English for reading

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English for reading

  1. 1. ENGLISH FOR READING Sentence and Clause By : RATU RAHMADANI SYAMRA ENGLISH IV D STKIP YDB LUBUK ALUNG
  2. 2. An even more useful classification of sentences is classification by form. Sentences take take three basic forms : simple,compound and complex. An additional form,the compound-complex sentence is possible through combination
  3. 3. There are 9 understanding sentences forms can be of great help in constructing better sentences : 1. The Simple Sentence 2. The Compound Sentences 3. The Clause 4. The Complex Sentence 5. The Compound – Complex Sentence 6. The Adjective Clause 7. The Adverb Clause 8. The Noun Clause 9. The Sentence Redefined
  4. 4. 1. The Simple Sentence A simple sentence contains only one subject and predicate. Both the subject and the predicate may be compound.
  5. 5. Compound means having two or more similar parts : • Compound Subject Example : The supervisor and three employess worked far into the night. • Compound Verb Example : Jan liked and often bought blue hats • Compound Predicate Example : Gary devoured a huge sandwhich and drank a quart of milk • Compound Subject and Compound Predicate Example : Both the architect and the contractor approved tha plans and endorsed the project
  6. 6. 2. The Compound Sentences The compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences put together. Example : Lucy wrote five letters and her father mailed them
  7. 7. 3. The Clause A clause is a group of words containing a verb and its subject. A clause that can stand by itself as a sentence is a main clause. Example : The sack that contained peanuts has disappeared
  8. 8. 4. The Complex Sentence The complex sentence consists of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. Example : Larry will sing if you coax him
  9. 9. 5. The Compound – Complex Sentence A Compound – Complex Sentence consist of two or more main clauses and one or more subordinate clauses. Example : I looked for you,but you had gone before I arrived
  10. 10. 6. The Adjective Clause An adjective clause is a subordinate clause used to modify a noun or pronoun in the main clause. Example : The man for whom I worked is my uncle
  11. 11. 7. The Adverb Clause An adverb clause is subordinate clause used to modify a verb,adjective,or adverb in the main clause. Example : Tim whispers louder than most people talk
  12. 12. 8. The Noun Clause A noun clause is a subordinate clause used as a noun Example : She sai that the room is too cold
  13. 13. 9. The Sentence Redefined A phrase a group of words used within a sentence as single part of speech. A clause is a group of words which contains a subject and verb. Clause and phrase are sentence parts. The sentence itself is not part of any other grammatical construction. Complete definition sentence then is in three parts : A sentence is a group of words that a. Expresses a complete thought b. Contains a subject and verb c. Is not part of any other grammatical construction

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