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The simple-past-tense
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The simple-past-tense



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  • 1. The Simple Past Tense Yesterday, I went for a swim. RVA
  • 2. Affirmative : S + V- ed + C The past tense of regular verbs is formed by adding – d or – ed to the base form of the verb. SIMPLE PAST TENSE: REGULAR VERBS I work ed hard last weekend.
    • Affirmative :
    • Irregular past verb forms must be learned because they don’t follow any rule:
    • go went
    • come came
    • buy bought
    • drink drank
    • eat ate
    • find found
    • see saw
    I went to Paris last July.
  • 4. PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR and IRREGULAR VERBS Negative : We use did not or didn’t + a base form verb to make the past simple tense negative. I didn’t live in a flat during my last Summer holidays. I didn’t go to Berlin last July.
  • 5.
    • Interrogative :
    • We use did + subject + a base form verb to make the past simple interrogative.
    • Did you play sport last Summer?
    Did you travel by boat last holidays? Yes, I did . Did you see any dolphins? No, I didn’t . PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR and IRREGULAR VERBS
  • 6. No,they didn't. Yes , they did. Did they work? They didn't work. They work ed . Did you work? You didn't work. You work ed . No, we didn't. Yes , we did. Did we work? We didn't work. We work ed . No, it didn't. Yes, it did. Did it work? It didn't work. It work ed . No, she didn't. Yes, she did. Did she work? She didn't work. She work ed . No, he didn't. Yes, he did. Did he work ? He didn't work. He work ed . No, I didn't. Yes, I did. Did I work? I didn't work. I work ed . Short answer Short answer Questions Regular verbs Negative Past simple tense: Affirmative
  • 7. TO BE
    • It is the only verb whose form varies according to person and number:
    • Affirmative : I was
    • You were
    • He / She / It was
    • We / You / They were
    • I was in Madrid yesterday.
  • 8. TO BE
    • Negative : I wasn’t
    • You weren’t
    • He / She / It wasn’t
    • We / You / They weren’t
    • My parents weren’t in Madrid yesterday.
  • 9. TO BE
    • Interrogative : Was I … ?
    • Were you … ?
    • Was he / she / it … ?
    • Were we / you / they … ?
    • Were you in London last year? Yes, I was .
    • Was Peter in London last year? No, he wasn’t .
  • 10. 1.T o talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You state when it happened using a time adver b ( yesterday, last month ): “ Last year I fail ed my exams” . 2. It can be used to describe events that happened over a period of time in the past but not now : "I liv ed in Asia for two years." 3. It is also used to talk about habitual or repeated actions that took place in the past : " When I was a child we always went to the beach on holidays." The Simple Past Tense is used:
  • 11.
    • Time expressions :
    • yesterday, last month, last year, last time,
    • … ago.
    The Simple Past Tense My friends travell ed to Saudi Arabia two years ago.
    • a.) If the verb ends in a consonant, we add – ed . return - return ed , help - help ed , cook - cook ed
    • b.) If the verb ends in – e , we add – d . live - live d , create - create d , die - die d
    • c.) In one-syllable verbs, if the verb ends in a consonant + vowel + consonant, we double the last consonant and we add - ed . hop - hopp ed , rub - rubb ed
    • However, do not double one-syllable verbs ending in – w , - x , or – y .
    • bow - bow ed , play - play ed , mix - mix ed
    • d.) In verbs of two or more syllables that end in consonant + vowel + consonant , we double the last consonant only if the last syllable is stressed . prefer - prefer red admit - admit ted
    • But: visit - visit ed (The last syllable isn’t stressed).
    • e.) If the verb ends in a consonant + y , we change the - y to - i and add – ed . worry - worr ied , copy – cop ied.
    • f.) If the verb ends in a vowel + y , add - ed . (Do not change the – y to – i .) play - played, annoy - annoyed
    • Exceptions: pay - paid, lay - laid, say - said
  • 14. USED TO
    • Used to is used to describe past habits, usually in contrast with the present.
    • A time expression is not necessary.
    • I used to get up at six, but now I get up at eight.
    • Used to can also describe past states.
    • I used to own a horse. (I owned a horse once.)
  • 15. USED TO
    • I didn’t use to go the beach when I was younger.
    • (No solía ir a la playa cuando era joven)
    • Did you use to live in Liverpool?
    • (¿Solías vivir en Liverpool?)