Rightsrevs

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Rightsrevs

  1. 1. America Compared Rights, Revolutions Rebecca Thomas
  2. 2. Racial Equality Struggles in the United States and South Africa <ul><li>Both the southern United States and South Africa witnessed efforts to end the rule of racial segregation by nonviolent protestors. The movements in both nations were highly influenced by the teachings of Mahatma Ghandi. Martin Luther King Jr. led the efforts in the American South while the Defiance Campaign of 1952-1960 in South Africa was led by the African National Congress (ANC). The movements had different effects and took different paths due to some key factors. First of all, in the U.S. the discriminated against people of the South could turn to their Northern brothers for some political support; in South Africa there was no such support. Also, the American protestors had the Constitution and the court system to aide them in their efforts. In South Africa, however, the government just become more violent and suppressive against minority groups including mulitracial people. This reaction from the South African government sparked the ANC to take a more violent route. Eventually apartheid was defeated in South Africa in 1976, mostly due to the isolation it caused the nation concerning international affairs and a series of riots in black townships that reignited the protest movement. While the African-Americans still struggle with discrimination (although less apparent than it was before the 1970’s), a famous ANC member, Nelson Mandela, became the President of South Africa in April 1994 in the first free election for the nation. </li></ul>
  3. 3. A New Feminism for America and Great Britain <ul><li>Riding the tail of the Civil Rights’ Movement of the 1960’s a new organized feminism was reborn. The campaign for suffrage was highly influenced by Betty Friedan’s book The Feminine Mystique which captured millions of female readers. The book preached about society’s brainwashing tendencies on women into believing that the road to happiness consists only of being a housewife and a mother. Likewise, across the Atlantic, Great Britain also witnessed a new wave of feminism. Great Britain experience two types of feminism during and after the 1960’s; the first was “equal rights” feminism, a traditional version of women’s rights focusing on the destruction of sexist discrimination. Then on a more left bent a new radical feminism emerged known as “women’s liberation” feminism. This branch of feminism called for a reformation in tradition ideas of womanhood, sexuality, and family. The development of feminism in both countries occurred and progressed similtaneously. </li></ul>Feminist Movement parade

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