We compare somebody/something with the whole group that he/she/it belongs to.
fast -est My car is fast. Your car is fast. But his car is the fastest.
How is a comparative form built? modern -er + than (bigger than) O ne - syllable words Words of more than two syllables Two-syllable words ending in a vocalic sound or in -le The rest of two-syllable words, especially ending in –ful, -less, -ing, -ed more + adj. + than (more useful) You follow the first rule: easy-easier/ simple-simpler You follow the second rule: useful-more useful / boring-more boring /annoyed-more annoyed
How is a ‘superlative form built? modern the + adj. + -est (the biggest) O ne - syllable words Words of more than two syllables Two-syllable words ending in a vocalic sound or in -le The rest of two-syllable words, especially ending in –ful, -less, -ing, -ed the most + adj. (the most interesting) You follow the first rule: easy-easiest/ simple-simplest You follow the second rule: useful-most useful / boring-most boring /annoyed-most annoyed
Summary comparison long est iest funn modern most most beautiful long er ie r funn modern more more beautiful long funny modern beautiful comparative superlative
IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES Some adjectives do not follow the already studied rules, that is, they have irregular forms. You have to study those forms by hard. good better best bad worse worst far further furthest