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Session 1: http://todaysmeet.com/speakuplearning2
Session 2: http://todaysmeet.com/speakuplearning2013
What is your name, school
and position?
Session 1: http://todaysmeet.com/speakuplearning2
Session 2: http://todaysmeet.com...
What is something exciting
happening in your
classroom or at school?
What is something about
yourself you'd like to
share with everyone?
Some students enjoy
speaking up in class
while others don't.
Objective:
to encourage educators to try
different ways to reach their
students through different modes
of class discussio...
Essential Question:
How can we use technology
as a differentiated platform
for students to share their ideas?
What do you think this picture is
communicating to the audience?
Research
Student Participation

Face-to-Face Discussions
compared with
Virtual Discussions
Face-to-Face Discussions
Virtual Discussions
21 Students
14 boys & 7 Girls
Face-to-Face discussions in class
Virtual Discussions in class
What is the effect of

virtual

discussions on students' participation
and sense of belonging?
Comfortable
Literature
Jarmon, Lim and Carpenter (2009)
"Introduction Pedagogy, Education and
Innovation in Virtual Worlds"



more for
teaching...
Friedman, Karniel and Dinur’s (2009) study
“Comparing Group Discussion in Virtual and
Physical Environments" found that st...
anonymous


virtual discussions provided more

opportunities

for

quieter

students.
-Carnegie’s (2003, “Teaching a Critical Unde...
Carnegie acknowledges that, “[t]he

biggest advantage [of virtual
discussions] was for students who
were shy, self-conscio...
http://www.thepowerofintroverts.com/
Susan Cain @ TED: The Power of Introverts
http://www.youtube.com/watch%3Fv%3DPhDCz0V9FcA&bm=y
§Susan Cain (2012) confirms this idea by

explaining that ‘quiet’
comfortable collaborating

students feel
in an “online

...
Safety Behind the Screen
Solitude
Wang and Woo’s (2007) study “Comparing
Asynchronous Online Discussions and Faceto-Face Discussions in a Classroom Setting”...
Wang and Woo (2007) also said that

“online discussions were more
comfortable, less aggressive and
offered more equal

opp...
Participation increased in virtual
discussions

Quality of participation also increased
during virtual discussions
Discussion findings
says that for iGeneration kids “social

connections are EVERYTHING”.
http://drlarryrosen.com/
Comfort Behind the Screen
Students are “more
comfortable with sharing”
through virtual writing
- Dr. Larry Rosen
Beyond the Screen
Integrate virtual discussions into your
classrooms
Variety
Some Tools for Virtual Discussions
Try these to see what works best for you
Building a community in your
classrooms using Critical Friends
Group (CFG) Protocols
How could you integrate
virtual discussions into a
lesson?
Work time (20 min)
Turn and talk
What do you think would be the
challenges of integrating virtual
discussions in the classroom?
Share our progress
What is something you
learned from this
workshop?
References


Cain, S. (2012). Quiet: the power of introverts in a world that can't stop talking. New York:
Crown Publishe...
Attributions - Visual
Speaking Up by HowardLake http://www.flickr.com/photos/howardlake/5540462170/sizes/l/in/photostream/...
@

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Speak up! transforming classroom discussions @ learning 2.013
Speak up! transforming classroom discussions @ learning 2.013
Speak up! transforming classroom discussions @ learning 2.013
Speak up! transforming classroom discussions @ learning 2.013
Speak up! transforming classroom discussions @ learning 2.013
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Speak up! transforming classroom discussions @ learning 2.013

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Part of a 3 hour extended session on face-to-face classroom discussions and virtual classroom discussions.

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  • {"38":"This generation of kids are engaged and feel more comfortable be social “behind the screen” \n","44":"Here are some useful tools to help you integrate virtual discussions into your classroom. All of these tools are user friendly and have variety of advantages. An easy tool to start with is Google Docs because you can include discussion questions in the google doc and use the chat function to discuss while students are logged into the doc.\n","33":"Now this study was completed in 2007. Much has changed with technology since then.\nLet’s think about this for a moment and let me start with some personal reflection as a doctoral student through the University of Kentucky we have synchronous classes every week\n","22":"((I was interested in their findings that highlighted that Face to Face interaction resulted in HIGHER frequency of on-topic discussion. \n","11":"The research.\n","17":"My research questions was : What is the effect of virtual discussions on students’ participation and sense of belonging?\nI wanted to know if students would feel more comfortable participating in virtual discussions vs face to face.\n","45":"Here are some useful tools to help you integrate virtual discussions into your classroom. All of these tools are user friendly and have variety of advantages. An easy tool to start with is Google Docs because you can include discussion questions in the google doc and use the chat function to discuss while students are logged into the doc.\n","34":"however... Wang and Woo... key point\n","23":"Friedman et all (2009) Second Life is a 3D Virtual World which enables users to create their own virtual persona and potentially interact with other virtual personas. This was used to gage on-topic virtual discussions. The limitation of this study is that students wore a “virtual mask” so to speak thus they may have felt that their actions were not as accountable as in the face to face class discussions. So although students were conducting discussions in both settings they were more likely to go off task when adopting their “virtual mask”\n","12":"The research.\n","1":"This presentation is called Speak Up! Transforming Classroom Discussions. Again, my name is Robert Appino. You can find me on twitter @rappin01 \n","51":"References from my paper\n","40":"Kids are engaged by \n","29":"Read this slide then say that\nIn this way the book Quiet is a breakthrough in understanding that introversion is not a negative quality and that EXTROVERSION is not the ideal.\n","18":"(need image)\n","46":"write on today’s meet\n","35":"They continue throughout the week via google hangouts. Were we discuss assignment, voice frustrations and support each other. We control the questioning and direct the discussions according to what we need.\n","13":"I conducted an Action Research on Face to Face Whole class Discussions compared to Virtual whole class discussions. There were 21 students that were part of this study.\n","2":"Here is a snap shot of where I work in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. This is the High School building which is the main entrance to the campus. We have over 35 nationalities with 850 student early childhood to Grade 12. One of our principal is actually waving on the far right.\nI work as a MS Technology Coach and teacher here at Saigon South International School, Saigon (HCMC) Vietnam. I’m excited to contribute to K12Online this year and wanted to say thanks to those that organized.\n","52":"Image Attributions. You can follow the links and this presentation via rappino.com.\n","19":"The reason I chose to do this study was because in my class of 21, 14 were male and they tended to dominate face-to-face classroom discussions.\nIn contrast, I observed that the quietest female student during class discussion was actually the most active blogger in the class and had a lot valuable thoughts to share. \nSo I wanted to see if it was possible to replicate the feeling of comfort to share ideas when writing in her blog. \nMy idea was to give the students both modes of discussion as a way to better communicate their thoughts. \n","8":"Consider this idea? Some students enjoy speaking up in class while others don't? This is a scenario that most educators are familiar with.\nHow can we promote more students to share their ideas? In this presentation, I will briefly present research on face-to-face and virtual discussions. \nMy over goal with this is to encourage educators to try different ways to reach their students through different modes of class discussions. There isn’t a one size fits all model for the diverse needs of every class.\n","47":"If you are interested in the methods and specific findings from my action research paper please click on the link to the full research paper.\n","36":"Summarize my results: What I found in my study was that student participation increased in virtual discussions. Also, the Quality of participation increased in virtual discussions meaning students discussion stayed more on topic in virtual discussions. \n","25":"This study enabled me to realize that virtual discussions were a means of encompassing the broader needs to accommodate students to feel nurtured and valued in the classroom environment.\n","14":"Just to clarify Face to Face discussion is when people have a discussion while occupying the same physical space. \n","53":"This presentation is called Speak Up! Transforming Classroom Discussions. Again, my name is Robert Appino. You can find me on twitter @rappin01 \n","42":"I would highly recommend integrating virtual discussions into your classrooms. And suggest that you experiment in finding a balance that fits the needs of your particular class. \n","20":"In this next part, I would like to give an overview of the literature on Face-to-face discussions compared with virtual discussions\n","9":"Goal post image\n","37":"It was interesting what was confirmed in my overall findings.\nIn Virtual Discussions Female students where freed from the constraints they felt from whole class discussions which was dominated more by the male students.\nIn the virtual context they were able to be more active participants in discussion and had a higher frequency of on-topic discussions. Additionally, some male students that reacted without thinking during Face-to-Face discussions had a higher frequency of on-topic discussions in Virtual discussions. This could be due to the fact that virtual discussions have a lasting digital footprint and the students have a growing understanding of the implications of this. Also, virtual discussions require students to reread what they are going to say before they post it. Perhaps because they are writing instead of speaking students were more careful with what they were going to say so they could communicate more effectively. This could be something to follow-up on in a future study.\n","26":"Susan Cain the author of Quiet establishes the fact that extroversion/ or the cult of personality in the US wasn't always valued the way it is today \nShe demonstrates how this historical change came about /and highlights how the "power of personality" or EXTROVERSION came to be the cultural ideal in the US\nIn her book, she skillfully demonstrates that "introversion" is not a negative quality, rather this is seen as time for careful consideration for example, she details the background of Steve  Wozniak and other so called introverted people who became publicly successful do to their creativity fueled in their ‘Quiet’ moments\nShe also highlights the ways in which Asian American students engage in school and college life. In her research she found that most Asian students preferred the introverted mode of interaction and for various reasons were more comfortable using this mode of communication \nThe research and underpinnings in her book were interest to me because of the parallels I could see in my own classroom.\n","15":"Virtual Discussions are class discussions in a virtual space such as a moodle forum, shared google doc, titan pad, a blog or any other virtual space that promotes discussion. In this study, 21 students in my class were participants in both the face-to-face discussions and the virtual discussions.\n","4":"I want to you to answer the following question(s)\n","43":"Of course with anything in the class room there needs to be variety of ways to reach the unique populations within our classrooms.\n","32":"Students writing in a gform, \n","21":"We’ve already seen this trend increase in recent years. ((add vw image))\n"}
  • Speak up! transforming classroom discussions @ learning 2.013

    1. 1. @ rni Lea .013 g2 n
    2. 2. Session 1: http://todaysmeet.com/speakuplearning2 Session 2: http://todaysmeet.com/speakuplearning2013
    3. 3. What is your name, school and position? Session 1: http://todaysmeet.com/speakuplearning2 Session 2: http://todaysmeet.com/speakuplearning2013
    4. 4. What is something exciting happening in your classroom or at school?
    5. 5. What is something about yourself you'd like to share with everyone?
    6. 6. Some students enjoy speaking up in class while others don't.
    7. 7. Objective: to encourage educators to try different ways to reach their students through different modes of class discussions.
    8. 8. Essential Question: How can we use technology as a differentiated platform for students to share their ideas?
    9. 9. What do you think this picture is communicating to the audience?
    10. 10. Research
    11. 11. Student Participation Face-to-Face Discussions compared with Virtual Discussions
    12. 12. Face-to-Face Discussions
    13. 13. Virtual Discussions
    14. 14. 21 Students 14 boys & 7 Girls Face-to-Face discussions in class Virtual Discussions in class
    15. 15. What is the effect of virtual discussions on students' participation and sense of belonging?
    16. 16. Comfortable
    17. 17. Literature
    18. 18. Jarmon, Lim and Carpenter (2009) "Introduction Pedagogy, Education and Innovation in Virtual Worlds"  more for teaching and learning in the future.  say virtual worlds will be used
    19. 19. Friedman, Karniel and Dinur’s (2009) study “Comparing Group Discussion in Virtual and Physical Environments" found that students had a higher number of on-topic  discussions in the physical discussion setting versus the virtual discussion setting (p. 290).
    20. 20. anonymous
    21. 21.  virtual discussions provided more opportunities for quieter students. -Carnegie’s (2003, “Teaching a Critical Understanding of Virtual Environments”
    22. 22. Carnegie acknowledges that, “[t]he biggest advantage [of virtual discussions] was for students who were shy, self-conscious, or intimidated in face-to-face group meetings” (2003, p. 63).
    23. 23. http://www.thepowerofintroverts.com/
    24. 24. Susan Cain @ TED: The Power of Introverts
    25. 25. http://www.youtube.com/watch%3Fv%3DPhDCz0V9FcA&bm=y
    26. 26. §Susan Cain (2012) confirms this idea by explaining that ‘quiet’ comfortable collaborating students feel in an “online working group” which is similar to a virtual discussion because “it is a form of solitude” which better meets the needs of more introverted learners (p. 111). §
    27. 27. Safety Behind the Screen
    28. 28. Solitude
    29. 29. Wang and Woo’s (2007) study “Comparing Asynchronous Online Discussions and Faceto-Face Discussions in a Classroom Setting” said, “[i]n terms of authenticity, face-to- face discussions were more real and authentic than in-class online discussions because participants could talk to each other in real time, see their facial expressions and clarify matters immediately” (p. 282). In this aspect, face-to-face discussions were regarded as more superior to online discussions.
    30. 30. Wang and Woo (2007) also said that “online discussions were more comfortable, less aggressive and offered more equal opportunities for group members to voice their opinions” (p. 282).
    31. 31. Participation increased in virtual discussions Quality of participation also increased during virtual discussions
    32. 32. Discussion findings
    33. 33. says that for iGeneration kids “social connections are EVERYTHING”. http://drlarryrosen.com/
    34. 34. Comfort Behind the Screen
    35. 35. Students are “more comfortable with sharing” through virtual writing - Dr. Larry Rosen
    36. 36. Beyond the Screen
    37. 37. Integrate virtual discussions into your classrooms
    38. 38. Variety
    39. 39. Some Tools for Virtual Discussions Try these to see what works best for you
    40. 40. Building a community in your classrooms using Critical Friends Group (CFG) Protocols
    41. 41. How could you integrate virtual discussions into a lesson?
    42. 42. Work time (20 min)
    43. 43. Turn and talk What do you think would be the challenges of integrating virtual discussions in the classroom?
    44. 44. Share our progress
    45. 45. What is something you learned from this workshop?
    46. 46. References  Cain, S. (2012). Quiet: the power of introverts in a world that can't stop talking. New York: Crown Publishers. Carnegie, T. A. (2003). TeachingaCritical Understandingof Virtual Environments. Business Communication Quarterly, 66(4), 55-64. Friedman, D., Karniel, Y., & Dinur, A. L. (2009). Comparing Group Discussion in Virtual and Physical Environments. PRESENCE by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 18(4), 286-293. Jarmon, L., Lim, K. Y., & Carpenter, B. S. (2009). Pedagogy, Education and Innovation in 3-D Virtual Worlds. Journal of Virtual Worlds Research, 2(1), 3-4. Ligorio, M. B., Cesareni, D., & Schwartz, N. (2008). Collaborative Virtual Environments as Means to Increase the Level of Intersubjectivity in a Distributed Cognition System. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 40(3), 339-357. Wang, Q., & Woo, H. L. (2007). Comparing asynchronous online discussions and faceto-face discussions in a classroom setting. British Journal of Educational Technology, 38(2), 272-286.
    47. 47. Attributions - Visual Speaking Up by HowardLake http://www.flickr.com/photos/howardlake/5540462170/sizes/l/in/photostream/ SSIS Campus images by rappino Speaking Up & Raising my hand image by rappino Research Human Rights Faces image by rappino Trees by Mark Sebastian http://www.flickr.com/photos/markjsebastian/506960906/sizes/l/in/photostream/ Balloons by Tim Geers http://www.flickr.com/photos/timypenburg/5097328888/sizes/l/in/photostream/ Literature by sweet_redbird http://www.flickr.com/photos/18261299@N00/4806782675/sizes/z/in/photostream/ important: by Valerie Everett http://www.flickr.com/photos/valeriebb/290711738/sizes/z/in/photostream/ Mask by zigazou76 http://www.flickr.com/photos/zigazou76/6824175422/sizes/c/in/photostream/ Minecraft Solitude: by rappino View from the Top by C.M Keiner http://www.flickr.com/photos/cmkeiner/5230441693/sizes/l/in/photostream/ Speaking Up by HowardLake http://www.flickr.com/photos/howardlake/5540462170/sizes/l/in/photostream/ Resources Discussions in Classrooms: Comparing Face-To-Face Whole Class Discussions to Virtual Discussions by Robert Appino Download Presentation from www.rappino.com Robert Appino www.rappino.com
    48. 48. @ rni Lea .013 g2 n

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