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The simple-past-tense
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The simple-past-tense






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    The simple-past-tense The simple-past-tense Presentation Transcript

    • The Simple Past Tense Yesterday, I went for a swim. RVA
    • Affirmative : S + V- ed + C The past tense of regular verbs is formed by adding – d or – ed to the base form of the verb. SIMPLE PAST TENSE: REGULAR VERBS I work ed hard last weekend.
      • Affirmative :
      • Irregular past verb forms must be learned because they don’t follow any rule:
      • go went
      • come came
      • buy bought
      • drink drank
      • eat ate
      • find found
      • see saw
      I went to Paris last July.
    • PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR and IRREGULAR VERBS Negative : We use did not or didn’t + a base form verb to make the past simple tense negative. I didn’t live in a flat during my last Summer holidays. I didn’t go to Berlin last July.
      • Interrogative :
      • We use did + subject + a base form verb to make the past simple interrogative.
      • Did you play sport last Summer?
      Did you travel by boat last holidays? Yes, I did . Did you see any dolphins? No, I didn’t . PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR and IRREGULAR VERBS
    • No,they didn't. Yes , they did. Did they work? They didn't work. They work ed . Did you work? You didn't work. You work ed . No, we didn't. Yes , we did. Did we work? We didn't work. We work ed . No, it didn't. Yes, it did. Did it work? It didn't work. It work ed . No, she didn't. Yes, she did. Did she work? She didn't work. She work ed . No, he didn't. Yes, he did. Did he work ? He didn't work. He work ed . No, I didn't. Yes, I did. Did I work? I didn't work. I work ed . Short answer Short answer Questions Regular verbs Negative Past simple tense: Affirmative
    • TO BE
      • It is the only verb whose form varies according to person and number:
      • Affirmative : I was
      • You were
      • He / She / It was
      • We / You / They were
      • I was in Madrid yesterday.
    • TO BE
      • Negative : I wasn’t
      • You weren’t
      • He / She / It wasn’t
      • We / You / They weren’t
      • My parents weren’t in Madrid yesterday.
    • TO BE
      • Interrogative : Was I … ?
      • Were you … ?
      • Was he / she / it … ?
      • Were we / you / they … ?
      • Were you in London last year? Yes, I was .
      • Was Peter in London last year? No, he wasn’t .
    • 1.T o talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You state when it happened using a time adver b ( yesterday, last month ): “ Last year I fail ed my exams” . 2. It can be used to describe events that happened over a period of time in the past but not now : "I liv ed in Asia for two years." 3. It is also used to talk about habitual or repeated actions that took place in the past : " When I was a child we always went to the beach on holidays." The Simple Past Tense is used:
      • Time expressions :
      • yesterday, last month, last year, last time,
      • … ago.
      The Simple Past Tense My friends travell ed to Saudi Arabia two years ago.
      • a.) If the verb ends in a consonant, we add – ed . return - return ed , help - help ed , cook - cook ed
      • b.) If the verb ends in – e , we add – d . live - live d , create - create d , die - die d
      • c.) In one-syllable verbs, if the verb ends in a consonant + vowel + consonant, we double the last consonant and we add - ed . hop - hopp ed , rub - rubb ed
      • However, do not double one-syllable verbs ending in – w , - x , or – y .
      • bow - bow ed , play - play ed , mix - mix ed
      • d.) In verbs of two or more syllables that end in consonant + vowel + consonant , we double the last consonant only if the last syllable is stressed . prefer - prefer red admit - admit ted
      • But: visit - visit ed (The last syllable isn’t stressed).
      • e.) If the verb ends in a consonant + y , we change the - y to - i and add – ed . worry - worr ied , copy – cop ied.
      • f.) If the verb ends in a vowel + y , add - ed . (Do not change the – y to – i .) play - played, annoy - annoyed
      • Exceptions: pay - paid, lay - laid, say - said
    • USED TO
      • Used to is used to describe past habits, usually in contrast with the present.
      • A time expression is not necessary.
      • I used to get up at six, but now I get up at eight.
      • Used to can also describe past states.
      • I used to own a horse. (I owned a horse once.)
    • USED TO
      • NEGATIVE:
      • I didn’t use to go the beach when I was younger.
      • (No solía ir a la playa cuando era joven)
      • Did you use to live in Liverpool?
      • (¿Solías vivir en Liverpool?)