An over view of appliedlinguisticsJessica Elaine Cavazos Babcock
What is applied linguistics?Is using what we know about Language How it’s learnedHow it’s used In order to achieve some purpose or solvesome problem in the real world… Wilkins (1997) In aboard of sense, applied linguistics is concerned withincreasing understanding of the role of language inhumane affairs thereby with providing the knowledge
(AAAL)The range of these purposes is partly illustrated by the AmericanAssociation Of Applied Linguistics (AAAL), which lists 18 topicareas Language and its acquisition Language and assessmentLanguage and the brain Language and cognition Language andculture Language and ideology Language and instructionLanguage and listening Language and media Language and policyLanguage and reading Language and research methodologyLanguage and society Language and technolology Language andtranslation/interpretation Language and writing
The dominant application has always been theteaching or learning of second or foreignlanguage
The Development of AppliedLinguistics.Early History Interest in language and language teaching has a long history, andwe can trace this back at least as far as the ancient Greeks, where both Platoand Aristotle contributed to the design of a curriculum beginning with goodwriting (grammar), then moving on to effective discourse and culminating in thedevelopment of dialect to promote a philosophical approach to life. (Howatt,1999) If we focus on English, major attempts at linguistic description began tooccur in the second half of the eighteenth century .
Applied Linguistics during theTwentieth Century An overviewof the centuryThe real change in linguistic description and pedagogy occurredduring the twentieth century. At the beginning of the twentiethcentury, second languages were usually taught by theGrammar- translation- method. however the method grew into avery controlled system, with a heavy emphasis on accuracy andexplicit grammar rules, many of which were quite obscure. Asthe method became increasingly pedantic, a new pedagogicaldirection was needed.
Chomsky (1959)posited that children are born with an understanding of the waylanguages work , which was referred to as universal grammar.In the early 1970s Hyms (1972 ) added the concept ofcommunicative competence, which emphasized that languagecompetence consists of more then just being able to formgrammatically correct sentences but also to know when andwhere to use these sentences and to whom .
Chomsky’s ideaIncorporating Social/Cultural and ContextualElements into Applied Linguistics Saussure splitlanguage from the actual use of language.Chomsky’s ideas had a similar effect as theydistinguished what was happening inside the learnerfrom what was observable outside the person.