English for reading

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  • 1. ENGLISH FOR READING Sentence and Clause By : RATU RAHMADANI SYAMRA ENGLISH IV D STKIP YDB LUBUK ALUNG
  • 2. An even more useful classification of sentences is classification by form. Sentences take take three basic forms : simple,compound and complex. An additional form,the compound-complex sentence is possible through combination
  • 3. There are 9 understanding sentences forms can be of great help in constructing better sentences : 1. The Simple Sentence 2. The Compound Sentences 3. The Clause 4. The Complex Sentence 5. The Compound – Complex Sentence 6. The Adjective Clause 7. The Adverb Clause 8. The Noun Clause 9. The Sentence Redefined
  • 4. 1. The Simple Sentence A simple sentence contains only one subject and predicate. Both the subject and the predicate may be compound.
  • 5. Compound means having two or more similar parts : • Compound Subject Example : The supervisor and three employess worked far into the night. • Compound Verb Example : Jan liked and often bought blue hats • Compound Predicate Example : Gary devoured a huge sandwhich and drank a quart of milk • Compound Subject and Compound Predicate Example : Both the architect and the contractor approved tha plans and endorsed the project
  • 6. 2. The Compound Sentences The compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences put together. Example : Lucy wrote five letters and her father mailed them
  • 7. 3. The Clause A clause is a group of words containing a verb and its subject. A clause that can stand by itself as a sentence is a main clause. Example : The sack that contained peanuts has disappeared
  • 8. 4. The Complex Sentence The complex sentence consists of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. Example : Larry will sing if you coax him
  • 9. 5. The Compound – Complex Sentence A Compound – Complex Sentence consist of two or more main clauses and one or more subordinate clauses. Example : I looked for you,but you had gone before I arrived
  • 10. 6. The Adjective Clause An adjective clause is a subordinate clause used to modify a noun or pronoun in the main clause. Example : The man for whom I worked is my uncle
  • 11. 7. The Adverb Clause An adverb clause is subordinate clause used to modify a verb,adjective,or adverb in the main clause. Example : Tim whispers louder than most people talk
  • 12. 8. The Noun Clause A noun clause is a subordinate clause used as a noun Example : She sai that the room is too cold
  • 13. 9. The Sentence Redefined A phrase a group of words used within a sentence as single part of speech. A clause is a group of words which contains a subject and verb. Clause and phrase are sentence parts. The sentence itself is not part of any other grammatical construction. Complete definition sentence then is in three parts : A sentence is a group of words that a. Expresses a complete thought b. Contains a subject and verb c. Is not part of any other grammatical construction