Birds on prints

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Presentation about the conversion of Naturalis data to RDF and investigating links to other collections. Slides were presented at the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam Friday 4th of April.

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Birds on prints

  1. 1. Birds on Prints Chris Dijkshoorn & Lora Aroyo
  2. 2. Rijksmuseum Collection Collection Statistics - Prints ~700.000 - Digitised ~180.000 - Bird Prints ~1.200 Annotation Problems - Focus on art-historical information - Occasional lack of expertise regarding subject matter
  3. 3. Rijksmuseum Collection Collection Statistics - Prints ~700.000 - Digitised ~180.000 - Bird Prints ~1.200 Annotation Problems - Focus on art-historical information - Occasional lack of expertise regarding subject matter Bird with Blue Head Branch with Red Leaves
  4. 4. SEALINCMedia Niche Sourcing - Crowdsource annotation process - Find niche groups with required expertise Crowd Cultural Heritage Collection Annotations Niche Experts Niche Experts Niche Experts Web of Data
  5. 5. Why Focus On Birds
  6. 6. Why Focus On Birds
  7. 7. Prints External Sources techniquermacollection: r-471949 Bairei_Kono ico:birds "Vogel bij rood blad" contentClassification maker ico:naturebroader kleurenhout snede aat:color_ woodcuts closeMatch parent Preferred aat: relief_prints ulan: Kōno Bairei closeMatch ulan: Tsuji Kakō teacher_of Rijksmuseum Collection Data External Vocabularies imageUrltitle
  8. 8. Prints External Sources ico:birds ico:naturebroader aat:color_ woodcuts h parent Preferred aat: relief_prints ulan: Kōno Bairei h ulan: Tsuji Kakō teacher_of External Vocabularies
  9. 9. Prints External Sources ico:birds ico:naturebroader aat:color_ woodcuts h parent Preferred aat: relief_prints ulan: Kōno Bairei h ulan: Tsuji Kakō teacher_of External Vocabularies Daurian Redstart
  10. 10. Naturalis Data Specimen Collection - Songbirds 3.210 specimen Print Collection - Koekkoek 406 prints Multiple Thesauri - Nederlandse Soorten Register - IOC World Bird List
  11. 11. Integration Problem Various Sources
  12. 12. IOC Bird List Naturalis SpecimenNaturalis Prints IOC Multilingual Integration Problem Linked Data Solution ioc:species-pyrrhula_pyrrhula ioc:subspecies-pyrrhula_pyrrhula_cineracea ioc:subspecies-pyrrhula_pyrrhula_pyrrhula goudvink@nl ウソ@ja Eurasian Bullfinch@en Koekkoek, M.A. drawings (visual works) txn:Male RMNH.AVES.160193
  13. 13. IOC Bird List Naturalis SpecimenNaturalis Prints IOC Multilingual Integration Problem Linked Data Solution ioc:species-pyrrhula_pyrrhula ioc:subspecies-pyrrhula_pyrrhula_cineracea ioc:subspecies-pyrrhula_pyrrhula_pyrrhula goudvink@nl ウソ@ja Eurasian Bullfinch@en Koekkoek, M.A. drawings (visual works) txn:Male RMNH.AVES.160193
  14. 14. IOC Bird List Naturalis SpecimenNaturalis Prints IOC Multilingual Integration Problem Linked Data Solution ioc:species-pyrrhula_pyrrhula ioc:subspecies-pyrrhula_pyrrhula_cineracea ioc:subspecies-pyrrhula_pyrrhula_pyrrhula goudvink@nl ウソ@ja Eurasian Bullfinch@en Koekkoek, M.A. drawings (visual works) txn:Male RMNH.AVES.160193 Web of Data
  15. 15. Naturalis Collection Query Example
  16. 16. IOC World Bird List Conversion Based on XML version 4.1 - Family 237 - Genus 2.274 - Species 10.668 - Subspecies 20.976 Added Multilingual Names - Languages: 
 Zh, Da, Et, Fr, Hu, Ja, Pl, Ru, Es, En, Cs, Nl, Fi, De, It, No, Pt, Sk and Sv Uses TaxonConcept Ontology Discussion About Modelling - How to model relation species and subspecies? Family Genus txn:inFamily Species txn:inGenus Subspecies birds:inSpecies
  17. 17. IOC World Bird List Conversion Approach Used Cliopatria xmlrdf package: - Load XML - Use structure XML to generate RDF - Refine RDF using rewrite rules
 Discussion Contact creators? - Dereferenceable IRIs? - Use ico: namespace? Discussion Add missing Dutch common names?
  18. 18. Naturalis Conversion Europeana Data Model Distinction between - Works - Digital Representations Aggregation links them Approaches to modelling works - Object-centric - Event-centric Aggregation CH Object hasView aggregatedCHO
  19. 19. Koekoek Conversion Object -centric edm: aggregatedCHO dc: subject nat:aggregation- rmnh_aves_1601 93 nat:specimen- rmnh_aves_1601 93 edm:hasView birds:subspecies- pyrrhula_pyrrhula_ pyrrhula dcterms: creator ulan:500020715 "Koekkoek, M.A." dc: creator dcterms:format aat:300033973 "drawings (visual works)" dc: format
  20. 20. Specimen Conversion Event-centric edm: occuredAt dcterms: type nat:aggregation- rmnh_aves_1601 93 nat:specimen- rmnh_aves_1601 93 edm:hasView edm:aggregatedCHO txn:Specimen nat:event_collection- RMNH_AVES_160193 nat: wasCollectedAt edm: happenedAt "Europa, Rusland" edm: occuredAt "1905" nat:event_donation- RMNH_AVES_160193 nat: wasCollectedAt "14/12/1905" birds:subspecies- pyrrhula_pyrrhula_ pyrrhula txn:typeSpecimen HasSod
  21. 21. Naturalis Collection Conversion Approach Convert XLS to CSV Prolog for Processing Data - Load info rows CSV - Parse Scientific Names using DCG - Construct Identifiers from Scientific Names Prolog for Creating RDF - Assert Object - Assert Web Resource - Assert Aggregations - Write Graphs Discussion Who should convert? - Static versus Volatile Data - Script versus XSLT - Cultural Heritage Institution versus University
  22. 22. techniquermacollection: r-471949 Bairei_Kono ico:birds "Vogel bij rood blad" contentClassification maker ico:naturebroader kleurenhout snede aat:color_ woodcuts closeMatch parent Preferred aat: relief_prints ulan: Kōno Bairei closeMatch ulan: Tsuji Kakō teacher_of Rijksmuseum Collection Data External Vocabularies imageUrltitle Bird Prints Missing Link
  23. 23. ico:birds ico:naturebroader aat:color_ woodcuts h parent Preferred aat: relief_prints ulan: Kōno Bairei h ulan: Tsuji Kakō teacher_of External Vocabularies Bird Prints Missing Link
  24. 24. ico:birds ico:naturebroader aat:color_ woodcuts h parent Preferred aat: relief_prints ulan: Kōno Bairei h ulan: Tsuji Kakō teacher_of External Vocabularies Bird Prints Missing Link Daurian Redstart
  25. 25. Accurator Tagging Interface Version 2.0
  26. 26. Follow Up? Nederlands Soorten Register Print Kono Bairei
  27. 27. Follow Up Tagathon Eat Pizza (or something better) Meet bird enthusiasts Gather annotations ! !
  28. 28. Follow Up Wikipedia/Wikimedia Wiki Theme: Nature Bird Watching Event (in a museum?) Proposed Time: end of June 2014
  29. 29. Follow Up? Rijksmuseum Site
  30. 30. Birds on Prints Wrap Up Server http://ops.few.vu.nl/naturalis/ Git ec:/home/rasvaan/git/naturalis.git Email c.r.dijkshoorn@vu.nl

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