Efficient sub stationdesign

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Efficient sub stationdesign

  1. 1. EFFICIENT POWER SUBSTATION DESIGN SEMINAR PRESENTATION ON Presented by: RASMIN KUMAR SAHU Regd no-1001220052Guided by: E.r CHANDAN PATRA
  2. 2. overview  iNRODUCTION  SUBSTATION DESIGN CRITERIA  SUBSTATION FUNDAMENTALS  SUBSTATION LAY OUT  PRESENT PROSPECTUS  FUTURE POSSIBILITIES  CONCLUSION
  3. 3. INRODUCTION An electrical substation is a part of an electricity generation, transmission and distribution system where voltage is transformed from high to low or in reverse using transformers.
  4. 4. SUBSTATION DESIGN CRITERIA • Sub-station should be located at load center • Sufficient land area • Grounding • Easy of maintenance • Possibility to Expand • Reliability and Security • Electrical design considerations
  5. 5. SUBSTATION PARTS  SWITCH YARD  POWER TRANSFORMATION  FEEDER  CONTROL ROOM  PLCC  EARTHING SUBSTATION AUXILIARY AC/DC SUPPLY OIL HANDLING SYSTEM ILLUMINATION COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM SERVICE BAY FIRE EXTINGUISHERS SUBSTATION FUNDAMENTALS
  6. 6. SUBSTATION LAY OUT
  7. 7. SWITCHYARD EQUIPMENTS
  8. 8. MAIN FUNCTION OF SWITCHYARD.  Switchyard protect the plant due to sudden damage outside the plant
  9. 9. POWER TRANSFORMATION
  10. 10. Power Transformers:  These are used in substation to step up or step down the voltage.
  11. 11. PROTECTION EQUIPMENTS
  12. 12. PROTECTION EQUIPMENTS: Controls & protectc from abnormality in electrical system
  13. 13. PROTECTION EQUIPMENTS
  14. 14. CONTROLROOM & PLCC Controlroom monitors the elecrical activities in a substation
  15. 15. FUTURE POSSIBILITIES
  16. 16. GAS INSULATED SUBSTATION: GIS is the most suitable solution for indoor and underground substations. In outdoor and hybrid substations, the occupied area is tremendously reduced by using GIS technology.
  17. 17. HTS (High Temperature Superconductors) substation Many applications of superconducting technology such as HTS cable, HTS transformer, HTS Fault Current Limiter (FCL), Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage(SMES) are analyzed .
  18. 18. INTELLIGENT ELECTRONIC DEVICES (IEDS) Recent multifunctional Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) provide higher performance, reduction in operating cost, reduction in size, increase in efficiency and improvement in robustness in the existing substations
  19. 19. DRY TYPE & SOLID STATE POWERTRANSFORMER
  20. 20. INTEGRATING &DISCONNECTING CKT BREAKER
  21. 21. SELF MONITORED INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMER
  22. 22. WIRELESS COMMUNICATION • Wireless communication is another option for data transfer from substation switchyard to control house which does not require wire installation in the switchyard. • This solution is easy to install and provides compact low cost solution.
  23. 23. The most significant features of fiberglass material are: cost- effective, strong and durable, easy to install, corrosion and rot resistant, safe and long lifetime.  Fiberglass materials are a competitive alternative for steel, wood and concrete in construction applications FIBERGLASS APPLICATIONS IN SUBSTATION
  24. 24. CONCLUSION The following are goals concluded for this approach:  Adding new equipments to supplement existing substation as well as paving the  way for the future replacement of legacy solution  Replacing existing equipment due to performance or age deterioration as well as  making it compatible for total future replacement  Balancing the need for open system design and cyber security demands while  expanding the best practices and gradually training personnel for new equipment
  25. 25. ANY QUERIES

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