Water, Conservation & Management


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Water is the basic need of life on the earth. The useful freshwater resources are less. It is the time to save, conserve and manage the water resources for next generations.

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Water, Conservation & Management

  1. 1. WATER, CONSERVATION & MANAGEMENT PRESENTED BY RAVI DHANDE Assitt. Professor Shri Shivaji Science College, Akot, MS, India
  2. 2. What is the need of water? <ul><li>Water is, literally, the source of life on earth. PLANTS, ANIMALS & MICROBES. </li></ul><ul><li>All metabolic activities required water </li></ul><ul><li>The human body is 70% water, People begin to feel thirst after a loss of only 1% of bodily fluids and risk death if fluid loss nears 10% </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of leaf senescence…Teak </li></ul>
  3. 3. Water need for other activities <ul><li>Domestic Activities ( personal, household, and municipal ) </li></ul><ul><li>Basic water requirement of 50 liters per person per day&quot; as a minimum standard to meet four basic needs—for drinking, sanitation, bathing, and cooking </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Constructions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Where from water get? <ul><li>River </li></ul><ul><li>Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Pond </li></ul><ul><li>Well </li></ul><ul><li>Rain water </li></ul><ul><li>Streams </li></ul>
  5. 5. Water Availability and Use <ul><li>70% of the earth's surface is water, 30% in Land </li></ul><ul><li>3% of all water on earth is fresh-water </li></ul><ul><li>most of this is largely unavailable in the form of ice caps and glaciers </li></ul><ul><li>1% is accessible surface freshwater. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Factors regarding stress of water <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>The world's population is expanding rapidly. Yet there is no more freshwater on earth now than there was 2,000 years ago, when the population was less than 3% of its current size </li></ul><ul><li>The demand for freshwater has been rising in response to industrial development, increased reliance on irrigated agriculture, massive urbanization, and rising living standards </li></ul><ul><li>Inappropriate agricultural </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>leaky municipal pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Improper pricing of municipal water </li></ul><ul><li>Poor watershed management </li></ul><ul><li>Other imprudent practices </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Due to untreated municipal sewage, toxic industrial effluents, and harmful chemicals from agricultural activities </li></ul>
  7. 10. Spending of fresh water <ul><li>Globally, agriculture- 69%; industry- 23%; domestic, about 8% </li></ul><ul><li>In Africa, agriculture- 88%; industry- 5%; domestic 7%. </li></ul><ul><li>In Asia, agriculture- 86%; industry- 8%; domestic 6%. </li></ul><ul><li>In Europe, agriculture- 33%; industry- 54%; domestic 13%. </li></ul><ul><li>In India agriculture- 90%; industry- 7%; domestic 3%. </li></ul>
  8. 11. What we can do for water conservation? <ul><li>Local communities should take an active part in planning and implementing water management schemes, if they are to be sustainable </li></ul><ul><li>Look for appliances that reduce water use.  Shower heads, dishwashers, washing machines, taps and toilets with excellent water efficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>Turn the tap off when you brush your teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Toilets are big water users.  Use the full flush only when necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Installing flow regulators on kitchen and bathroom taps </li></ul><ul><li>Clean vegetables in a plugged sink rather than with the water running </li></ul><ul><li>Pool covers help to reduce evaporation </li></ul><ul><li>Use a bucket and not the pipes to wash your car. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the water meter to check for hidden leaks </li></ul>
  9. 12. Wars over Water? <ul><li>controversy for water, between Israel and Jordan (Jordian killed 7 Israeli school girls for water agreement.1994) Israel already has used its military power to maintain access to the Jordan River. </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt has threatened Ethiopia with war if it carries out plans to divert more water from the Blue Nile for agricultural use. </li></ul><ul><li>India & Bagladesh Ganga water problem </li></ul><ul><li>In india, Rajasthan and Gujarat problem for sabarmati river basin </li></ul><ul><li>Karnataka and Andhra pradesh Krishna water problem </li></ul><ul><li>Many more problem related to water….globally </li></ul>
  10. 13. Water Conservation and Management <ul><li>How much water do we need and where do we get it?&quot; Rather, it is &quot;how much water is there and how can we best benefit from it?“ </li></ul><ul><li>India as a whole is expected to enter the water-stress category by 2025. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper domestic use </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient agricultural use </li></ul><ul><li>Water harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Desalination of marine water </li></ul><ul><li>Forest conservation. Forests are important water regulators Their root structures act as nature's sponges, soaking up water and releasing it slowly throughout the year, thus contributing to reliable river flow, replenishing groundwater supplies, reducing soil erosion, and releasing moisture into the atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling of industrial water </li></ul><ul><li>Waste water treatment to avoid water pollution & save the aquatic and our life. </li></ul>
  11. 14. Management <ul><li>watershed or river-basin management especially in water-short regions </li></ul><ul><li>Instituting a workable water infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Enacting and enforcing water legislation and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Valuing freshwater resources </li></ul><ul><li>Creating competent administrative and legal structures </li></ul><ul><li>Making institutions more responsive and effective </li></ul><ul><li>Training senior water managers </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing closer ties to universities and research institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting water management to the needs of agriculture, industry, and municipalities, and meeting public health requirements for proper sanitation and disease prevention </li></ul>
  12. 15. Ways for water conservation
  13. 16. Save water and save life
  14. 17. Thanking you