Montesquieu and locke

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has information on both political theorists Charles Montesquieu and John Locke

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Montesquieu and locke

  1. 1. MONTESQUIEUG O V E R N M E N T LEGITIMACY OF • Montesquieu felt that everything was made up of laws as laws were a natural part of life. • The institution of government led to three types of laws: law of nations, political laws and the civil law.
  2. 2. JOHN LOCKE Legitimacy of Government • The Aim of Legitimate government is to preserve the rights to life and liberty of citizens • Government should prosecute those who violate the right of the citizens
  3. 3. MONTESQUIEU Government by the Consent of the Governed • Montesquieu spoke at great length about democracy, and described democracy as the power of persons electing their ministers. • Montesquieu believe the underlying principle of democracy was virtue, where the public interest was greater than that of personal interest.
  4. 4. JOHN LOCKE Government by the consent of the Governed • Government derived by the consent of the people • Government can be withdrawn when the freedom of the individual is violated.
  5. 5. MONTESQUIEU Separation of Powers • In an attempt to ensure that no one individual or group threated the freedom of the people by seizing all the power, Montesquieu advocated his idea of the separation of powers • This spoke to the division of government power into three branches inclusive of: the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
  6. 6. JOHN LOCKE Separation of Powers • Believed that government must be divided into different branches namely executive and legislative • Believed that the two branches work hand in hand to execute the law and govern effectively
  7. 7. MONTESQUIEU Individual Liberty • Montesquieu described liberty as the freedom to do as much as possible while abiding by the laws which are implemented to ensure our safety. • In an effort to ensure that citizens have as much freedom as possible laws should only be concerned with public order, security and outward conduct.
  8. 8. JOHN LOCKE Individual Liberty • He believes that we are born naturally free and should be protected by the state of nature which is the government • The laws of nature should be origin by the laws of nature and not the state.

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