Cambodian Southern Coastal Area an Provincial Profiles1- Koh Kong Province2- Kampot Province3- Kep Province4- Sihanouk Ville Province
Overview of Cambodian Coastal AreaThe southern coastal area covers 17, 237 square kilometers with the population of960,487 (NIS 2008). The areas extent from Koh Kong , Sihanouk Ville , Kampot andKep provinces which entire coastal length is 440 Km (sea coast) and it is in averageabout 230 Km from Phnom Penh city. The area shares border with Thailand to thewest, Vietnam to the East and Gulf of Thailand to the Southwest.About 80 percent of the population of the coastal area is Khmer, although Cham,Vietnamese, Chinese, Thai and ethnic minorities such as Sa Och also live there.Most of people living along the coast have a good life. Mostly, they earn their livingby farming and fishing. The topography of Cambodias coastal area is mountainous,plateau, plain, coast, seaside and gulf. There is much sand in this area. Palm oil,rubber, coconuts, pepper, rice, durian and other crops can be grown in this area. It isalso rich in varieties of mangrove. Cambodias gulf, which divides the country fromthe Malacca subcontinent, is not very deep, averaging only 50 meters. The maximumdepth is 81 meters. The bottom is plain. There are 60 islands in Cambodias coastalwaters. They include 23 in Koh Kong province, 2 in Kampot province, 22 inSihanoukville and 13 in Kep city.In July 2011, Koh Kong, Sihanouk Ville , Kampot and Kep, so-called “CambodianBay” was included as the member of the Most Beautiful Bays in the World Club. Thishas made Cambodia’s coastal area the 2nd economic pole in attracting investmentsfor promoting national economic growth after the royal capital Phnom Penh, and alsothe main destination of natural tourism destination after the cultural and historicalheritage areas of Siem Reap-Angkor and Phnom Penh. Indeed, Preah Sihanoukprovince has become the core of Cambodia’s coastal area, an international gateway,an industry centre, and particularly an international level tourism resort that existsin harmony with the our living environment and with great potential of naturalresources, physical infrastructure such as international airport and seaport,telecommunication network and many other connecting economic infrastructure.Moreover, Koh Kong province is an international level eco-tourism destination andan industry centre linking with the ASEAN due to its high potential of geo-location,sea resources, mangroves and forests with the connection to the great ecologicalaxis of the world that is Cardamom mountain’s tropical forest which is rich in rareanimals and the last one in Asia, and at present the area is listed as one of the 10most famous eco-tourism sites in the world. Moreover, Kampot province is anagricultural and processing centre with advanced technology, a national andinternational trade and economic centre, and a destination for cultural, historical andnatural tourism with wonderful geo-location, sea resources, Bok Kor resort,agricultural land and special features of agricultural crops such as durian, pepper,salt and sea catch. Besides, Kep province is a centre of long-haul tourist destinationfor those who love pure nature. All these essential features have allowed the four
provinces be integrated into a coastal area of Cambodia with coastal axis connectingKoh Kong - Preah Sihanouk - Kampot -Kep provinces, linked with ASEAN highwayno. 123 and linked with Phnom Penh through Phnom Penh – Preah Sihanouk axis toconnect with the ASEAN highway No. 11.The region has been proving substantial factors in attracting businesses andinvestment as the potential is enormously in many sectors.
List of Acronyms- AEC 2015: ASEAN Economic Community 2015- ADB: Asian Development Bank- CBTA: Cross-border Trade Agreement- CCC: Cambodia Chamber of Commerce- EU: European Union- GI: Geographical Indication- GMS: Greater Mekong Sub-region- ICD: Inland Container Depot (ICD)- JAIF: Japan –ASEAN integration Fund- KK : Koh Kong- MI : Mekong Institute- NIS: National Institute of Statistic- NZAP: New Zealand Aid Programme- PD/MoC : Provincial Department/Ministry of Commerce- PD/MIME: Provincial Department/ Ministry of Mine, Industry and Energy- PP: Phnom Penh (Capital of Cambodia)- SEZ: Special Economic Zone- SEC : Southern Economic Corridor- SMEs: Small Medium Enterprises- SHV : Sihanouk Ville