The present-simple-tense

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The present-simple-tense

  1. 1. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative) She work s on her basket after dinner every day.
  2. 2. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>AFFIRMATIVE: WORK </li></ul>I YOU WORK SHE HE IT WORK S WE YOU THEY WORK
  3. 3. 3 rd person singular - spelling <ul><li>1. In general, the third person singular is formed by adding an s to the base verb . </li></ul><ul><li>work He work s </li></ul><ul><li>2. Verbs ending in ss,x,ch,sh,o add “ es ” to the third person singular. </li></ul><ul><li>dress She dress es </li></ul><ul><li>fix He fix es </li></ul><ul><li>watch She watch es T.V. </li></ul><ul><li>wash She wash es </li></ul><ul><li>go It go es ! </li></ul><ul><li>3. Verbs ending in consonant + y , changes the y to i and add “ es ” </li></ul><ul><li>Consonant + y  i + es : cry – cr ies , fly – fl ies , terrify - terrif ies </li></ul>
  4. 4. What’s the 3 rd person singular? <ul><li>1. push </li></ul><ul><li>2. sneeze </li></ul><ul><li>3. glorify </li></ul><ul><li>4. annoy </li></ul><ul><li>5 . kiss </li></ul><ul><li>6. deny </li></ul><ul><li>7. marry </li></ul><ul><li>push es </li></ul><ul><li>sneeze s </li></ul><ul><li>glorif ies </li></ul><ul><li>annoy s </li></ul><ul><li>kiss es </li></ul><ul><li>den ies </li></ul><ul><li>marr ies </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Interrogative) <ul><li>DO ES HE WORK AS A DOCTOR ? </li></ul>YES, HE DOES
  6. 6. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>INTERROGATIVE: WORK </li></ul>DO I YOU WORK ? DO ES SHE HE IT WORK ? DO WE YOU THEY WORK ?
  7. 7. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Negative) <ul><li>HE DO ES N’T WORK AS A DOCTOR, HE WORK S AS A TAXI DRIVER </li></ul>
  8. 8. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>NEGATIVE: WORK </li></ul>I YOU DO NOT DON’T WORK SHE HE IT DO ES NOT DO ES N’T WORK WE YOU THEY DO NOT DON’T WORK
  9. 9. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: <ul><li>1 . Facts which are always true – general truths, e.g. facts in science and geographical descriptions. </li></ul>Water freezes at 0 degrees. 0 º
  10. 10. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: <ul><li>2. Actions that happen regularly (Habitual actions). A frequency adverb is often used. </li></ul>They usually take a walk with their son
  11. 11. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: <ul><li>3 . Opinions, likes and feelings. </li></ul>She likes making snowmen
  12. 12. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>TIME EXPRESSIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>FREQUENCY ADVERBS: </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS, OFTEN, GENERALLY, USUALLY, NORMALLY, SOMETIMES, NEVER. </li></ul>HE NORMALLY COOKS PASTA OTHER TIME EXPRESSIONS : EVERY DAY, EVERY MONTH, EVERY YEAR, ON SUNDAYS, AT THE WEEKENDS ETC. MUSICIANS SOMETIMES WORK ON SUNDAYS
  13. 13. PREPARED BY MÜNEVVER ÇELEBİ

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