Ronee Simmons Review Paper PowerpointPresentation Transcript
Coping with PTSD after OEF/OIF:Perspectives of Young MilitaryCouplesArgosy UniversityRoneé SimmonsPSY 492
Introduction As many combat veterans return from war in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom) or Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom), they may suffer from the events and trauma that they have seen and experienced while in combat. Furthermore, they may develop PTSD due to the severity of their trauma and experiences. The effects of these soldier’s PTSD may have some form of impact on their significant others and on their relationship. Therefore, research about the affects of PTSD on military couples is needed.
Literature Review• How do young military couples cope with the effects of PTSD on their relationship after returning home from OEF/OIF?• The literature that has been researched on this topic only looks at certain aspects of military couples, more specifically it looks at the perspective of the military wife (Dekel, Goldblatt, Keidar, Solomon, & Polliack, 2005).
Literature Review- cont.• Educating Military Couples about PTSD ▫ In a qualitative study that was conducted on the awareness of PTSD in veterans, female spouses and intimate partners of OEF/OIF veterans “had very little knowledge about the symptoms of PTSD” (Buchanan, Kemppainen, Smith, MacKain, & Cox, 2011, pg. 749). ▫ Some type of formal education system should be put into place so that young military couples can be educated about PTSD before, during, and after periods of deployment. ▫ Young couples need to be able to understand what PTSD is and learn how to cope with the effects of PTSD on their relationship.
Literature Review- cont.• Relational Functioning of Military Couples upon Returning Home ▫ Upon returning home, couples must rebuild their relationship due to the fact that they have both changed during the deployment, however, PTSD can make it hard to reconnect with a significant other. ▫ When emotional involvement or intimacy starts lacking, then couples may become less satisfied and it may negatively affect the relationship. ▫ Roles in the relationship may be adversely affected due to PTSD.
Literature Review- cont.• Couples Therapy for PTSD ▫ Couples therapy treatment would be very beneficial to relational functioning. ▫ Couples will be able to learn strategies and techniques that will allow them to better their relationship. ▫ Findings suggest that if a partner is involved in the veteran’s treatment process, then this can help improve the patient outcome of their PTSD symptoms (Sautter, Lyons, Manguno-Mire, Perry, Han, Sherman, Myers, Landis, & Sullivan, 2006).
ConclusionAfter reviewing all of these articles, there is foundto be correlations among the studies. Couplestherapy with a focus on behavior seems to beconducive to helping couples cope with PTSD. Also,when the female partner shows support for herspouse/ significant other and is loyal to them throughout their battle with PTSD, then the veteran is likely torecover from their symptoms. Lastly, when avoidancesymptoms are dealt with related to PTSD, a new foundhope is possible for the military couple’s relationship.
References• Buchanan, C., Kemppainen, J., Smith, S., MacKain, S., & Cox, C. W.,N.C.U.S.N.(R.C.). (2011). Awareness of posttraumatic stress disorder in veterans: A female Spouse/Intimate partner perspective. Military Medicine,176(7), 743-743-751. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/876042789?accountid=348 99• Dekel, R., Goldblatt, H., Keidar, M., Solomon, Z., & Polliack, M. (2005). Being a wife of a veteran with posttraumatic stress disorder*. Family Relations, 54(1), 24-24-36. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/213934052?accountid=34899• Erbes, C. R., Polusny, M. A., MacDermid, S., & Compton, J. S. (2008). Couple therapy with combat veterans and their partners. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64(8), 972-983. doi:10.1002/jclp.20521
Reference• Marx, B. P. (2009). Posttraumatic stress disorder and operations enduring freedom and iraqi freedom: Progress in a time of controversy. Clinical Psychology Review, 29(8), 671-671-673. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2009.02.004• Sherman, M. D., Zanotti, D. K., & Jones, D. E. (2005). Key elements in couples therapy with veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 36(6), 626-626-633. doi:10.1037/0735-7028.36.6.626• Khaylis, A., Polusny, M. A., PhD., Erbes, C. R., PhD., Gewirtz, A., & Rath, M. (2011). Posttraumatic stress, family adjustment, and treatment preferences among national guard soldiers deployed to OEF/OIF. Military Medicine, 176(2), 126-126 -131. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/852353141?accountid=34899