Installation Guide
SAP ERP 6.0 Including SAP Enhancement Package 5 - Technical
Usage “Central Applications” Java on Window...
About this Installation Guide
SAP System Installation
SAP system installations should only be performed by SAP Technical C...
Document History
CAUTION
Before you start the implementation, make sure you have the latest version of this document.
You ...
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
Chapter 4 Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
6.4 Logging On to the SAP NetWeaver Development Infrastructure
(NWDI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
6.26.6 Running the Web Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
6.26.7 Uplo...
7.11.3 Initial Technical Configuration for the Portal (Usage Types EPC and
EP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
8.4 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205...
This page is left blank for documents
that are printed on both sides.
1 Introduction
This document explains how to install SAP ERP 6.0 including SAP enhancement package 5 - technical
usage “Ce...
In addition to the SAP ERP software units, you can install the following SAP NetWeaver usage types
with SAPinst:
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ËÇË SA...
1.1 New Features
The table below provides an overview of the new features related to the installation.
Make sure that you ...
1.2 SAP Notes for the Installation
You must read the following SAP Notes before you start the installation. These SAP Note...
SAP Note Number Title Description
925741 Adobe Document Services with
Nonsupported Platforms
To use ADS in SAP landscapes ...
This page is left blank for documents
that are printed on both sides.
2 Installation Options Covered by this
Guide
This section shows the installation options covered by this guide. You have t...
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For more information about the system components you have to in...
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2.4 Dialog Instance
You can install one or more dialog instances for an existing SAP system. Dialog instance...
NOTE
We do not recommend installing dialog instances on the SAP global host.
NOTE
If you want to install a dialog instance...
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  1. 1. Installation Guide SAP ERP 6.0 Including SAP Enhancement Package 5 - Technical Usage “Central Applications” Java on Windows: Oracle Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.0 Including Enhancement Package 2 Target Audience {õÐ˚³L System Administrators {õÐ˚³L Technical Consultants PUBLIC {õÐúŒ…µ˙;ÒßÆGhsrò4>܉H ³Q€‡�•6H….ñßD^ëŒÛžf/¸ÒÎ,ûeìá_`gÓ|fl−LŽ’ùR)�êł¤flI
  2. 2. About this Installation Guide SAP System Installation SAP system installations should only be performed by SAP Technical Consultants certified for your operating system, your database, and the SAP system that you are installing SAP Installation Tool You must only use the SAP installation tools according to the instructions and for the purposes describedintheSAPinstallationdocument.ImproperuseoftheSAPinstallationtoolscandamagefiles and systems already installed. Downward Compatibility of Databases Fordownward-compatiblereleasesofDB/OSplatformsforSAPproducts,SAPplanstoregularlyrelease the newest database (DB) and operating-system (OS) versions of SAP products. These releases are downward-compatible with earlier SAP system releases. Note that for already shipped SAP components, we only support the installation for database versions proposed by the installation tool. Therefore, you must install an SAP component or perform a system copy using a downward-compatible database. That is, you either install the component with the old proposed database version or you upgrade the old database version to the downward-compatible new version. 2/238 PUBLIC 2010-12-20
  3. 3. Document History CAUTION Before you start the implementation, make sure you have the latest version of this document. You can find the latest version at the following location:http://service.sap.com/erp-inst. The following table provides an overview of the most important document changes. Version Date Description 1.0 2010-12-20 Initial Version 2010-12-20 PUBLIC 3/238
  4. 4. Table of Contents Chapter 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.1 New Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1.2 SAP Notes for the Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 1.3 How to Use This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Chapter 2 Installation Options Covered by this Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.1 Central System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2.2 Distributed System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2.3 High Availability System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2.4 Dialog Instance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 2.5 Installation of Additional Usage Types or Software Units in an Existing SAP System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.6 Host Agent as a Separate Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Chapter 3 Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.1 Planning Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.2 Hardware and Software Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.2.1 Running the Prerequisite Checker in Standalone Mode (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.2.2 Requirements for a Central System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 3.2.3 Requirements for a Distributed System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 3.2.4 Requirements for a High-Availability System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.2.5 Requirements for the Dialog Instance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 3.2.6 Requirements for the Host Agent as a Separate Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 3.3 Planning User and Access Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 3.4 Basic SAP System Installation Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 3.5 Domain or Local Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 3.6 Distribution of SAP System Components to Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 3.7 SAP Transport Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 3.8 Multiple Oracle Homes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 3.9 Internet Pricing and Configurator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 4/238 PUBLIC 2010-12-20
  5. 5. Chapter 4 Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 4.1 Preparation Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 4.2 Disabling the Windows Server 2008 (R2) Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 4.3 Performing Basic Windows Preparation Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 4.4 Required User Authorization for Running SAPinst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 4.5 Preparing the SAP System Transport Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 4.6 Generating the SAP Solution Manager Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 4.7 Installing the Java Development Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 4.8 Downloading JCE Policy Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 4.9 Preparing the Installation Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Chapter 5 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 5.1 Installation Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 5.2 Installing the Oracle Database Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 5.2.1 Installing the Oracle 10g Database Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 5.2.1.1 Installing the Oracle 10g Database Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 5.2.1.2 Installing the Current Patch Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 5.2.1.3 Installing the Current Patch Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 5.2.2 Installing the Oracle 11g Database Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 5.2.2.1 Installing the Oracle 11g Server Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 5.2.2.2 Installing Required Generic Patches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 5.2.2.3 Installing the Current Patch Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 5.2.2.4 Installing the Current Patch Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 5.3 Setting Up Multiple Homes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 5.4 Running SAPinst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 5.5 Additional Information About SAPinst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 5.5.1 How to Avoid Automatic Logoff by SAPinst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 5.5.2 Interrupted Installation with SAPinst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 5.5.3 Performing a Remote Installation with SAPinst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 5.5.4 Starting SAPinst GUI Separately . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 5.5.5 Running SAPinst in Accessibility Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 5.5.6 Entries in the Services File Created by SAPinst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Chapter 6 Post-Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 6.1 Post-Installation Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 6.2 Logging On to the Application Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 6.3 Logging On to the Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 2010-12-20 PUBLIC 5/238
  6. 6. 6.4 Logging On to the SAP NetWeaver Development Infrastructure (NWDI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 6.5 Configuring User Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 6.6 Installing the SAP License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 6.7 Applying the Latest Kernel and Support Package Stacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 6.8 Creating Symbolic Links on Windows Server 2008 (R2) for Application Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 6.9 Configuring Remote Connection to SAP Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 6.10 Performing Post-Installation Steps for the Java Application Server . . . . . . . . . 94 6.11 Ensuring User Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 6.12 Performing Oracle-Specific Post-Installation Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 6.13 Performing a Full System Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 6.14 Setting Environment Variable CPIC_MAX_CONV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 6.15 Configuring the Connection to a Central System Landscape Directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 6.16 Updating Component Repository Content in the System Landscape Directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 6.17 Activating Internet Pricing and Configurator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 6.18 Checking the Availability of Back-End Systems for Extended E-Selling Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 6.18.1 Creating a Back-End User . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 6.18.2 Checking the Connection to the ABAP System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 6.18.3 Configuring and Checking the TREX Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 6.18.4 Checking the Selling via eBay Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 6.19 Checking the Availability of SAP ERP Biller Direct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 6.20 Checking the Availability of SAP ERP Utility Customer E-Services . . . . . . . . 107 6.21 Checking the Availability of SAP ERP Retail Store Applications . . . . . . . . . . . 108 6.22 Configuring SAP ERP Business Packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 6.23 Installation Check and Configuration for SAP ERP Learning Solution – Content Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 6.24 Configuring the Application Sharing Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 6.25 Running the Configuration Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 6.26 Using Extended Configuration Management (XCM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 6.26.1 Starting XCM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 6.26.2 Changing the Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 6.26.3 Printable Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 6.26.4 General Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 6.26.5 Multiple Application Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 6/238 PUBLIC 2010-12-20
  7. 7. 6.26.6 Running the Web Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 6.26.7 Uploading and Downloading XCM Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 6.26.8 Indication of Obsolete XCM Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 6.26.9 IPC Switch for XCM Configuration of SAP E-Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 6.27 Post-Installation Steps for the Diagnostics Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 6.28 Post-Installation Steps for the Host Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 6.29 Accessing Configuration Documentation in SAP Solution Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Chapter 7 Additional Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 7.1 SAP Directories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 7.2 Performing a Domain Installation Without Being a Domain Administrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 7.3 Installation of Multiple Components in One Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 7.4 Integration of LDAP Directory Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 7.5 Preparing an External ABAP System as Source for User Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 7.6 Dialog Instance Installation for an Upgraded System only: Updating Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 7.7 Installing Additional Usage Types or Software Units in an Existing SAP System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 7.7.1 Installing Additional Usage Types Step By Step . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 7.7.2 Software Component Archives of SAP NetWeaver 7.0 EHP2 Usage Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 7.7.3 Software Component Archives of SAP ERP 6.0 EHP5 Usage Types . . . . . . . . . 145 7.8 Installing the Host Agent Separately . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 7.9 Starting and Stopping the SAP System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 7.10 Configuring the Windows Server 2008 Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 7.11 Usage Type-Specific Initial Technical Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 7.11.1 Initial Technical Configuration for SAP NetWeaver Application Server Java (AS Java) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 7.11.1.1 Initial Technical Configuration for Adobe Document Services . . . . . . . . . . . 154 7.11.1.2 Initial Technical Configuration for Composite Application Framework Core (CAF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 7.11.1.3 Initial Technical Configuration for the System Landscape Directory (SLD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 7.11.2 Initial Technical Configuration for Development Infrastructure (DI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 2010-12-20 PUBLIC 7/238
  8. 8. 7.11.3 Initial Technical Configuration for the Portal (Usage Types EPC and EP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 7.11.4 Initial Technical Configuration for BI Java . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 7.11.4.1 Configuring BI Java Information Broadcasting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 7.11.4.2 Process Chains: Transporting Texts for the Alert Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 7.11.4.3 Renaming initialPermissionsBI.xml.template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 7.12 SAP System Security on Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 7.13 Automatic Creation of Accounts and Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 7.14 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 7.14.1 Troubleshooting with SAPinst . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 7.14.2 Troubleshooting for Portal Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 7.14.3 Troubleshooting for SAP ERP Business Packages (Portal Content) . . . . . . . . . 166 7.14.3.1 Activating BI Templates Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 7.14.3.2 Troubleshooting when Importing PAR Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 7.14.3.3 Troubleshooting in SSO with SAP Logon Tickets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 7.15 Deleting an SAP System or Single Instances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 7.16 Deleting the Oracle Database Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 Chapter 8 High Availability with Microsoft Cluster Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 8.1 Installation Checklist for a High-Availability System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 8.2 Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 8.2.1 System Configuration in MSCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 8.2.1.1 SAP System Components in an MSCS Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 8.2.1.2 Multiple SAP Systems In One MSCS Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 8.2.1.3 Multiple SAP Systems In Multiple MSCS Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 8.2.1.4 Enqueue Replication Server in an MSCS Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 8.2.2 Distribution of SAP System Components to Disks for MSCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 8.2.3 Directories in an MSCS Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 8.2.4 IP Addresses in an MSCS Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 8.2.5 Obtaining and Determining IP Addresses for MSCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 8.3 Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 8.3.1 Assigning Drive Letters for MSCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 8.3.2 Mapping Host Names to IP Addresses for MSCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 8.3.3 Checking the Mapping of Host Names for MSCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 8.3.4 Windows Server 2003: Preparing an Existing SAP System to Support Multiple Systems in one Microsoft Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199 8.3.5 Windows Server 2003: Preparing the Installation of Multiple SAP Systems in MSCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 8/238 PUBLIC 2010-12-20
  9. 9. 8.4 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 8.4.1 Installing the Oracle Fail Safe Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 8.4.1.1 Installing the Oracle 10g Fail Safe Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 8.4.1.2 Installing the Oracle 11g Fail Safe Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207 8.4.2 Configuring the First MSCS Node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 8.4.3 Installing the Database Instance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210 8.4.4 Configuring the Additional MSCS Node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 8.4.5 Additional Steps for the Oracle Fail Safe Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 8.4.6 Installing the Central Instance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214 8.4.7 Creating the Oracle Fail Safe Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 8.4.8 Setting Up a Shared Database Directory in Oracle Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 8.4.9 Adding the Oracle Database Resource to the Fail Safe Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218 8.4.10 Installing the Dialog Instance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 8.5 Post-Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 8.5.1 Post-Installation Checks for Enqueue Replication Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 8.5.1.1 Checking the Status of the Enqueue Replication Server with ENSMON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 8.5.1.2 Monitoring the Lock Table During Failover with ENQT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221 8.6 Additional Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 8.6.1 Moving MSCS Groups or Services and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 8.6.2 Rebooting During the Installation or Conversion for MSCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 8.6.3 Starting and Stopping the SAP System in an MSCS Configuration . . . . . . . . . 225 Chapter A Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 A.1 Online Information from SAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 A.2 Using Powershell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 2010-12-20 PUBLIC 9/238
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  11. 11. 1 Introduction This document explains how to install SAP ERP 6.0 including SAP enhancement package 5 - technical usage “Central Applications” Java. You perform the installation using SAPinst. SAP ERP 6.0 including SAP enhancement package 5 - technical usage “Central Applications” is based on the technology of SAP NetWeaver 7.0 including enhancement package 2. For more information about the technology provided by SAP ERP and SAP NetWeaver, see http://service.sap.com/erp and http://sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/netweaver. Make sure you read the corresponding Master Guides before you start with this installation guide. The Master Guides are available as follows: http://service.sap.com/erp-inst SAP ERP 6.0 SAP enhancement packages for SAP ERP 6.0 SAP enhancement package <version> for SAP ERP 6.0 You can install SAP ERP 6.0 including SAP enhancement package 5 - technical usage “Central Applications” on SAP NetWeaver Application Server Java (AS Java) with the following software units: ãÜÊxxÕ SAP ERP Biller Direct (BD) ãÜÊxxÕ SAP ERP Utilities Customer E-Services (UCES) ãÜÊxxÕ SAP ERP Learning Solution Content Player (LSOCP) ãÜÊxxÕ SAP ERP Extended E-Selling Components (XECO) ãÜÊxxÕ SAP ERP Retail Store Applications (IS-R-SRS) ãÜÊxxÕ SAP ERP Portal Content Common (BP-Common) ãÜÊxxÕ SAP ERP Self Services (XSS) ãÜÊxxÕ SAP ERP Portal Content Self Services (BP-XSS) ãÜÊxxÕ SAP ERP Business Packages (Portal Content) (BP ERP). For more information, see the SAP ERP Master Guide. You also need to decide what level of portal functionality you require because this affects what you have to install for these software units: ãÜÊxxº If you want to use the full portal functionality of SAP NetWeaver usage type EP, you also have to install SAP NetWeaver EP Core (EPC) and SAP NetWeaver Enterprise Portal (EP). ãÜÊxxº If you only need the core portal functionality of SAP NetWeaver usage type EPC, you also have to install SAP NetWeaver EP Core (EPC). NOTE You also install SAP NetWeaver Application Server Java (AS Java) with the Java software units. 1 Introduction 2010-12-20 PUBLIC 11/238
  12. 12. In addition to the SAP ERP software units, you can install the following SAP NetWeaver usage types with SAPinst: HÐ ËÇË SAP NetWeaver Development Infrastructure (DI) HÐ ËÇË SAP NetWeaver EP Core (EPC) HÐ ËÇË SAP NetWeaver Enterprise Portal (EP) HÐ ËÇË SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence Java Components (BI Java) NOTE This documentation describes how to install BI Java with a standalone Java system. We recommend that you install BI Java with a standalone Java system and that you configure the connection with BI ABAP on a standalone ABAP system after the installation. The software components of BI ABAP are contained in usage type AS ABAP. If you want to install BI Java with an SAP NetWeaver ABAP+Java system, proceed as described in SAP Note 1181025. For more information about the usage types of SAP NetWeaver and their interdependencies, see the document Master Guide – SAP NetWeaver 7.0 at http://service.sap.com/instguidesNW70. Constraints You need to consider the following constraints before you start your installation: HÐ ËÇË Your operating system platform must be 64-bit. NOTE The only instance, you can still install on 32-bit is the dialog instance. HÐ ËÇË The database must be Oracle 10.2.0.4 or 11.2.0, and higher. Naming Conventions HÐ ËÇË SAP system refers to SAP ERP 6.0 including SAP enhancement package 5 - technical usage "Central Applications”. HÐ ËÇË Java system refers to SAP ERP 6.0 including SAP enhancement package 5 - technical usage "Central Applications” Java. HÐ ËÇË diagnostics refers to diagnostics in SAP Solution Manager. HÐ ËÇË diagnostics agent refers to the agent of diagnostics in SAP Solution Manager. Windows Operating System In this document, “Windows Server 2008 (R2)” – with (R2) written in parentheses – means that the information applies to both Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2. Profiling for High Availability HÐ $â�h Í{Pé¤Y–$Ò3ñÅX7$�øš¤7ž Tš˙G©oK�˘Eí)�Â~#÷†¢dã˝H˙�Ö The profile bars with the wording Only valid for: HA (MSCS) – for example, as in this section – refer to content that is only valid if you are installing a high-availability (HA) system with Windows Server Failover Clustering. The Windows cluster feature was previously called Microsoft Cluster Service (MSCS). For practical reasons we are continuing to use the abbreviation MSCS in this guide. HÐ .â�h�Í"P¦¤I–�Ò�ñäX�$�øÓ¤�ž,Tä˙4©�K 1 Introduction 12/238 PUBLIC 2010-12-20
  13. 13. 1.1 New Features The table below provides an overview of the new features related to the installation. Make sure that you also read the release notes at http://service.sap.com/releasenotes. Area Description SAPinst ŁG¥5èï Running SAPinst with accessibility mode: ŁG¥5è• Keyboard access: This feature is generally available for all operating systems. ŁG¥5è• High-color contrast: This feature is derived from the Windows display properties. For more information, see Running SAPinst in Accessibility Mode [page 84]. ŁG¥5è• Custom font setting: This feature is derived from the Windows display properties. For more information, see Running SAPinst in Accessibility Mode [page 84]. High Availability ŁG¥5èï New installation options for a high-availability system in a Microsoft Cluster SAP adapted the installation procedure for a high-availability system on Windows to make it easier and less error-prone for customers: ŁG¥5è• First Cluster Node This installation option now includes the previously separate options Central Services Instance for ABAP (ASCS), Central Services Instance (SCS), Enqueue Replication Server (ERS), and First MSCS Node. It performs the following steps: ŁG¥5è› Installs the central services instance (SCS) ŁG¥5è› Installs the enqueue replication server instance (ERS) for the SCS instances ŁG¥5è› Installs the host agent ŁG¥5è› Creates the SAP cluster group on the first cluster node and adds the SCS instance to the SAP cluster group ŁG¥5è• Additional Cluster Node This installation option includes the previous options Enqueue Replication Server, and Additional MSCS Node. It performs the followings steps: ŁG¥5è› Configures the additional cluster node to run the SAP cluster group ŁG¥5è› Installs the enqueue replication server instance (ERS) for the SCS instance on a local drive ŁG¥5è› Installs the host agent on a local drive ŁG¥5èï As of Windows Server 2008 (R2), the Windows cluster feature is called Failover Clustering. For practical reasons we are continuingtousethegeneralabbreviationMSCSinthisguide. 1 Introduction 1.1 New Features 2010-12-20 PUBLIC 13/238
  14. 14. 1.2 SAP Notes for the Installation You must read the following SAP Notes before you start the installation. These SAP Notes contain the most recent information on the installation, as well as corrections to the installation documentation. Make sure that you have the up-to-date version of each SAP Note, which you can find at http:// service.sap.com/notes. SAP Notes for the Installation SAP Note Number Title Description 998833 Release Restrictions SAP ERP 6.0 - Enhancement Packages AtthetimeofthereleaseofSAPERP6.0including SAP enhancement package 5, limitations affect the productive usage of certain functions. This note provides customer information on these restrictions. 1323537 Release Info SAP Enhancement Package 5 for SAP ERP 6.0 SAP Enhancement Package 5 for SAP ERP 6.0 release information. 1313850 Release Restrictions for SAP EHP 2 for SAP NetWeaver 7.0 Customer information on restrictions in the production use of certain functions. 1387319 SAP NetWeaver 7.02/Business Suite 7i2010: Windows Windows-specific information about the SAP system installation and corrections to this documentation. 1387374 SAP NetWeaver 7.02/Business Suite 7i2010: Win Oracle Oracle-specificinformationabouttheSAPsystem installation and corrections to this documentation 828268 Oracle 10g: New functions Information about new Oracle features released for the SAP system 1431800 1431800 Oracle 11.2.0: Central Technical Note InformationaboutOracle11gwithmultiplelinks to notes on Oracle 11g 1339460 Inst. NetWeaver 7.0 EHP2 - Diagnostics Agent installation Problems discovered after the publication of the installation guide or post-installation steps 855498 Installation Prerequisite Checker SAP Software on UNIX, Windows, and IBM i: Checking OS Dependencies 73606 Supported Languages and Code Pages Information on possible languages and language combinations in SAP systems 1067221 Central Note for Heterogeneous Installation This SAP Note and its related SAP Notes describe the released operating system and database combinations for heterogeneous SAP systems landscapes. 1258912 PLM Core 7.00 Release Notes and Information Information and references to other notes about installingPLMCore7.00andimportingPLMCore 7.00 Support Packages. 1349080 NW 7.02/BS 7i2010: Inst.Add.Java Usage Types/Software Units SupplementaryinformationforsectionInstallation of Additional Software Units or Usage Types in an Existing SAP System [page 138] 1 Introduction 1.2 SAP Notes for the Installation 14/238 PUBLIC 2010-12-20
  15. 15. SAP Note Number Title Description 925741 Adobe Document Services with Nonsupported Platforms To use ADS in SAP landscapes on nonsupported platforms, you have to install an additional standaloneSAPsystemwithASJavaonaplatform supported by ADS. 1459119 Locked files in kernel staging directory Information about the procedure you have to perform if there are locked files in the SAP kernel staging directory after you have finished the installation process. 1.3 How to Use This Guide 1. You decide on the installation option that you want to install. The following installation options are described in this installation guide: 7�mbv¡ Central system 7�mbv¡ Distributed system 7�mbv¡ 7�m“So?_@ê&py%�¹êä•àł:ç~�HöÌZšL`‚°_]õw2îªøgL6ª—�{/WáÝ�Ò� High-availability system 7�m⁄So?W@³&?y5�âꨕÁł˜ç~��öîZ¼Lˇ‚Ã_<õŒ2² 7�mbv¡ Additional software units or usage types to an existing SAP system 7�mbv¡ Dialog instances 7�mbv¡ Host Agent as a separate installation For more information, see Installation Options Covered by This Guide [page 17]. 2. You follow the list of steps at the beginning of each installation phase: 7�mbv¡ Planning [page 23] 7�mbv¡ Preparation [page 53] 7�mbv¡ Installation [page 65] 7�mbv¡ Post-Installation [page 87] 7�mbv¡ High Availability with Microsoft Cluster Service (if relevant) [page 175] NOTE This applies to all installation options except the Host Agent as a Separate Installation [page 22] and the Installation of Additional Usage Types or Software Units in an Existing SAP System [page 21]. These installation options each have their own section in Additional Information [page 121]. In Additional Information [page 121] you can find special installation options and more information about how to perform certain steps described in the main part of the guide. 1 Introduction 1.3 How to Use This Guide 2010-12-20 PUBLIC 15/238
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  17. 17. 2 Installation Options Covered by this Guide This section shows the installation options covered by this guide. You have to decide what exactly you want to install because the steps you have to perform vary according to the installation option you choose. [=bžé] Central system [page 17] [=bžé] Distributed system [page 18] [=bžé] [=bqÌfiù8ͳà¢ÁŒłˆ�;“%·�4~Ô33‘¿ÆÏTÙ‰ÿË>¤È�-ŽîZÑn÷ž¨
  18. 18. §I|;÷− High-availability system [page 19] [=b{Ìfiù0ÍêàíÁƒłA�w“�·Z4~Ô}3�¿çÏ-Ùøÿª>EÈ^ [=bžé] You can install dialog instances [page 19] to an existing system. [=bžé] You can install additional usage types in an existing SAP system [page 21]. [=bžé] You can install a host agent [page 22] separately. 2.1 Central System You can install a central system on a single host. These are the following instances: [=bžé] Central services instance for Java (SCS instance) [=bžé] Database instance (DB instance) [=bžé] Central instance Optionally you can install one or more dialog instances. For more information, see Dialog Instance [page 19]. The following figure shows an example of SAP instances in a central system. 2 Installation Options Covered by this Guide 2.1 Central System 2010-12-20 PUBLIC 17/238
  19. 19. v‹MöžêÊŸoÂÓˆ1Mò}ŁEÔä−"Central Java System Optionally you can install one or more dialog instances. For more information, see Dialog Instance [page 19]. 2.2 Distributed System In a distributed system, every instance can run on a separate host. These are the following instances: v‹M�»# Central services instance for Java (SCS instance) v‹M�»# Database instance (DB instance) v‹M�»# Central instance Optionally you can install one or more dialog instances. For more information, see Installation of a Dialog Instance [page 19]. 2 Installation Options Covered by this Guide 2.2 Distributed System 18/238 PUBLIC 2010-12-20
  20. 20. ·˝ƒ>¨“’àÁÇ�Á>CªµÃ!´¸�Distributed Java System ·˝ƒ7¨−’ëÁË�fi-Ckµš!ç¸@Øt4ú
  21. 21. !w˘s »BÕ³€¦é8˙ÿA;¡Æ†�Ofi,›µ;^é 2.3 High Availability System For more information about the system components you have to install and how to distribute them on the specific hosts, see System Configuration in MSCS [page 179]. ·˝ƒ=¨−’ãÁ™�Ü=C0µÑ!ƸeØt4´
  22. 22. �w9ss»1ÕÒ€Géd 2.4 Dialog Instance You can install one or more dialog instances for an existing SAP system. Dialog instances are optional and can be installed on separate hosts. You can have one or more dialog instances. A dialog instance can run on: ·˝ƒØ“D The host of any instance of the existing SAP system ·˝ƒØ“D On a dedicated host NOTE If you install a dialog instance in an existing non-Unicode system (that has been upgraded to the current release), the dialog instance is automatically installed as a non-Unicode instance. SAPinst determines if a non-Unicode system exists and chooses the correct executables for the system type. 2 Installation Options Covered by this Guide 2.3 High Availability System 2010-12-20 PUBLIC 19/238
  23. 23. NOTE We do not recommend installing dialog instances on the SAP global host. NOTE If you want to install a dialog instance on an existing SAP system, you must perform a domain installation. You must also make sure that your existing SAP system was installed as a domain installation. For more information, see Domain or Local Installation [page 47]. Dialog Instance for a Central System The following figure shows dialog instances that are running on dedicated hosts. [ê4Ò�nn5⁄þî3×L…ŠŸþ�t�ÖDialog Instance for a Central System For more information, see Central System [page 17]. Dialog Instance for a Distributed System The following figure shows dialog instances that are running on dedicated hosts. 2 Installation Options Covered by this Guide 2.4 Dialog Instance 20/238 PUBLIC 2010-12-20
  24. 24. ˜Ł€‹��k)”¹XgÆ.�ä�Cˆ�ò�Dialog Instance for a Distributed System For more information, see Distributed System [page 18]. ˜Ł€†��k"”µX5Æ=�%�˙ˆGòK”fl –p–¸ÆÔ(6{� Gûj�Èö�ÿUÔ�Öéjði�ùK Dialog Instance for a High-Availability System In a high-availability system, you require at least one dialog instance apart from the central instance. For more information about how to install and distribute the application servers in an MSCS configuration, see System Configuration in MSCS [page 179]. ˜Ł€‰��k*”ìXzÆ-�~�Wˆfòn”fl Ëp§¸çÔQ6��lGˆj

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