Second language acquisition
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  • 1. Jessica Elaine Cavazos Babcock
  • 2. researches and focuses on the developing knowledge and use of a language by children and adults who already know at least one other language.
  • 3. Linguistic perspectives Universal Grammar Monitor Theory
  • 4. view on first language. According to Chomsky every human being is biologically endowed with a language faculty, the language acquisition device, which is responsible for the initial state of language development.
  • 5. developed this theory in the 1970’s and presented in terms of five hypotheses The fundamental hypotheses is that there is adifference between acquisition and learning
  • 6. Cognitive Psychology Connectionism Multidimensional Model
  • 7. Behaviorism dominated psychology and educationin the twentieth century. The behaviorism theory views the language as a set of structures and acquisition as a habit formation
  • 8. Cognitive psychologists hypothesized that second language acquisition , like otherlearning , requires the learner’s attention and effort .
  • 9. The Connectionism theory tries to explainSLA in terms of mental representations and information processing while rejecting the innate endowment hypothesis.
  • 10. Model Originally developed as a result ofstudies of the acquisition of German word order and later , on the basis of research with L2 learners of English .
  • 11. Perspectives Some theorists who work primarily within a second language acquisition framework assume that agreat deal of language learning takes place through social interaction , at least in part because interlocutors adjust their speech to make it more accessible to learners.
  • 12. It is argued that through dialogiccommunication , learners jointly construct knowledge and this knowledge is later internalized by the individual.
  • 13. In the 1970’s, a number of researchers began to call attention to the fact that, althoughthe language produced by L2 learners did not conform to the target language.
  • 14. Second language acquisition studies were based in L1 acquisition.
  • 15. Is a subtle and evolving aspect of l2development. Learners do not simply transfer all patterns from L1 to L2 .
  • 16. And Second Language Acquisition Instruction can have a significant effect on L2 acquisition Instruction does not prevent learners from going through developmental stages. Certain kinds of instruction may appear to alter developmental path of L2 acquisition.