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Artificial intelligency & robotics

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  • see our problem is we call computers and robots artificially intelligent.
    i think that we need to move past that and start thinking about how to create an 'intelligent counterpart'.
    once we scientists see that that is attitude we need, then and only then can we make progress.
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  • 1. 1 - Raval Sneh MCA – 3 Dept. of Computer Science Can The Machine Think ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCY & ROBOTICS ?
  • 2. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE  Artificial intelligence (AI) is technology and a branch of computer science that studies and develops intelligent machines and software.  “ The science and engineering of making intelligent machines".  Alan turning is a father of Artificial Intelligence. He introduce the concept of AI during the Second World War.  John McCarthy also developed the Lisp (List Processing) Programing Language , Which is the second oldest high level Programing language.  Other big names in AI research Include Marvin Minsky , Allen Newell & Herbert Simon . 2 - Raval Sneh
  • 3. HISTORY 3 - Raval Sneh
  • 4. Foundations of AI Mathematics Neuroscience Control Theory Logistics 4 - Raval Sneh
  • 5. Types of AI  STRONGE AI :  Strong AI is about building a machine that is capable of emulating the human mind to such an extent that it matches or exceeds it.  Strong AI is machine intelligence with full range of human intelligence.  WEAK AI :  Weak AI is a system that uses a set of pre- programmed rules to apply them to any tasks, to reach a successful fulfillment.  Simply say that its collection of “ If this ,then that “ rules of rationality.  Example : siri app reminder & Nanobots or Nano docs. 5 - Raval Sneh
  • 6.  With help of AI we Can Developed system that,  Can learn from examples and past  Can solve complex Mathematical problems  Can find out complex strategies for Business and military  Can Diagnosed Medical Decease  Can recognize an Object from Photograph and camera sensor  Can understand human language , etc… 6 - Raval Sneh
  • 7. Application of AI  Security:  Face recognition  Speaker verification  Fingerprint analysis  Medicine  General diagnosis  Detection of heart defects  Recognizing genes  Botanical classification  Bacteria identification  Engineering  Robotics  Speech recognition  Gaming  Machinery defect diagnosis  Signal processing  Character recognition  Process supervision  Process fault analysis  Machine vision  Radar signal classification 7 - Raval Sneh
  • 8. AI Uses In  Telephone Translation  Autonomous Cars (Uses Fuzzy Logic Not Boolean logic)  Chess ,8 Block puzzles , O-X Blocks, etc  Chatter Bots - Raval Sneh 8
  • 9. TELEPHONE TRANSLATORS • A computer intercepts the voice, translates what was said, and synthetically generate the appropriate words to the person on the other line. • The translator needs an advanced voice recognition, natural language processing and inference to extract what was spoken by the people on phone. 9 - Raval Sneh
  • 10. Chess  In 1968 International Master David Levy made a famous challenge saying that No Computer could beat him in next 10 years.  In 1978 admit that Computer would beat human in chess coming soon.  Computer uses large database + Optimization Techniques + Search Tech.  In 1996 Greatest Chess Player of All Time Garry Kasparov from Russia face IBM’s Deep Blue and Garry managed to beat Deep Blue but Next year Deep Blue Won.  In 1998 Undisputed champion of Rapid Chess Vishwanathan Anand faced off against Robel-10 and Robel-10 Win.  In 2002 Worlds Highest Ranker Player Vladimir Kramnic faced off Deep Fritz(Super comp.) Vladimir Draw match but in 2006 Deep Fritz win. - Raval Sneh 10
  • 11. Chatter Bots  Eliza (In 1966, Joseph Weizenbaum )  Verbots  Parry  ALICE  Jabberwacky & Cleverbot  Watson - Raval Sneh 11
  • 12. Watson  Watson is a Workload Optimized system based on IBM DeepQAarchitecture , running on cluster of IBM POWER 7 processor based server.  More than 100 Tech uses to identify the :  Natural Languages  Identify Sources  Find & Generate Hypothesis  Find & Score Evidences  Merge & Rank Hypothesis 12 - Raval Sneh
  • 13. Watson Have….  90 Clustered IBM powered 750 server  Each server featured 32 POWER 7 processors  Running 3.55GHz cores  16 TB Memory that can operate over 80 teraflops(Trillian of operation per Second)  Ability to learn Natural languages processing  Watson Competed against 2 of the most well known & successful Jeopardy champion Ken Jennings and Brad Rutter on 14 feb,2011. - Raval Sneh 13
  • 14. - Raval Sneh 14
  • 15. Robots - Raval Sneh 15
  • 16.  The Machine which can reduce the human effort , time and cost and also stickily follow all the commands of its owner .  Now a day robots are wildly used in the Scientific research, Industries ,medical area , home workout ,etc…. ROBOTS …. 16 - Raval Sneh
  • 17. Few Famous Robots  I Robot of Sony (AI + Emotions)  HAL 9000  Star Trek (AI Fiction)  KIIT Cars - Raval Sneh 17
  • 18. KIIT Concept Car  Computer AI The "brain" of KITT is the Knight 2000 microprocessor which is the centre of a "self-aware" cybernetic logic module that allowed KITT to think, learn, communicate and interact with humans.  Alpha Circuit It’ s Main control system which allows the CPU to drive the car.  Pyroclastic Lamination sustained temperatures of up to 800 degrees Fahrenheit (426 °C).  Voice Synthesizer Allowed his logic module to speak and communicate. - Raval Sneh 18
  • 19. Other Features  Turbo Boost  Voice Projection  Anamorphic Equalizer  Etymotic Equalizer  Olfactory Sensor  Microscanners  Cruise Modes  Grappling Hook and Winch  Oil Jets/Smoke Screen  Induction coil  Flame Thrower  Tear Gas Launcher  Ultramagnesium Charges  High Traction Drop Downs  Telephone Comlink  Microwave Jammer  Microlock  Surveillance Mode  Infrared Tracking Scope  Laser Powerpack  Bomb Sniffer  Medical scanner  Fuel Processor  Video Display Monitors , Etc… 19 - Raval Sneh
  • 20. - Raval Sneh 20
  • 21. 3 Laws of Robotics…. 21  Law 1 A Robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction ,allow a human being to come to harm.  Law 2 A Robot must obey orders given it by Human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First law.  Law 3 A Robot Must Protect its own existence as long as such Protection does not conflict with First & Second Law.  Robot attacked Swedish factory worker - The Local.htm - Raval Sneh
  • 22. 22 - Raval Sneh