Italian Child Care From A Global Perspective Professor: Christine Cox By: Ummu Nauffer, Eva Felix, Nazma Khanam
Table of ContentHistory of italy…………………………………………… ……………………….3• philosophy………………………………… …………………………………….4• italy’s origin and characteristics………………………… ………..5
History/Evolution of Italian Child Care• the reggio approach came from it’s place of origin, Reggio Emilia, a city in Emilia Romagna, Northern Italy.• After the second world war (1945), Loris Malaguzzi, a teacher who found this system• This system was created by the need of women returning to the work force• The catholic church has sponsored out of the home and care for the disadvantage pre-schoolers as a charitable social service and religious training for the most of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Philosophy• Over the past 50 years, The Reggio Emilias schools system has grown in a outstanding and innovative set of philosophical assumption, curriculum, and pedagogy, method of pre- school organization, and the layout of the environment that has been taken as a combined as a whole to become what is known as the Reggio Emilia approach.• Children have opportunities to express themselves• program is based on children’s interest = teacher observes and listens to children to understand their interest and needs
Italy’s child care’s origin and characteristicsOrigin:This Reggio Emilia Approach of child care works in a strong collaboration with parents, teachers, and children’sCharacteristics:• curriculum is based on the child’s cues, children learn best when they are doing something that they are interested in• The childrens attention is more focused on projects because it will help them learn and develop skills.
Italian child care systemIn Italy they have two types of formal child care system child care system- public and private.Private:• Most of the child cares are private which are not fully funded by the government.• There are many different ways to enrol a child in the child care.• There is a wide range of selections based on the type, cost and quality so therefore supplying parents with better child care decisions.Public:• Public child cares are provided by the local community.• But the number of children allowed per child care
Program StructureThe program structure of Italian child care emphasis :• The positive value of multiple points of view and mutual participation in the family-school relationships.• The view that the relation between parents and teachers is and should be reciprocal.• They emphasis on the arts and aesthetic sensibilities.• They belief the importance of the environment as a provider of opportunities for social exchange.
Availability & Accessibility of Italian Child CareAvailability :• Depends on location• Availability varies from one region to another• For children under 3 years, child care service are different depending on the region• For children over the age of 3 years, child care service is regular in all Italian regionsAccessibility:• Municipalities and regionsThe access to public child care is based on:• Family size• Family composition• Family incomePublic child care cost less , than private child carehttp://dse.univir.it/espe/documents/paper/f/1/f1_4dv.pdf.
History/ evolution of Canadian child care• Second World war marked the start of a new era for child care in Canada.• All development domains were considered• 1946 they established the Day Nurseries Act• In 1966 Canada established the Canada Assistance Plan• Creating day care subsidies
Philosophy of Canadian child care• Based upon the recognition emotional, physical, intellectual, and social growth• Different learning centers• Ymca is on of the largest non-profitable child care provider• Provides individual
Child Care froma GlobalPerspective Canadian child care system Child Care from a Global Perspective • Informal • Formal – Licensed
Canadian program structure• The development of the children is set by the foundation for lifelong learning, behaviour, and health• Partnership with families and communities strengthens the ability to meet the need of the children• Respect diversity, equity, and inclusion are prerequisite for childrens rights• Play is an important role in children
Canadian availability & AccessibilityAvailability:Child care services is available to all agesSubsidies are available for low income familiesMore daycare now are offering after hourscompared to the 6 am till 6 pm programhttp://www.cbc.ca/news/story/2009/02/06/f-daycare/htmlAccessibility:It accessible to anyone who qualifyNon- profitableCanada ranked last among developed countries in