Usually and used to

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Usually and used to

  1. 1. Present and Past Habits Usually and Used to EF Intermediate 5B
  2. 2. Present Habits • Usually For present habits we can use usually or normally + present simple I usually get up at seven She normally works in the garden every Sunday
  3. 3. Past Habits • For past habits we use the past simple, or used to/didn’t use to + infinitive We used to go to France for our holidays when I was a child He didn’t use to do any exercise as a child, but now he runs marathons.
  4. 4. Used to/didn’t use to + inf • We use used to for things that were true over a period of time in the past. • Used to often refers to something which is not true now. We used to be friends, but we don’t talk to each other any more. • Any more/any longer (=not now) are often used in the present simple clause to contrast with used to
  5. 5. Used to/didn’t use to + inf • Used to/didn’t use to can be used with both action and non-action verbs. I used to be a good guitar player, but I can’t play a note any more I didn’t use to like motorbikes, but I run a motorbike shop now.
  6. 6. Past habits: past simple vs used to • We can also use the past simple to describe past habits (often with an adverb of frequency) I lived in the city centre until I got married I used to live in the city centre until I got married We (often) went to France on holiday when I was little We used to go to France on holiday when I was little
  7. 7. Past habits: past simple vs used to • If the action happened only once or we mention exact dates or numbers, we have to use past simple I went to Paris last year I used to go to Paris last year Jack caught the train to Paris 4 times last week Jack used to to catch the train to Paris 4 times last week
  8. 8. Present vs Past Habits • DO NOT use use to (in the present) to speak about present habits. Use usually/normally I use to get up at 6:40 every day I usually get up at 6:40 every day
  9. 9. be used to/get used to • Don’t confuse used to/didn’t use to + infinitive with be used to/get used to + gerund I used to get up early every day when I was a child I’m used to getting up early every day (I’m accustomed to it. I always do it so it’s not a problem for me) I can’t get used to getting up early to work again after the holiday (I’m not accustomed now, it’s a problem for me)

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