Simple Present Rolando Villarreal Rogelio Guillén
Introduction <ul><li>Simple present is also called present simple. </li></ul><ul><li>The simple present expresses an actio...
Simple Present - Form      <ul><li>be </li></ul><ul><li>Use: </li></ul><ul><li>am  with the personal pronoun  I </li></ul>...
<ul><li>All other verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Use: </li></ul><ul><li>the   infinite verb   with the personal pronouns   I ,  y...
EXAMPLES <ul><li>You  speak  English.  </li></ul><ul><li>Do  you  speak  English?  </li></ul><ul><li>You  do not speak  En...
WHEN YOU CAN USE THE SIMPLE PRESENT?
1. Repeated Actions <ul><li>Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. </li></ul><ul>...
Examples: <ul><li>I  play  tennis.  </li></ul><ul><li>She  does not play  tennis.  </li></ul><ul><li>Does  he  play  tenni...
2. Facts or Generalizations <ul><li>The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before,...
Examples <ul><li>Cats  like  milk.  </li></ul><ul><li>Birds  do not like  milk.  </li></ul><ul><li>Do  cats  like  milk?  ...
3. Scheduled Events in the Near Future <ul><li>Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in ...
Examples: <ul><li>The train  leaves  tonight at 6 PM.  </li></ul><ul><li>When  do  we  board  the plane?  </li></ul><ul><l...
4. Now (Non-Continuous Verbs) <ul><li>Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that  an action is hap...
Examples: <ul><li>I  am  here now.  </li></ul><ul><li>She  is not  here now.  </li></ul><ul><li>He  needs  help right now....
Questions with interrogatives <ul><li>I go to the cinema  on Saturdays . </li></ul><ul><li>When do I go to the cinema?   <...
ADVERB PLACEMENT <ul><li>The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, sti...
ACTIVE / PASSIVE <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Once a week, Tom  cleans  the car.   Active   </li></ul><ul><li>Once ...
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Simple Present

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Simple Present

  1. 1. Simple Present Rolando Villarreal Rogelio Guillén
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Simple present is also called present simple. </li></ul><ul><li>The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. </li></ul><ul><li>The simple present also expresses facts in the present. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Simple Present - Form <ul><li>be </li></ul><ul><li>Use: </li></ul><ul><li>am with the personal pronoun I </li></ul><ul><li>is with the personal pronouns he, she or it (or with the singular form of nouns) </li></ul><ul><li>are with the personal pronouns we, you or they (or with the plural form of nouns) </li></ul><ul><li>example: I am hungry. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>have </li></ul><ul><li>Use: </li></ul><ul><li>have with the personal pronouns I , you, we and they (or with the plural form of nouns) </li></ul><ul><li>has with the personal pronouns he, she, it (or with the singular form of nouns). </li></ul><ul><li>example: I have a dog. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>All other verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Use: </li></ul><ul><li>the infinite verb with the personal pronouns I , you , we and they (or with the plural form of nouns). </li></ul><ul><li>the verb + s with the personal pronouns he , she , it (or with the singular form of nouns) </li></ul><ul><li>  Negative sentences and questions </li></ul><ul><li>Are formed with the auxiliary verb do .The 3rd person singular of do is does . This means that in negative sentences and questions the s of the main verb is placed behind do . </li></ul>
  5. 5. EXAMPLES <ul><li>You speak English. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you speak English? </li></ul><ul><li>You do not speak English. </li></ul><ul><li>[VERB] + s/es </li></ul><ul><li>He speaks English. </li></ul><ul><li>Does he speak English? * </li></ul><ul><li>He does not speak English.* </li></ul>* Auxiliary verbs steal the e/es to the verb.
  6. 6. WHEN YOU CAN USE THE SIMPLE PRESENT?
  7. 7. 1. Repeated Actions <ul><li>Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. </li></ul><ul><li>The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. </li></ul><ul><li>It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples: <ul><li>I play tennis. </li></ul><ul><li>She does not play tennis. </li></ul><ul><li>Does he play tennis? </li></ul><ul><li>The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. </li></ul><ul><li>The train does not leave at 9 AM. </li></ul><ul><li>When does the train usually leave ? </li></ul><ul><li>She always forgets her purse. </li></ul><ul><li>He never forgets his wallet. </li></ul><ul><li>Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Does the sun circle the Earth? </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2. Facts or Generalizations <ul><li>The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also used to make generalizations about people or things. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Examples <ul><li>Cats like milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Birds do not like milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Do cats like milk? </li></ul><ul><li>California is in America. </li></ul><ul><li>California is not in the United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows are made of glass. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows are not made of wood. </li></ul><ul><li>New York is a small city (It is not important that this fact is untrue). </li></ul>
  11. 11. 3. Scheduled Events in the Near Future <ul><li>Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. </li></ul><ul><li>This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Examples: <ul><li>The train leaves tonight at 6 PM. </li></ul><ul><li>When do we board the plane? </li></ul><ul><li>The party starts at 8 o'clock. </li></ul><ul><li>When does class begin tomorrow? </li></ul>
  13. 13. 4. Now (Non-Continuous Verbs) <ul><li>Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Examples: <ul><li>I am here now. </li></ul><ul><li>She is not here now. </li></ul><ul><li>He needs help right now. </li></ul><ul><li>He has his passport in his hand. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have your passport with you? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Questions with interrogatives <ul><li>I go to the cinema on Saturdays . </li></ul><ul><li>When do I go to the cinema? </li></ul><ul><li>We go to Mallorca because it is warm there. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we go to Mallorca? </li></ul><ul><li>Joe repairs his bike . </li></ul><ul><li>What does Joe repair? </li></ul><ul><li>Robin drives his car carefully . </li></ul><ul><li>How does Robin drive his car? </li></ul><ul><li>Peter runs with his dog every day . </li></ul><ul><li>When does Peter run with his dog? </li></ul><ul><li>Eric goes to Italy for a holiday . </li></ul><ul><li>What does Eric do? </li></ul>
  16. 16. ADVERB PLACEMENT <ul><li>The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You only speak English. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you only speak English? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. ACTIVE / PASSIVE <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Once a week, Tom cleans the car. Active </li></ul><ul><li>Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom. Passive . </li></ul>

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