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    After x mas After x mas Presentation Transcript

    • In this presentation we will see some things about..
      Water needs
      Energy needs
      Drawings
      Materials’ choice
      Façade
    • WATER DATA
      • Average consumption in Greece 180 Ll/res.d.
      • 2.389 m3/ res. consumption per year in Greece 6,55 m3/res. per day
      • We could need only 80 Ll/res.d. or less with a change of habits
      And the use of simple technologies of saving water
      • 1 m3 = 1.000 Ll
      • 0,18 m3 average daily consumption
      • AVERAGE WATER CONSUMPTION BY RESIDENTIAL USERS / 4 MONTHS (source ΕΥΑΘ)
      39,0 m3
      35,4 m3
      34,3 m3
      33,7 m3
      2007 32,7 m3
    • SWRO sea water reverse osmosis
      Ashkelon SWRO plant , Israel
      The largest project in the world
      Plant footprint 75.000 m2 (300m x x250m)
      Max electrical consumption <4 kWh per m3 product water
      Final total production capacity 108 million m3/yr
      Contribution to national demand 5-6% total
      GE general electric company POWER & WATER
      SeaPro, SeaPro-E series
      Flow rates: 100-2.500 m3/day
      SeaTech series
      Flow rates: 163-3.000 m3/day
      Both previous platforms are small- medium sized
      Small- medium sized plants produce <10 to 20.000 m3/day
    • This is what a big-scale installation looks like..
      ..and here is the main machine, the ultrafiltration membranes
      • Functional diagrams
      • Water pressure variation: when coming in, filtrating, coming out
    • However what we propose is a brand new idea, since the pavilion will be self sustained and cover only its own needs. All known examples of SWRO so far are plants that produce and sell water. We re-size these facilities and adjust them at the scale of the pavilion.
    • The SWRO system and the consumption of the pavillon
      Consumption of the pavillon : 1 m3/day
      With:
      • 900 L/day for toilets ( estimated 100 persons/day with 1 use = 9 liters)
      • 100 L/day for others uses (washing hands, tidy the pavillion, …)
      Production of the SWRO system : 1 m3/day
      (with a maximal electric consumption of 4 kWh per m3 product water)
    • Rain water recovery :
      A wall which gathers the roof rain water
    • Energy needs
      Consumption of the pavillion: 7,5 kW/day
      • 3 kWh/day for lightening ( 50 LED of 4 Wph inside the building open 5 h/day, and 50 LED of 4 Wph on the tentacules open 10 hours/day)
      • 4,5 kW/day for the activity of the pressing pomp for the osmose reversion
      Production of photovoltaic installation: 7,5 kW/day
      Considering the solar pannels are exposed south-west, inclination perpendicular to the sunrays, and shadow 0%:
      25 m2 of solars needs are enough for produce 7,5 kW/day.
    • Facade : building’smaterials