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  • Imagine visiting cities that are fun, vibrant, easy to get around without a car. Think of our growing awareness of the financial and environmental costs of oil
  • 2/3 of all trips in the U.S. taken by car are less than 5 miles in distance
  • Pre-natal exposure to air pollution is correlated with fetal demise, pre-term delivery, and low birth weight
  • Individuals in the Omaha area drive 22.7 miles per day
  • Residents of sprawling neighborhoods in Atlanta were 35% more likely to be obese than in compact neighborhoods, even when controlling for race, age, sex, and income
  • One mile of urban freeway costs 2,500 times more per mile than a shared-use bike route like the Keystone Trail. Houses that are farther apart require longer roads, sewer and water lines, and this increases mileage on city-owned vehicles, emergency vehicles, school-buses, garbage trucks, etc.
  • Omaha is losing money on car dependent neighborhoods…and we’re all paying for it!
  • Every $10 million invested in public transportation returns up to $30 million in business sales alone
  • Simply shifting 50% of highway funds to transit would result in a net gain of 180,150 MORE jobs – without a single dollar of new spending
  • GenYers own fewer cars and drive less. They’re more likely to see autos as a source of pollution, not as a sex or status symbol.

Transcript

  • 1. Car-Free Omaha
    Metropolitan Community College Green Living Workshop Series
  • 2. Car-Free Omaha
    OverviewThink of the cities you like to visit – Minneapolis, Denver, Portland, San Francisco, Chicago
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. Car-Free Omaha
    Planning ConcernsTransportation planning in the U.S. has focused on moving cars rather than moving people
  • 8. Land Use Context and Zoning
    Place-making and Pedestrian Facilities
    Multiple Modes and Local Access
    Vehicle Zone
    “Vehicle Mobility Priority”
    COMPONENTS OF AN URBAN STREETSCAPE
  • 9. Access vs. Mobility
  • 10. Car-Free Omaha
    Planning Concerns27% of all trips taken by automobile in the U.S. are less than one mile in distance
  • 11. Network Design
    Sparse Hierarchy System
    Dense Grid Network
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. Network Capacity
    Sparse Hierarchy System
    Dense Grid Network
    4-lane arterial @ 45mph = 2400 vph
    Two 2-lane streets @ 30mph = 3600 vph
  • 15. High Connectivity
    Travel Lanes Required
    Moderate Connectivity
    Low Connectivity
  • 16. Network Capacity
    Sparse Hierarchy System
    Manage Capacity Through Continual Widening of Arterials
    Manage Capacity by Providing Multiple Routes and Modes
    Dense Grid Network
  • 17. Induced traffic and perpetual widening
  • 18. Safety vs. Livability
    E. Dumbaugh, The Design of Safe Urban Roadsides: An Empirical Analysis, 2007
  • 19. E. Dumbaugh, The Design of Safe Urban Roadsides: An Empirical Analysis, 2007
  • 20. Car-Free Omaha
    Health ConcernsThe National Morbidity, Mortality, and Air Pollution Study estimates as many as 52,000 deaths are caused by air pollution each year – Omaha’s share would be 353 deaths per year
  • 21. Car-Free Omaha
    Health Concerns More people in the U.S. die each year from air pollution than from firearms, STDs, and illegal drug use combined
  • 22. Health Concerns Per capita vehicle miles traveled (VMT) in the U.S. is almost 10 times larger than in 1950
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 23. Vehicular Mobility Priority
  • 24. Car-Free Omaha
    Health Concerns Living in car-dependent neighborhoods reduces life expectancy by 4 years
  • 25. Car-Free Omaha
    Health Concerns Each hour spent driving each day corresponds to a 6% increased risk for obesity
  • 26. Car-Free Omaha
    Health Concerns Statistically speaking, the most dangerous activity a parent can do with their child is drive them someplace
  • 27. Car-Free Omaha
    Social Concerns The disabled, poor, and elderly have difficulty participating in society because of the requirement to drive, and preference given to drivers
  • 28. Vehicular Mobility Priority
  • 29. Car-Free Omaha
    Financial ConcernsCar-dependent neighborhoods are expensive to build and maintain
  • 30. Car-Free Omaha
    Financial ConcernsCar-dependent neighborhoods on average cost cities $1.16 for every $1 in tax revenue they generate
  • 31. Car-Free Omaha
    Financial ConcernsOf the 180 street and highway improvements identified by MAPA that need to occur by 2030, less than 10 are in Omaha, east of 72nd Street
  • 32. Car-Free Omaha
    Financial ConcernsIn 2002, Omaha spent $179 per person on road construction and maintenance – compared to $29.52 per person on public transit
  • 33. Vehicular Mobility Priority
    8 lanes = 100 ft of pavement
    144th and W. Center
    156th and Maple
    76th and Cass
    84th and W. Center
  • 34. Car-Free Omaha
    Financial Concerns“Free” parking costs $5 per day, per driver – costs that are passed down to everyone
  • 35. Car-Free Omaha
    The Solution:Livable StreetsLivable NeighborhoodsLivable OmahaCar-Free Omaha
  • 36. 1
    2
    Maximum number of cars on a street = capacity
    Distribution of people served by these cars
    4
    3
    Same number of people on a bus
    Same number of people on a pedestrian and bicycle friendly street
  • 37. Car-Free Omaha
    Financial SolutionsFor every $1 invested in public transportation, $5 is generated in economic returns
  • 38. Financial SolutionsSpending on transit generates more jobs than spending on highways
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 39. Financial SolutionsHouseholds can save as much as $8,000 per year by living with one less car
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 40. Health SolutionsAmericans who ride mass transit walk an average of 19 minutes per day (compared to 6 minutes per day by car drivers)
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 41. Health SolutionsResidents of “transit intensive” neighborhoods exercise more often, have longer life expectancies, and are healthier than residents of car-dependent neighborhoods
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 42. Social Solutions 83% of the elderly say public transit provides easy access to things needed for everyday life
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 43. Social SolutionsA 2009 survey showed that 92% of Young Professionals in Omaha want improved public transportation options
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 44. The Solution:Make streets “public” space once again
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 45. Which would you prefer?
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 46. E14th Corridor - San Leandro, CA Source: Community, Design + Architecture
  • 47. E14th Corridor - San Leandro, CA Source: Community, Design + Architecture
  • 48. E14th Corridor - San Leandro, CA Source: Community, Design + Architecture
  • 49. Dover Kohl and Partners
    Johnson City, Tennessee
    COMPONENTS OF AN URBAN STREETSCAPE
  • 50. Dover Kohl and Partners
    Johnson City, Tennessee
    COMPONENTS OF AN URBAN STREETSCAPE
  • 51. Dover Kohl and Partners
    Johnson City, Tennessee
    COMPONENTS OF AN URBAN STREETSCAPE
  • 52. Dover Kohl and Partners
    Johnson City, Tennessee
    COMPONENTS OF AN URBAN STREETSCAPE
  • 53.
  • 54.
  • 55.
  • 56.
  • 57.
  • 58.
  • 59. What’s going on nationally?Young adults, ages 21-30 now only account for 14% of all miles driven, down from 21% in 1995
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 60. What’s going on in Omaha?Feedback stage for MAPA’s 5-year plan
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 61. What’s going on in Omaha?Metro (MAT) improvements – 32 new buses, WiFi (soon) at transit centers, bike racks on ALL buses
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 62.
  • 63. What’s going on in Omaha?Newly hired Bicycle/Pedestrian Coordinator for the City of Omaha
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 64. What’s going on in Omaha?New 20-mile Midtown bike loop, connecting Benson, Dundee, & UNO with Keystone, Downtown, & Midtown
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 65.
  • 66. What’s going on in Omaha?Upcoming 30-year transportation plan by the City Planning Department
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 67. What’s going on in Omaha?Active efforts by Omaha By Design, Activate Omaha, Young Professionals Council, and others to rethink transportation in the city
    Car-Free Omaha
  • 68. Car-Free Omaha
    Metropolitan Community College Green Living Workshop Series