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Adjective
Definition• Adjectives are words that  describe or modify another  person or thing in the sentence.
For example:• A wooden  chair
• A beautiful  flower
• A new  Lamborghini
• Some fresh  vegetables
Your turn now(1)• Some/three  thick books
Adjectives can be formed           by adding:•   able        •   ish•   al          •   ive•   ar          •   ful•   ary ...
For example:reasonable         foolishnational           talkativeregular            carefulimaginary          fearlessleg...
Adjective patterns• Adjectives expressing  emotion or desire are usually  followed by an infinitive.Such as: sorry, glad, ...
• Present participles & past  participles also follow the same  pattern.• Present participles:delighting,  interesting, su...
For example:• We are glad to know that you  have recovered.• I am pleased to meet you.• The crying baby is my sister.
Personal qualities• kind, good, bad, nice, naughty,  wise, foolish, cruelmay be used in any of these  patterns:You were ki...
Impersonal Adjectives• Necessary, dangerous, easy,  difficult, (im)possible, important,  essential, etc are used in this  ...
Which of the following   clauses are correct?1a. little brown house b. brown little house b2a. Italian red sports car bb. ...
Order of Adjective:Ⅰ Determiners  Ⅴ Color               Ⅵ OriginⅡ Observation Ⅶ MaterialⅢ Size & shape Ⅷ QualifierⅣ Age
More examples:delicious    Some deliciousThai         Thai foodsomefood
Your turn now(2a)hair            Her long, blackher              hair.blacklong
Your turn now(2b)my          My lazy,younger      selfish, fat,lazy         youngerselfish      brother.fatbrother
Adjective clause• If a group of words  containing a subject and  verb acts as an adjective,  it is called an Adjective  Cl...
For example:• My sister, who  is much older  than I am, is a  computer  engineer.
Adjective Phrase• If an adjective clause is  stripped of its subject and  verb, the resulting  modifier becomes an  Adject...
For example:      • He is the        man who is        keeping my        family in        the        poorhouse.
Position of Adjectives• In a sentence, adjectives  nearly always appear  immediately before the noun  or noun phrase that ...
For example:• Stella is a careful girl.• It is a red book.
Degree of Adjective• Positive• Comparative than• The Superlative
For example:Positive      Comparative      Superlativerich          richer           richestlovely        lovelier        ...
Irregular comparative &            superlative formsPositive       Comparative   Superlativegood           better        b...
Adjective & preposition                  about it?• Are you  sure            of his            good at honesty?• She is   ...
Adjective & prepositionabsent from   different from   independent ofbusy with     excited about    keen oncertain       fr...
P re pa re d by  M üne vve r    Ç ELEB İ
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ADJECTIVES

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Transcript of "ADJECTIVES"

  1. 1. Adjective
  2. 2. Definition• Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.
  3. 3. For example:• A wooden chair
  4. 4. • A beautiful flower
  5. 5. • A new Lamborghini
  6. 6. • Some fresh vegetables
  7. 7. Your turn now(1)• Some/three thick books
  8. 8. Adjectives can be formed by adding:• able • ish• al • ive• ar • ful• ary • less• ate • ly• en • some• ible • ous• ic • y
  9. 9. For example:reasonable foolishnational talkativeregular carefulimaginary fearlesslegitimate lovelywooden quarrelsomeflexible cautiousenergetic healthy
  10. 10. Adjective patterns• Adjectives expressing emotion or desire are usually followed by an infinitive.Such as: sorry, glad, happy, anxious, eager, curious, (un)willing, reluctant.
  11. 11. • Present participles & past participles also follow the same pattern.• Present participles:delighting, interesting, surprising.• Past participles:pleased, delighted, shocked.
  12. 12. For example:• We are glad to know that you have recovered.• I am pleased to meet you.• The crying baby is my sister.
  13. 13. Personal qualities• kind, good, bad, nice, naughty, wise, foolish, cruelmay be used in any of these patterns:You were kind to help us.It was kind of you to help us.How kind of you to help us.
  14. 14. Impersonal Adjectives• Necessary, dangerous, easy, difficult, (im)possible, important, essential, etc are used in this pattern:It was easy (for him) to work out the problem.
  15. 15. Which of the following clauses are correct?1a. little brown house b. brown little house b2a. Italian red sports car bb. red Italian sports car
  16. 16. Order of Adjective:Ⅰ Determiners Ⅴ Color Ⅵ OriginⅡ Observation Ⅶ MaterialⅢ Size & shape Ⅷ QualifierⅣ Age
  17. 17. More examples:delicious Some deliciousThai Thai foodsomefood
  18. 18. Your turn now(2a)hair Her long, blackher hair.blacklong
  19. 19. Your turn now(2b)my My lazy,younger selfish, fat,lazy youngerselfish brother.fatbrother
  20. 20. Adjective clause• If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adjective, it is called an Adjective Clause
  21. 21. For example:• My sister, who is much older than I am, is a computer engineer.
  22. 22. Adjective Phrase• If an adjective clause is stripped of its subject and verb, the resulting modifier becomes an Adjective Phrase
  23. 23. For example: • He is the man who is keeping my family in the poorhouse.
  24. 24. Position of Adjectives• In a sentence, adjectives nearly always appear immediately before the noun or noun phrase that they modify.
  25. 25. For example:• Stella is a careful girl.• It is a red book.
  26. 26. Degree of Adjective• Positive• Comparative than• The Superlative
  27. 27. For example:Positive Comparative Superlativerich richer richestlovely lovelier loveliestbeautiful more beautiful most beautiful
  28. 28. Irregular comparative & superlative formsPositive Comparative Superlativegood better bestbad worse worstfar further furthestlittle less least
  29. 29. Adjective & preposition about it?• Are you sure of his good at honesty?• She is tennis. fond of interested in
  30. 30. Adjective & prepositionabsent from different from independent ofbusy with excited about keen oncertain free from loyal toabout/ofcommon to hard on similar to
  31. 31. P re pa re d by M üne vve r Ç ELEB İ

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