Modulo Lengua Extranjera 1 año
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Modulo Completo de Lengua Extranjera 1 año

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    Modulo Lengua Extranjera 1 año Modulo Lengua Extranjera 1 año Document Transcript

    • English- First year Bachillerato 1 Introduce yourself. Come here, please. Look at the board. Write on the board. Dictate a sentence. Copy the word. Take notes. Correct the mistake Say your name. Spell your name. Open your books To page ten. Share a book. Be quiet, please. Work on your own. How do you spell ’friend’ ? Repeat after me. Raise your hand. Participate in class. Ask for help. Work in pairs. Ask your partner. Stand up, please. Sit down, please. Ask a question. Answer a question. Look at the picture. Draw a picture. Put away your books. Clear off your desk. Leave the room. What’s this in English ? Read the dialogue. Listen and repreat. Listen to the CD. Take out a piece of Paper. Pass a test. Hand in your test. Match the items. Underline the word. Cross out the word. Circle the word Fill in the blank. Choose the correct answer. Circle the answer.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 2 Module 1 LESSON 1 Daily routines Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe their daily routines using simple present tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: Daily Routines o Pronunciation: long a sound o Grammar: simple present tense - Sociolinguistic competence.- reflect about the importance of the time - Pragmatic competence. - discussing routines. Look at the picture and describe
    • English- First year Bachillerato 3 Vocabulary and pronunciation
    • English- First year Bachillerato 4 Present Simple Tense Simple present tense is used to talk about things that happen regularly, repeatedly or all the time. 1. Subject + verb(1) + object. I learn English. They play football. 2. Subject + Verb(1) s/es /ies + object. Ahmed learns English. Ahmed watches TV. Ahmed flies his kite. 3. Subject + do/does + not + (base)verb+ object. Ahmed and Sam do not learn Japanese. Ahmed does not learn Japanese. 4. Do/ Does + subject + (base)verb+ object ? Does Ahmed learn English? Yes, _____ does. / No, ____does not. Do Ahmed and Sam learn Japanese? Yes, _____ do. / No, ____do not. Phonics TONGUE TWISTER WITH LONG A SOUND A_e -ai -ay Game make Paid Fair May day Long a sound
    • English- First year Bachillerato 5 I TAKE A CAKE TO MAKE A TRADE Practice Write the 3rd person singular of the verbs: 1. I join - he joins 2. I like - he ………… 3. I kiss - he ……………. 4. I fly - he ……………. 5. I watch - he …………6. I enjoy - he ……………. 7. I talk - he ……………. 8. I go - he ………… 9. I teach - he …………… 10. I buy - she …………… 11. I finish - she ……….. 12. I cry - she …………… Use the prompts to write sentences, as in the example: he / every day / work / on the computer → He works on the computer every day. 1. Susana / at the weekend / do her laundry → …………………………………………………………. 2. My friends and I / at the weekend / go fishing → ……………………………………………………. 3. he / every morning / read the newspaper → ………………………………………………………….. Write questions and negations as in the example. 1. Tom lives in England. → Does Tom live in England? Tom doesn’t live in England. 2. Mr Simpson teaches Chemistry. →………………………………………………………………….. 3. You like playing computer games. → ………………………………………………………………. Module 1 Writing Task: A Typical Day Every day I wake up at 6:30 but I don’t get up until 7. The first thing I do is wash my face and then I brush my teeth. After that I get dressed and have breakfast. I leave the house at 7:30. I get the bus at 7:45. I arrive at work at 8h30. I finish work at 13h30. Then I have lunch at a restaurant with my workmates. I go home at 16h00.Then I and my wife watch some TV. Finally, we go to bed. _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 6 LESSON 1 Daily routines QUESTIONNAIRE SALLY Mr.&Mrs JONES JACK &JILL Mr.CAVEMAN SAM’S FAMILY SUE Get up / 7 a.m Have breakfast / 8.30 a.m Go to school / 9.15 a.m Go home / 4.45 p.m Have dinner / 7.50 p.m Go to bed / 10.00 p.m A) Look at the pictures and make sentences. ( Mire las fotografías y haga oraciones) 1. Sally ___________________________________________________. 2. Mr.&Mrs. Jones __________________________________________. 3. __________________________________________________________. 4. __________________________________________________________. 5. __________________________________________________________. C) Look at the pictures and answer the questions. Mire las fotografías y responda las preguntas. B) Fill in the blanks with suitable word. Llene los espacions en blanco con la palabra adecuada.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 7 GLOSSARY Investigate 5 more words with long a Investigar 5 palabras más con sonido Long a SUMMARY a_e Ai Ay __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 8 INVESTIGATION Watch the following video and complete the chart. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ldbywp8nAuM Name Profession Alan Chris Sheila Donna
    • English- First year Bachillerato 9 Module 1 LESSON 2 How often do you…? Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe the frequency of their activities. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: healthy habits o Pronunciation: LONG E o Grammar: simple present tense - Sociolinguistic competence.- reflect about the importance of the time - Pragmatic competence. - discussing routines. Look at the pictures and describe
    • English- First year Bachillerato 10 Vocabulary and pronunciation HEALTHY/ UNHEALTHY LIFE  seek for medical advice check your blood pressure  yoga  reduce fatty foods  spend time in the open air healthy food greens drink a lot of water avoid junk food spend time with your family have fun feeling happy do exercise Keep fit well-trained strengthen your muscles Adverbs of Frequency are used to say how often we do something. Example: We always eat vegetables More Adverbs of Frequency in each category: 1) always, constantly, continually 2) usually, normally, generally 3) often, frequently, regularly 4) sometimes, occasionally, periodically 5) rarely, seldom, hardly ever 6) never, not ever The Adverbs of Frequency are placed in a sentence as follows: After Auxiliary verbs (be, don’t etc.) Examples: He is always late. I don’t usually eat hamburgers. Some Adverbs of Frequency are the following: 1) always 2) usually 3) often 4) sometimes 5) rarely / never 6) never
    • English- First year Bachillerato 11 Phonics Long e sound TONGUE TWISTER WITH LONG E SOUND Denise sees the fleece, Denise sees the fleas. At least Denise could sneeze and feed and freeze the fleas Ee ea e_e Y speech screech need* each peach reach teach these theme gene* breve angry army baby Berry Put the words in the correct order to make complete sentences. Eat / Lunch / Always / We / At / Cafeteria / The _____________________________________________________ At 8.00 / Sue / gets up / usually. _____________________________________________________ Brother / Fooling Around / My / Constantly / Is _____________________________________________________ Very amusing / This / is / Generally / Show _____________________________________________________ Hardly ever / Lucas / Sick / Gets _____________________________________________________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 12 Module 1 LESSON 2 How often do you… QUESTIONNAIRE Write sentences using: **** ALWAYS *** OFTEN ** SOMETIMES * NEVER Example: I / do / my homework / ** I sometimes do my homework 1. He / eat / bananas / * …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. She / drink / milk / *** …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. I / brush / my teeth / **** …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. You / read / comics / *** …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. We / make / cakes / * ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. She / go / to school / in the morning / **** ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7. They / watch / the news / ** ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. I / play / basketball / at school / * ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9. He / play / the violin / in the afternoon / ** ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
    • English- First year Bachillerato 13 10. You / go / to the cinema / on Saturday / **** SUMMARY INVESTIGATION Survey How often…? ...do you watch TV per week ? always___sometimes____rarely____never ...do you eat chocolate? always___sometimes____rarely____never ...do you eat vegetables? always___sometimes____rarely____never 1. Write the name of the food. Put the words under the correct heading: HEALTHY/UNHEALTHY HEALTHY FOOD UNHEALTHY FOOD 14 Grapes French fries 3.muscles butter Hamburguer Apple Ketchup hotdog Tomato Sausages nuts olive oil chocolates carrots eggs fish
    • English- First year Bachillerato 14 ...do you drink soda? always___sometimes____rarely____never …do you drink water? always___sometimes____rarely____never …do you eat fast food? always___sometimes____rarely____never Results  always_________  sometimes________  rarely__________  never___________ CHOOSE ONE - I am a couch potato ______ - I have good physical condition______ GLOSSARY Search 5 more words with each long e spelling ee ea e_e y ______________________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 15 Module 1 LESSON 3 Talking about the past Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe people and actions the past tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: famous people, past professions. o Pronunciation: w sound o Grammar: simple past tense - Sociolinguistic competence. - understand the value of the past artists. - Pragmatic competence. – describing famous people Look at the picture and describe
    • English- First year Bachillerato 16 Reading Elvis Presley was a singer and an actor. He was born on 8th January,1935 in Mississippi. His parents were very poor. He was a factory-worker, then a driver. His first song was That’s all right. He was “The King of Rock and Roll”. Negative: I was not at home yesterday. Yes-No question Were you good a school? Yes, I was Information question Where were you yesterday? I was at home. Practice Complete the description with the past tense of to be. She __an actor and a princess. She __ born on 12th November, 1929, in Philadelphia. Her parents ___ very rich. She ___ a model and then an actor. Her first film ___Fourteen Hours in 1951. Her husband ___Prince Rainier III of Monaco. I Pronunciation
    • English- First year Bachillerato 17 Where were you, T- Rex? Where were you, my friend? Where dinosaurs were, I cannot tell Where dinosaurs were, I cannot say But dinosaurs were animals that were everywhere Module 1 LESSON 3 Talking about the past QUESTIONNAIRE Write a description about Lady Diana. Use the following clues. SUMMARY princess ------fashion icon --------21st July, 1961 ------ pianist --------Prince was Charles
    • English- First year Bachillerato 18 SUMMARY Fill in the blanks with the past of to be in the correct form: 1. …………… dad at work? Yes, he ………… 2. It ……………… rainy yesterday. 3. We ……………… at the lab on Tuesday. 4. Dan…………… ill last week. He ……… at school.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 19 5. Anne ……………… at the library yesterday morning. 6. ……… the workers on strike? Yes, they …………………… 7. Charles ……………… in a hurry; he ……………… really late for work. 8. The twins …………… born a month ago. 9. We …………… at the zoo last weekend. It ………… great fun! 10. …………… Mary in a hurry this morning? Yes, she………………… 11. The children ………… at a birthday party on Saturday. 12. Paul ……………… at home at 10:30 a.m., he ……………… in the supermarket. 13. …………… it sunny on Sunday? Yes, it …………………… 14. ………… you at the cinema last weekend? Yes, we …………… 15. Beethoven …………… German; he ……………… Polish. 16. My parents ……………… in London last year; they …………… in Paris. INVESTIGATION Write a description about a famous person who’s dead in Ecuador . For example. Jaime Roldos, TraniIto Amaguaña, Guadalupe Larriva, Oswaldo Guayasamin.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 20 GLOSSARY Investigate in a dictionary five more words with /w/ sound. ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ Module 1 LESSON 4 Talking about the past II Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe people and actions the past tense. Communicative competence
    • English- First year Bachillerato 21 - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: regular verbs. o Pronunciation: t-d-ed o Grammar: simple past tense - Sociolinguistic competence. – share past experiences with others - Pragmatic competence. – describing past experiences. Look at the picture and describe 2012 What did you do yesterday? 1.- Vocabulary and pronunciation
    • English- First year Bachillerato 22 What did you do yesterday?
    • English- First year Bachillerato 23 Affirmative She washed my car. Negative She didn’t wash her car. Yes-no questions Did she wash her car? Yes, she did No, she didn’t Information questions What did she do yesterday? She washed her car. We add –ed to the verb steam in order to make past tense of a regular verb. Pronunciation - ed can be pronounced in the following ways. /t/ /d/ /ed/ Washed Talked Replaced Stopped Fixed Arrived Cleaned Called Burned Answered Arrested Corrected Ended Divided folded Write the past form of the following verbs. Talk Study Work clean play Wash watch listen Write about your last vacation. Include - name of the place - activities you did - people, family members, friends, etc. -
    • English- First year Bachillerato 24 Module 1 LESSON 4
    • English- First year Bachillerato 25 Talking about the past QUESTIONNAIRE Write the past tense of the underlined verb in the space provided, as shown in the example. Then match each picture with the correct sentence. 9. Mike saws wood for a fireplace. 4. Sherlock Holmes investigates the crime. 6. The usher seats guests at the theatre. 8. The students listen quietly to the story. 7. We construct a new wall around the garden. 2. The pilot often travels to Miami Florida. 3. The lifeguard rescues drowning people. 5. Mark delivers the package to my front door. 15. Clowns attend many birthday parties. 10. Dr. Charles practices dentistry in the USA. 14. Fran stars in a popular television show. 11. Maggie surfs the internet while at work. 12. Tom pounds loudly on his new drum set. 13. Marco’s pizza taste delicious! 1. The doctor examines his patients. examined
    • English- First year Bachillerato 26 SUMMARY
    • English- First year Bachillerato 27 GLOSSARY 1.- write 10 verbs which ending –ed sounds like /t/ 2.- write 10 verbs which ending –ed sounds like /d/ 3.- write 10 verbs which ending –ed sounds like /id/ INVESTIGATION Write about what you did yesterday. Investigate the sequence connectors to start your writing. _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 28 Module 2 LESSON 5 Talking about the past III Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe people and actions the past tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: irregular verbs, pirates objects o Grammar: simple past tense. - Sociolinguistic competence. – share past experiences with others - Pragmatic competence. – describing past experiences. Look at the picture and describe
    • English- First year Bachillerato 29 Look! Fight-fought Have-had Wear-wore Negative They didn’t fight Yes-no question Did they fight? Yes, They did No, they didn’t Information question Why did they fight? They fought for treasures. Read and underline the irregular verbs. Use a dictionary in order to find the meaning of unknown words. John The great was a pirate. He wore a long black beard and had a wooden leg. He wore a big hat and a long coat. He had a parrot. He fought against many other pirates. He found treasures. He didn’t sleep on a bed, but in a hammock. He didn’t eat fish. He drank only water. Answer the following questions about the reading. Did he wear a wooden leg? Did he wear a small hat? Did he find treasures? Did he sleep on a bed? Did he eat fish? Irregular verbs rules.  Sometimes the verb changes completely: sing sang sung  Sometimes there is "half" a change: buy bought bought  Sometimes there is no change: cut cut cut  Sometimes there is a change in the simple past form become became become
    • English- First year Bachillerato 30 Module 2 LESSON 5 Talking about the past III QUESTIONNAIRE In 1891, a Canadian sports teacher that worked in an American school in Massachusetts invented a new game. His name was James Naismith. James decided to create a game for his lazy and rebellious students. They had to keep fit but they couldn’t go outside because it was a very cold winter. They had to play in the gym. He took two old peach baskets that he saw on the floor and put them on the wall. Then, he organized the students in two teams and he asked them to pass a big round ball and throw it into the baskets. This is how J. Naismith invented basketball. His students loved the game and learnt the 13 rules that their teacher made. Soon it became very popular in the USA. Today basketball is still a very popular team game. Millions of people play this sport all over the world. And there are excellent basketball players!! Can you name any? . 1) Are the sentences TRUE (T) or FALSE (F)? Correct the false ones. 1- James Naismith wasn’t American. ( ) 2- Naismith’s students invented a new game. ( ) 3- He had very good students. ( ) 4- Basketball was an outdoor game. ( ) 5- They played with a small ball. ( ) 6- They used fruit baskets. ( ) 7- The students were interested in the game. ( ) 8- Basketball is very popular today. ( ) 2) Answer the questions: 1- What was James Naismith’s job? 2- Where was he from? 3- When did Naismith invent Basketball? 4- Why did they have to play in the gym? 5- Did they use pear baskets to play the game? 6- How many rules did the game have? 7- Did the students like the new game?
    • English- First year Bachillerato 31 SUMMARY
    • English- First year Bachillerato 32 INVESTIGATION Investigate about the history of soccer and write a short story. GLOSSARY Write 3 more verbs for each irregular verbs rule. Rule # 1 Rule #2 Rule # 3 Rule #4
    • English- First year Bachillerato 33 Module 2 LESSON 6 What does the future hold? Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to talk about their future plans. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: horoscope o Pronunciation: /er/ sound o Grammar: will- won’t - Sociolinguistic competence: share my dreams - Pragmatic competence.- planning my future/ predicting my future Look at the picture and describe
    • English- First year Bachillerato 34 Vocabulary What zodiac sign are you ? _________________________________________ GRAMMAR FORM USE EXAMPLE Shall/will + infinitive 1. Predictions (based on beliefs) 2. Promises/threats/offers/requests 3. Instant decisions This will make you feel sleepy. I will always love you. Shall we meet up tomorrow? I’ll have the steak please.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 35 Write your own predictions about yourself. Zodiac sign Prediction _________________ ___________________________________________________ pronunciation /er/ sound er, ear, ir, or, ur worth burst birth urgent urge thirst serve search purpose perfect learn Aries You will catch the flu. Also, you will meet a nice person. Taurus You will meet the love soon. Don’t worry, it will be forever. Gemini You will share good moments with your friends. Be careful Cancer This week won’t be good for you. You will need your optimism up. Leo Today you will help somebody special. Also, you will have good notice about your job. Virgo This week will be great. There will be some money problems, but somebody will help you. Libra You will meet somebody special. That person will change your life. Scorpio Your family will have good notices about a travel. You will need money. Sagittarius This week will be difficult for you. You will need to adapt yourself to different situations Capricorn Your health will be in risk. Be careful Aquarius You won’t spend time with your family this week, You will travel for a job Pisces You will have some problems at school.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 36 Module 2 LESSON 6 What does the future hold? QUESTIONNAIRE Complete the sentences using phrases in the box to make predictions about life in 100 years. 1.- …………. school will be abolish. 2.- …………… robots will do all housework. 3.- …………. many animals will become extinct. 4.-……….. robots will play against humans. 5.-……….. everybody will flly to the moon every week. 6.- ………. there will be in the world. 7.-……….. people will travel on spaceships. 8.- ………. the air on Earth will be very polluted. 9.- ………. Robots will teach at high schools. 10.- ……….. everybody will wear in green colour. I think / I’m sure/ I’m not sure/ probably/ maybe/ I don’t think
    • English- First year Bachillerato 37 SUMMARY Read and answer the questions The word astrology means the study of stars. Astrologers study the influence that stars and planets have on people’s lives. They believe that the position of the sun, stars, moon and planets at the time of your birth influences your personality and your future. There are 12 zodiac signs divided into 4 groups based on the elements Fire, Air, Water and Earth. Fire signs are very intense, exciting and creative. Earth signs are stable and methodical. Air signs are very friendly and intellectual. Finally Water signs are very emotional and intuitive. Astrologers organise the signs into a circle called the zodiac wheel. People are most compatible with the sign opposite them in the wheel. Fire-Air and Water-Earth combinations are good, Water-Fire and Earth-Air are bad! 1.- What does astrology mean?_____________________________________________- 2.- What does the astrologers study?______________________________________________ 3.- What does the astrologers believe?______________________________________________ 4.- how many zodiac signs are there?_______________________________________________ 5.- What are the groups of zodiac signs?_____________________________________________ UNDERLINE THE FUTURE FORMS I think life in the year 2112 will be very different from life today. I will probably live in a house underwater. It will be very modern. My father will work in a submarine. I won’t go to school but my parents will teach me at home with computers and we will communicate with other people by means of special telephones. There will also be special sports centres to keep fit. People won’t eat food like today, we will take pills full of vitamins. I don’t think it will be easy to live underwater but after sometime we will get use to it. Perhaps I will miss my life on Earth and my holidays at the seaside. So, enjoy your life with all your heart.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 38 6.-Complete the hart with the characteristics of each zodiac sign. Fire signs Water signs Air signs Earth sign INVESTIGATION Investigate the zodiac signs which correspond to each group. Fire signs Water signs Air signs Earth sign GLOSSARY Write 5 more words with er sound. _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 39 Module 2 LESSON 7 What are you going to do? Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to talk about their future plans. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: camping o Pronunciation: /J/ sound o Grammar: going to - Sociolinguistic competence: planning my vacation with my friends - Pragmatic competence.- planning my future Look at the picture and describe
    • English- First year Bachillerato 40 Vocabulary /j/ badge damage garbage image manage wedge voyage
    • English- First year Bachillerato 41 Write the missing words. Use the words in the box. There is one extra. Tom is going on a trip. He’s going to take : 1._____________ 2._____________ 3._____________ 4.______________. . Read and write. What are they going to do? Choose the correct verb. a track suit a sleeping bag a backpack a torch boots 1. The dog is______________ __________( drink / eat ). 2. They are_______________ __________( take / play ). 3. She is_________________ __________( dance / sing ).
    • English- First year Bachillerato 42 Module 2 LESSON 7 What are you going to do ? QUESTIONNAIRE Read and match. Then write sentences. There is one extra phrase in the box. 1. I’m going to_______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________. 2.I’m______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________. 3. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________. 1. I’m going to be a chef. 2. I’m going to be a singer. 3. I’m going to have a birthday party. go to Music classes buy vegetables climb ropes learn to sing cook food make a cake buy ballons
    • English- First year Bachillerato 43 Look at the pictures and write as in the example. Choose six and categorize the clothes. Clothes Places you can go E.g. sandals beach tracksuit mountains SUMMARY Name: Your name is ________________________________. Country: You are going to live in____________________. Home: You are going to live in______________________. Job: You are_______________________________________. Children: You are__________________________________. Events: You________________________________________.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 44 INVESTIGATION Look at the following video and choose the correct answers. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MtGts7ceQc4 Where are you going? Passerby 1 o Supermarket o Bank o library Susan o Bank o Supermarket o park Passerby 2 o Chicago o Detroit o MIlan Carol o library o bookstore o bank Passerby 3 o Library o Bank o park Sean o home o work o company Passerby 4 o Home o Work o drugstore Marilyn o Drugstore o Grocery store o supermarket Passerby 5 o Nassau Street o Lincoln Street o Kennedy Street Jay o Just walk o Just run o Just eat MInda o Work o Walk o talk Susan o work o Walk o talk Robin o shopping o Camping o swimming Passerby 7 o late o On time o GLOSSARY Write 5 more words with j sound.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 45 _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ Module 3 LESSON 8 What are you doing? Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe actions and predict the future. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: action verbs o Pronunciation: -ing ending sound. o Grammar: present progressive - Sociolinguistic competence: share with your classmates routines - Pragmatic competence.- expressing continuous actions
    • English- First year Bachillerato 46 Look at the picture and describe Vocabulary
    • English- First year Bachillerato 47
    • English- First year Bachillerato 48 Grammar REMEMBER: Verb + ING Verb+ ing: read- reading do- doing -e+ing: drive- driving (-e) make- making - 1 vowel before 1 consonant: cut- cutting, swim-swimming -y+ ing: enjoy-enjoying, study-studying
    • English- First year Bachillerato 49 Module 3 LESSON 8 What are you doing ? QUESTIONNAIRE LOOK AT THE PICTURE, READ THE SENTENCES AND WRITE THE NAME IN THE RIGHT BOX. 1-I’M CAROL. I’M PLAYING WITH A GREEN DOLL. 2- HARRY IS MY FATHER.HE IS READING THE NEWSPAPER. 3- CARLA IS MY MOTHER. SHE IS LISTENING TO THE RADIO. 4- EDITH IS MY GANDMOTHER. SHE IS DRINKING TEA. 5- WILLIAM IS MY GRANDFATHER. HE IS SLEEPING. 6-PETER IS MY BOTHER. HE IS CLEANING THE WINDOWS. 7- SALLY IS MY SISTER. SHE IS PLAYING WITH ME. 8- PAUL IS MY COUSIN. HE IS EATING A SANDWICH. 9- TOM IS MY UNCLE. HE IS WATERING THE PLANTS.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 50 SUMMARY Write a paragraph using the picture above. Also don’t forget to use the connectors. likewise Also moreover finally GLOSSARY Write 10 more words with the –ing rules. Investigation
    • English- First year Bachillerato 51 Write a story using all you have studied in this year. - Use connectors - Use punctuation - The story can be in present or past tense. - 20 lines
    • English- First year Bachillerato 52 Module 4 LESSON 11 You should … Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to give reasons for some emotions Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: feelings and emotions o Pronunciation: sw-spr-str o Grammar: why and because - Sociolinguistic competence. – being friendly with others - Pragmatic competence.- giving reasons Look at the pictures and describe.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 53
    • English- First year Bachillerato 54
    • English- First year Bachillerato 55We use should every time we want to give an
    • English- First year Bachillerato 56 Blends # 4 sw spr str Swim Sword Swan Sprout Spread Spring Street Stream Strain Pronunciation  sw- in sweet and sweater  spr- in spray and spring  str- in stripe and strap
    • English- First year Bachillerato 57
    • English- First year Bachillerato 58 Module 4 LESSON 11 You should QUESTIONNAIRE 1. Match the right sentences. He's always tired. Well, you should clean them. What shall I wear for my interview? Well, you shouldn't be late for work every day. There are no clean plates. You shouldn't play computer games all night. I haven't got any clean clothes. Well, he shouldn't stay up late every night. My eyes hurt. You shouldn't wear jeans. Their bedroom's a mess. They should tidy it up. My shoes are dirty. You should do the washing up. My boss is always complaining. Well, you should do some washing. 2. Use should or shouldn't. 1. I don't think you …………………smoke so much. 2. You ………………………exercise more. 3. I think you ……………………..try to speak to her. 4. You are overweight. You ……………………..go on a diet. 5. Where …………………….we park our car? 6. You ………………………never speak to your mother like this. 7. The kids ………………………spend so much time in front of the TV. 8. ……………………..I tell her the truth or should I say nothing?
    • English- First year Bachillerato 59 3. Use should or shouldn`t and the given words to make sentences. 1. use/bed language ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 2. make noise/the library ……………………………………………………………………………………… 3. good marks/school …………………………………………………………………………………… 4. take photos/the museum …………………………………………………………………………………… 5. help the elderly/the street ………………………………………………………………………………….. GLOSSARY Write 5 more words with each blend. sw spr str _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 60 Summary
    • English- First year Bachillerato 61 INVESTIGATION
    • English- First year Bachillerato 62 Write the definitions with the right word. 1 …………………………A short length of rubber and latex formed in the shape of a loop. 2 …………………………A place where you when you have an a 3 …………………………An analgesic to relieve minor aches and pains 4 …………………………A person who takes care of sick and injured people. 5 …………………………An institution that provides medical, surgical, or psychiatric care and treatment for the sick or the injured people. 6 …………………………An adhesive which people normally use when they get a cut. 7 …………………………A person who takes care of your teeth. 8 …………………………A liquid used to disinfect an injury. 9 …………………………A person who likes to listen and to talk to you when you have problems. 10 ………………………..A pill or liquid used to relieve pain 11 ………………………..A person who always helps the doctor with sick and injured people. 12 ……………………….. A person who cuts the body, whether human or animal, for a specific reason such to remove a diseased organ or to repair a tear or breakage. Create a first aid kit, use the squares to draw and to write the names of the elements which should be there. Module 4 Aspirine Hospital Dentist Pain reliever Doctor Band aid Surgeon Alcohol Elastic band Psychologist nurse
    • English- First year Bachillerato 63 LESSON 12 CAN YOU …? Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to express their abilities. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: abilities o Pronunciation: /br/ /cr/ /dr/ blends o Grammar: can- can not - Sociolinguistic competence. – sharing my abilities - Pragmatic competence. expressing abilities Look at the pictures and describe.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 64 Vocabulary
    • English- First year Bachillerato 65 Then answer the questions. a)He can cook delicious chicken. b)They can make a sandcastle. c)She can’t bake a cake. d)He can’t drive well. e)He can dive. f)He cannot ski. g)They can play nice music. h)He can’t play the piano. Can The Moon Band play nice music?____________________. 1.Match the pictures with the statements. Antonio Jessica Leslie Ali Moon Band Sam and Kate Pronunciation Blend # 1  br- in brown and break  cr- in cry and crust  dr- in dry and drag br cr dr Brown Break broken Crown Cry crazy Drop Dreams dry AFFIRMATIVE I,You,He,She,It,We,They + CAN +VERB She can ride a bike. We can see a few stars in the sky. I can see him. They can play chess. INTERROGATIVE CAN+ I,YOU,HE,She,It,We,They +Verb Can they jump? Can he drive a bus? Can you draw a tiger? Short anwers: Yes,I,You,He,She,We,They can. No,I,You,He,She,It,We,They + can’t. -is used to talk about ability -awareness I can smell gas. -is followed by an infinitive without ’to’: She can sing. NEGATIVE form :can’t or cannot (never written can not!) My mother cannot sew. He can’t play hockey.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 66 Module 4 LESSON 12 CAN YOU….? QUESTIONNAIRE A) Answer the questions according to the chart: TONY √ Swim X Surf VIVIAN √ Drive x Cook JOYCE X Speak English √ Speak Spanish BILL and PETER x paint √ Play tennis 1) Can Tony swim? ___________________________________________________________________ 2) Can Vivian cook? _____________________________________________________________________ 3) Can Joyce speak Spanish? _____________________________________________________________ 4) Can Tony surf? _______________________________________________________________________ 5) Can Bill and Peter paint? _______________________________________________________________ 6) Can Joyce speak English? ______________________________________________________________ 7) Can Vivian drive? _____________________________________________________________________ 8) Can Bill and Peter play tennis? ___________________________________________________________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 67 Read the paragraph and mark true or false Tina can swim, but she can’t play the piano. Martin can roller skate, but he can’t make cookies. Rose can dance but she can’t do origami. TRUE FALSE Tina can’t swim Tina can play the piano Martin can’t roller Martin can’t make cookies Rose can’t dance Rose can do origami Writing Look at the pictures and answer. Who can swim? Who can’t make cookies? Who can sing? Who can’t do origami? Who can ride a bike? Who can’t dance?
    • English- First year Bachillerato 68 GLOSSARY Write 3 more words with some the following blends SUMMARY br cr dr __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 69 INVESTIGATION Visit the following site http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mt6eVl44fkU Answer the questions Name Can you play any musical instrument? Yes no Instrument (optional extra points)
    • English- First year Bachillerato 70 Shirley Ghia Jenny Robin Dave Dana Billy Ruth Lesli Helen Can you cook? Michael yes no Best dishes (optional extra points) Daina Loren Andrew Carmine Ann Graham Gillian Jhonatan Matt Linda Dana Module 4 LESSON 13 Could you …? Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to express their abilities in the past. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: abilities o Pronunciation: /fr/ /gr/ /pr/ /tr/ blends
    • English- First year Bachillerato 71 o Grammar: could-could not - Sociolinguistic competence. – sharing my abilities - Pragmatic competence. expressing abilities The verb could is used to express: someone’s ability or skill in the past: Affirmative Interrogative (Question) Negative I could swim when I was five. Couldn’t you do something? She couldn’t find the keys. the possibility of perception in the past tense – with the verbs like: and also: with the verbs such as imagine, taste, recognise. COMPLETE WITH COULD AND COULDN´T. Affirmative Interrogative (Question) Negative hear I could hear someone shouting. Could you hear that strange sound? I couldn’t hear them because of the noise. see I could see you were depressed. Could you see the church in the distance? I couldn’t see anything in the dark. imagine I could imagine how you felt. Could you imagine how surprised I was? I couldn’t imagine you working in the office.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 72 I (1) _____________________________ forget that terrible dream. I (2)_____________________________ open the door because it was locked. Although I tried to shout, I (3)_____________________________. I (4)_____________________________ hear people laughing outside but though I banged on the door they (5) _____________________________ hear me. Through the smoke I (6)_____________________________ see a window but when I tried to reach it I (7)_____________________________ move. I (8)_____________________________ feel myself getting hotter and hotter and I (9)_____________________________ breathe. I was hot and (10)_____________________________ escape; then I woke up. Blends # 2 PRONUNCIATION  fr- in fry and freeze  gr- in great and grand  pr- in prize and prank  in tree and try Module 5 LESSON 13 COULD YOU….? QUESTIONNAIRE smell I could smell gas. Could you smell the flowers? I couldn’t smell anything because I had a cold. understand I could understand her French. Could you understand his accent? I couldn’t understand what was happening. fr gr pr tr Friends Free fry Group Green grocery Proud Pride prime Try Tree train
    • English- First year Bachillerato 73 Read the following text and write T(true) or F(false) according to the text. Correct the false one/ones Hi! I am Arnold Talbott. I am 68 years old. When I was younger, I could run fast, so I joined the school running team. I loved running very much. I could swim fast. Now, I can’t swim so fast. Reading has a big meaning for me. I could read without glasses when I was young. I can read only with my glasses now. I was in the football team and won many rewards. I could play football very well. I am proud of this. I could also ride a horse. It was very enjoyable. I want to say you a significant thing. You are in the best years of your life. Enjoy it!! 1-He could swim fast(….) 2-When he was younger, he could play golf very well(.....) 3-He could ride a horse(…..) 4-He can read without glasses now(….) 5-He could swim fast, so he won many rewards(….) SUMMARY COULD YOU…? Go around the classroom, ask questions and complete the sentences with your classmates’ names. Could you play soccer when you were 10 years old? _________________________________ could play soccer. _________________________________ could play the guitar. _________________________________ could play chess.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 74 _________________________________ could bake a cake. _________________________________ could do gymnastics. _________________________________ could paint pictures. _________________________________ could swim. _________________________________ could sing English songs. _________________________________ could surf the net. _________________________________ could draw well. _________________________________ could speak English well. ________________________________ Could climb a tree. ________________________________ Could use a computer. _______________________________ Could run fast _______________________________ Could read English books Then write sentences reporting your classmates’ abilities. 1. ____________________________________________________ 2. ____________________________________________________ 3. ____________________________________________________ 4. ____________________________________________________ 5. ____________________________________________________ 6. ____________________________________________________ 7. ____________________________________________________ 8. ____________________________________________________ 9. ____________________________________________________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 75 10.____________________________________________________ 11.___________________________________________________ 12.___________________________________________________ 13.____________________________________________________ 14.____________________________________________________ 15.____________________________________________________ Now write a paragraph about your past abilities. I could play soccer, but I couldn’t play video games when I was 10 years old. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY Write 5 more words with each blend. fr Gr pr tr ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ________________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ ________________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ INVESTIGATION 1. I ____ help you, I have a terrible headache. 2. Last year I ___ clean snow in our 3. Bob ____ write letters last year. 4. Sam ____ take very interesting pictures now.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 76 Module 4 LESSON 14 BE QUIET…!!! Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to give commands and orders. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: verbs, orders and commands o Grammar: imperatives
    • English- First year Bachillerato 77 - Sociolinguistic competence: rules of politeness - Pragmatic competence.- communication with my classmates. Look at the picture and describe imperatives..! Form Affirmative Bare infinitive to make – Make your bed! Negative Don’t + bare infinitive Don’t make so much noise! Use Orders Instructions Advice Invitations Come here immediatelly, Mary! First peel the apples, then slice them. Do not go out at night alone. It’s too risky! Eat a piece of the cake. It’s delicious! Fill in the gaps with the imperative form of the verbs given on the right.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 78 Module 4 LESSON 14 Be quiet..! QUESTIONNAIRE 1. --------------------------- so loud! The baby is sleeping! 2. --------------------------- me the salt, please. 3. Please, --------------------- aside. I can’t see through you! 4. -------------- to what your parents say. They give good advice. 5. -------------------- so nasty! ------------------ the others! 6. ---------------------------- your name at the bottom. 7. ----------------------------- to take your umbrella. It’s raining! 8. It’s raining! ---------------------------- your umbrella! 9. --------------------- enter and ------------- the instructions 10. -------------------------- that Scotch! You’re going to drive! 11. Please, --------------------------- slowly and quietly. 12. ----------------------------- on the grass! 13. ------------------------------ to me when I’m talking to you! 14. ---------------------------- after me: “I won’t do that again!” 15. ----------------------------- ! I’m trying to concentrate! 16. ----------------------------- so fast! It’s dangerous! 17. First ----------- the butter in a saucepan and then ----- -garlic. 18. ----------- straight ahead and then -------- the first turning. 19. -------------------------- so fast! I can’t understand you! 20. ------------------------- so much money on worthless things! 21. --------------- good care of your sister! I’ll be here in a minute. 22. --------------------- the carrots for just five minutes. 23. ----------------- yourself to a drink! The glasses are over there. 24. ------------------ anything! Mrs. Wilson won’t like it! 25. ------------------------------ so shy! ------------------! 1. not to speak 2. to pass 3. to step 4. to pay 5. not to be/to respect 6. to write 7. not to forget 8. to take 9. to press/to follow 10. not to drink 11. to walk 12. not to walk 13. to listen 14. to repeat 15. to go away 16. not to drive 17. to melt/to add 18. to go/to take 19. not to speak 20. not to spend 21. to take 22. to boil 23. to help 24. not to touch 25.not to be/to relax
    • English- First year Bachillerato 79 Rewrite the sentence. 1) Noise-don’t-make_______________________________________________ 2) Hands- clap- your______________________________________________ 3) the police – call- don’t__________________________________________ 4) Say- again- the chant___________________________________________ 5) to – the teacher –listen__________________________________________ 6) the classroom- keep- tidy________________________________________ 7) play – games – don’t ___________________________________________ 8) your – do – homework_________________________________ 9) a – circle – form______________________________________ SUMMARY 1) Sing a song ! = ………………………………………… 2) Write your name ! =………………………………… 3) Talk quietly ! = ………………………………………… 4) Wash your hands ! = ……………………………… 5) Drink linden tea ! = ……………………………… 6) Don’t eat junk food ! = …………………………… 7) Don’t play football in breaks! = …… ……………………………… 8) Don’t read magazines ! = …………… ……………………………… 9) Don’t do your homework ! = ………………………………… 10) Don’t listen to music ! = ……………………………………
    • English- First year Bachillerato 80 INVESTIGATION
    • English- First year Bachillerato 81 Raise your hand by Little Chrissie from Sesame Street to watch the video, go to : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ei_A9QM6UcE&feature=fvsr Listen to the song and fill in the blanks with the following words...then, sing along with Little Chrissie!!! excused raise talked answer hand school ask say understand why Raise your ..................................... In the classroom, in ..................................... if you talk, as a rule first you must .....................................your hand Raise your hand If there's something to ..................................... Don't shut up either way – ey- ey first you must raise your hand If everybody .....................................at once then no one would ..................................... so if you want the teacher to call on you Be be be sure to raise your hand Raise your hand Now that we've told you why You can raise it up high – high – high – high Go ahead raise your hand there are many times in the classroom when you should raise your hand when you want to .....................................a question or if you want the teacher to call on you so you can ..................................... or if you need to be .....................................to go to the boys' room or the girls' room Be be be sure to raise your hand Raise your hand Now that we've told you ..................................... You can raise it up high – high – high – high Go ahead raise your hand Raise your hand (x4) Go ahead raise your hand Raise your hand Come on and raise your hand (x3)
    • English- First year Bachillerato 82 GLOSSARY Write 5 more imperatives use in the classroom Module 5
    • English- First year Bachillerato 83 LESSON 15 English I Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to write correctly according to punctuation and spelling rules. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: punctuation o Grammar: word order - Sociolinguistic competence: expressing my ideas correctly - Pragmatic competence.- writing correctly. Look at the picture and describe
    • English- First year Bachillerato 84 . Full stop Used to end a sentence - also called period. This is my book. ? Question mark Used at the end of a question or interrogation. Where is your book? , Comma Used as a separator between words. Helps to make the meaning clear. He has a book, a pencil, a pen and a ruler. ’ Apostrophe 1-Takes the place of missing letters. 2-Used to show possession He’s = he is don’t = do not Bill’s car Ann’s bag A B C D Capital letter We write capital letter for the first letter of: Names Countries Days Languages....etc. John Australia Monday Vietnamese Chinese Correct the following sentences. Each sentence has at least ONE mistake. 1. jane is always late for work 2. Why didnt you come to the partly last night. 3. Shes my English teacher. 4. I like gardening cooking shopping and swimming. 5. My friend is from vietnam.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 85 Read the story below and find 17 mistakes. BORRIS & NATASHA My name is boris and my wife’s name is Natasha. My wife works in a shop and Im a mechanic Every afternoon we walk in the park with our dog. We always go to english class on monday night We often meet with John Julia and peter on friday nights. What do we do. Usually we eat dinner together and sometimes we watch a movie. On saturday we usually clean the house garden and my car. On sunday we go for a picnic by the river or we go to the Beach. We dont work on sunday because it is our day off? Write the story again correctly. Module 5 LESSON 15 English BORRIS & NATASHA ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________ CEBI, 2011
    • English- First year Bachillerato 86 QUESTIONNAIRE Correct the following paragraph. perhaps you dont always need to use commas periods colons etc to make sentences clear when i am in a hurry tired cold lazy or angry i sometimes leave out punctuation marks grammar is stupid i can write without it and dont need it my uncle Harry once said he was not very clever and i never understood a word he wrote to me i think ill learn some punctuation not too much enough to write to Uncle Harry he needs some help Use capital letters and small letters correctly- 1. mY grandma sEnDS ME PrSENts. A.______________________________________________________ 2. i lIkE eAtINg swEets. A.______________________________________________________ 3. fAtHeR PARks tHE MOtorBiKE. A.______________________________________________________ 4. THE girls STuDy hARd. A.______________________________________________________ 5. Our GArDen IS BiG. A.______________________________________________________ Rewrite the sentence correctly by making the first letter of the first word and names start with a capital letter- 1. we live in pune. A.______________________________________________________ 2. salman khan is an actor. A.______________________________________________________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 87 3. my dog jacky plays with my cat sheru. A.______________________________________________________ 4. aunt sheela lives in bombay. A.______________________________________________________ 5. i study in utkarsha school. A.______________________________________________________ 6. bhimrao is my best friend. A.______________________________________________________ Stop the sentence by using full stop and question marks and start the sentence by making the first letter capital- 1. we should eat fruits and vegetables A.______________________________________________________ 2. where is your house A.______________________________________________________ 3. the baby is laughing because she her father was playing with her A.______________________________________________________ 4. what are we going to study today A.______________________________________________________ 5. i saw a monkey today A.______________________________________________________ correct the sentence completely and write it again- 1. wHaT dOEs YoUr brother raMEsh dO A.______________________________________________________ 2. river ganga is the most famous river of india A.______________________________________________________ 3. aniketh has a fish called gilli
    • English- First year Bachillerato 88 A.______________________________________________________ 4. wHY did bHEem say sORRy to haNuMan A.______________________________________________________ 5. one and one makes two A.______________________________________________________ 6. where are you and your sister munni coming from A.______________________________________________________ SUMMARY Technology-writing correction. Read the about Will’s opinion of the internet. The passage has no capital letters or punctuation. Correct the mistakes. my name is will i am australian but i live in london the internet is great because it helps me to stay in touch with my family and friends and helps my social life i speak to my brother josh every sunday and i speak to my parents every two weeks i work for a bank in london and my job is stressful so its helpful to know that I can speak to them when i need to i can also get in touch with friends on facebook and twitter i read the guardian newspaper every day online and I can get my weekly shopping from tesco sent to my house the internet has made my life so much better! b.- Add full stops and capital letters to these sentences. 1. sarah played on the swings 2. paul went to the shop to buy an apple
    • English- First year Bachillerato 89 3. we went to the zoo last week and it rained 4. my sister is two years younger than me 5. i had fun in the holidays when i went to play at my friends house 6. my brother is older than me and he is called jim 7. tim likes to eat cauliflower cheese for tea 8. my favorite food is fruit salad 9. fred likes the swings at the park more than anything else 10. holly went to her grandma’s for a lovely sunday lunch INVESTIGATION Hellidon Lakes Golf and Spa Hotel Hellidon Lakes Golf and Spa Hotel is a truly splendid resort hotel set in 220 acres of delightful rolling countryside on the borders of Warwickshire and Northamptonshire. All 110 bedrooms and suites are tastefully furnished and well appointed with many having wonderful views of the beautiful surrounding countryside and 27-hole golf course. The hotel has two restaurants to cater for appetites sharpened by the fresh air the award winning Lakes Restaurant overlooks the lakes (dress code applies) or for a more informal dining experience try The Terrace where a bistro menu is available. After dining you can relax in the comfortable lounges with a drink or have fun in the four lane ten pin bowling alley - a particular favourite with families. The hotel boasts superb Reflections Spa and Leisure facilities to refresh and relax you including a heated indoor swimming pool whirlpool spa and steam room 40 station gymnasium sunbed and the Spa featuring a tempting choice of beauty treatments for the ultimate in pampering (please book all treatments in advance). We look forward to welcoming you to Hellidon Lakes Golf and Spa Hotel soon. Make sure you bring your laptop as Hellidon Lakes Golf and Spa Hotel now offers free internet access throughout the hotel. Trueor Falseexercise Read the paragraph describing the hotel. Now, decide if the following sentences are true or false.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 90 TRUE FALSE The hotel is in the centre of Northamptonshire   Most of bedrooms look out onto the golf course   There are three restaurants   You can wear whatever you like in the Lakes Restaurant   Children aren’t allowed in the bowling alley   You need to make an appointment for beauty treatments   Guests are not allowed to bring computers to the hotel   GLOSSARY Investigate the names of the following punctuation “ ! ? _ Module 5 LESSON 16
    • English- First year Bachillerato 91 Paragraphs. Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to write correctly according to punctuation and spelling rules. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: punctuation o Grammar: word order - Sociolinguistic competence: expressing my ideas correctly - Pragmatic competence.- writing correctly. Look at the picture and describe
    • English- First year Bachillerato 92 A process paragraph describes how to the things step-by-step. First, you write a topic sentences that states what the process is. Then you explain each step clearly. Use time order words. They usually come at the begining of a sentence and aare followed by a comma. Do not use a comma after “then”. Paragraph Review Use words from the box below to fill in the blanks. Not all words will be used. first, the first step after that while from then on then before when the last step next after meanwhile finally the next step
    • English- First year Bachillerato 93 concluding sentence , paragraph details, closing, topic sentence, three, middle, body, interest, 1. A paragraph has ___________________________ parts 2. The first sentence in a paragraph is called
the _____________________________________________. 3. The last sentence in a paragraph is called a ________________________________________________. 4. The middle of the paragraph consists of 
___________________________________________. 5. The middle of the paragraph is often called the 
_________________________________________ of the paragraph. A. In the paragraph below, 1. underline the topic sentence, 2. number the body sentences, and 3. circle the concluding sentence. I had such a blast last night at our school’s Penny Carnival. It is held every year to raise money for the poor. The tickets were only 25 cents each or five for a dollar. I tried making hoops with a basketball, arm wrestling, and guessing how many candies were in the jar. The fish pond was my favorite. I pulled out a beautiful purse on my line. Mr. Hall, our principal, was a good sport. He was the target at the sponge toss. Boy, did he get wet! My friends and I had such a good time at the Penny Carnival! Module 5 LESSON 16
    • English- First year Bachillerato 94 paragraphs QUESTIONNAIRE Reading Paragraph 1 A)Read the paragraph and do the activities "My name is Brenda Stevens. I´m 13 years old .I live in Cordoba,Argentina.I study at a High School. Every day I get up at 6:00 and I have breakfast with my family,my father´s name is Hugh and y mother´s name is Susan. I have milk and cookies.I go to school on foot.I get from school at 1.00 , I have lunch and I do my homework. In the afternoon I play tennis or I study English. My father is an architect and works at home .My mother is a language teacher,she teaches English,French and Italian. I have a brother and a sister ,they are at University, Mike ,my brother wants to be a doctor, Diana ,my sister wants to be an architect. B) Write these people´s names and their occupations
    • English- First year Bachillerato 95 ................ .................. .................. .................. ....................... C)True or False: 1. Brenda plays tennis in the evening................................. 2. Mike is studying at University. .......................................... 3. Brenda´s mother teaches History and Geography................................. 4. Diana is an architect....................................... 5. Brenda´s father works at home....................................... D) Now read the paragraph again and write five(5) questions and answer them. 1. ......................................................................................... 2. ......................................................................................... 3. ......................................................................................... 4. ......................................................................................... 5. ........................................................................................ SUMMARY Write a paragraph about your family I´m a...
    • English- First year Bachillerato 96 _______My Family____________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY Investigate and write five conjunctions. INVESTIGATION Investigate the types of the paragraphs. Module 5 LESSON 17
    • English- First year Bachillerato 97 Used to Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to habits in past tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: habits o Pronunciation: long o sound. o Grammar: used to - Sociolinguistic competence: sharing my past experience - Pragmatic competence.- expressing habits Look at the picture and describe
    • English- First year Bachillerato 98 Correct the wrong sentences or put a tick if the sentence is correct: 1. He uses to play the guitar now. __________________________ 2. I used to break my leg yesterday. __________________________ 3. Did you use to be a soldier? __________________________ 4. Tim and Mary used to get married in London. __________________ 5. He used to study chemistry. __________________________ 6. They didn’t used to be rich. __________________________ 7. We use to visit our uncle. _________________________ LONG O SOUND TONGUE TWISTER WITH LONG O SOUND Opie knows old boats go slow Habits Positive Negative Interrogative Past Used to+ stem Did not use to+ stem ( Wh-word) did+ S+ use to+ stem…? Present Stem (s) Does/do not + stem (wh-word) do/does+ S+ stem? O_E O_LE -O -OE -OA CODE COPE DOPE NOBLE GO SO DOE FLOE FOE BOAST BROACH FOAM
    • English- First year Bachillerato 99 Module 6 LESSON 17 Used to QUESTIONNAIRE Make questions with used to: 1. Did Laura use to be a teacher? No, she didn’t. But she is now. 2. ______________________? Yes, he did. 3. ______________________? Yes, she did. 4. ______________________? No, he didn’t. But he is now. 5. ______________________? No, he didn’t. But he does now. 6. ______________________? Yes, she did. Write two sentences with used to about each of these people: He was poor in the past but now he is rich. 1. He used to live in a small house but now he lives in a big house. 2. _______________________________________________. She was a singer in the past but now she is a teacher. 1. _______________________________________________. 2. _______________________________________________. He was single in the past but now he is married. 1. _______________________________________________. 2. _______________________________________________. She lived in England in the past but now she lives in France. 1. _______________________________________________. 2. _______________________________________________.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 100 Complete the sentences: When I was 6 years old….. 1. I used to drink ______________ but now I drink ____________. 2. I used to eat ________________________________________. 3. I used to play ________________________________________. 4. I used to go ________________________________________. 5. I used to have ________________________________________. 6. I used to get up at ____________________________________. 7. I used to watch _____________________________________. GLOSSARY Investigate 5 more words with each spelling pattern with long o sound. Investigue cinco palabras adicionales con cada modelo de ortografía con el sonido de Long o INVESTIGATION O_E O_LE -O -OE -OA ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 101 THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA A. WATCH THE VIDEO SEGMENT AND OBSERVE HOW DIFFERENT PARIS USED TO BE IN 1870. PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING PEOPLE AND OBJECTS. means of transportation passers-by streets theater NOW, READ THE EXAMPLES AND WRITE DOWN YOUR OWN SENTENCES, USING THE GIVEN CUES. Ex: People/ elegant chariots. People used to ride on elegant chariots. Gentlemen/ fancy clothes. Gentlemen used to wear fancy clothes. Theaters/ crowded. Theaters used to be crowded 1. A lot of employees/ theater ............................................................... 2. Musicians/ on the stage ...................................................................... 3. Dancers/ whiskey during the rehearsals ............................................ 4. Horses/ in the theater ......................................................................... 5. Actors/ operatically ............................................................................. 6. Singers / rich costumes SUMMARY
    • English- First year Bachillerato 102 Readings to review the simple paste tense and compare with the used to. 1) Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. THE CELTS Between the sixth and third century B. C., the British Isles______________(1) (to invade) by Celtic tribes who______________ (2) (to settle) in Southern England. They originally ______________(3) (to come) from central Europe. Their culture______________(4) (to go) back to about 1,200 В. С. Between 500 to 250, they_______(5) (to be) the most powerful people north of the Alps. Originally they_______ (6) (to be) pagan, with priests known as Druids. They later____________(7) (to convert) to Christianity. It was Celtic missionaries who (8) (to spread) the Christian religion through Scotland and northern England. The Celts ____________(9) (to be known) as excellent artists for their wonderful jewellery, decorated crosses and illuminated manuscripts. 2) Read the text and fill in the words from the box. a) built b) were built c) became d) invaded e) was f) had to g) capital h) had i) were destroyed j) stopped k) was built THE ROMANS In AD 43, the Romans __________(1) southern Britain. It_________(2) a Roman colony called Britannia. The Romans set up their___________ (3)in London _________ and_______________(4) major cities in Bath, Chester and York. The cities _________ (5) beautiful buildings, squares and public baths. Fine villas _________________(6) for Celtic aristocrats who accepted Roman rule. The Roman invasion_________________(7) not completely peaceful. In AD 60, three cities, including London,______________(8) by one of the British tribes. And the Romans _______ (9) stop it brutally. The tribes of Scotland also never ______________(10) fighting against the Romans. In AD 122, a long wall to defend the border between England and Scotland__________(11) by Emperor Hadrian. 3) Read the text and choose the correct form of the verb (А, В, С) from the table below.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 103 THE SAXONS, THE JUTES AND THE ANGLES From about AD 350, Germanic tribes_________________(1) invading south-east England. The tribes _________ (2) from what is now northern Germany, Holland and Denmark. The first to come ______(3)the Saxons, joined later by the Jutes and the Angles. The Angles_____ _ (4) England its name. Britain____________________(5) the protection of only a few Roman legions. The native people _______________(6) not stop the new enemy, known as the Anglo-Saxons. The Celts_____ ___________(7) north and west taking their ancient arts and languages with them. Celtic languages have_________________(8) from most of Europe, but are still_________________(9) in parts of Walls, Ireland and Scotland. The Anglo-Saxons in southern England were (10) _______ to Christianity. As Christianity spread, churches and monasteries (11)_______ all over England. A В C 1) begin began begun 2) come coming came 3) are were have been 4) gave give were giving 5) have has had 6) can could must 7) went gone go 8) disappear disappearing disappeared 9) speak spoke spoken 10) convert converted converting 11) built had built were built
    • English- First year Bachillerato 104 Module 6 LESSON 18 connectors Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to connect clauses and sentences in order to express complete ideas. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: words connectors. o Pronunciation: long o sound. o Grammar: dependent and independent clauses - Sociolinguistic competence: express complete ideas about me and my classmates - Pragmatic competence.- connecting sentences. Look at the word and describe CONNECT
    • English- First year Bachillerato 105 Vocabulary WHETHER OR NOT ALTERNATIVELY NOT ONLY…BUT ALSO WHAT IS MORE HOWEVER OWING TO PROVIDING THAT IN ORDER TO FIRSTLY THUS IN ORDER TO NEITHER…NOR FILL IN THE TEXT WITH THE FOLLOWING CONNECTORS. There are many things you can do _______________________ reduce pollution levels in the city. ______________________, to decrease the amount of traffic in the streets, you should ask yourself _________________________ your car journey is really necessary. It could be cheaper and healthier to walk. ________________________________, it could be even quicker,____________________________ the amount of traffic at certain times of the day. _______________________,you could use public transport,_____________ avoiding the stressful experience of driving in the city and the same time freeing yourself from the time consuming necessity of finding a parking space. _________________, when it comes to speed, health and convenience, ____________________ walking___________ the public transport system can compare with the simple bicycle. ____________________has it been proved to be faster than a car for most city journeys ,________________ you can park it almost anywhere_________________________ you lock it securely. REWRITE THESE SENTENCES USING THE CONNECTOR IN BRACKETS. 1. I pestered my mother. I wanted to go to the party. (SO) 2. I had three cups of coffee, so I couldn’t sleep at night. 3. In spite of the rain, we had a good time at the beach. (ALTHOUGH) 4. It was such a hot day that people stayed indoor. (SO…THAT) 5. I felt very sad because of Tom’s absence. (BECAUSE) 6. I pulled down the blinds so as to keep out the light. (IN ORDER TO)
    • English- First year Bachillerato 106 Long U & /oo/ sounds spelling patterns u_e -ue -ew -ui oo accuse confuse due* hue new* knew* fruit juice proof smooth some words u-e, ue and ew make the sound /oo/ as in boo Tongue twister with Long U & /oo/ sounds You can look a cool cook book Module 6
    • English- First year Bachillerato 107 LESSON 18 connectors QUESTIONNAIRE 1.- In my family, we all have long conversations on the phone. Consequently, our phone bills are high.(AS A RESULT) _________________________________________________________________________ 8. Although the bracelet was expensive, he bought it.(IN SPITE OF) _______________________________________________________________________ 9. My brother is very busy at work. My sister is on holidays (WHEREAS) ________________________________________________________________________ 10. There is a shopping centre in this town and any small shops as well. (IN ADDITION) ________________________________________________________________________ 11. Despite the doctor’s advice to stop smoking, she hasn’t stopped. (EVEN THOUGH) ________________________________________________________________________ 12. I took a cookery course in order to be able to make some special dishes. (SO THAT) _________________________________________________________________________ 2.-Form sentences using WHILE and WHEN: a) We were waiting at the bus stop. We saw an accident. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ b) The teacher entered the classroom. The boys were listening to music. The girls were drawing on the blackboard. The teacher was very angry. _________________________________________________________________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 108 _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ c) Peter was studying. His friend called. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ d) Mr. Smith arrived home at 9 o´clock. His wife was preparing the dinner. Sue was dancing. The baby was sleeping. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ e) David had a terrible accident. He was repairing the roof. He fell down. He broke his arm. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ f) What were you doing. I called you? ________________________________________________________________ 3.-. Conditionals Choose the correct alternatives (1 POINT EACH) 1. As soon as / If you arrive, will you call me? 2. If / Unless you eat better food, you won’t get sick. 3. As soon as / Unless you work harder, you won’t pass the exam. 4. If / when you wake up tomorrow, you will see snow 5. As soon as / If she liked that book, she will love this one! 6. If / Unless we find a taxi right now, we’ll miss the plane. 7. Unless / if I see Dave, I will tell him you called. 8. When / Unless you go on holiday, will you send me a postcard? 9. If / Unless you take an umbrella, you won’t get wet. 10.When / Unless you get home we’ll watch a DVD 2. Conditionals Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense. Include the pronouns where necessary. (0.5 PTS EACH-8PTS) 1- A: I ______________________ (not be) home for dinner unless ______________________ (finish) my work. B: As soon as ______________________ (know) if you’re coming, ______________________ (phone) me?
    • English- First year Bachillerato 109 2- A: Where _______________ you _________________ (go) if you ______________________ (take) a holiday? B: If ______________________ (have) enough money, I ______________________ (visit) my aunt in Canada 3- A: When you ______________________ (graduate), ______________________ (become) a professor? B: If I ______________________ (find) a job, it ______________________ (not be) as a professor. 4- A: We ___________________ (be) stuck here for hours unless ___________________ (turn) off the motorway. B: If we ______________________ (not find) a restaurant, we ______________________ (die) of hunger. 3. Conditionals Match the two halves 1. If the students get under 50% in the final exam, __ a. as soon as it makes its decision. 2. We won’t give you a refund, __ b. we will email you a secret password. 3. If you have problems remembering names, __ c. when you finish work. 4. Unless you pay for the ticket within four days, __ d. unless you tell us that you no longer with to receive it. 5. We will continue to deliver the magazine__ e. our office won’t be able to guarantee you a seat 6. The committee will inform you__ f. unless you bring the receipt. 7. When you subscribe to News24.com__ g. they won’t be able to move to the next level of the class. 8. The taxi will pick you up__ h.you will benefit from the course in Memory Development 4. Complete the second sentences so that it means the same as the first. Use two to four words. (1 PT EACH-10PTS) 1- Unless we eat early, there won’t be any food left. (if) __________________________ eat early, there won’t be any food left. 2- Immediately after you arrive, you will receive a ticket. (as) You will receive a ticket __________________________ you arrive. 3- It’s not necessary for us to book a place on the course. (have) We __________________________ book a place on the course. 4- If I drink too much coffee, I will be awake all night (be) __________________________ able to sleep if I drink too much coffee. 5- It’s a good idea to call the office first. (phone) We __________________________ the office first. 6- Playing ball games is forbidden here. (mustn’t)
    • English- First year Bachillerato 110 You __________________________ ball games here. 7- She can take the test if she wants to, but it isn’t obligatory. (have) She __________________________ the test. 8- He won’t come to the meeting unless it’s really necessary. (come) He __________________________ to the meeting if it’s really necessary. 9- You should wash your hands before you eat (eat) You __________________________ before washing your hands. 10-When I leave university, I’ll go abroad immediately. (soon) I’ll go abroad __________________________ I leave university. 5. Circle the correct words. (1 PT EACH-10PTS) 1- Unless we buy/will buy a phone card, we won’t / will be able to call home. 2- If/As soon as you don’t like meat, you won’t/don’t enjoy this restaurant. 3- When you will pass/pass the cinema, you will to / will see an Internet cafe. Turn left there. 4- Will you / You will call me as soon as you will know / know the answer? 5- Unless / If they don’t take credit cards, we won’t / can’t be able to pay. 6- It will/doesn’t be great for Europe when these countries join / will join the EU. 7- Technology will / won’t develop if we put / will put money into it. 8- When / If you reach the age of 17, we will organise / organise driving lessons for you. 9- Unless / When the bag weighs less than ten kilos; you won’t / will be able to take it. Won’t you / you won’t fall off your bicycle if you won’t / don’t use your hands. SUMMARY CLAUSES OF CONCESSION. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES IN A SUITABLE WAY. 1. Although she spends a lot of money on clothes, she___________________________________ 2. However hard I try, I _____________________________________________________ 3. In spite of the fact that he doesn’t work much, he__________________________________ 4. He ______________________________________ even though he has never been to Spain. 5. Although he is quite old, he_________________________________________________. 6. Even if he apologizes, I ___________________________________________________ CLAUSES OF RESULT. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES IN A SUITABLE WAY. 1. It was such a cold day that_______________________________________________ 2. He speaks so quickly that_________________________________________________ 3. It is such an interesting book that __________________________________________ 4. The sea was so rough that________________________________________________ 5. I was so tired that ____________________________________________________
    • English- First year Bachillerato 111 6. He is such a generous person that ___________________________________________ CLAUSES OF REASON. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING IN A SUITABLE WAY. 1. I’m writing this letter because_______________________________________________ 2. Many people were stuck in town because of_____________________________________ 3. Since_____________________________________________, she failed the test. 4. He is unreliable, in that________________________________________________ 5. Owing to__________________________________, I couldn’t take the train. 6. They always go to this restaurant because______________________________________ CLAUSES OF PURPOSE. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING IN A SUITABLE WAY. 1. They got up early so that__________________________________________________ 2. We bought a new computer in order to________________________________________ 3. In order to___________________________, press the “power” button. 4. They took a taxi to the airport so as not to___________________________________ 5. I gave her a present so as to______________________________________________ CLAUSES OF COMPARISON. 1. The more I_______________________ the more______________________________ 2. Anna and I _______________________as_________________________________ 3. He did very well this year compared___________________________________________ 4. The more they________________________the more_________________________ CLAUSES OF TIME /PLACE 1. As soon as _________________________________________ we went to meet him.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 112 2. She felt less worried once________________________________________________ 3. Since___________________________________________ I feel happier. 4. you can go wherever_________________________________________. 5. I get very angry whenever______________________________________________. 6. While____________________________________ I’ll read the paper. GLOSSARY Write five more words with each spelling of long o. u_e -ue -ew -ui oo INVESTIGATION HOW TO MAKE PANCAKES http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ayIuoNCaD7I http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PnCVZozHTG8 1. What do I need? I need … some butter / some yeast / a whisk / some salt / a bowl / ½ a litre of milk / a frying pan / 500 gr of flour / 4 eggs
    • English- First year Bachillerato 113 1) ……………………… 2) ……………………… 3) ……………………… 4) ……………………… 5) ……………………… 6) ……………………… 7) ……………………… 8) ……………………… 9) ……………………… 2) Instructions (1) ……………………………………………………………………………..... (2) a bowl. / take / First, into the bowl. / put / Next, / 250 grams of flour
    • English- First year Bachillerato 114 ……………………………………………………………………………..... (3) ……………………………………………………………………………..... (4)………………………………………………………………………….... (5)……………………………………………………………………… into the bowl, / break / Then, / 4 eggs into the bowl. / add / and / ½ litre of milk some yeast to the flour, / add / Then, a pinch of salt. / add / and with / mix / Next, / a whisk.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 115 (6)………………………………………………………………………… (7)…………………………………………………………………… (8…………………………………………………… some butter / Use / for cooking. the pancakes / cook / Finally / in a frying pan.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 116 Module 6 LESSON 19 Passive voice Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to a process in present tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: o Pronunciation: o Grammar: passive voice. - Sociolinguistic competence.- understand a process o mechanism - Pragmatic competence. – describing a process.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 117 Magazines use pop singers as models. Pop singers are used as models by magazines. Blends sw spr str Swim Sword Swan Sprout Spread Spring Street Stream Strain Pronunciation  sw- in sweet and sweater  spr- in spray and spring  str- in stripe and strap We use the passive voice when we are more interested in the action itself rather than in “who” or “what” did the action. The agent can be: * unimportant – “These shoes are made in Indonesia.” (the action is more important than who made the shoes) * unknown – “The windows were broken yesterday.” (somebody broke the windows and we don’t know who did it) * implicit – “He was arrested.” (most certainly by the police) Basic steps to form the passive voice: The object of the active becomes the subject of the passive. We add the auxiliary “to be” – “is/are” when the main verb of the active is present, and “was/were” when it is past. In negative or interrogative sentences the auxiliary “to do” is replaced by “to be”: - do(n’t) / does(n’t) become is(n’t) / are(n’t); - did(n’t) becomes was(n’t) or were(n’t). We turn the main verb of the active into the past participle. If we need or want to add the agent of the passive, we must use “by”. 1 2 4 5 A. Complete the blanks with is/are + participle. 1) Computers __________________ (sell) in many different stores. 2) English ___________________________ (speak) almost everywhere. 3) _______ these shoes ___________ (design) in Portugal? 4) Less ice-cream __________________ (eat) in the winter. 5) Spanish ___________________ (teach) in my school too. 6) Fashionable clothes ___________________ (wear) both by boys and girls. 7) Many people ____________________ (influence) by the media. 8) Lots of TV ____________________ (watch) nowadays. B. Rewrite the sentences in the passive – use the “by” agent only when necessary. 1) He takes Linda to school every day. _______________________________________________ 2) They don’t close the shops on Saturdays. _______________________________________________ 3) When does Mike feed the dog? _______________________________________________ 4) Michael wins every competition. _______________________________________________ 5) People invent new things all the time. _______________________________________________ 6) Does your mother always prepare your breakfast? _______________________________________________ 7) We don’t wear school uniforms in this school. _______________________________________________ 8) He keeps his money in a safe place. _______________________________________________ 9) My mother buys all my clothes. _______________________________________________ 10) Do you sell safety-pins in your store? _______________________________________________ 1 2 3 4 5
    • English- First year Bachillerato 118 module 6 LESSON 19 Passive voice QUESTIONNAIRE Exercise 2. Match the underlined words in the text with the definitions below and solve the crossword. 1.A tiger almost killed a man in northern Malaysia. 2.The man hit the tiger and saved his wife’s life. 3.Wildlife rangers are going to find and kill the tiger. 4.No people live in the jungle in the northern state of Perak. 5.When he saw the tiger, the man shot it with his blowpipe. 6.The man and his wife live in the jungle. 7.His wife was in the kitchen when the tiger attacked him. 8.Tiger attacks are common in that area. Exercise 1. Are the following statements true or false? Write T for True or F for False. A man has been rescued from a near-fatal attack by a tiger in northern Malaysia by his wife. She entered the fray wielding a wooden soup ladle at the tiger - which fled. Tambun Gediu, now badly lacerated and recovering in hospital, had tried hitting the tiger away in vain and says his wife saved his life. Wildlife rangers plan to track the tiger and send it further into dense, unpopulated jungle in the northern state of Perak. "I was trailing a squirrel and crouched to shoot it with my blowpipe when I saw the tiger. "That's when I realised that I was being trailed," Mr Gediu said after surgery. The tiger pounced not far from the Gediu home in a jungle settlement of the Jahai tribe. Mr. Gediu had tried climbing a tree to escape the animal, but was dragged down by the tiger. His wife, 55-year old Han Besau, rushed out of the kitchen on hearing his screams and used the kitchen implement to good effect. "I was terrified and I used all my strength to punch the animal in the face, but it would not budge," the New Straits Times newspaper quoted him as saying. "I had to wrestle with it to keep its jaws away from me, and it would have clawed me to death if my wife had not arrived." It was the first time anyone in the village had been attacked by a tiger. The director of the Department of Wildlife and National Parks in the state, Shabrina Mohd Shariff, estimated that there were about 200 tigers in the jungles of Perak. She added that five had been spotted near the major East-West Highway in the region.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 119 Across 2. with a lot of trees growing close together (adj) 4. a fight (n) 5. a tool, or a simple piece of equipment (n) 10. with no people living there (adj) Down 1. a large deep spoon with a long handle (n) 3. a small village (n) 6. to move your body close to the ground by bending your knees (v) 7. to jump quickly in order to catch something (v) 8. to find a person or animal by following the marks they have left behind (v) 9. to move slightly (v) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 EclipseCrossword.com 1. Tambun Gediu says his wife saved his life. Tambun Gediu says..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Wildlife rangers are going to track the tiger and send it further into the jungle. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. The man was trailing a squirrel. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. The man didn’t shoot the squirrel with a blowpipe. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5. It would have clawed me to death if my wife had not arrived. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… if my wife had not arrived. 6. His wife used the kitchen implement to good effect. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Exercise 4. Now turn the following active sentences from the text into passive ones. This time notice the shift of focus from the doer of the action to the action itself. 1. A man has been rescued from a near-fatal attack by a tiger in northern Malaysia by his wife. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. That's when I realised that I was being trailed. That's when I realised that ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. Mr. Gediu was dragged down by the tiger. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. It was the first time anyone in the village had been attacked by a tiger. It was the first time ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5. She added that five had been spotted near the major East-West Highway in the region. She added that …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise 3. Turn the following passive sentences from the text into active ones. Notice how the focus shifts from the action to the doer of the action.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 120 SUMMARY AFFIRMATIVE Rewrite the sentences in the passive voice. 1. Teenagers read fashion magazines. Fashion magazines -------------------------------------- 2. Girls watch Tyra Banks show. Tyra Banks show ---------------------------------------- 3. Susan follows fashion trends. ------------------------------------------------------------ 4. Most women appreciate shoes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 5. Fashion influences young teenagers. ------------------------------------------------------------ 6. Luke wears loose clothes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 7. Tess and Sandra wear tight clothes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 8. Fashion magazines sell dreams. ------------------------------------------------------------ 9. Professional models teach young models. ------------------------------------------------------------ 10. My cousin Lucy appreciates long dresses. ----------------------------------------------------------- INTERROGATIVE Rewrite the sentences in the passive voice (interrogative form). Follow the example. 1. Do boys watch Tyra Banks show? Is Tyra Banks show watched by boys? 2. Do teenagers read fashion magazines? Are --------------------------------------------------------- 3. Does fashion influence young teenagers? ------------------------------------------------------------ 4. Do you watch Portugal Fashion? ------------------------------------------------------------ 5. Do boys buy on-line clothes? ------------------------------------------------------------ 6. Do fashion magazines sell dreams? ------------------------------------------------------------ 7. Do designers make clothes with different materials? ------------------------------------------------------------ 8. Do most people accept fashion changes? ------------------------------------------------------------ SPECIAL CASES Now pay attention to some passive cases, namely those that require the omission of the passive agent, and a change from subject pronoun to object pronoun. 1. International designers introduce many clothing styles. ------------------------------------------------------------ 2. People appreciate comfortable clothes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 3. I wear cotton clothes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 4. They sell nice and cheap clothes in this shop. ------------------------------------------------------------ 5. She buys fashion magazines. ------------------------------------------------------------ 6. Some photographers manipulate models’ photographs. ------------------------------------------------------------ -------------------------------------------------------------- NEGATIVE Now rewrite the sentences in the passive voice (negative form). Follow the example. 1. Most boys don’t watch Tyra Banks show. Tyra Banks show isn’t watched by most boys. 2. Helen doesn’t follow fashion trends. Fashion trends ------------------------------------------ 3. Some people do not accept fashion changes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 4. Paul doesn’t buy fashion magazines. ------------------------------------------------------------ 5. My mother doesn’t buy dresses. ------------------------------------------------------------ 6. Some designers don’t use innovative materials. ------------------------------------------------------------ 7. Trendy girls don’t wear unfashionable clothes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 8. Most models don’t eat cakes. ------------------------------------------------------------
    • English- First year Bachillerato 121 GLOSSARY Write 5 more words with each blend. sw spr str _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ INVESTIGATION The following chart describes the manufacturing process of toothpaste production. Imagine that you are a worker at a toothpaste factory and you are asked to give a detailed description of your work. Use the given facts and rewrite them using the Passive Voice.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 122 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Trucks transport raw material to the factory. Machines and people weigh the ingredients. Machines mix the ingredients. Sensors watch the temperature closely. A special vacuum cleans the tubes. A blower blows dust out of the tubes. A machine caps the tubes. A machine opens the opposite end of the tubes. A filling machine fills the tubes. A sealing machine seals the ends. A printer stamps a code on the tubes. Machines or people insert the tubes into open paperboard Customers buy toothpaste. Assistants put toothpaste on shelves. Trucks take the boxes to stores. They case the boxes.
    • English- First year Bachillerato 123 BIBLIOGRAPHY  Ministerio de educación& Pearson Longman. Brian Abbs, Chris Barker, Ingrid Freebair. English , level 1.Editogran . Quito. October 2012. Print.  Edwards Linda. Elevator 3. Richmond Publishing . London. 2007. Print.  Gray David. Elevator 1. Richmond Publishing . London. 2007. Print.  Norris Lucy. Elevator 2. Richmond Publishing . London. 2007. Print  Richards Jack. Interchange Third Edition 2. Cambridge University Press. Hong Kong, China. 2005. Print.  Richards Jack. Interchange Third Edition 3. Cambridge University Press. Hong Kong, China. 2005. Print.  Ministerio de Educacion. Division Nacional de Idiomas Extranjeros. Cradle. Ponce Rita, Rivera Marlene, Rosero Irene, Miller Kari. Our World Through English 2. Edimpres. Quito. 2005.  Ministerio de Educacion. Division Nacional de Idiomas Extranjeros. Cradle. Ponce Rita, Rivera Marlene, Rosero Irene, Miller Kari. Our World Through English 3. Edimpres. Quito. 2005.  Islcollective Internet Second Language Collective!. http://en.islcollective.com/..web This booklet was created in Continental high school with Paola Armijos as English Teacher. Contact paquita_0303@hotmail.es
    • English- First year Bachillerato 124 Simple Present Simple Past Past Participle arise awake be bear beat become begin bend bet bite bleed blow break bring build burn burst buy catch choose cling come cost creep cut deal dig dive do draw dream drink drive eat fall feed feel fight find fit arose awoke was, were bore beat became began bent bet bit bled blew broke brought built burned or burnt burst bought caught chose clung came cost crept cut dealt dug dived or dove did drew dreamed or dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found fit, fitted arisen awoken been borne beaten or beat become begun bent bet bitten bled blown broken brought built burned or burnt burst bought caught chosen clung come cost crept cut dealt dug dived done drawn dreamed or dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found fit, fitted
    • English- First year Bachillerato 125 flee fling fly forbid forget forgive forgo freeze get give go grind grow hang have hear hide hit hold hurt keep kneel knit know lay lead leap leave lend let lie (down) light lose make mean meet pay prove put quit read ride ring fled flung flew forbade or forbad forgot forgave forwent froze got gave went ground grew hung or hanged had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt or kneeled knitted or knit knew laid led leapt or leaped left lent let lay lit or lighted lost made meant met paid proved put quit read rode rang fled flung flown, forbidden or forbade forgotten forgiven forgone frozen gotten or got given gone ground grown hung or hanged had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt or kneeled knitted or knit known laid led leapt or leaped left lent let lain lit or lighted lost made meant met paid proved or proven put quit read ridden rung
    • English- First year Bachillerato 126 rise run saw say see seek sell send set sew shake shave shear shine shoot show shrink shut sing sink sit slay sleep slide sneak speak speed spend spill spin spit split spread spring stand steal stick sting stink strew strike strive swear rose ran sawed said saw sought sold sent set sewed shook shaved sheared shone or shined shot showed shrank or shrunk shut sang sank sat slew slept slid sneaked or snuck spoke sped spent spilled or spilt spun spat or spit split spread sprang stood stole stuck stung stank or stunk strewed struck strove or strived swore risen run sawed or sawn said seen sought sold sent set sewn or sewed shaken shaved or shaven sheared or shorn shone or shined shot shown or showed shrunk or shrunken shut sung sunk sat slain slept slid sneaked or snuck spoken sped spent spilled or spilt spun spat or spit split spread sprung stood stolen stuck stung stunk strewn struck or stricken striven or strived sworn
    • English- First year Bachillerato 127 sweep swim swing take teach tear tell think thrive throw undergo understand upset wake wear weave weep win wind withdraw wring write swept swam swung took taught tore told thought thrived or throve threw underwent understood upset woke or waked wore wove wept won wound withdrew wrung wrote swept swum swung taken taught torn told thought thrived or thriven thrown undergone understood upset woken or waked worn woven wept won wound withdrawn wrung written