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Android Operating System : Revolution in Mobile
Prof . Mohit Moghe
Introduction of Android OS
Android is a Linux-based operating system and software platform
for smart phones and tablets.
Android Inc was founded in Palo Alto of California, U.S. by Andy
Rubin, Rich miner, Nick sears and Chris White in 2003.
Android was acquired by the Google in 2005 for 50 million $ and
unveiled its distribution in 2007 with formation of Open Handset
Alliance led by Google.
The first commercially available phone to run Android was the HTC
Dream, released on October 22, 2008 With Android Version 1.0
Open Handset Alliance (OHA)
The Open Handset Alliance (OHA) is a group of companies
Which are allowed to use source code of Android and
The OHA was established on 6 November 2007, led by
Google with 34 members including mobile handset
makers, application developers and chip makers.
In OHA group companies are allowed to use source code of
Android and develop applications.
Major group members of OHA group is Google
, HTC, Sony, Dell , Intel, Samsung, Nvidia, LG etc.
Revolution in Mobile Experience
Before inventing mobile OS, only technological device that required
an operating system was a personal computer. Initially it was just
one or two high-end mobile phones that ran on operating systems
with the success of these particular models more models started
using Smartphone operating systems.
One Smartphone operating system that has truly revolutionized the
whole idea of a mobile phone is Android. After the initial success
of Android run phones by HTC(Dream), more and more
Smartphone manufacturers joined the android project and
member of the Open Handset Alliance (OHA) is increased. This
resulted in Android becoming the most widely used Smartphone
in the market.
Revolution in Mobile Experience
The open source and licensing nature of Android allows the
developers and device manufacturers to modify the software
according to their needs, As a result of this constant
development and innovation, Android has been adapted to work
on technological devices other than smart phones.
Android phones are much more cost effective than its rivals and
offer a more stimulating and fulfilling user experience makes
Android a preferred choice for many users.
Android has become the core operating systems of many other
devices like Laptops , Smart books , Wristwatches , Car
CD/DVD players , Camera and other devices
Features of Android OS
Android supports wireless communication using
802.11 Wi-Fi Networks
Android runs on many devices of different companies which
are member of OHA.
User gets millions of applications that user can not get in any
other mobile operating system.
Interface that is better then the previous touch screen
Multitasking , Multi-touch , Modern web browser , Smart
Android application also developed by JAVA and C/C++
Android supports advanced audio/video/still media formats
such as MPEG-4, H.264, MP3, and AAC, AMR, JPEG, PNG,
Fact & Figure about Android OS
Android powers hundreds of millions of mobile devices in more than
190 countries around the world.
Every day more than 1 million new Android devices are activated
Android and iOS Combine for 91.1% of the Worldwide Smartphone
OS Market during 4th quarter of 2012.
It's the largest installed base of any mobile platform and growing
fast—every day another million users power up their Android devices
for the first time and start looking for apps, games, and other digital
Android users download more than 1.5 billion apps and games from
Google Play each month.
Android is launching all the versions in the alphabetical order.
The primary source of income from Android for Google is only mobile
Android OS Vs Other Mobile OS
C, C++, Java
C, C++ , C#
Many phones and
tablets (HTC ,
Samsung ,Sony , LG
Samsung & other)
Android 4.4 Kitkat
Windows Phone 8
Limitations of Android OS
Android requires an active internet connection. At least there
should be a GPRS internet connection so that the device is
ready to go online according to our needs.
Application in the Android phones can easily obtained and for
free, but the consequences in each of these applications, will
always be ads on display, either the top or bottom of the
Android operating system is a lot of "process" in the
background that lead to the battery quickly drains.
Making source code available to everyone inevitably invites
the attention of hackers and less secure than other mobile
Future Scope of Android OS
Google may launch another version of Android that starts ‘L’
because Google is launching all the android versions in the
alphabetical order with upgraded and new features.
More future development of wristwatches, digital camera and
other devices with Android OS. There are chances of Android
may become the widely used operating system in world.
Android introduced some innovative and new features with
every new version and try to overcome it’s drawback in
Mobile Apps development industries are considering Android
Application Development as one of the best remunerative