviation Security).CISF formed an Airport Security Groupto protect Indian airports.Every airport has now been given anAPSU (Airport Security Unit), a trainedunit to counter unlawful interferencewith civil aviation.Apart from the CISF every airline has anaviation security force which is aseparate department.
- The CISF controls airport security at allcommercial airports in India.-Airport security, in the past, was under thecontrol of the Airport Police (under the StateGovernment).-However, following the hijacking of IndianAirlines Flight 814 in 1999, the topic ofhanding over security of the airports to theCISF was first proposed.-While this proposal lay low for the next twoyears, the Central Government woke up tothe security threat after the September 11,2001 attacks in the United States of Americaand decided to implement the suggestion.-The Jaipur Airport was the first airport thatcame under the CISFs control on 03rd feb2000.-Following this, majority of the commercialairports in India were brought under itspurview.-As of now CISF is protecting a total of 54international and domestic airports in thecountry.
Issues of Airport SecurityAirport Security has various layers to prevent possible breaches, but totalsecurity is not completely possible. We Should follow a layered approach to(a) Airport security such as bomb sniffing dogs, biological / chemicaldetectors, closed circuit TVs(b) Security checkpoints such as screening passengers by observationtechniques, boarding pass check, identification check, metal detectors, traceportals, carry-on baggage screening, checked baggage screening, andsecondary screening of individuals. Still then, absolute security is a myth.There are always weak areas that can be exploited by experiencedprofessionals. However, if the layers of a security system are workingtogether, threats can be significantly minimized.Since each airport is unique in physical and operational characteristics, weneed to check how a commercial service airport will meet its daily regulatoryrequirements for the three essential areas: landside, terminal and airside.The landside area has commercial and private vehicle areaThe terminal area has public, non-public, and sterile areasThe airside area has secured areas, air operations areas, and securityidentification display areas.
TechnologyTechnology is a necessary tool in the field of airport security.The advances of airport security technology enhance the overall security process, not only as a deterrent, but also to providea greater range of observation and detection.Examples of technological advances today in the aviation industry related to passenger boarding (within the airport terminalbuilding) include explosive detection, full body scanners, x-ray equipment, observation cameras, metal detectors, and otheradvanced equipment.On the outside of the terminal, several other types of technologies are used, which include,Airport surface detection equipment(ASDE)Airport movement area safety system(AMASS)Precision runway monitoring(PRM)Ground safety tracking and reporting system(GSTRS)Runway status lights(RWSL)However, technology is only one layer of security and cannot be a sole point of protection.Only a proper multi-tiered security operation can achieve the ultimate goal of safety of passengers, airport personnel and theairport itself.
Training- Professional security, especially in the aviationindustry, requires special skills, knowledge andabilities.- Security personnel must have the ability toidentify potential elements of improvisedexplosive devices.- Other critical abilities of an airport securityprofessional include the detection ofquestionable behavior, interpersonalcommunication to be proactive in quickly- Developing a rapport with people in order todetermine whether or not an individual may beinvolved in terrorist activity, and how to assessmultiple threat possibilities.- The hiring of unqualified personnel is the firststep in the defeat of a multi-tiered securityoperation.- The only way to obtain this knowledge isthrough extensive and continued training and
Improving Airport Security Provide basic security training to all airport personnelincluding ticket agents and baggage handlers. A longer, more comprehensive training program thatincludes live training scenarios, counter-terrorist tactics, etc. Furthermore, training should be on a continuing basis atleast monthly. It is also absolutely essential that aviation securityprofessionals are proficient with any equipment used on adaily basis, or other equipment used in the event of anemergency situation.For example, any unusual situation requiring immediateaction, security professionals must be able to handle thesituation.Shutting down airport operations scares passengers whilewaiting for law enforcement to arrive seems to be the currenttactic used in airport security, which is very unprofessional.Raise standards of physical fitness that involve an agility testequivalent to any other government agent or law enforcement
Conclusion Given the threat of terrorism we are facing today, it is absolutelynecessary to improve security in the aviation industry includingairports. Worldwide travel is convenient and relatively inexpensive, a keyelement in the proliferation of terrorist networks throughout theworld. Despite advances in technology in airport security, there is nosubstitute for highly trained and qualified personnel. In the aviation security industry, technology is only one layer ofsecurity and human factors of security cannot be overlooked orminimized. Over reliance on technology is a trap that leaves passengers,aircrews, and airport personnel vulnerable to a terrorist attack. Over reliance on technology is a trap that leaves passengers,aircrews, and airport personnel vulnerable to a terrorist attack. Contrary to popular belief, giving aviation security officers’ badgesand expensive equipment does not make them professionals.