Organic farming
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Organic farming

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1.INTRODUCTION ...

1.INTRODUCTION
2.COMPONENTS
3.NEED OF
ORGANIC FARMING
4.CONCEPT OF
ORGANIC FARMING
5.ADVANTAGES OF
ORGANIC FARMING
6.CONVENTIONAL
VS
ORGANIC FARMING
7.PROBLEMS WITH
CONVENTIONAL FARMING
8.TECHNIQUES IN
ORGANIC FARMING
9.Composting
......................and much more

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Organic farming Organic farming Presentation Transcript

  • BY: RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • Organic farming refers to ecologically-based production systems used to produce food and fiber. Organic farming can be defined by the proactive, ecological management strategies that maintain and enhance soil fertility, prevent soil erosion, promote and enhance biological BY: diversity, and minimize risk to human and RATIKA DELHI animal health and natural resources. INDIA
  • BY: RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  •  Drawbacks of green revolution: Rapidely degrading soil fertility status Increased cost of production Increased environmental pollution Health hazards  Thats why, we need organic farming.
  • Organic farming describe 2 major aspects of alternative agricultureSubstitution of organic manure & other material for inorganic fertilizers Biological pest & control instead of the chemicals. BY: RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • The study found that organic fruits and vegetables have up to 50% more antioxidants, and more vitamins and minerals, such as iron and zinc. Other studies have shown that by eating organic foods, people have a stronger immune system, less weight problems, and better sleep. •you're not ingesting deadly pesticides, poisons and herbicides •keeps pesticides out of streams and ground water •better tasting, more flavor •no residual antibiotics or growth hormones in organic meat or milk
  • • no fillers are used to bulk up foods • food is non-GMO (genetically modified organism) • pure - no artificial colors, flavors, additives, preservatives, sweeteners • it is not processed • supports local farms and farmers, and the local economy • safer to eat for babies and children • more healthy ,higher nutrition content, more vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids • emotional benefits - feeling good about eating something that is pure food, healthy for you, and tastes better than processed food and you are helping the environment • pesticides in foods have been linked to several diseases: BY: cancer, obesity and some birth defects. RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • Organic is fundamentally different from Conventional because of the use of carbon based fertilizers compared with highly soluble synthetic based fertilizers and biological pest control instead of synthetic pesticides, which proves organic farming to be more beneficial.
  •  Pollute rivers, lakes and water sources.  Poor soil structure; easily eroded  Dependency on fertilizers to produce crop.  Pesticides enter the food- health problems.  Chemicals destroy soil micro-organisms  Development of Pests and diseases resistance to artificial pesticides.  The numbers of natural enemies decrease because BY: of pesticide use and habitat loss. RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • W hat i s O rg ani c fl v .
  •  The farmer would use a range of organic methods at the same time to allow them to work together for the maximum benefit.  These techniques aiming at: Maintain and build good soil structure and fertility Control pests, diseases and weeds BY: Careful use of water resources RATIKA DELHI Good animal husbandry INDIA
  • Activities to maintain and build good soil structure and fertility: Recycled and composted crop wastes and animal manures (organic fertilizers) The right soil cultivation at the right time Crop rotation Green manures Mulching on the soil surface and cover crops. BY: RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • Composting  Compost improves soil structure, allows more air into the soil, improves drainage and reduces erosion.  Compost improves soil fertility by adding nutrients and by making it easier for plants to take up the nutrients already in the soil.  It improves the soil’s ability to hold water thus prevent drying out during drought. BY: RATIKA DELHI
  • Crop Rotations  The practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons.  Mitigates the build-up of pathogens, weeds and pests that often occurs when one species is continuously cropped. BY: RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • Green manures  In agriculture, green manure refers to crops     which have already been uprooted (and have often already been stuffed under the soil). The then dying plants are of a type of cover crop. Increase and recycle plant nutrients and organic matter Improve soil fertility & soil structure Improve the ability of the soil to hold water BY: Control soil erosion RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • Mulching Covering the ground with a layer of loose material such as straw, dry grass, leaves or crop residues.  Decreasing water loss due to evaporation  Suppressing weed growth  Preventing soil erosion  Add nutrients and improving soil structure  Adding organic matter to the soil BY: RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • BY: RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • Activities to control pests, diseases and weeds: Careful planning and crop choice Good cultivation practice Crop rotation Encouraging useful predators that eat pests Increasing genetic diversity Using natural pesticides, e.g. neem BY: RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • Careful use of water: The use of terracing and careful irrigation- decrease erosion and surface runoff The addition of organic matter to the soil to improve its ability to hold water The use of mulches to hold water in the soil by stopping the soil surface BY: from drying out. RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • Animal husbandry: The term can refer to the practice of selectively breeding and raising livestock to promote desirable traits in animals for utility, sport, pleasure, or research Animals should not be kept in confined spaces where they cannot carry out their natural behavior such as standing and moving around in an inadequate amount of space. Breeds should be chosen to suit local needs and local conditions and resources. BY: RATIKA DELHI INDIA
  • Combined techniques in OF
  • RATIKA DELHI,INDIA