The purpose of this section is to introduce the Electors who are the voters in the electoral college. The role of and process of determining the electors is essential to truly understanding the entire functionality of the Electoral College Process.
Where are these Electors Coming From?
435 represent the members of the House of Representatives.
100 represent two Senators from each of the 50 states.
Three represent the District of Columbia.
Whopping Grand Total of 538 Electors!
Can I be an Elector?
Yes, if you meet the guidelines.
Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution , no person holding a federal office, either elected or appointed, may become an elector.
Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment anyone who has sworn to serve the Constitution then later rebelled against the US may not serve on the Electoral College; i.e. AWOL soldiers, etc.
Four Methods to Become an Elector?
Elected by state political parties prior to election day.
Can be decided in primaries.
Elected during a party convention.
A campaign committee may decide who the elector will be.
So the Electors Vote?
Yes, they place their votes on the Monday following the second Wednesday of December.
Each Elector pledges to the candidate whom was selected by their state.
However, the Electors are not sworn to vote for a particular candidate.
Who is not Bound to Their Vote?
No Legal Requirement Electors in these States are not bound by State Law to cast their vote for a specific candidate: