Abstract-ASEAN Want To Achieve Its Goal Of AEC 2015
ASEAN move toward “the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) goal by 2015”Chan SereiRathaE-mail:firstname.lastname@example.orgMentor: Moe ThuzarNovember, 2010Association of South East Asia Nations (ASEAN) was established on August 8th, 1967, with thesigning of the ASEAN Declaration, also known as the Bangkok Declaration, by foreignministers of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.It was later expanded to include Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia. In the KualaLumpur Declaration of 1971, ASEAN envision the 2020 vision which objective is to realizefully integrated of the ASEAN community – so-called ASEAN 2020. In the vision, ASEANcommit itself to moving towards closer cohesion and economic integration, narrowing the gap inthe level of development among member countries, ensuring that the multilateral trading systemremains fair and open, and achieving global competitiveness by creating a stable, prosperousand highly competitive ASEAN Economic Region in which there is a free flow of goods,services and investments, a freer flow of capital, equitable economic development and reducedpoverty and socio-economic disparities.By seeing the economic growth in the region, emerging growth from two superpower India andChina as well as with the rest of the world and stressing the importance of narrowing thedevelopment gap have pushed the leaders of the ASEAN nations to put in place its ambitioustarget of ASEAN Economic Community by moving from 2020 to 2015 at the Declaration ofASEAN Concord II in Bali, Indonesia, on 7th October 2003. In order to realize the objective astrategic schedule that includes key milestones for a comprehensive and deeper economicintegration has been formalized as an integral part of this ASEAN 2015 ( the Blueprint- pleasesee an attached schedule). The Blueprint and its strategic schedule have been consulting amongall stakeholders to ensure consistency of the above measures, programmes and milestones acrosssectors and promote greater sense of ownership of the ASEAN-AEC 2015.Opportunities and Challenges of the ASEAN-AEC 2015:1- Challenges: The main challenges are the development gap between old and new members,especially Cambodia, Laos, Myamar and Vietnam (CLMV). The gap can be seen for severalareas ranging from policy, institutional and regulatory frameworks that will help them to catchup or narrowing the gap between the old and new members by strengthening their capacity andcapability to addressing the several critical issues such as: - reducing poverty and increasing standard of living - improving servile services - preparing to face with a global competition- From another outlook, political will and commitment need to be existent in each member ofASEAN. This means that the regional strategic plan should be aligned with the national strategicplan in order to realize the ASEAN Economic Community by 2015. The harmonization of livingtogether in one umbrella of the ASEAN is not really strong yet, some members facing ahistorical barriers, tension and clashing over cultural, political, economic and territories issues.There are also some other barriers which making the AEC 2015 become a reality. The factorswill be brought to discuss with experienced professionals in the class.
2- Opportunities: ASEAN now has 10 members with 592 million people, an area of 4.43 millionsq.km, and a combined GDP of US$1,492 billion, with a steady growth and favorable externalfactors (China and India), ASEAN become a dynamic region for attracting an investment. TheCooperation within ASEAN has steadily developed much stronger than it was originally created(1967) and expanded into politics, economics, investment, culture, education, health care, theenvironment, science, and technology. And another step which is really helpful to narrowing thegap between old and new members so-called CLMV, very fine program “Initiative for ASEANIntegration Program (IAI)” which given a milestone of narrowing the gap was launching at the4th informal submit in November 2000 in Singapore and endorsed by ASEAN leaders on IAIWork Plan on 8th ASEAN submit in November 2002 in Phnom Penh, Kingdom of Cambodia.The IAI work plan focuses on seven components including infrastructure, human resourcedevelopment, information communication technology, regional economic integration, tourism,poverty and quality of life and general coverage of projects. Furthermore ASEAN has also ledthe process of fostering a network of FTA+1 with important partners in the region includingChina, Japan, Republic of Korea, India, Australia and New Zealand. The Association is anactive initiator of various economic and trade cooperation programs with major players, such asthe U.S., Canada, the EU and Russia. ASEAN has been conducting a feasibility study for theestablishment of a free trade area in East Asia, which once implemented, will become the largestfree trade area over two billion people and a GDP of ten trillion dollars. ASEAN has been activein the implementation of various initiatives in the area of finance and banking, notably theAgreement on the Multilaterization of the Chiang Mai Initiative and the establishment of theCredit Guarantee and Investment Facility within the ASEAN+3 frameworks.In conclusion, the AEC 2015 can or can not it depend heavily on the individual country’ willcontribution to the goal. Everything on the paper is really nice but to make it real in practice isanother thing and also very difficult task for each member in term of their political will andinterest. And also the incentive of the AEC 2015 should be visible to each member as we knowclearly that all of them are in the different level so that incentive should be given to theparticular needs and interest by the timeline. But more importantly, they must be responsible fortheir own people and the next generation.Reference: - www.aseansec.com/overview and asean2020 - www.aseanstudiescentre.org/ asean on path to achieve AEC goal - ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint, by ASEAN Secretariat 2008 - Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) : narrowing the development gap, by Gary Krishnam , IAI Unit , ASEAN Secretariat - Abstract on ASEAN’s progression to common market status: pitfalls and policy descriptions - ADBI working paper series on Asian FTAs: Trends and Challenges by Masahiro Kawai and Ganeshan Wignaraja No 144, August 2009 - http://asean2010.vn/asean_en/news/36/2DA94F/Greater-impetus-to-establishment-of-ASEAN economic-community , by By Hương Giang, archived on 29/08/2010 - http://asean2010.vn/asean_en/news/36/2DA93D/ASEAN-Lecture-by-HE-Prime- Minister-Nguyen-Tan-Dung-On-the-occasion-of-the-43rd-Anniversary-of-ASEAN--and- the-15th-Anniversary-of-Viet-Nams-Membersh, archived on 29/08/2010 - http://asean2010.vn/asean_en/news/36/2DA93A/ASEAN--looking-back-on-43-years-of- development, archived on 29/08/2010 - wikipedia, the free encyclopedia website