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Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
Simple Present
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Simple Present

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  • 1. Simple Present Rolando Villarreal Rogelio Guillén
  • 2. Introduction <ul><li>Simple present is also called present simple. </li></ul><ul><li>The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. </li></ul><ul><li>The simple present also expresses facts in the present. </li></ul>
  • 3. Simple Present - Form <ul><li>be </li></ul><ul><li>Use: </li></ul><ul><li>am with the personal pronoun I </li></ul><ul><li>is with the personal pronouns he, she or it (or with the singular form of nouns) </li></ul><ul><li>are with the personal pronouns we, you or they (or with the plural form of nouns) </li></ul><ul><li>example: I am hungry. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>have </li></ul><ul><li>Use: </li></ul><ul><li>have with the personal pronouns I , you, we and they (or with the plural form of nouns) </li></ul><ul><li>has with the personal pronouns he, she, it (or with the singular form of nouns). </li></ul><ul><li>example: I have a dog. </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>All other verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Use: </li></ul><ul><li>the infinite verb with the personal pronouns I , you , we and they (or with the plural form of nouns). </li></ul><ul><li>the verb + s with the personal pronouns he , she , it (or with the singular form of nouns) </li></ul><ul><li>  Negative sentences and questions </li></ul><ul><li>Are formed with the auxiliary verb do .The 3rd person singular of do is does . This means that in negative sentences and questions the s of the main verb is placed behind do . </li></ul>
  • 5. EXAMPLES <ul><li>You speak English. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you speak English? </li></ul><ul><li>You do not speak English. </li></ul><ul><li>[VERB] + s/es </li></ul><ul><li>He speaks English. </li></ul><ul><li>Does he speak English? * </li></ul><ul><li>He does not speak English.* </li></ul>* Auxiliary verbs steal the e/es to the verb.
  • 6. WHEN YOU CAN USE THE SIMPLE PRESENT?
  • 7. 1. Repeated Actions <ul><li>Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. </li></ul><ul><li>The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. </li></ul><ul><li>It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do. </li></ul>
  • 8. Examples: <ul><li>I play tennis. </li></ul><ul><li>She does not play tennis. </li></ul><ul><li>Does he play tennis? </li></ul><ul><li>The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. </li></ul><ul><li>The train does not leave at 9 AM. </li></ul><ul><li>When does the train usually leave ? </li></ul><ul><li>She always forgets her purse. </li></ul><ul><li>He never forgets his wallet. </li></ul><ul><li>Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Does the sun circle the Earth? </li></ul>
  • 9. 2. Facts or Generalizations <ul><li>The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also used to make generalizations about people or things. </li></ul>
  • 10. Examples <ul><li>Cats like milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Birds do not like milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Do cats like milk? </li></ul><ul><li>California is in America. </li></ul><ul><li>California is not in the United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows are made of glass. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows are not made of wood. </li></ul><ul><li>New York is a small city (It is not important that this fact is untrue). </li></ul>
  • 11. 3. Scheduled Events in the Near Future <ul><li>Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. </li></ul><ul><li>This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well. </li></ul>
  • 12. Examples: <ul><li>The train leaves tonight at 6 PM. </li></ul><ul><li>When do we board the plane? </li></ul><ul><li>The party starts at 8 o&apos;clock. </li></ul><ul><li>When does class begin tomorrow? </li></ul>
  • 13. 4. Now (Non-Continuous Verbs) <ul><li>Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. </li></ul>
  • 14. Examples: <ul><li>I am here now. </li></ul><ul><li>She is not here now. </li></ul><ul><li>He needs help right now. </li></ul><ul><li>He has his passport in his hand. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have your passport with you? </li></ul>
  • 15. Questions with interrogatives <ul><li>I go to the cinema on Saturdays . </li></ul><ul><li>When do I go to the cinema? </li></ul><ul><li>We go to Mallorca because it is warm there. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we go to Mallorca? </li></ul><ul><li>Joe repairs his bike . </li></ul><ul><li>What does Joe repair? </li></ul><ul><li>Robin drives his car carefully . </li></ul><ul><li>How does Robin drive his car? </li></ul><ul><li>Peter runs with his dog every day . </li></ul><ul><li>When does Peter run with his dog? </li></ul><ul><li>Eric goes to Italy for a holiday . </li></ul><ul><li>What does Eric do? </li></ul>
  • 16. ADVERB PLACEMENT <ul><li>The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You only speak English. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you only speak English? </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. ACTIVE / PASSIVE <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Once a week, Tom cleans the car. Active </li></ul><ul><li>Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom. Passive . </li></ul>

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