1. Eğer geleceğe yönelik bir tahminde bulunuyorsak (prediction ), " be going to “ kullanabiliriz.
According to the weather report, it is going to snow tomorrow.
2. Önceden tasarlanmış, planlanmış bir durumdan söz ediyorsak ( prior plan ), " be going to " kullanmamız gerekir.
Why do you buy these eggs? (neden bu yumurtaları alıyorsun?)
I am going to make a cake.(bir kek yapacağım)
We are going to go to a picnic tomorrow. (yarın piknik yapacağız)
3. Eğer bir olayın olacağına ilişkin belirliler varsa , " be going to " kullanılır
The sky is black. It is going to rain . (gökyüzü kara, yağmur yağacak)
Bu tense'lerle yaygın olarak kullanılan zaman zarfları,
tomorrow (YARIN) ,
next week (GELECEK HAFTA) ,
next month (GELECEK AY) ,
next summer (GELECEK YAZ) ,
in two days (iki gün içinde),
in ten minutes (on dakika içinde), two days from now (iki gün sonra), five years from now (beş yıl sonra), soon ( az sonra, yakında) gibi zarflardır.
We are going to take an exam next week . (gelecek hafta bir sınav olacağız)
I' m going to do some shopping tomorrow. (yarın biraz alışveriş yapacağım)
They are going to go to their summer house next summer. (Gelecek yaz, yazlık evlerine gidecekler)
*What are you going to do tomorrow? (yarın ne yapacaksın?)
I am going to visit my grandparents.(büyük anne, babamı ziyaret edeceğim)
*Where are they going to go next week? (gelecek hafta nereye gidecekler)
They are going to go to the cinema next week. (Gelecek hafta sinemaya gidecekler)
*Who is going to pass the exam? (Sınavı kim geçecek?)
Yusuf is going to pass the exam.
*Who are you going to walk with? (Kiminle yürüyeceksin?)
I am going to walk with my mum. (annemle yürüyeceğim)
*When is Ömer going to have breakfast with Hüseyin? (Ömer, Hüseyinle nezaman kahvaltı edecek?
He is going to have breakfast with Hüseyin next weekend. (Ömer Hüseyinle Gelecek hafta sonu kahvaltı edecek)
*What is she going to do next June? ( get married: evlenmek kalıbı)
She is going to get married next June
Are you going to come with us tomorrow?
Yes, I am.
Yes, I am going to come with you tomorrow.
No, I am not going to come with you tomorrow.
Is Havva going to go to a doctor?
Yes, she is going to go to a doctor.
No, she isn’t going to go to a doctor.
1. She feels happy because; they have some plans for the weekend.
2.She is going to visit her parents.
3.No, she isn’t. She is going to have a walkalong
4.She is going to go fishing with her dad.
is going to spend are going to have Are going to listen Are going to get is going to see
I am going to clean my shoes because they are dirty. I am going to see the play on Saturday because I have a ticket. I am going to buy a new costume because there is a party. I am going to sell my car because it doesn’t work properly. My blue jeans are dirty so I am not going to wear them. I feel hungry so I am going to make a sandwich I need a new tshirt so I am going to go shopping. I have some guests for dinner tonight so I am going to prepare the meal.
LINDA TOM ANN
Can I/May I/Can’t
Önceden de öğrendiğimiz gibi Can’ in kibarca soru sorma, rica etme, izin isteme anlamları vardı. May’ de Can ile aynı anlamda aynı şekilde kullanılabilir. Can’t bu soruların reddetme cevaplarında kullanılabilir.
Can I come in? = İçeri girebilirmiyim?
May I come in?= İçeri girebilirmiyim?
Can I open the window? = Pencereyi açabilirmiyim?
May I borrow your dictionary? = sözlüğünü ödünç alabilirmiyim?
May I use your mobile phone?= Senin telefonunu kullanabilirmiyim?
Can I speak Turkish? =Türkçe konuşabilirmiyim?
May I speak English? =İngilizce konuşabilirmiyim?
Olumlu cevaplar (Positive answers)
Yes, you can.
Yes, of course… etc.
Olumsuz cevaplar (Negative Answers)
I am afraid you can’t.
No, I am sorry.
No, you can’t.
Etc. Genelde olumsuz cevaplar can’t ile yapılır soru May ile sorulsa bile.
Would like to/want to
Would like to da want to da istemek anlamındadır.
Would like to biraz daha kibar bir kullanımdır.
I would like to drink some tea.
I want to drink some tea.
Would like to yardımcı fiil olarak kullanılır ancak want bu şekilde kullanılmaz.
Would you like to take some chocolate?
Do you want to take some chocolate?
Soru örnekleri (example questions)
Would you like to dance with me?
Would you like to come with us?
Would you like to see the books?
Örnek cümleler (example sentences)
I would like to learn English.
She would like to be a doctor.
He would like to come here to see me.
May Can Can Can’t May Want to Would like
What kinds of books does Tom sell?
He sells encylopedias.
Does Sue want to buy any books at first?
No, she doesn’t.
Why does she change her mind?
Because, he offers her some books on how to be fit.