Offences and penalties

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  • 1. OFFENCES AND PENALTIES
  • 2. 112. FAILURE TO FURNISH RETURN ORGIVE NOTICE OF CHARGEABILITY. 112. (1) Any person who makes default in furnishing a return in accordance with section 77 (1) or 77A (1) or in giving a notice in accordance with section 77 (3) shall, if he does so without reasonable excuse, be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine of not less than two hundred ringgit and not more than two thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both. (2) In any prosecution under subsection (1) the burden of proving that a return has been made or a notice given shall be upon the accused person. (2A) Where a person has been convicted of an offence undersubsection (1), the court may make a further order that the person shallcomply with the relevant provisions of this Act under which the offencehas been committed within thirty days, or such other period as the courtdeems fit, from the date the order is made.
  • 3.  (3) Where in relation to a year of assessment a person makes default in furnishing a return in accordance with section 77 (1) or 77A (1) or in giving a notice in accordance with section 77(3) and no prosecution under subsection (1) has been instituted in relation to that default-i. (a) the Director General may require that person to pay a penalty equal to treble the amount of the tax which, before any set-off, repayment or relief under this Act, is payable for that year; andii. (b) if that person pays that penalty (or, where the penalty is abated or remitted under section 124(3), so much, if any, of the penalty as has not been abated or remitted), he shall not be liable to be charged on the same facts with an offence under subsection (1). (4) The Director General may require any person to pay an additional amount of penalty in accordance with subsection (3) in respect of any additional tax which is payable by that person for a year of assessment.
  • 4. 113. INCORRECT RETURNS. 113. (1) Any person who-(a) makes an incorrect return by omitting or understating any income of which he is required by this Act to make a return on behalf of himself or another person; or(b) gives any incorrect information in relation to any matter affecting his own chargeability to tax or the chargeability to tax of any other person, shall, unless he satisfies the court that the incorrect return or incorrect information was made or given in good faith, be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine of not less than one thousand ringgit and not more than ten thousand ringgit and shall pay a special penalty of double the amount of tax which has been undercharged in consequence of the incorrect return or incorrect information or which would have been undercharged if the return or information had been accepted as correct.
  • 5.  2) Where a person,(a) makes an incorrect return by omitting or understating any income of which he is required by this Act to make a return on behalf of himself or another person; or(b) gives any incorrect information in relation or any matter affecting his own chargeability to tax or the chargeability to tax of any other person, then, if no prosecution under subsection (1) has been instituted in respect of the incorrect return or incorrect information, the Director General may require that person to pay a penalty equal to the amount of tax which has been undercharged in consequence of the incorrect return or incorrect information or which would have been undercharged if the return or information had been accepted as correct; and, if that person pays that penalty (or, where the penalty is abated or remitted under section 124(3), so much, if any, of the penalty as has not been abated or remitted), he shall not be liable to be charged on the same facts with an offence under subsection (1).
  • 6. 114. WILFUL EVASION. 114. (1) Any person who wilfully and with intent to evade or assist any other person to evade tax-(a) omits from a return made under this Act any income which should beincluded;(b) makes a false statement or entry in a return made under this Act;(c) gives a false answer (orally or in writing) to a question asked or request forinformation made in pursuance of this Act;(d) prepares or maintains or authorizes the preparation or maintenance of falsebooks of account or other false records;(e) falsifies or authorizes the falsification of books of account or other records;or(f) makes use or authorizes the use of any fraud, art or contrivance, shall beguilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine of not less thanone thousand ringgit and not more than twenty thousand ringgit or toimprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to both, and shall pay aspecial penalty of treble the amount of tax which has been undercharged inconsequence of the offence or which would have been underchargedif the offence had not been detected.
  • 7.  (1A) Any person who assists in, or advises with respect to, the preparation of any return where the return results in an understatement of the liability for tax of another person shall, unless he satisfies the court that the assistance or advice was given with reasonable care, be guilty to an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine of not less than two thousand ringgit and not more that twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to both. (2) Where in any proceedings under this section it is proved that a false statement or false entry (whether by omission or otherwise) has been made in a return furnished under this Act by or on behalf of any person or in any books of account or other records maintained by or on behalf of any person, that person shall be presumed until the contrary is proved to have made that false statement or entry with intent to evade tax.
  • 8. 115. LEAVING MALAYSIA WITHOUTPAYMENT OF TAX. (1) Any person who, knowing that a certificate has been issued in respect of him under section 104, voluntarily leaves or attempts to leave Malaysia without paying all the tax, sums and debts specified in the certificate or furnishing security to the satisfaction of the Director General for the payment thereof shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine of not less than two hundred ringgit and not more than two thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both. (2) A police officer or immigration officer may arrest without warrant any person whom he reasonably suspects to be committing or about to commit an offence under this section. (3) In this section "immigration officer" has the same meaning as in section 104.
  • 9. 116. OBSTRUCTION OF OFFICERS. 116. Any person who-(a) obstructs or refuses to permit the entry of the Director General or anauthorized officer into any land, building or place in pursuance ofsection 80;(b) obstructs the Director General or an authorized officer in theexercise of his functions under this Act;(c) refuses to produce any book or other document in his custody orunder his control on being required to do so by the Director General oran authorized officer for the purposes of this Act ;(d) fails to provide reasonable facilities or assistance or both to theDirector General or an authorized officer in the exercise of his powersunder this Act ; or(e) refuses to answer any question relating to any of those purposeslawfully asked of him by the Director General or an authorizedofficer, shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable toa fine of not less than one thousand ringgit and not more than tenthousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year
  • 10. 117. BREACH OF CONFIDENCE. 117. (1) Any classified person who in contravention of section 138-(a) communicates classified material to another person; or(b) allows another person to have access to classified material,shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding four thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both. (2) In this section "classified material" and"classified person" have the same meaning as insection 138.
  • 11. 118. OFFENCES BY OFFICIALS. 118. Any person having an official function under this Act who-(a) otherwise than in good faith, demands from any person anamount in excess of the tax or penalties due under this Act;(b) withholds for his own use or otherwise any portion of anysuch tax or penalty collected or received by him;(c) otherwise than in good faith, makes a false report or return(orally or in writing) of the amount of any such tax or penaltycollected or received by him;(d) defrauds any person, embezzles any money or otherwiseuses his position to deal wrongfully with the Director General orany other person,shall be guilty of an offence and shall, onconviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding twenty thousandringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three yearsor to both.
  • 12. 119 . UNAUTHORISED COLLECTION. 119. Any person who, not being authorized under this Act to do so, collects or attempts to collect tax or a penalty under this Act shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to both.HistorySection 119 amended by Act 513 of 1994 s24, bysubstituting for the word "ten" the word "twenty", inforce from 25 February 1994.
  • 13. 119A. FAILURE TO KEEP RECORDS. 119A. Any person who without reasonable excuse-(a) fails to comply with an order or a notice given under section82(3) or (5); or(b) contravenes subsection 82(1), (1A), (6), (7) or(8), shall beguilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine ofnot less than three hundred ringgit and not more than tenthousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding oneyear or to both.
  • 14. 120. OTHER OFFENCES. 120. (1) Any person who without reasonable excuse-(a) fails to comply with a notice given under section78, 79, 80 (3), 81, 84 (1), 85 or 87;(b) fails to furnish a return in accordance with subsection 83(1) or to prepare and render a statement in accordance with subsection 83(1A) or 83A(1);(c) fails to give the notice required by section 83 (2),(3) or (4);(d) contravenes section 84 (2), 86 (1), 89 or 153 (1);(e) fails to comply with a direction given under section 83 (5) or 107; or(f) fails to furnish an estimate in accordance with section 107C (2), 107C (3) or 107C (4)(a), (2) Where a person has been convicted of an offence under subsection (1), the court may take furtherorder that the person shall comply with the relevant provisions of this Act under which the offence has been committed within thirty days, or such other period as the court deem fir, from the date the order is made.
  • 15. 124. POWER TO COMPOUND OFFENCESAND ABATE OR REMIT PENALTIES. 124. (1) Where any person has committed any offence under this Act, the Director General may at any time before conviction compound the offence and order that person to pay such sum of money, not exceeding the amount or of the maximum fine and any special penalty to which that person would have been liable if he had been convicted of the offence, as he thinks fit:Provided that the Director General shall not exercise his powersunder this section unless that person in writing admits that hehas committed the offence and requests the Director General todeal with he offence under this section. (2) Where under this section the Director General compounds an offence committed by any person and makes an order accordingly-(a) the order shall be made in writing under the hand of theDirector General and there shall be attached to it the writtenadmission and request referred to in subsection (1);
  • 16. (b) the order shall specify- (i) the offence committed; (ii) The sum of money ordered to be paid; and (iii) the date on which payment is to be made or the dates on whichinstalments of that sum are to be paid, as the case may be,(c) a copy of the order shall be given, if he so requests, to the personwho committed the offence;(d) that person shall not be liable to any prosecution or, as the casemay be, any further prosecution in respect of the offence and, if anysuch prosecution or further prosecution is brought, it shall be a gooddefence for that person to prove that the offence has beencompounded under this section;(e) the order shall be final and shall not be subject to any appeal;(f) the order may be enforced in the same way as the judgment of asubordinate court (as defined in Schedule 5) for the payment of theamount stated in the order or the amount outstanding, as the case maybe; and(g) the order shall, on production to any court, be treated as proof of thecommission of the offence by that person and of the other matters setout therein. (3) The Director General may abate or remit any penalty imposed under this Act except a penalty imposed on conviction.
  • 17. Offences, Fines and PenaltiesType Of OffencesProvisions Under ITA 1967 Amount Of Fine (RM) Failure (without reasonable excuse) to furnish an Income Tax Return Form. 112(1) 200 to 2,000 / imprisonment / both Failure (without reasonable excuse) to give notice of chargeability to tax. 112(1) 200 to 2,000 / imprisonment / both Make an incorrect tax return by omitting or understating any income.
  • 18.  113(1)(a) 1,000 to 10,000 and 200% of tax undercharged Give any incorrect information in matters affecting the tax liability of a taxpayer or any other person. 113(1)(b) 1,000 to 10,000 and 200% of tax undercharged Wilfully and with intent to evade or assist any other person to evade tax. 114(1) 1,000 to 20,000 / imprisonment / both and 300% of tax undercharged Assist or advise (without reasonable care) others to under declare their income. 114(1A) 2,000 to 20,000 /imprisonment / both Attempt to leave the country without payment of tax. 115(1) 200 to 2,000 /imprisonment / both Obstruct any authorized officer of IRBM in carrying out his duties.
  • 19.  116 1,000 to 10,000 / imprisonment / both Fails (without reasonable excuse) to comply with an order to keep proper records and documentation. 119A 300 to 10,000 / imprisonment / both Fails (without reasonable excuse) to comply with a notice asking for certain information as required by IRBM. 120(1) 200 to 2,000 /imprisonment / both Fails (without reasonable excuse) to give notice on changes of address within 3 months. 120(1) 200 to 2,000 /imprisonment / both Payment of Income Tax Type of Offences Source of Income Provisions Under ITA 1967
  • 20.  Penalties Pay taxes after 30th April. Non-Business 103(3) a. 10% increment from the tax payable, and b. Additional 5% increment on the balance of (a) if payment is not made after 60 days from the final datePay taxes after 30th June. Business 103(4) Payment of Estimated Income Tax (For Business Income) Type of Offences Provisions Under ITA 1967 Penalties Pay instalments after 30 days of the date set. 107B(3) 10% on instalment due Actual tax 30% higher than the revised estimate of tax.107B(4) 10% of the difference in actual tax balances and estimated tax made
  • 21. THANK YOU