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BE GOING TO
 

BE GOING TO

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    BE GOING TO BE GOING TO Presentation Transcript

    • BE GOING TO GELECEK ZAMAN..
      • 1. Eğer geleceğe yönelik bir tahminde bulunuyorsak (prediction ), " be going to “ kullanabiliriz.
      • According to the weather report, it is going to snow tomorrow.
      • 2. Önceden tasarlanmış, planlanmış bir durumdan söz ediyorsak ( prior plan ), " be going to " kullanmamız gerekir.
      • Why do you buy these eggs? (neden bu yumurtaları alıyorsun?)
      • I am going to make a cake.(bir kek yapacağım)
      • We are going to go to a picnic tomorrow. (yarın piknik yapacağız)
      • 3. Eğer bir olayın olacağına ilişkin belirliler varsa , " be going to " kullanılır
      • The sky is black. It is going to rain . (gökyüzü kara, yağmur yağacak)
    • Bu tense'lerle yaygın olarak kullanılan zaman zarfları,
      • tomorrow (YARIN) ,
      • next week (GELECEK HAFTA) ,
      • next month (GELECEK AY) ,
      • next summer (GELECEK YAZ) ,
      • in two days (iki gün içinde),
      • in ten minutes (on dakika içinde), two days from now (iki gün sonra), five years from now (beş yıl sonra), soon ( az sonra, yakında) gibi zarflardır.
      • We are going to take an exam next week . (gelecek hafta bir sınav olacağız)
      • I' m going to do some shopping tomorrow. (yarın biraz alışveriş yapacağım)
      • They are going to go to their summer house next summer. (Gelecek yaz, yazlık evlerine gidecekler)
      • WH- QUESTIONS
      • *What are you going to do tomorrow? (yarın ne yapacaksın?)
      • I am going to visit my grandparents.(büyük anne, babamı ziyaret edeceğim)
      • *Where are they going to go next week? (gelecek hafta nereye gidecekler)
      • They are going to go to the cinema next week. (Gelecek hafta sinemaya gidecekler)
      • *Who is going to pass the exam? (Sınavı kim geçecek?)
      • Yusuf is going to pass the exam.
      • *Who are you going to walk with? (Kiminle yürüyeceksin?)
      • I am going to walk with my mum. (annemle yürüyeceğim)
      • *When is Ömer going to have breakfast with Hüseyin? (Ömer, Hüseyinle nezaman kahvaltı edecek?
      • He is going to have breakfast with Hüseyin next weekend. (Ömer Hüseyinle Gelecek hafta sonu kahvaltı edecek)
      • *What is she going to do next June? ( get married: evlenmek kalıbı)
      • She is going to get married next June
      • Are you going to come with us tomorrow?
      • Yes, I am.
      • Yes, I am going to come with you tomorrow.
      • No, I am not going to come with you tomorrow.
      • Is Havva going to go to a doctor?
      • Yes, she is going to go to a doctor.
      • No, she isn’t going to go to a doctor.
    •  
      • 1. She feels happy because; they have some plans for the weekend.
      • 2.She is going to visit her parents.
      • 3.No, she isn’t. She is going to have a walkalong
      • the lakeside.
      • 4.She is going to go fishing with her dad.
    •  
    •  
    • is going to spend are going to have Are going to listen Are going to get is going to see
    • I am going to clean my shoes because they are dirty. I am going to see the play on Saturday because I have a ticket. I am going to buy a new costume because there is a party. I am going to sell my car because it doesn’t work properly. My blue jeans are dirty so I am not going to wear them. I feel hungry so I am going to make a sandwich I need a new tshirt so I am going to go shopping. I have some guests for dinner tonight so I am going to prepare the meal.
    • LINDA TOM ANN
    • X X
    •  
    • Can I/May I/Can’t
      • Önceden de öğrendiğimiz gibi Can’ in kibarca soru sorma, rica etme, izin isteme anlamları vardı. May’ de Can ile aynı anlamda aynı şekilde kullanılabilir. Can’t bu soruların reddetme cevaplarında kullanılabilir.
      • Can I come in? = İçeri girebilirmiyim?
      • May I come in?= İçeri girebilirmiyim?
      • Can I open the window? = Pencereyi açabilirmiyim?
      • May I borrow your dictionary? = sözlüğünü ödünç alabilirmiyim?
      • May I use your mobile phone?= Senin telefonunu kullanabilirmiyim?
      • Can I speak Turkish? =Türkçe konuşabilirmiyim?
      • May I speak English? =İngilizce konuşabilirmiyim?
    • Olumlu cevaplar (Positive answers)
      • Yes, sure.
      • Yes, you can.
      • Yes, certainly.
      • Certainly.
      • Of course.
      • Yes, of course… etc.
    • Olumsuz cevaplar (Negative Answers)
      • I am afraid you can’t.
      • No, I am sorry.
      • No, you can’t.
      • Etc. Genelde olumsuz cevaplar can’t ile yapılır soru May ile sorulsa bile.
    • Would like to/want to
      • Would like to da want to da istemek anlamındadır.
      • Would like to biraz daha kibar bir kullanımdır.
      • I would like to drink some tea.
      • I want to drink some tea.
      • Would like to yardımcı fiil olarak kullanılır ancak want bu şekilde kullanılmaz.
      • Would you like to take some chocolate?
      • Yes,sure.
      • Do you want to take some chocolate?
      • Yes, sure.
      • Soru örnekleri (example questions)
      • Would you like to dance with me?
      • Would you like to come with us?
      • Would you like to see the books?
      • Örnek cümleler (example sentences)
      • I would like to learn English.
      • She would like to be a doctor.
      • He would like to come here to see me.
    •  
    • May Can Can Can’t May Want to Would like
    •  
      • What kinds of books does Tom sell?
      • He sells encylopedias.
      • Does Sue want to buy any books at first?
      • No, she doesn’t.
      • Why does she change her mind?
      • Because, he offers her some books on how to be fit.