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Modulo ingles 2


Modulo Idioma Extranjero 2

Modulo Idioma Extranjero 2

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  • 1. English-second year bachillerato 1 Module 1 Introduce yourself. Come here, please. Look at the board. Write on the board. Dictate a sentence. Copy the word. Take notes. Correct the mistake Say your name. Spell your name. Open your books To page ten. Share a book. Be quiet, please. Work on your own. How do you spell ’friend’ ? Repeat after me. Raise your hand. Participate in class. Ask for help. Work in pairs. Ask your partner. Stand up, please. Sit down, please. Ask a question. Answer a question. Look at the picture. Draw a picture. Put away your books. Clear off your desk. Leave the room. What’s this in English ? Read the dialogue. Listen and repreat. Listen to the CD. Take out a piece of Paper. Pass a test. Hand in your test. Match the items. Underline the word. Cross out the word. Circle the word Fill in the blank. Choose the correct answer. Circle the answer.
  • 2. English-second year bachillerato 2 LESSON 1 Personal Pronouns/ demonstrative Objective. - by the end of the lesson the students will be able to recognize the pronouns and name people. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: personal pronouns o Pronunciation: /short a/ sound o Grammar: simple present - Sociolinguistic competence. – Identifying people in English - Pragmatic competence. – recognizing subjects. Look at the picture and describe.
  • 3. English-second year bachillerato 3 Practice Use the correct personal pronouns. Watch the words in brackets. Example: ___ often reads books. (Lisa) Answer: She often reads books. I you she we you it they He
  • 4. English-second year bachillerato 4 1) is dreaming. (George) 2) is green. (the blackboard) 3) are on the wall. (the posters) 4) is running. (the dog) 5) are watching TV. (my mother and I) 6) are in the garden. (the flowers) 7) is riding his bike. (Tom) 8) is from Bristol. (Victoria) 9) has got a brother. (Diana) 10) Have got a computer, Mandy? THIS indicates something close to the speaker. We use it with singulars. This is my brother. This is Ahmet. This isn’t my car. Is this your pen? THAT indicates something away from the speaker. We use it with singulars. That is my uncle. That is Aslı. That isn’t our car. Is that your cat? THESE indicates some things close to the speaker. We use it with plurals. Plural of THIS. These are my pupils. These aren’t our papers. Are these your papers? THOSE indicates some things away from the speaker. We use it with plurals. Plural of THAT. Those are my friends. Those aren’t cats. Are those your socks? B. Rewrite the sentences using the correct pronouns. 1. Pablo is Mexican. _______________________ 2. Mary and I are at school. Fill in the blanks with this-that-these-those. 1) _____ is my dog Boby and _____ is his hut over there.
  • 5. English-second year bachillerato 5 Short a sounds at an ad Ag ap And Bat Cat sat Can Ran man Dad Had sad Bag Rag Tag Cap Map tap Land Sand band TONGUE TWISTER WITH SHORT A A cat snaps a rat's pax wax. Module 1 LESSON 1 Choose the correct answer 1. I / We am a student. 2. It / You are a boy. 3. He / You are friends. 4. You / It is my cat. 5. They / He are French. 6. It / We is cold. 7. She / They is eleven. 8. They / He are Spanish. 9. You / I are at school. 10. They / I am very sad.
  • 6. English-second year bachillerato 6 PERSONAL PRONOUNS / DEMONSTRATIVES QUESTIONNAIRE CHOOSE THE RIGHT PERSONAL PRONOUN FOR THE SENTENCES BELOW:  My name is Robert Fleck. ___am a firefighter.  Lucie isn't from Russia. __is from Brazil. NAME:_____________________________ COURSE:___________ DATE:____________________________ TEACHER:_____________ Choose the right one. (Escoja la resuesta correcta) 1) This-That is my cat. Look it is jumping over the fence. 2) That-Those is my cousin and those-that are my friends. 3) Are these-that your trousers? Yes, that-this is right. They are mine. 4) “Hey Su! That-this is Sevgi.” “Nice to meet you Sevgi.” 5) “Kerem, could you open the door?” “ OK, That-these is not problem.” “Thank you Kerem.That-this is very kind of you.” 6) “Are these-those your socks?” “No, these-those aren’t mine. My socks are in my wardrobe.” 7) “Serkan says you are late for the school.” “ Ohh, this-that is not true!” 8) That-those aren’t my papers. My papers are in my bag. 9) This-that is my car. The other one is my father’s. 10) Look at the door! This-that is Mert!
  • 7. English-second year bachillerato 7  Alice and I are very thin! __are top models.  Elizabeth, Emily and John aren't thin. ___ are kind of heavy.  Homer Simpson is Marge's husband. ___and his family are from Springfield.  My doctor is from Germany. ___is a very good doctor.  His friends are so strong. __are athletes.  Her name is Michelle. __is from Lyon, France.  Are Leslie and Fred football players? __ are so tall!  Her classmates aren't from Japan. ___are from China. REPLACE THE NOUNS BY PRONOUNS  My name is Sue. (Sue) I am English. And this is my family.  My mum's name is Angie. (Angie) is from Germany.  Bob is my dad. (My dad) is a waiter.  On the left you can see Simon. (Simon) is my brother.  (Sue and Simon) are twins.  Our dog is a girl, Judy. (Judy) is two years old.  (Sue, Simon, Angie and Bob) live in Canterbury.  (Canterbury) is not far from London.  My grandparents live in London. (My grandparents) often come and see us.  What can (*) tell me about your family?
  • 8. English-second year bachillerato 8 SUMMARY Find the personal pronouns in the word search. Encuentre los pronombres personales en la sopa de letras Now write them bellow. _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ _______________________ L U O Y Y O U R S E L F I T U S D M S E V L E S M E H T U M E P O N I T S J S R U O W H R M U H H I M M P K H T T E B W R T I L E I X Y E H H D G X V K U S F P S X R E R O U R S E L V E S K R S Y M F S E V L E S R U O Y E Z Y A L P H T E I Y D I V L H S K I E H C E W O T T Y F W E L U E S H C E U H S Y M R L L I T T M N L R G E E H U F R S H E I I A S Q L J U O S X Z C M K M H N R F S C Y
  • 9. English-second year bachillerato 9 GLOSSARY Investigate 5 more words with Short a spelling sounds. INVESTIGATION INVESTIGATE WHICH ARE THE OBJECT PRONOUNS AND WRITE 3 EXAMPLES at an ad ag Ap and ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________
  • 10. English-second year bachillerato 10 Module 1 LESSON 3 Daily routines Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe their daily routines using simple present tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: Daily Routines o Pronunciation: long a sound o Grammar: simple present tense - Sociolinguistic competence.- reflect about the importance of the time - Pragmatic competence. - discussing routines. Look at the picture and describe
  • 11. English-second year bachillerato 11 Vocabulary and pronunciation
  • 12. English-second year bachillerato 12 Present Simple Tense Simple present tense is used to talk about things that happen regularly, repeatedly or all the time. 1. Subject + verb(1) + object. I learn English. They play football. 2. Subject + Verb(1) s/es /ies + object. Ahmed learns English. Ahmed watches TV. Ahmed flies his kite. 3. Subject + do/does + not + (base)verb+ object. Ahmed and Sam do not learn Japanese. Ahmed does not learn Japanese. 4. Do/ Does + subject + (base)verb+ object ? Does Ahmed learn English? Yes, _____ does. / No, ____does not. Do Ahmed and Sam learn Japanese? Yes, _____ do. / No, ____do not. Phonics TONGUE TWISTER WITH LONG A SOUND I TAKE A CAKE TO MAKE A TRADE A_e -ai -ay Game Make Paid Fair May Day Long a sound
  • 13. English-second year bachillerato 13 Practice Write the 3rd person singular of the verbs: 1. I join - he joins 2. I like - he ………… 3. I kiss - he ……………. 4. I fly - he ……………. 5. I watch - he …………6. I enjoy - he ……………. 7. I talk - he ……………. 8. I go - he ………… 9. I teach - he …………… 10. I buy - she …………… 11. I finish - she ……….. 12. I cry - she …………… Use the prompts to write sentences, as in the example: he / every day / work / on the computer → He works on the computer every day. 1. Susana / at the weekend / do her laundry → …………………………………………………………. 2. My friends and I / at the weekend / go fishing → ……………………………………………………. 3. he / every morning / read the newspaper → ………………………………………………………….. Write questions and negations as in the example. 1. Tom lives in England. → Does Tom live in England? Tom doesn’t live in England. 2. Mr Simpson teaches Chemistry. →………………………………………………………………….. 3. You like playing computer games. → ………………………………………………………………. Writing Task: A Typical Day Every day I wake up at 6:30 but I don’t get up until 7. The first thing I do is wash my face and then I brush my teeth. After that I get dressed and have breakfast. I leave the house at 7:30. I get the bus at 7:45. I arrive at work at 8h30. I finish work at 13h30. Then I have lunch at a restaurant with my workmates. I go home at 16h00.Then I and my wife watch some TV. Finally, we go to bed. _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________
  • 14. English-second year bachillerato 14 Module 1 LESSON 2 Daily routines QUESTIONNAIRE SALLY Mr.&Mrs JONES JACK &JILL Mr.CAVEMAN SAM’S FAMILY SUE Get up / 7 a.m Have breakfast / 8.30 a.m Go to school / 9.15 a.m Go home / 4.45 p.m Have dinner / 7.50 p.m Go to bed / 10.00 p.m A) Look at the pictures and make sentences. ( Mire las fotografías y haga oraciones) 1. Sally ___________________________________________________. 2. Mr.&Mrs. Jones __________________________________________. 3. __________________________________________________________. 4. __________________________________________________________. 5. __________________________________________________________.
  • 15. English-second year bachillerato 15 GLOSSARY Investigate 5 more words with long a Investigar 5 palabras más con sonido Long a a_e ai Ay __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ C) Look at the pictures and answer the questions. Mire las fotografías y responda las preguntas. . What time does Sally get up? ____________________________________ 2. What do Mr.&Mrs. Jones do at 8.30 a.m.? ____________________________________ 3. Do Jack and Jill go home at 9.15 a.m.? ______________________________________ 4. Who goes home at 4.45 in the afternoon? _____________________________________. 5. What time Sam’s family have dinner? ______________________________________. 6. What does Sue do at ten o’clock at night? _______________________________________ B) Fill in the blanks with suitable word. Llene los espacions en blanco con la palabra adecuada. 1. ___________ Sally get up at 7.00 o’clock? 2. Do Mr.& Mrs. Jones __________________ at 8.30? 3. Jack & Jill ______________at 9.15 a.m. 4. Mr. Caveman __________________ at 4. 45 pm. 5. __________ Sam’s family have dinner at 7.50? 6. Does Sue ______________________ at 10.00 pm.
  • 16. English-second year bachillerato 16 SUMMARY INVESTIGATION Watch the following video and complete the chart. Name Profession Alan Chris Sheila Donna
  • 17. English-second year bachillerato 17 Module 1 LESSON 3 Talking about the past Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe people and actions the past tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: famous people, past professions. o Pronunciation: w sound o Grammar: simple past tense - Sociolinguistic competence. - understand the value of the past artists. - Pragmatic competence. – describing famous people Look at the picture and describe
  • 18. English-second year bachillerato 18 Reading Elvis Presley was a singer and an actor. He was born on 8th January,1935 in Mississippi. His parents were very poor. He was a factory-worker, then a driver. His first song was That’s all right. He was “The King of Rock and Roll”. Negative: I was not at home yesterday. Yes-No question Were you good a school? Yes, I was Information question Where were you yesterday? I was at home. Practice Complete the description with the past tense of to be. She __an actor and a princess. She __ born on 12th November, 1929, in Philadelphia. Her parents ___ very rich. She ___ a model and then an actor. Her first film ___Fourteen Hours in 1951. Her husband ___Prince Rainier III of Monaco. I Pronunciation Where were you, T- Rex? Where were you, my friend? Where dinosaurs were, I cannot tell Where dinosaurs were, I cannot say But dinosaurs were animals that were everywhere
  • 19. English-second year bachillerato 19 Module 1 LESSON 3 Talking about the past QUESTIONNAIRE Write a description about Lady Diana. Use the following clues. SUMMARY princess ------fashion icon --------21st July, 1961 ------ pianist --------Prince was Charles
  • 20. English-second year bachillerato 20 SUMMARY Fill in the blanks with the past of to be in the correct form: 1. …………… dad at work? Yes, he ………… 2. It ……………… rainy yesterday. 3. We ……………… at the lab on Tuesday. 4. Dan…………… ill last week. He ……… at school. 5. Anne ……………… at the library yesterday morning. 6. ……… the workers on strike? Yes, they …………………… 7. Charles ……………… in a hurry; he ……………… really late for work. 8. The twins …………… born a month ago. 9. We …………… at the zoo last weekend. It ………… great fun! 10. …………… Mary in a hurry this morning? Yes, she………………… 11. The children ………… at a birthday party on Saturday. 12. Paul ……………… at home at 10:30 a.m., he ……………… in the supermarket. 13. …………… it sunny on Sunday? Yes, it …………………… 14. ………… you at the cinema last weekend? Yes, we …………… 15. Beethoven …………… German; he ……………… Polish. 16. My parents ……………… in London last year; they …………… in Paris.
  • 21. English-second year bachillerato 21 INVESTIGATION Write a description about a famous person who’s dead in Ecuador . For example. Jaime Roldos, TraniIto Amaguaña, Guadalupe Larriva, Oswaldo Guayasamin. GLOSSARY Investigate in a dictionary five more words with /w/ sound. ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
  • 22. English-second year bachillerato 22 Module 1 LESSON 4 Talking about the past II Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe people and actions the past tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: regular verbs. o Pronunciation: t-d-ed o Grammar: simple past tense - Sociolinguistic competence. – share past experiences with others - Pragmatic competence. – describing past experiences. Look at the picture and describe 2012
  • 23. English-second year bachillerato 23 What did you do yesterday? 1.- Vocabulary and pronunciation
  • 24. English-second year bachillerato 24 What did you do yesterday? Affirmative She washed my car. Negative She didn’t wash her car. Yes-no questions Did she wash her car? Yes, she did No, she didn’t Information questions What did she do yesterday? She washed her car. We add –ed to the verb steam in order to make past tense of a regular verb. Pronunciation - ed can be pronounced in the following ways. /t/ /d/ /ed/ Washed Talked Replaced Stopped Fixed Arrived Cleaned Called Burned Answered Arrested Corrected Ended Divided folded Write the past form of the following verbs. Talk Study Work clean play Wash watch listen Write about your last vacation. Include - name of the place - activities you did - people, family members, friends, etc.
  • 25. English-second year bachillerato 25 Module 1 LESSON 4 Talking about the past QUESTIONNAIRE Write the past tense of the underlined verb in the space provided, as shown in the example. Then match each picture with the correct sentence. 9. Mike saws wood for a fireplace. 4. Sherlock Holmes investigates the crime. 6. The usher seats guests at the theatre. 8. The students listen quietly to the story. 7. We construct a new wall around the garden. 2. The pilot often travels to Miami Florida. 3. The lifeguard rescues drowning people. 5. Mark delivers the package to my front door. 15. Clowns attend many birthday parties. 10. Dr. Charles practices dentistry in the USA. 14. Fran stars in a popular television show. 11. Maggie surfs the internet while at work. 12. Tom pounds loudly on his new drum set. 13. Marco’s pizza taste delicious! 1. The doctor examines his patients. examined
  • 26. English-second year bachillerato 26 SUMMARY
  • 27. English-second year bachillerato 27 GLOSSARY 1.- write 10 verbs which ending –ed sounds like /t/ 2.- write 10 verbs which ending –ed sounds like /d/ 3.- write 10 verbs which ending –ed sounds like /id/ INVESTIGATION Write about what you did yesterday. Investigate the sequence connectors to start your writing. _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________
  • 28. English-second year bachillerato 28 Module 2 LESSON 5 Talking about the past III Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe people and actions the past tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: irregular verbs, pirates objects o Grammar: simple past tense. - Sociolinguistic competence. – share past experiences with others - Pragmatic competence. – describing past experiences. Look at the picture and describe
  • 29. English-second year bachillerato 29 Look! Fight-fought Have-had Wear-wore Negative They didn’t fight Yes-no question Did they fight? Yes, They did No, they didn’t Information question Why did they fight? They fought for treasures. Read and underline the irregular verbs. Use a dictionary in order to find the meaning of unknown words. John The great was a pirate. He wore a long black beard and had a wooden leg. He wore a big hat and a long coat. He had a parrot. He fought against many other pirates. He found treasures. He didn’t sleep on a bed, but in a hammock. He didn’t eat fish. He drank only water. Answer the following questions about the reading. Did he wear a wooden leg? Did he wear a small hat? Did he find treasures? Did he sleep on a bed? Did he eat fish? Irregular verbs rules.  Sometimes the verb changes completely: sing sang sung  Sometimes there is "half" a change: buy bought bought  Sometimes there is no change: cut cut cut  Sometimes there is a change in the simple past form become became become
  • 30. English-second year bachillerato 30 Module 2 LESSON 5 Talking about the past III QUESTIONNAIRE In 1891, a Canadian sports teacher that worked in an American school in Massachusetts invented a new game. His name was James Naismith. James decided to create a game for his lazy and rebellious students. They had to keep fit but they couldn’t go outside because it was a very cold winter. They had to play in the gym. He took two old peach baskets that he saw on the floor and put them on the wall. Then, he organized the students in two teams and he asked them to pass a big round ball and throw it into the baskets. This is how J. Naismith invented basketball. His students loved the game and learnt the 13 rules that their teacher made. Soon it became very popular in the USA. Today basketball is still a very popular team game. Millions of people play this sport all over the world. And there are excellent basketball players!! Can you name any? . 1) Are the sentences TRUE (T) or FALSE (F)? Correct the false ones. 1- James Naismith wasn’t American. ( ) 2- Naismith’s students invented a new game. ( ) 3- He had very good students. ( ) 4- Basketball was an outdoor game. ( ) 5- They played with a small ball. ( ) 6- They used fruit baskets. ( ) 7- The students were interested in the game. ( ) 2) Answer the questions: 1- What was James Naismith’s job? 2- Where was he from? 3- When did Naismith invent Basketball? 4- Why did they have to play in the gym? 5- Did they use pear baskets to play the game? 6- How many rules did the game have? 7- Did the students like the new game?
  • 31. English-second year bachillerato 31 SUMMARY INVESTIGATION Investigate about the history of soccer and write a short story.
  • 32. English-second year bachillerato 32 GLOSSARY Write 3 more verbs for each irregular verbs rule. Rule # 1 Rule #2 Rule # 3 Rule #4
  • 33. English-second year bachillerato 33 Module 2 LESSON 6 English I Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to write correctly according to punctuation and spelling rules. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: punctuation o Grammar: word order - Sociolinguistic competence: expressing my ideas correctly - Pragmatic competence.- writing correctly. Look at the picture and describe
  • 34. English-second year bachillerato 34 . Full stop Used to end a sentence - also called period. This is my book. ? Question mark Used at the end of a question or interrogation. Where is your book? , Comma Used as a separator between words. Helps to make the meaning clear. He has a book, a pencil, a pen and a ruler. ’ Apostrophe 1-Takes the place of missing letters. 2-Used to show possession He’s = he is don’t = do not Bill’s car Ann’s bag A B C D Capital letter We write capital letter for the first letter of: Names Countries Days Languages....etc. John Australia Monday Vietnamese Chinese Correct the following sentences. Each sentence has at least ONE mistake. 1. jane is always late for work 2. Why didnt you come to the partly last night. 3. Shes my English teacher.
  • 35. English-second year bachillerato 35 4. I like gardening cooking shopping and swimming. 5. My friend is from vietnam. Read the story below and find 17 mistakes. BORRIS & NATASHA My name is boris and my wife’s name is Natasha. My wife works in a shop and Im a mechanic Every afternoon we walk in the park with our dog. We always go to english class on monday night We often meet with John Julia and peter on friday nights. What do we do. Usually we eat dinner together and sometimes we watch a movie. On saturday we usually clean the house garden and my car. On sunday we go for a picnic by the river or we go to the Beach. We dont work on sunday because it is our day off? Write the story again correctly. BORRIS & NATASHA ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________
  • 36. English-second year bachillerato 36 Module 2 LESSON 6 English QUESTIONNAIRE Correct the following paragraph. perhaps you dont always need to use commas periods colons etc to make sentences clear when i am in a hurry tired cold lazy or angry i sometimes leave out punctuation marks grammar is stupid i can write without it and dont need it my uncle Harry once said he was not very clever and i never understood a word he wrote to me i think ill learn some punctuation not too much enough to write to Uncle Harry he needs some help Use capital letters and small letters correctly- 1. mY grandma sEnDS ME PrSENts. A.______________________________________________________ 2. i lIkE eAtINg swEets. A.______________________________________________________ 3. fAtHeR PARks tHE MOtorBiKE. A.______________________________________________________ 4. THE girls STuDy hARd. A.______________________________________________________ 5. Our GArDen IS BiG. A.______________________________________________________
  • 37. English-second year bachillerato 37 Rewrite the sentence correctly by making the first letter of the first word and names start with a capital letter- 1. we live in pune. A.______________________________________________________ 2. salman khan is an actor. A.______________________________________________________ 3. my dog jacky plays with my cat sheru. A.______________________________________________________ 4. aunt sheela lives in bombay. A.______________________________________________________ 5. i study in utkarsha school. A.______________________________________________________ 6. bhimrao is my best friend. A.______________________________________________________ Stop the sentence by using full stop and question marks and start the sentence by making the first letter capital- 1. we should eat fruits and vegetables A.______________________________________________________ 2. where is your house A.______________________________________________________ 3. the baby is laughing because she her father was playing with her A.______________________________________________________ 4. what are we going to study today A.______________________________________________________ 5. i saw a monkey today
  • 38. English-second year bachillerato 38 A.______________________________________________________ correct the sentence completely and write it again- 1. wHaT dOEs YoUr brother raMEsh dO A.______________________________________________________ 2. river ganga is the most famous river of india A.______________________________________________________ 3. aniketh has a fish called gilli A.______________________________________________________ 4. wHY did bHEem say sORRy to haNuMan A.______________________________________________________ 5. one and one makes two A.______________________________________________________ 6. where are you and your sister munni coming from A.______________________________________________________ SUMMARY Technology-writing correction. Read the about Will’s opinion of the internet. The passage has no capital letters or punctuation. Correct the mistakes. my name is will i am australian but i live in london the internet is great because it helps me to stay in touch with my family and friends and helps my social life i speak to my brother josh every
  • 39. English-second year bachillerato 39 sunday and i speak to my parents every two weeks i work for a bank in london and my job is stressful so its helpful to know that I can speak to them when i need to i can also get in touch with friends on facebook and twitter i read the guardian newspaper every day online and I can get my weekly shopping from tesco sent to my house the internet has made my life so much better! b.- Add full stops and capital letters to these sentences. 1. sarah played on the swings 2. paul went to the shop to buy an apple 3. we went to the zoo last week and it rained 4. my sister is two years younger than me 5. i had fun in the holidays when i went to play at my friends house 6. my brother is older than me and he is called jim 7. tim likes to eat cauliflower cheese for tea 8. my favorite food is fruit salad 9. fred likes the swings at the park more than anything else 10. holly went to her grandma’s for a lovely sunday lunch INVESTIGATION Hellidon Lakes Golf and Spa Hotel Hellidon Lakes Golf and Spa Hotel is a truly splendid resort hotel set in 220 acres of delightful rolling countryside on the borders of Warwickshire and Northamptonshire. All 110 bedrooms and suites are tastefully furnished and well appointed with many having wonderful views of the beautiful surrounding countryside and 27-hole golf course. The hotel has two restaurants to cater for appetites sharpened by the fresh air the award winning Lakes Restaurant overlooks the lakes (dress code applies) or for a more informal dining experience try The Terrace where a bistro menu is available. After dining you can relax in the comfortable lounges with a drink or have fun in the four lane ten pin bowling alley - a particular favourite with families.
  • 40. English-second year bachillerato 40 The hotel boasts superb Reflections Spa and Leisure facilities to refresh and relax you including a heated indoor swimming pool whirlpool spa and steam room 40 station gymnasium sunbed and the Spa featuring a tempting choice of beauty treatments for the ultimate in pampering (please book all treatments in advance). We look forward to welcoming you to Hellidon Lakes Golf and Spa Hotel soon. Make sure you bring your laptop as Hellidon Lakes Golf and Spa Hotel now offers free internet access throughout the hotel. Trueor Falseexercise Read the paragraph describing the hotel. Now, decide if the following sentences are true or false. TRUE FALSE The hotel is in the centre of Northamptonshire   Most of bedrooms look out onto the golf course   There are three restaurants   You can wear whatever you like in the Lakes Restaurant   Children aren’t allowed in the bowling alley   You need to make an appointment for beauty treatments   Guests are not allowed to bring computers to the hotel   GLOSSARY Investigate the names of the following punctuation “ ! ?
  • 41. English-second year bachillerato 41 _ Module 2 LESSON 7 Paragraphs. Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to write correctly according to punctuation and spelling rules. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: punctuation o Grammar: word order - Sociolinguistic competence: expressing my ideas correctly - Pragmatic competence.- writing correctly. Look at the picture and describe
  • 42. English-second year bachillerato 42
  • 43. English-second year bachillerato 43 A process paragraph describes how to the things step-by-step. First, you write a topic sentences that states what the process is. Then you explain each step clearly. Use time order words. They usually come at the begining of a sentence and aare followed by a comma. Do not use a comma after “then”.
  • 44. English-second year bachillerato 44 Paragraph Review Use words from the box below to fill in the blanks. Not all words will be used. concluding sentence , paragraph details, closing, topic sentence, three, middle, body, interest, 1. A paragraph has ___________________________ parts 2. The first sentence in a paragraph is called
the _____________________________________________. 3. The last sentence in a paragraph is called a ________________________________________________. 4. The middle of the paragraph consists of 
___________________________________________. 5. The middle of the paragraph is often called the 
_________________________________________ of the paragraph. A. In the paragraph below, 1. underline the topic sentence, 2. number the body sentences, and 3. circle the concluding sentence. I had such a blast last night at our school’s Penny Carnival. It is held every year to raise money for the poor. The tickets were only 25 cents each or five for a dollar. I tried making hoops with a basketball, arm wrestling, and guessing how many candies were in the jar. The fish pond was my favorite. I pulled out a beautiful purse on my line. Mr. Hall, our principal, was a good sport. He was the target at the sponge toss. Boy, did he get wet! My friends and I had such a good time at the Penny Carnival! first, the first step after that while from then on then before when the last step next after meanwhile finally the next step
  • 45. English-second year bachillerato 45 Module 2 LESSON 7 paragraphs QUESTIONNAIRE Reading Paragraph 1 A)Read the paragraph and do the activities "My name is Brenda Stevens. I´m 13 years old .I live in Cordoba,Argentina.I study at a High School. Every day I get up at 6:00 and I have breakfast with my family,my father´s name is Hugh and y mother´s name is Susan. I have milk and cookies.I go to school on foot.I get from school at 1.00 , I have lunch and I do my homework. In the afternoon I play tennis or I study English. My father is an architect and works at home .My mother is a language teacher,she teaches English,French and Italian. I have a brother and a sister ,they are at University, Mike ,my brother wants to be a doctor, Diana ,my sister wants to be an architect.
  • 46. English-second year bachillerato 46 B) Write these people´s names and their occupations ................ .................. .................. .................. ....................... C)True or False: 1. Brenda plays tennis in the evening................................. 2. Mike is studying at University. .......................................... 3. Brenda´s mother teaches History and Geography................................. 4. Diana is an architect....................................... 5. Brenda´s father works at home....................................... D) Now read the paragraph again and write five(5) questions and answer them. 1. ......................................................................................... 2. ......................................................................................... 3. ......................................................................................... 4. ......................................................................................... 5. ........................................................................................ I´m a...
  • 47. English-second year bachillerato 47 SUMMARY Write a paragraph about your family _______My Family____________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ GLOSSARY Investigate and write five conjunctions. INVESTIGATION Investigate the types of the paragraphs.
  • 48. English-second year bachillerato 48 Module 3 LESSON 8 Food and food Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe their likes and dislikes about food. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: meals o Pronunciation: SHORT E SOUND o Grammar: simple present - Sociolinguistic competence. – understand the importance to eat three times a day - Pragmatic competence. – expressing likes and dislikes. Look at the picture and describe
  • 49. English-second year bachillerato 49 Vocabulary and pronunciation Listen and repeat. Fruits Listen to your teacher and repeat. Pronunciation SHORT E SOUND TONGUE TWISTER WITH SHORT E Ten men get beds, bells, pens and seven pets -ea -e e_e health healthy heaven bed, bell next pen seven gender center
  • 50. English-second year bachillerato 50 Remember: Man - men Woman – women Foot – feet Tooth – teeth Goose – geese Mouse – mice Child – children Fish – fish Sheep – sheep Salmon – salmon Deer - deer Rule 1: Noun + s bags Rule 2: s, ss, sh, ch, x, o + es foxes Rule 3: Consonant +y ies babies Rule 4: Vowel (a,e,i,o,u) +y +s toys Rule 5: f/fe ves knife -knives 1. Write the plural forms of the following words: 1. egg - 14. sheep - 2. tomato - 15. knife - 3. child - 16. salmon - 4. box - 17. house - 5. tooth - 18. wolf - 6. lady - 19. horse - 7. book - 20. star - 8. leaf - 21. church - 9. foot - 22. bus - 10. toy - 23. dress - 11. man - 24. day - 12. fish - 25. potato - 2. Fill in the correct plural forms of the words: 1. I see three ___ (woman) there. 2. There are two ___ (knife) on the table. 3. My ___ (foot) aches. 4. There are a lot of ___ (mouse) there. 5. I like to eat ___ (apple). 6. There are ten ___ (child) in our class. 7. There are many ___ (tomato) in the salad. 8. I don’t like ___ (fish). 9. There are many ___ (butterfly) here. 10. I have a lot of new ___ (dress).
  • 51. English-second year bachillerato 51 Module 3 LESSON 9 Food and food QUESTIONNAIRE Fill in the correct forms of the words: 1. Do you like ___ (banana)? 2. How many ___ (pen) do you have? 3. Where does this ___ (man) live? 4. Whose ___ (book) are these? 5. When does your ___ (bus) arrive? 6. How many ___ (star) can you see? 7. Can you see two ___ (deer) there? 8. Will you buy those six ___ (fish)? 9. Do you collect autumn ___ (leaf)? 10. How many ___ (child) are there? 11. Will you buy ___ (potato)? 12. Is there a ___ (knife) on the table? 13. How many ___ (box) have you got? Correct the mistakes: 1. There are three cat under the tree. 2. These pencil are mine. 3. I’m afraid of dog. 4. I don’t like to eat salmons. 5. Those child are from my class. 6. Liz put three knife on the table. 7. These horse are beautiful. 8. Don’t take the balls, it is dirty. 9. You can see a lot of fishes here. 10. This boxes is empty. 11. Look at this babies, he is sleeping. 12. These toy are new and interesting. 13. Read this texts aloud, please SUMMARY Find the words in the word search d i h f g a w r t g u i o p q e r h d b n u b a n a n a f d b g h j u t o t b k y l d i h f g a w f g t y a d r b r v u t a d w d i h f g n u b a n a a n w d r s c r w a t e r m e l o n r t n d a t a r k n u b a n a n a f d c d f g a t y c d b n u b a n a n n u b a n a e r t u t p e a w q r a p p l e n g h t y e g n y o r g h d r t t y u i z r c h o c h u i r v d f g h e t y u i o p i z z a g i u y w q g l e m o n g a k d t t s b f o y z r c h o c o z n v n u t r e r n a p t f g h t y u j k i c h e r r y q d q z r c h o c o l a t e a f t a w q w r e c f r t t y u i z r c h v b n m m e t w
  • 52. English-second year bachillerato 52 s v d f h a m b u r g u e r u i o t y r Write the words you found INVESTIGATION Investigate 5 more words with each rule describe above. Rule 1.- Rule 2.- Rule 3 Rule 4 Rule 5 GLOSSARY Investigate 5 more words with Short E spelling sounds. -ea -e e_e _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________
  • 53. English-second year bachillerato 53 Module 3 LESSON 10 Food and food II Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe their likes and dislikes about food. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: meats, dairy products, vegetables and fruits o Pronunciation: /g/ o Grammar: how much- how many - Sociolinguistic competence. –interact in markets - Pragmatic competence. Expressing quantities. Look at the pictures and describe.
  • 54. English-second year bachillerato 54 Vocabulary and pronunciation MEAT DAIRY PRODUCTS bacon sausagespork turkey lamb roastfish salami beef chicken ham shashlik sour creammilk shakecreamyoghurt milkmargarinecheesebutter
  • 55. English-second year bachillerato 55 rice sugar
  • 56. English-second year bachillerato 56 Grammar How much/ how many - We use how many to ask about countable things. For example: How many bananas are there? There are four bananas. - We use how much to ask about uncountable things. How much meat do you need? I need three kilos. Countable * Do you have many friends? *Yes, I have a lot of friends. *No, I don't have many friends. Uncountable * Do you have much money? *Yes, I have a lot of money. *No, I don't have much money. Pronunciation Repeat the following rhyme I got a bag of oranges A gift for Aunt Jill She eats them in the garage and throws away the peels InterrogativeNegativeAffirmative many?not manya lot ofCountable much?not mucha lot ofUncountable
  • 57. English-second year bachillerato 57 Practice Write a shopping list divide: meats, dairy products, vegetables and fruits, etc.
  • 58. English-second year bachillerato 58 Module 3 LESSON 10 Food and food II SUMMARY Imagine you are a nutritionist. So write the healthy food to eat every day. Diet..!! Fill the pyramid of food according to a good nutrition
  • 59. English-second year bachillerato 59 QUESTIONNAIRE
  • 60. English-second year bachillerato 60 INVESTIGATION HOW TO MAKE PANCAKES 1. What do I need? I need … some butter / some yeast / a whisk / some salt / a bowl / ½ a litre of milk / a frying pan / 500 gr of flour / 4 eggs 1) ……………………… 2) ……………………… 3) ……………………… 4) ……………………… 5) ……………………… 6) ……………………… 7) ……………………… 8) ……………………… 9) ………………………
  • 61. English-second year bachillerato 61 2) Instructions (1) ……………………………………………………………………………..... (2) ……………………………………………………………………………..... (3) ……………………………………………………………………………..... (4)………………………………………………………………………….... (5)……………………………………………………………………… a bowl. / take / First, into the bowl. / put / Next, / 250 grams of flour into the bowl, / break / Then, / 4 eggs into the bowl. / add / and / ½ litre of milk some yeast to the flour, / add / Then, a pinch of salt. / add / and
  • 62. English-second year bachillerato 62 (6)………………………………………………………………………… (7)…………………………………………………………………… GLOSSARY Write 5 more words with /g/ sound ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ with / mix / Next, / a whisk. some butter / Use / for cooking. the pancakes / cook / Finally / in a frying pan.
  • 63. English-second year bachillerato 63 Module 4 LESSON 11 AT THE RESTAURANT Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe their likes and dislikes about food. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: meals, drinks, fast food. o Pronunciation: short e sound o Grammar: would-wouldn’t - Sociolinguistic competence. – Rules of politeness. - Pragmatic competence. Inviting. Look at the pictures and describe.
  • 65. English-second year bachillerato 65 2.- Grammar: Waitress: Welcome to the English restaurant. Here’s your menu Would you like to order now? Customer: I would like the corn soup and Caesar salad for starter. I would also like the steak. For dessert, I would like the cheesecake. I would also like some water, please. Waitress: Here you are, Enjoy your meal. subject would verb Object I She Would would Like like the corn soup the corn soup Practice. Write a Chinese menu. Pair works. Student a: Ask questions using would. Student B: Answer the questions using would-wouldn’t. What would you like to eat? 4.- Pronunciation Short I sound ick ill it ip im ig ib id in ix Kick Pick rick Dill Fill kill Bit Hit kit Dip Hip lip Dim Him slim Big Dig fig Bib Fib sib Bid Did hid Bin Sin pin Fix Mix six TONGUE TWISTER WITH SHORT I SOUND Bill will win him his quill
  • 66. English-second year bachillerato 66 Module 4 LESSON 11 At the restaurant QUESTIONNAIRE 1.- Fill in the words to complete the sentences using "would, would like, would love or wouldn't like". 1-You want to do something with your friend tonight. You ask: What to do tonight? 2-You are in a restaurant and you ask for a glass of water. you bring me a glass of water please? 3-You are exprecing how much you want to go to Paris. I to go to Paris. 4-You don't like to work as a waiter. I to work as a waiter. 5-You are offering your friend a sandwish. a sandwish? 2.- Unscramble the sentence. 6-would/ she/ to/ like/ go/ vacation/ on/ this/ year. would to 7-like/ He/ meet/ wouldn't/ to/ you/ like. He 8-love/ We/ to/ you/ visit/ would/ again. We 9-play/ the/ guitar/ Would/ you/ like/ to/ ? you 10-wouldn't/ to/ swim/ there/ I/ like. I
  • 67. English-second year bachillerato 67 Investigation
  • 68. English-second year bachillerato 68 SUMMARY A: Thank you. The menu, please. W: Would you like rice or potatoes with the meat? B: All right. And then I'll have a veal chop with mashed potatoes. W: Good evening. Can I help you? W: And you, sir? W: Certainly, sir. Follow me please. Here you are, a nice table for two. W: Here you are. Can I bring you some soup first? A: I think I'll have some beer. A: Oh no, thanks. I don't care for soup. And you, dear? B: Well, I never drink wine. Have you got lemon squash? B: Well, I'd like bean soup. Are the beans fresh? W: Certainly, sir. Anything else? Coffee or dessert perhaps? A: Good evening. We'd like a table by the window. W: Of course, miss. We've got fresh green beans in the soup. A: I'll have veal cutlets in bread crumbs and cucumber salad. A: Some French fries please. W: And what would you like to drink? We have excellent Spanish wine... W: Of course, we have. And for you, sir? W: Bitter or stout? A: A pint of bitter, please. A: No, thank you. That's all for the moment. GLOSSARY Investigate 3 more words with Short I spelling sounds. ick ill It Ip im ig ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ig ib Id In ix ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ______ ______ ______ ______
  • 69. English-second year bachillerato 69 Module 4 LESSON 12 Why? Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to give reasons for some emotions Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: feelings and emotions o Pronunciation: /st/ /sk/ /sp/ blends o Grammar: why and because - Sociolinguistic competence. – being friendly with others - Pragmatic competence.- giving reasons Look at the pictures and describe.
  • 70. English-second year bachillerato 70 Vocabulary and pronunciation EMOTIONS confused annoyed paranoid ashamed furious angry happy frightened embarrased depressed relaxed stressed shy sad sorry attentive innocent lazy stunned frowning balanced upset overwhelmed confident thoughtful negative positive lucky excited disappointed arrogant appalled maternal perplexed curious cute bored mad Grin smile angel naughty irritated In love hungry hot stupid ashamed confused
  • 71. English-second year bachillerato 71 Why are you bored? Because I don’t like summer camps 1. Why is Simon happy today? a) Because she is painting a picture of her granddaughter. 2. Why is Stella happy? b) Because she wants to be a doctor. 3. Why does Stella enjoy reading about science? c) Because she enjoys reading about science. 4. Why is the dog running? d) Because he likes riding his bike. 5. Why is Grandma looking at Stella? e) Because Suzy wants to give her a bath and she doesn’t like having baths. 1. _____ 2. _____ 3. _____ 4. _____ 5. _____ BLENDS # 3 sk sl sp st Skate Skin sky Slow Slim slice Spin Spoon Spanish Street Stout storm PRONUNCIATION  sk- in skate and sky  sl- in slip and slap  sp- in spot and speed  st- in street and stop
  • 72. English-second year bachillerato 72 Module 4 LESSON 12 why? QUESTIONNAIRE Question 1 Why is the cat on the bed? A Because the cat is hungry. B because he is tired. C because there is a mouse under the bed. question 2 Why is the lady afraid? A because she is tired.
  • 73. English-second year bachillerato 73 B because she wants to sleep. c question 4 because she thinks there is a monster on her bed. question 5 Look at the pictures and complete the sentences. 1.- She is ____________________________ he is listening a horror movie 2.-He is _____________________________ it’s late for dinner. 3.- He is ____________________________today is his birthday. 4.- She is_____________________________ she lost her teddy bear. Why is the prisoner so sad? A because he is in prison and can't run away B because the stone is very small. C because you are looking at him.Why are the children singing? A because it's cold outside. B because it's Christmas-time. C because they all have nice hats.
  • 74. English-second year bachillerato 74 Match I miss my mom Today is my birthday He has my ball I don’t like this film Why are you homesick? Why are you excited? Why are you angry? Why are you scared? GLOSSARY Write 5 more words with each blend sk Sl sp st _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ HUNGRY SCARED SAD HAPPY
  • 75. English-second year bachillerato 75 INVESTIGATION Watch the following movie and answer the following questions Because I said so. (Porque lo digo yo) 1.- What is a mother hen type like? Choose the best answer. a) a hen with chicks = a mother with children b) a person who cares for the needs of others especially in an overprotective or interfering way c) a mother who has got chickens and chicks 2. “ I’ve got go!”, says Milly. What excuses does Milly give to her mother to hang up the phone? ( Tick the best answers. ) __ She says she has a visit __ She says they have to serve the entrées __ She says she is not hearing her properly __ She says she is wearing new shoes which are hurting her True or False : 1. Daphne Wilder considers herself an insane mother. ________ 2. Daphne Wilder is sure she knows what’s best for her daughter. ________ 3. Daphne Wilder meets about six possible life partners for her daughter. _________ 4. In her opinion, her daughter is too innocent and sensitive. ___________
  • 76. English-second year bachillerato 76 5. Daphne Wilder meets only men. _______ 6. Daphne Wilder is dressed in red. _______ Complete the dialogue between Daphne Wilder and Jason Grant. Jason : Daphne: Jason: Daphne: Jason : Daphne: Jason : Daphne: Jason : I don’t_______________________! I’ve been waiting by the bar … I just wanted to ask you about your family! My dad is an engineer, who was always an (…) architect. I grew up loving buildings, so I suppose I became the architect he always dreamed to be. (to herself) Oh, my gosh, thank you dear Lord! _____________________________ No, actually it turns out I’m not so hungry! Let me get you (…) If you insist! (…) Well,__________________. It’s a very important time in my career right now. I’ve found women but not great ones. Do you speak Italian? No, ______________Italian. I really would love to learn it. (…) It’s a crazy time for my company right now. My company is celebrating the 10th anniversary. Oh, you’ll___________________, then. I mean, those kinds of occasions should be marked, don’t you think? You’re good. So James Bond. It was a pleasure to meet you, Daphne Wilder! need a caterer / I’m a bit of a workaholic / Can I order you something? / I fake / mean to interrupt you /
  • 77. English-second year bachillerato 77 Module 4 LESSON 13 Used to Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to habits in past tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: habits o Pronunciation: long o sound. o Grammar: used to - Sociolinguistic competence: sharing my past experience - Pragmatic competence.- expressing habits Look at the picture and describe
  • 78. English-second year bachillerato 78 Correct the wrong sentences or put a tick if the sentence is correct: 1. He uses to play the guitar now. __________________________ 2. I used to break my leg yesterday. __________________________ 3. Did you use to be a soldier? __________________________ 4. Tim and Mary used to get married in London. __________________ 5. He used to study chemistry. __________________________ 6. They didn’t used to be rich. __________________________ 7. We use to visit our uncle. _________________________ LONG O SOUND TONGUE TWISTER WITH LONG O SOUND Habits Positive Negative Interrogative Past Used to+ stem Did not use to+ stem ( Wh-word) did+ S+ use to+ stem…? Present Stem (s) Does/do not + stem (wh-word) do/does+ S+ stem? O_E O_LE -O -OE -OA CODE COPE DOPE NOBLE GO SO DOE FLOE FOE BOAST BROACH FOAM
  • 79. English-second year bachillerato 79 Opie knows old boats go slow Module 6 LESSON 13 Used to QUESTIONNAIRE Make questions with used to: 1. Did Laura use to be a teacher? No, she didn’t. But she is now. 2. ______________________? Yes, he did. 3. ______________________? Yes, she did. 4. ______________________? No, he didn’t. But he is now. 5. ______________________? No, he didn’t. But he does now. 6. ______________________? Yes, she did. Write two sentences with used to about each of these people: He was poor in the past but now he is rich. 1. He used to live in a small house but now he lives in a big house. 2. _______________________________________________. She was a singer in the past but now she is a teacher. 1. _______________________________________________. 2. _______________________________________________. He was single in the past but now he is married. 1. _______________________________________________.
  • 80. English-second year bachillerato 80 2. _______________________________________________. She lived in England in the past but now she lives in France. 1. _______________________________________________. 2. _______________________________________________. Complete the sentences: When I was 6 years old….. 1. I used to drink ______________ but now I drink ____________. 2. I used to eat ________________________________________. 3. I used to play ________________________________________. 4. I used to go ________________________________________. 5. I used to have ________________________________________. 6. I used to get up at ____________________________________. 7. I used to watch _____________________________________. GLOSSARY Investigate 5 more words with each spelling pattern with long o sound. Investigue cinco palabras adicionales con cada modelo de ortografía con el sonido de Long o INVESTIGATION THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA O_E O_LE -O -OE -OA ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________
  • 81. English-second year bachillerato 81 A. WATCH THE VIDEO SEGMENT AND OBSERVE HOW DIFFERENT PARIS USED TO BE IN 1870. PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING PEOPLE AND OBJECTS. means of transportation passers-by streets theater NOW, READ THE EXAMPLES AND WRITE DOWN YOUR OWN SENTENCES, USING THE GIVEN CUES. Ex: People/ elegant chariots. People used to ride on elegant chariots. Gentlemen/ fancy clothes. Gentlemen used to wear fancy clothes. Theaters/ crowded. Theaters used to be crowded 1. A lot of employees/ theater ................................................................................. 2. Musicians/ on the stage ................................................................................. 3. Dancers/ whiskey during the rehearsals ....................................................................... 4. Horses/ in the theater ................................................................................. 5. Actors/ operatically ................................................................................. 6. Singers / rich costumes SUMMARY Readings to review the simple paste tense and compare with the used to. 1) Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. THE CELTS Between the sixth and third century B. C., the British Isles______________(1) (to invade) by Celtic tribes who______________ (2) (to settle) in Southern England. They originally
  • 82. English-second year bachillerato 82 ______________(3) (to come) from central Europe. Their culture______________(4) (to go) back to about 1,200 В. С. Between 500 to 250, they_______(5) (to be) the most powerful people north of the Alps. Originally they_______ (6) (to be) pagan, with priests known as Druids. They later____________(7) (to convert) to Christianity. It was Celtic missionaries who (8) (to spread) the Christian religion through Scotland and northern England. The Celts ____________(9) (to be known) as excellent artists for their wonderful jewellery, decorated crosses and illuminated manuscripts. 2) Read the text and fill in the words from the box. a) built b) were built c) became d) invaded e) was f) had to g) capital h) had i) were destroyed j) stopped k) was built THE ROMANS In AD 43, the Romans __________(1) southern Britain. It_________(2) a Roman colony called Britannia. The Romans set up their___________ (3)in London _________ and_______________(4) major cities in Bath, Chester and York. The cities _________ (5) beautiful buildings, squares and public baths. Fine villas _________________(6) for Celtic aristocrats who accepted Roman rule. The Roman invasion_________________(7) not completely peaceful. In AD 60, three cities, including London,______________(8) by one of the British tribes. And the Romans _______ (9) stop it brutally. The tribes of Scotland also never ______________(10) fighting against the Romans. In AD 122, a long wall to defend the border between England and Scotland__________(11) by Emperor Hadrian. 3) Read the text and choose the correct form of the verb (А, В, С) from the table below. THE SAXONS, THE JUTES AND THE ANGLES From about AD 350, Germanic tribes_________________(1) invading south-east England. The tribes _________ (2) from what is now northern Germany, Holland and Denmark. The first to come ______(3)the Saxons, joined later by the Jutes and the Angles. The Angles_____ _ (4) England its name. Britain____________________(5) the protection of only a few Roman legions. The native people _______________(6) not stop the new enemy, known as the Anglo-Saxons. The Celts_____
  • 83. English-second year bachillerato 83 ___________(7) north and west taking their ancient arts and languages with them. Celtic languages have_________________(8) from most of Europe, but are still_________________(9) in parts of Walls, Ireland and Scotland. The Anglo-Saxons in southern England were (10) _______ to Christianity. As Christianity spread, churches and monasteries (11)_______ all over England. A В C 1) begin began begun 2) come coming came 3) are were have been 4) gave give were giving 5) have has had 6) can could must 7) went gone go 8) disappear disappearing disappeared 9) speak spoke spoken 10) convert converted converting 11) built had built were built
  • 84. English-second year bachillerato 84 Module 4 LESSON 14 connectors Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to connect clauses and sentences in order to express complete ideas. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: words connectors. o Pronunciation: long o sound. o Grammar: dependent and independent clauses - Sociolinguistic competence: express complete ideas about me and my classmates - Pragmatic competence.- connecting sentences. Look at the word and describe CONNECT
  • 85. English-second year bachillerato 85 Vocabulary WHETHER OR NOT ALTERNATIVELY NOT ONLY…BUT ALSO WHAT IS MORE HOWEVER OWING TO PROVIDING THAT IN ORDER TO FIRSTLY THUS IN ORDER TO NEITHER…NOR FILL IN THE TEXT WITH THE FOLLOWING CONNECTORS. There are many things you can do _______________________ reduce pollution levels in the city. ______________________, to decrease the amount of traffic in the streets, you should ask yourself _________________________ your car journey is really necessary. It could be cheaper and healthier to walk. ________________________________, it could be even quicker,____________________________ the amount of traffic at certain times of the day. _______________________,you could use public transport,_____________ avoiding the stressful experience of driving in the city and the same time freeing yourself from the time consuming necessity of finding a parking space. _________________, when it comes to speed, health and convenience, ____________________ walking___________ the public transport system can compare with the simple bicycle. ____________________has it been proved to be faster than a car for most city journeys ,________________ you can park it almost anywhere_________________________ you lock it securely. REWRITE THESE SENTENCES USING THE CONNECTOR IN BRACKETS. 1. I pestered my mother. I wanted to go to the party. (SO) 2. I had three cups of coffee, so I couldn’t sleep at night. 3. In spite of the rain, we had a good time at the beach. (ALTHOUGH) 4. It was such a hot day that people stayed indoor. (SO…THAT) 5. I felt very sad because of Tom’s absence. (BECAUSE) 6. I pulled down the blinds so as to keep out the light. (IN ORDER TO)
  • 86. English-second year bachillerato 86 Long U & /oo/ sounds spelling patterns u_e -ue -ew -ui oo accuse confuse due* hue new* knew* fruit juice proof smooth some words u-e, ue and ew make the sound /oo/ as in boo Tongue twister with Long U & /oo/ sounds You can look a cool cook book
  • 87. English-second year bachillerato 87 Module 4 LESSON 14 connectors QUESTIONNAIRE 1.- In my family, we all have long conversations on the phone. Consequently, our phone bills are high.(AS A RESULT) _________________________________________________________________________ 8. Although the bracelet was expensive, he bought it.(IN SPITE OF) _______________________________________________________________________ 9. My brother is very busy at work. My sister is on holidays (WHEREAS) ________________________________________________________________________ 10. There is a shopping centre in this town and any small shops as well. (IN ADDITION) ________________________________________________________________________ 11. Despite the doctor’s advice to stop smoking, she hasn’t stopped. (EVEN THOUGH) ________________________________________________________________________ 12. I took a cookery course in order to be able to make some special dishes. (SO THAT) _________________________________________________________________________ 2.-Form sentences using WHILE and WHEN: a) We were waiting at the bus stop. We saw an accident. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ b) The teacher entered the classroom. The boys were listening to music. The girls were drawing on the blackboard. The teacher was very angry.
  • 88. English-second year bachillerato 88 _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ c) Peter was studying. His friend called. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ d) Mr. Smith arrived home at 9 o´clock. His wife was preparing the dinner. Sue was dancing. The baby was sleeping. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ e) David had a terrible accident. He was repairing the roof. He fell down. He broke his arm. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ f) What were you doing. I called you? ________________________________________________________________ 3.-. Conditionals Choose the correct alternatives (1 POINT EACH) 1. As soon as / If you arrive, will you call me? 2. If / Unless you eat better food, you won’t get sick. 3. As soon as / Unless you work harder, you won’t pass the exam. 4. If / when you wake up tomorrow, you will see snow 5. As soon as / If she liked that book, she will love this one! 6. If / Unless we find a taxi right now, we’ll miss the plane. 7. Unless / if I see Dave, I will tell him you called. 8. When / Unless you go on holiday, will you send me a postcard? 9. If / Unless you take an umbrella, you won’t get wet. 10.When / Unless you get home we’ll watch a DVD 2. Conditionals Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense. Include the pronouns where necessary. (0.5 PTS EACH-8PTS) 1- A: I ______________________ (not be) home for dinner unless ______________________ (finish) my work.
  • 89. English-second year bachillerato 89 B: As soon as ______________________ (know) if you’re coming, ______________________ (phone) me? 2- A: Where _______________ you _________________ (go) if you ______________________ (take) a holiday? B: If ______________________ (have) enough money, I ______________________ (visit) my aunt in Canada 3- A: When you ______________________ (graduate), ______________________ (become) a professor? B: If I ______________________ (find) a job, it ______________________ (not be) as a professor. 4- A: We ___________________ (be) stuck here for hours unless ___________________ (turn) off the motorway. B: If we ______________________ (not find) a restaurant, we ______________________ (die) of hunger. 3. Conditionals Match the two halves 1. If the students get under 50% in the final exam, __ a. as soon as it makes its decision. 2. We won’t give you a refund, __ b. we will email you a secret password. 3. If you have problems remembering names, __ c. when you finish work. 4. Unless you pay for the ticket within four days, __ d. unless you tell us that you no longer with to receive it. 5. We will continue to deliver the magazine__ e. our office won’t be able to guarantee you a seat 6. The committee will inform you__ f. unless you bring the receipt. 7. When you subscribe to News24.com__ g. they won’t be able to move to the next level of the class. 8. The taxi will pick you up__ will benefit from the course in Memory Development 4. Complete the second sentences so that it means the same as the first. Use two to four words. (1 PT EACH-10PTS) 1- Unless we eat early, there won’t be any food left. (if) __________________________ eat early, there won’t be any food left. 2- Immediately after you arrive, you will receive a ticket. (as) You will receive a ticket __________________________ you arrive. 3- It’s not necessary for us to book a place on the course. (have) We __________________________ book a place on the course. 4- If I drink too much coffee, I will be awake all night (be) __________________________ able to sleep if I drink too much coffee.
  • 90. English-second year bachillerato 90 5- It’s a good idea to call the office first. (phone) We __________________________ the office first. 6- Playing ball games is forbidden here. (mustn’t) You __________________________ ball games here. 7- She can take the test if she wants to, but it isn’t obligatory. (have) She __________________________ the test. 8- He won’t come to the meeting unless it’s really necessary. (come) He __________________________ to the meeting if it’s really necessary. 9- You should wash your hands before you eat (eat) You __________________________ before washing your hands. 10-When I leave university, I’ll go abroad immediately. (soon) I’ll go abroad __________________________ I leave university. 5. Circle the correct words. (1 PT EACH-10PTS) 1- Unless we buy/will buy a phone card, we won’t / will be able to call home. 2- If/As soon as you don’t like meat, you won’t/don’t enjoy this restaurant. 3- When you will pass/pass the cinema, you will to / will see an Internet cafe. Turn left there. 4- Will you / You will call me as soon as you will know / know the answer? 5- Unless / If they don’t take credit cards, we won’t / can’t be able to pay. 6- It will/doesn’t be great for Europe when these countries join / will join the EU. 7- Technology will / won’t develop if we put / will put money into it. 8- When / If you reach the age of 17, we will organise / organise driving lessons for you. 9- Unless / When the bag weighs less than ten kilos; you won’t / will be able to take it. Won’t you / you won’t fall off your bicycle if you won’t / don’t use your hands. SUMMARY CLAUSES OF CONCESSION. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES IN A SUITABLE WAY. 1. Although she spends a lot of money on clothes, she___________________________________ 2. However hard I try, I _____________________________________________________ 3. In spite of the fact that he doesn’t work much, he__________________________________ 4. He ______________________________________ even though he has never been to Spain. 5. Although he is quite old, he_________________________________________________. 6. Even if he apologizes, I ___________________________________________________ CLAUSES OF RESULT. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES IN A SUITABLE WAY. 1. It was such a cold day that_______________________________________________ 2. He speaks so quickly that_________________________________________________
  • 91. English-second year bachillerato 91 3. It is such an interesting book that __________________________________________ 4. The sea was so rough that________________________________________________ 5. I was so tired that ____________________________________________________ 6. He is such a generous person that ___________________________________________ CLAUSES OF REASON. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING IN A SUITABLE WAY. 1. I’m writing this letter because_______________________________________________ 2. Many people were stuck in town because of_____________________________________ 3. Since_____________________________________________, she failed the test. 4. He is unreliable, in that________________________________________________ 5. Owing to__________________________________, I couldn’t take the train. 6. They always go to this restaurant because______________________________________ CLAUSES OF PURPOSE. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING IN A SUITABLE WAY. 1. They got up early so that__________________________________________________ 2. We bought a new computer in order to________________________________________ 3. In order to___________________________, press the “power” button. 4. They took a taxi to the airport so as not to___________________________________ 5. I gave her a present so as to______________________________________________ CLAUSES OF COMPARISON. 1. The more I_______________________ the more______________________________ 2. Anna and I _______________________as_________________________________ 3. He did very well this year compared___________________________________________
  • 92. English-second year bachillerato 92 4. The more they________________________the more_________________________ CLAUSES OF TIME /PLACE 1. As soon as _________________________________________ we went to meet him. 2. She felt less worried once________________________________________________ 3. Since___________________________________________ I feel happier. 4. you can go wherever_________________________________________. 5. I get very angry whenever______________________________________________. 6. While____________________________________ I’ll read the paper. GLOSSARY Write five more words with each spelling of long o. u_e -ue -ew -ui oo
  • 93. English-second year bachillerato 93 Module 5 LESSON 16 Passive voice Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to a process in present tense. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: o Pronunciation: o Grammar: passive voice. - Sociolinguistic competence.- understand a process o mechanism - Pragmatic competence. – describing a process.
  • 94. English-second year bachillerato 94 Magazines use pop singers as models. Pop singers are used as models by magazines. Blends sw spr str Swim Sword Swan Sprout Spread Spring Street Stream Strain Pronunciation  sw- in sweet and sweater  spr- in spray and spring  str- in stripe and strap We use the passive voice when we are more interested in the action itself rather than in “who” or “what” did the action. The agent can be: * unimportant – “These shoes are made in Indonesia.” (the action is more important than who made the shoes) * unknown – “The windows were broken yesterday.” (somebody broke the windows and we don’t know who did it) * implicit – “He was arrested.” (most certainly by the police) Basic steps to form the passive voice: The object of the active becomes the subject of the passive. We add the auxiliary “to be” – “is/are” when the main verb of the active is present, and “was/were” when it is past. In negative or interrogative sentences the auxiliary “to do” is replaced by “to be”: - do(n’t) / does(n’t) become is(n’t) / are(n’t); - did(n’t) becomes was(n’t) or were(n’t). We turn the main verb of the active into the past participle. If we need or want to add the agent of the passive, we must use “by”. 1 2 4 5 A. Complete the blanks with is/are + participle. 1) Computers __________________ (sell) in many different stores. 2) English ___________________________ (speak) almost everywhere. 3) _______ these shoes ___________ (design) in Portugal? 4) Less ice-cream __________________ (eat) in the winter. 5) Spanish ___________________ (teach) in my school too. 6) Fashionable clothes ___________________ (wear) both by boys and girls. 7) Many people ____________________ (influence) by the media. 8) Lots of TV ____________________ (watch) nowadays. B. Rewrite the sentences in the passive – use the “by” agent only when necessary. 1) He takes Linda to school every day. _______________________________________________ 2) They don’t close the shops on Saturdays. _______________________________________________ 3) When does Mike feed the dog? _______________________________________________ 4) Michael wins every competition. _______________________________________________ 5) People invent new things all the time. _______________________________________________ 6) Does your mother always prepare your breakfast? _______________________________________________ 7) We don’t wear school uniforms in this school. _______________________________________________ 8) He keeps his money in a safe place. _______________________________________________ 9) My mother buys all my clothes. _______________________________________________ 10) Do you sell safety-pins in your store? _______________________________________________ 1 2 3 4 5
  • 95. English-second year bachillerato 95 module 5 LESSON 16 Passive voice QUESTIONNAIRE 1.A tiger almost killed a man in northern Malaysia. 2.The man hit the tiger and saved his wife’s life. 3.Wildlife rangers are going to find and kill the tiger. 4.No people live in the jungle in the northern state of Perak. 5.When he saw the tiger, the man shot it with his blowpipe. 6.The man and his wife live in the jungle. 7.His wife was in the kitchen when the tiger attacked him. 8.Tiger attacks are common in that area. Exercise 1. Are the following statements true or false? Write T for True or F for False. A man has been rescued from a near-fatal attack by a tiger in northern Malaysia by his wife. She entered the fray wielding a wooden soup ladle at the tiger - which fled. Tambun Gediu, now badly lacerated and recovering in hospital, had tried hitting the tiger away in vain and says his wife saved his life. Wildlife rangers plan to track the tiger and send it further into dense, unpopulated jungle in the northern state of Perak. "I was trailing a squirrel and crouched to shoot it with my blowpipe when I saw the tiger. "That's when I realised that I was being trailed," Mr Gediu said after surgery. The tiger pounced not far from the Gediu home in a jungle settlement of the Jahai tribe. Mr. Gediu had tried climbing a tree to escape the animal, but was dragged down by the tiger. His wife, 55-year old Han Besau, rushed out of the kitchen on hearing his screams and used the kitchen implement to good effect. "I was terrified and I used all my strength to punch the animal in the face, but it would not budge," the New Straits Times newspaper quoted him as saying. "I had to wrestle with it to keep its jaws away from me, and it would have clawed me to death if my wife had not arrived." It was the first time anyone in the village had been attacked by a tiger. The director of the Department of Wildlife and National Parks in the state, Shabrina Mohd Shariff, estimated that there were about 200 tigers in the jungles of Perak. She added that five had been spotted near the major East-West Highway in the region.
  • 96. English-second year bachillerato 96 Across 2. with a lot of trees growing close together (adj) 4. a fight (n) 5. a tool, or a simple piece of equipment (n) 10. with no people living there (adj) Down 1. a large deep spoon with a long handle (n) 3. a small village (n) 6. to move your body close to the ground by bending your knees (v) 7. to jump quickly in order to catch something (v) 8. to find a person or animal by following the marks they have left behind (v) 9. to move slightly (v) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Exercise 2. Match the underlined words in the text with the definitions below and solve the crossword. 1. Tambun Gediu says his wife saved his life. Tambun Gediu says..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Wildlife rangers are going to track the tiger and send it further into the jungle. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. The man was trailing a squirrel. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. The man didn’t shoot the squirrel with a blowpipe. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5. It would have clawed me to death if my wife had not arrived. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… if my wife had not arrived. 6. His wife used the kitchen implement to good effect. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Exercise 4. Now turn the following active sentences from the text into passive ones. This time notice the shift of focus from the doer of the action to the action itself. 1. A man has been rescued from a near-fatal attack by a tiger in northern Malaysia by his wife. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. That's when I realised that I was being trailed. That's when I realised that ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. Mr. Gediu was dragged down by the tiger. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. It was the first time anyone in the village had been attacked by a tiger. It was the first time ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5. She added that five had been spotted near the major East-West Highway in the region. She added that …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise 3. Turn the following passive sentences from the text into active ones. Notice how the focus shifts from the action to the doer of the action.
  • 97. English-second year bachillerato 97 SUMMARY AFFIRMATIVE Rewrite the sentences in the passive voice. 1. Teenagers read fashion magazines. Fashion magazines -------------------------------------- 2. Girls watch Tyra Banks show. Tyra Banks show ---------------------------------------- 3. Susan follows fashion trends. ------------------------------------------------------------ 4. Most women appreciate shoes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 5. Fashion influences young teenagers. ------------------------------------------------------------ 6. Luke wears loose clothes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 7. Tess and Sandra wear tight clothes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 8. Fashion magazines sell dreams. ------------------------------------------------------------ 9. Professional models teach young models. ------------------------------------------------------------ 10. My cousin Lucy appreciates long dresses. ----------------------------------------------------------- INTERROGATIVE Rewrite the sentences in the passive voice (interrogative form). Follow the example. 1. Do boys watch Tyra Banks show? Is Tyra Banks show watched by boys? 2. Do teenagers read fashion magazines? Are --------------------------------------------------------- 3. Does fashion influence young teenagers? ------------------------------------------------------------ 4. Do you watch Portugal Fashion? ------------------------------------------------------------ 5. Do boys buy on-line clothes? ------------------------------------------------------------ 6. Do fashion magazines sell dreams? ------------------------------------------------------------ 7. Do designers make clothes with different materials? ------------------------------------------------------------ 8. Do most people accept fashion changes? ------------------------------------------------------------ SPECIAL CASES Now pay attention to some passive cases, namely those that require the omission of the passive agent, and a change from subject pronoun to object pronoun. 1. International designers introduce many clothing styles. ------------------------------------------------------------ 2. People appreciate comfortable clothes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 3. I wear cotton clothes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 4. They sell nice and cheap clothes in this shop. ------------------------------------------------------------ 5. She buys fashion magazines. ------------------------------------------------------------ 6. Some photographers manipulate models’ photographs. ------------------------------------------------------------ -------------------------------------------------------------- NEGATIVE Now rewrite the sentences in the passive voice (negative form). Follow the example. 1. Most boys don’t watch Tyra Banks show. Tyra Banks show isn’t watched by most boys. 2. Helen doesn’t follow fashion trends. Fashion trends ------------------------------------------ 3. Some people do not accept fashion changes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 4. Paul doesn’t buy fashion magazines. ------------------------------------------------------------ 5. My mother doesn’t buy dresses. ------------------------------------------------------------ 6. Some designers don’t use innovative materials. ------------------------------------------------------------ 7. Trendy girls don’t wear unfashionable clothes. ------------------------------------------------------------ 8. Most models don’t eat cakes. ------------------------------------------------------------
  • 98. English-second year bachillerato 98 GLOSSARY Write 5 more words with each blend. sw spr str _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ INVESTIGATION The following chart describes the manufacturing process of toothpaste production. Imagine that you are a worker at a toothpaste factory and you are asked to give a detailed description of your work. Use the given facts and rewrite them using the Passive Voice. Trucks transport raw material to the factory. Machines and people weigh the ingredients. Machines mix the ingredients. Sensors watch the temperature closely. A special vacuum cleans the tubes. A blower blows dust out of the tubes. A machine caps the tubes. A machine opens the opposite end of the tubes. A filling machine fills the tubes. A sealing machine seals the ends. A printer stamps a code on the tubes. Machines or people insert the tubes into open paperboard Customers buy toothpaste. Assistants put toothpaste on shelves. Trucks take the boxes to stores. They case the boxes.
  • 99. English-second year bachillerato 99 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
  • 100. English-second year bachillerato 100 Module 5 LESSON 17 What are you doing? Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe actions and predict the future. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: action verbs o Pronunciation: -ing ending sound. o Grammar: present progressive - Sociolinguistic competence: share with your classmates routines - Pragmatic competence.- expressing continuous actions Look at the picture and describe
  • 101. English-second year bachillerato 101 Vocabulary
  • 102. English-second year bachillerato 102 Grammar REMEMBER: Verb + ING Verb+ ing: read- reading do- doing -e+ing: drive- driving (-e) make- making - 1 vowel before 1 consonant: cut- cutting, swim-swimming -y+ ing: enjoy-enjoying, study-studying
  • 104. English-second year bachillerato 104 9- TOM IS MY UNCLE. HE IS WATERING THE PLANTS. SUMMARY Write a paragraph using the picture above. Also don’t forget to use the connectors. likewise Also moreover finally GLOSSARY Write 10 more words with the –ing rules.
  • 105. English-second year bachillerato 105 Investigation Write a story using all you have studied in this year. - Use connectors - Use punctuation - The story can be in present or past tense. - 20 lines
  • 106. English-second year bachillerato 106 Module 6 LESSON 18 HAVE YOU BEEN THERE? Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe places. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: places o Pronunciation: short u o Grammar: present perfect. - Sociolinguistic competence: share past experiences. - Pragmatic competence.- describing a place. Look at the picture and describe
  • 107. English-second year bachillerato 107 WHEN DO WE USE THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE? 1. For actions which happened at an indefinite time in the past but we don’t mention exactly when as the exact time is not important. These actions often have consequences in the present. Peter has broken his leg. (He can’t walk now.) 2. For actions which happened in the past but we don’t mention an exact time. He has seen that film. 3. Recent actions completed a short time ago (or where we expect the results to be imminent) where results are often visible in the present. In this case we usually use just, already and yet. Carlos has just finished his homework. Have you done your homework yet? Maria has already tidied her room. 4. Experiences that we have or haven’t had in our lives, there is not a definite time given - “up to now”. In this case we use ever and never. Have you ever been to Gabon? I have never been to Spain. 5. For an action that began in the past and is related to now: often used with Since and For. I have taught at this school for FORM: ubject + have / has + past participle of the main verb I / You / We / They have completed the task. He / She / It has completed the test. subject + haven’t / hasn’t + past participle of the main verb I / You / We / They haven´t eaten lunch. He / She / It hasn´t eaten lunch. Affirmative Have / has + subject + past participle of the main verb Have I / you/ we / they been here long? Has he / she / it been here long? Negative Haven’t / hasn’t + subject + past participle of the main verb Haven’t I / you/ we / they been here before? Hasn’t he / she / it been here before? Examples: Q: Have you closed the door?
  • 108. English-second year bachillerato 108 1) Read the text then answer the questions below. 2)Look , read , put tick( ) or cross ( ) . 1) I've tidied my bedroom. ________ 2) I've finished my homework. ________ 3) I've watered the plants. ________ 4) I've closed my bedroom window. ________ 5) I've finished the email to my cousin. ________ 6) I've prepared a sandwich. ________ 3) Look and write using haven't +p.p. or hasn't + p.p. 1) I _____________________________________________. 2) He ___________________________________________. 4)Read and match. 1) My hands are dirty. a. I haven't been to the market. 2) There aren't any apples. b. I haven't eaten my lunch yet. 3) The television is on. c. I haven't combed my hair yet.
  • 109. English-second year bachillerato 109 4) I'm hungry. d. I haven't washed them yet. 5) My hair is untidy. e. The detective film hasn't finished yet. Short U -u- rug hub cuff bun but Bud SHORT U TONGUE TWISTER A Tudor who tooted the flute, Tried to tutor two tooters to toot, Said the two to the Tudor, "Is it harder to toot, Or to tutor two tooters too toot?"
  • 110. English-second year bachillerato 110 Module 6 LESSON 18 Have you been there? QUESTIONNAIRE ¡. Read the passage and list the jobs that Jane has had. Amodel,_________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ 2. Underline the sentences in the present perfect. 3 Find three sentences in the simple past. Jobs are my career Jane Smith has had fifty – four Jobs in four years and still hasn’t found her ideal career. She has been a model, a waitress, an actress, a nanny, and a ticket seller. The shortest job she had was a zookeeper. She stayed at that job for two months. She is now working in telesales. She says, “I just haven’t found a career I really enjoy. I’ll keep trying different jobs until I do” 5. Put the words into two groups. Some words can go in both groups. *ate *been *drunk *had *driven *read *left *saw *flown *wore *taken *bought *made *went *written *sold *fought *met *found *took *eaten *flew *drove *gone *wrote *seen *worn Past participle: __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ Past simple: __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ 4. Match the infinitives with their irregular past participles. 1 eat driven 2 drink sent 3 drive read 4 read seen 5 see flown 6 fly bought 7 take won 8 buy made 9 win eaten 10 make drunk 11 write taken 12 send written 6. Put the words in order and write sentences. 1. a you been ever country to have foreign? _______________________________________________ 2. has he on never television appeared _______________________________________________ 3. visited I a lot have countries _______________________________________________ 4.Guatemala went last they year to _______________________________________________ 5 did Japan when go they to? _______________________________________________ 7. Put the verb in the correct tense and complete the sentences. 1. We (married) _____________ for ten years. 2. They (fly) ___________ to Martinique then they (took) a boat to St. Lucia. It was wonderful. 3. How long (live) ____________ in Spain? 4. When (come back) _____________________ from your business trip? 5. I (go) __________ to Korea for to weeks last summer.
  • 111. English-second year bachillerato 111 Have you ever __________ (try) bungee jumping? Have you ever _______ (win) a large sum of money in a lottery? Have you ever __________ (plant) a tree in your garden? Have you ever _______ (fly) in a hot air balloon? Have you ever __________ (live) through the flood? Have you ever _________ (practise) ballet? Have you ever _________ (relax) in a hammock? Have you ever __________ (run) in a marathon? Have you ever __________ (see) a flamenco show. Have you ever __________ (prepare) seafood for dinner? Have you ever __________ (type) a letter? Have you ever __________ (chop) firewood? Have you ever __________ (step) on chewing gum? Have you ever _________ (drive) a tractor? Have you ever __________ (speak) English on the phone? Have you ever __________ (play) polo? Have you ever __________ (lift) weights? Have you ever __________ (get) a tattoo? Have you ever __________ (have) a pet? Have you ever _________ (find) a wallet in the street? Have you ever ________ (ride) on a roller coaster? Have you ever ________ (dance) rock and roll? Have you ever __________ (take) an international flight? Have you ever __________ (feed) birds in the park?
  • 112. English-second year bachillerato 112 INVESTIGATION 1 / Tourism mind map: Can you think of other words related to tourism? 2/ Tunisia is a touristic country. Can you name some of the famous touristic towns, monuments and places that a tourist can visit? Towns Monuments Places 3/ Tunisia offer many types of tourism. Label the pictures to find out. Beach tourism/ Saharian tourism/ Spa and Medical tourism/ cultural tourism/ adventure tourism/green tourism 1……………………………….. 2………………………………………… 3…………………………………..
  • 113. English-second year bachillerato 113 4………………………………… 5……………………………………… 6………………………………….. GLOSSARY Investigate 5 more words with Short u spelling sounds. -ug -ub -uff -un -ut -ud
  • 114. English-second year bachillerato 114 Module 6 LESSON 19 HAVE YOU BEEN THERE? II Objectives: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe places. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: places o Pronunciation: short u o Grammar: present perfect. - Sociolinguistic competence: share past experiences. - Pragmatic competence.- describing a place. Look at the picture and describe
  • 115. English-second year bachillerato 115 { ` EVER Use: Interrogatives. We use it in questions about experiences that have / haven’t happened at any time up to the present. Word Order: Between have / has + subject and the past participle (that is before the past participle). Example: Have you ever driven a sports car? YET Use: In negatives and interrogatives. In negative sentences – shows that an action has not happened but that we think it will happen. Word Order: At the end of the sentence. Example: She hasn’t eaten yet. RECENTLY Use: Affirmative, negative and interrogative. Word Order: Between have / has and the past participle or at the end of the sentence. Example: He has recently bought a new car. JUST Use: Affirmative. We use it to talk about something that was completed / happened recently. Word Order: Between have / has + subject and the past participle (that is before the past participle). Example: The man has just had an accident. NEVER Use: Affirmative - has a negative meaning. We use it to say that something hasn’t happened at any time up to the present Word Order: Between have / has and the past participle (that is before the past participle). Example: I have never jumped off a bridge. FOR Use: Affirmative and negative sentences. It refers to the duration of the action – a period of time. Word Order: Before ‘the period of time’. Example: I have taught at this school for two years. LATELY Use: Affirmative, negative and interrogative. Word Order: At the end of the sentence. Example: I haven’t been to the cinema lately. SINCE Use: Affirmative and negative sentences. It refers to the starting point of the action. Word Order: Before ‘the action or time’. Example: They have lived in South Africa since 1994. I have spoken French since I was a child. ALREADY Use: Affirmative sentences. Shows that an action was completed before the time of speaking, sometimes before it was expected to happen. Word Order: Between have / has and the past participle. Example: She has already paid the fee. THIS MORNING / THIS WEEK / THIS MONTH / THIS YEAR / TODAY / ETC… Use: Affirmative, negative and interrogative. These expressions are used when the period of time is unfinished at the time of speaking. Word Order: At the end or at the beginning of the sentence. With the interrogative it appears at the end of the sentence. Example: Have you read the newspaper this morning? (It is before 12:00 midday.) Note the difference: Did you read the newspaper this morning? (It is after 12:00 midday.)
  • 116. English-second year bachillerato 116 Complete the sentences using the present perfect as in the example. a. They __________ (BUY) a new house. They have bought a new house. b. Carlos __________ (VİSİT) San Diego three times. c. Thomas ________ (LOSE) his passport. d. Stella _________ (DO) her homework. e. They _________ (GO) to the cinema. f. Michael ______________ (SEE) Diane today. g. Maria ______________ (IRON) her dress. 3. Complete the sentences with a word from the box. a. We have lived in this house ______ a long time. b. I have’t seen Sam ________ last week. since already ago just ever for never yet still 4. Use the sentences to complete the crossword puzzle. DOWN 1. Michael hasn't _____ (stop) smoking yet. 2. The plane has _____(fly) into a storm. 3. The boxer has ____ (lose) the fight against his opponent. 4. Thomas hasn't ____ (complete) his homework. 5. Valdimar has ____ (forgive) his girlfriend for cheating on him. 6. The soldiers have ____(advance) against their enemy. For most regular verbs ……………………………….... Spelling Rules: Regular verbs ending with –e ……………………………. Regular verbs ending with a –y ……………………. preceded by a vowel add –ed Example: walk - walked add –d Example: live - lived add –ed Example: play – played Make present perfect questions with ‘ever’ using the clues. a. ride / an elephant ? Have you ever ridden an elephant? b. eat / raw meat ? ________________________________ c. spend / a day in prison ? ________________________________ d. go / fishing ? ________________________________ e. been / to Cape Town ? ________________________________ f. drive / a bus ? ________________________________
  • 117. English-second year bachillerato 117 Module 6 LESSON 19 Have you been there? SUMMARY ACROSS 1. Joseph isn't feeling well. He hasn't _____ (sleep) well for three nights. 2. My father has accidently ____ (cut) his finger with a sharp knife. 3. The secretary hasn't _____ (photocopy) the document for her boss. 4. The little boy has ____ (cry) without stopping since he lost his toy. 5. Sheila has just ____ (break) her favourite ornament and is very upset. 6. Stephen has never ____ (play) football. 7. Ben has ____ (write) an exceptionally good essay. 8. Justin has just ____ (throw) the ball over the wall. 9. I have ___ (have) fish for dinner. 1 5 82 3 4 6 3 4 5 2 9 6 7
  • 118. English-second year bachillerato 118 QUESTIONNAIRE Circle the correct word from those given in bold. Write the questions to fit the following answers. 1. They have eat/ are eating / eaten two apples each. 2. He has always smokes / smoked / smoking twenty cigarettes a day! 3. My sister has just makes / making / made a chicken sandwich. 4. Jessie has already washes / washed / washing up after dinner. 5. Charles has paid / pays / pay the bill in the restaurant. 6. The dog has jump / jumping / jumped over the stream. 7. Sam has just calling / calls / called me on my phone to invite me to a party. 8. Freda has never being / be / been to Brazil. Write the questions to fit the following answers. Use the word in brackets in your question. 1. Q: Have you just woken up? (just) A: Yes, I woke up five minutes ago. 2. Q: ________________________ (yet) A: Yes, I had breakfast at 6 o’clock. 3. Q: ________________________ (ever) A: Yes, I broke my leg last year. 4. Q: ________________________ (already) A: Yes, I have made the dinner. I finished it earlier than usual. 5. Q: ________________________ (recently) A: No, I haven’t been to a zoo since I was twelve. 6. Q: ________________________(ever) A: No, Steve has never played football. 7. Complete with ‘already’ or ‘yet’ as in the example. 1. I’m not hungry. I have ______ had dinner. I’m not hungry. I have already had dinner. 2. They haven’t gone to sleep __________. 3. Sally has ____________ done her homework. 4. Have you been to the park ________? 5. Adam has ____________ visited Italy. We use “for” when we refer to a period of time. Example: I have attended this school for three months. We use “Since” to refer to when things began. Example: I've lived in Ireland since 2009. 8. Complete with ‘for’ or ‘since’ as in the example. 1. Tom has attended this university ______
  • 119. English-second year bachillerato 119 - - 8. Extend the sentences. Use the example to help you. 1. He is repairing the broken television. He has repaired the broken television. 2. The children are playing in the garden. ______________________________________ 3. Charlotte is running to the chemist. ______________________________________ 4. My father is having a shower. ______________________________________ 5. Bruno is washing his new car. ______________________________________ 6. Vera is answering the letter from her friend. ______________________________________ 7. John is brushing his teeth. ______________________________________ 8. Carey is writing her final tests. ______________________________________ Add –ed to the root form of regular verbs to form the past participle. BUT–Remember the spelling rules!! Irregular verbs don’t follow this pattern. Examples: (regular verb) walk- worked – worked (irregular verb) fly flew flown 1. I’m not hungry. I have ______ had dinner. I’m not hungry. I have already had dinner. 2. They haven’t gone to sleep __________. 3. Sally has ____________ done her homework. 9. Complete with ‘for’ or ‘since’ as in the example. 1. Tom has attended this university ______ three years. Tom has attended this university for three years. 2. Emmie has studied English _________ she was twelve. 3. Branka has had ‘flu ________ 3 days. 4. They have lived in that house _______ 1994.
  • 120. English-second year bachillerato 120
  • 121. English-second year bachillerato 121 MODULE 6 : LESSON 20 MONTHS OF THE YEAR AND CELEBRATIONS AROUND THE WOLD OBJECTIVE: By the end of the lesson the students will be able to describe the month of the year and recognize celebrations around the world. Communicative competence - Linguistic competence.- o Vocabulary: celebrations, months of the year. o Pronunciation: /long o/ sound o Grammar: simple present - Sociolinguistic competence. – Share with my classmates important moments - Pragmatic competence. – describing events. Look at the picture and describe
  • 123. English-second year bachillerato 123 1st—first 2nd—second 3rd—third 4th—fourth 5th—fifth 6th—sixth 7th—seventh 8th—eighth 9th—ninth 1oth—tenth 11th—eleventh 12th—twelfth 13th—thirteenth 14th—fourteenth 15th—fifteenth 16th—sixteenth 17th—seventeenth 18th—eighteenth 19th—nineteenth 20th—twentieth 21st—twenty-first 22nd—twenty-second 23rd—twenty-third 24th—twenty-fourth 25th—twenty-fifth 26th—twenty-sixth 27th—twenty-seventh 28th—twenty-eighth 29th—twenty-ninth 30th—thirtieth 31st—thirty-first 40th—fortieth 50th—fiftieth 60th—sixtieth 70th—seventieth 80th—eightieth 90th—ninetieth 100th—one hundredth 101st—one hundred and first Ordinal numbers (from 1st to 101st ) RULE: -th EXCEPTIONS:  Numbers 1, 2, 3 (first, second, third)  Numbers ending in –y ie (eg twenty – twentieth)  Numbers ending in -ve f (eg tewlve – twelfth) “in – on – at” in = the morning, August, winter, 1986, in mid-May on = Sunday, on 13th of August at = night, Christmas, at the end of March, When is your birthday? What date is it today? My birthday is in August. It is Sunday, 19th June 2011 My birthday is on 13th of August. It is Sunday, June 19, 2011 A) Fill in the blanks with “in- on-at” 1) ------- Monday 2) ------- February 3) ------- 2005 4) ------- Spring 5) ------- evening 6) ------- the morning 7) ------- mid-June 8) ------- Night 9) ------- 1stSeptember 10) ------- Saturday
  • 124. English-second year bachillerato 124 LONG O SOUND TONGUE TWISTER WITH LONG O SOUND Opie knows old boats go slow O_E O_LE -O -OE -OA CODE COPE DOPE NOBLE GO SO DOE FLOE FOE BOAST BROACH FOAM B) Fill in the blanks with “in-on-at” 13) ------- Monday 14) ------- February 15) ------- 2005 16) ------- Spring 17) ------- evening 18) ------- the morning 19) ------- mid-June 20) ------- Night 21) ------- 1st September 22) ------- Saturday 23) ------- 6th March 24) ------- Christmas B) Answer the questions. 1) What date is it today? ( 19 May 2011 ) --------------------------------. 2) What day was it yesterday? --------------------------------. 3) What day was it five days ago? -------------------------------- 4) What day is it going to be two days later -------------------------------- 5) What day was it a week ago? --------------------------------
  • 126. English-second year bachillerato 126 LESSON 20 MONTHS OF THE YEAR AND CELEBRATIONS AROUND THE WORLD QUESTIONNAIRE 1.- All the vowels in the names of the months are missing. Write the names in full. (Todas las vocales en los nombres de los meses están faltando. Escriba los nombres completos) Jnr _________________ Fbrry _________________ Mrch _________________ prl _________________ My _________________ Jn _________________ Jly _________________ gst ________________ Sptmbr ________________ ctbr ________________ Nvmbr ________________ Dcmbr ____________ 2.- Answer the questions Respond alas preguntas NAME:_____________________________ COURSE:___________ DATE:____________________________ TEACHER:_____________ Jake 24/06 Kate 03/12 Eric 21/02 Jane 23/08 Peter 12/05 1- When is Jake’s birthday? ____________________________________ 2- When is Kate’s birthday? ____________________________________ 3- When is Eric’s birthday? ____________________________________ 4- When is Jane’s birthday? ____________________________________ 5- When is Peter’s birthday? ____________________________________
  • 127. English-second year bachillerato 127 2.- In which month do we celebrate these festivals and holidays? Write the month under the picture. (En qué mes celebramos éstos festivales y feriados? Escriba el mes debajo del cuadro) _____________________ ____________________ ___________________ ____________________ ___________________ ____________________ _____________________ ___________________
  • 128. English-second year bachillerato 128 SUMMARY Fill the mind map with the month of the year GLOSSARY Investigate 5 more words with each spelling pattern with long o sound. Investigue cinco palabras adicionales con cada modelo de ortografía con el sonido de Long o O_E O_LE -O -OE -OA ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ THE MONTHS OF THE YEAR JANUARY
  • 129. English-second year bachillerato 129 INVESTIGATION Watch the following video which you can find it at e- platform of the institution Answer the following question QUESTIONS ANSWERS When in your birthday, Andy? When in your birthday, Sameer ? When in your birthday? What’s your birthday? And what’s your birthday? When in your birthday? Can you tell us your birthday? When in your birthday, Andy? What day is Christmas? What day is Christmas Eve? And what day is New year’s Day? How old are you? When is you birthday? When is your birthday? How old is Timothy? When is your birthday Timothy? And your birthday? Can you spell your name, your first name? When is your birthday? Can you spell your name? When’s your birthday?
  • 130. English-second year bachillerato 130 How do you spell your name? When is your birthday, Joseph?
  • 131. English-second year bachillerato 131 Simple Present Simple Past Past Participle arise awake be bear beat become begin bend bet bite bleed blow break bring build burn burst buy catch choose cling come cost creep cut deal dig dive do draw dream drink drive eat fall feed feel fight find fit flee fling arose awoke was, were bore beat became began bent bet bit bled blew broke brought built burned or burnt burst bought caught chose clung came cost crept cut dealt dug dived or dove did drew dreamed or dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found fit, fitted fled flung arisen awoken been borne beaten or beat become begun bent bet bitten bled blown broken brought built burned or burnt burst bought caught chosen clung come cost crept cut dealt dug dived done drawn dreamed or dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found fit, fitted fled flung
  • 132. English-second year bachillerato 132 fly forbid forget forgive forgo freeze get give go grind grow hang have hear hide hit hold hurt keep kneel knit know lay lead leap leave lend let lie (down) light lose make mean meet pay prove put quit read ride ring rise run saw flew forbade or forbad forgot forgave forwent froze got gave went ground grew hung or hanged had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt or kneeled knitted or knit knew laid led leapt or leaped left lent let lay lit or lighted lost made meant met paid proved put quit read rode rang rose ran sawed flown, forbidden or forbade forgotten forgiven forgone frozen gotten or got given gone ground grown hung or hanged had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt or kneeled knitted or knit known laid led leapt or leaped left lent let lain lit or lighted lost made meant met paid proved or proven put quit read ridden rung risen run sawed or sawn
  • 133. English-second year bachillerato 133 say see seek sell send set sew shake shave shear shine shoot show shrink shut sing sink sit slay sleep slide sneak speak speed spend spill spin spit split spread spring stand steal stick sting stink strew strike strive swear sweep swim swing take said saw sought sold sent set sewed shook shaved sheared shone or shined shot showed shrank or shrunk shut sang sank sat slew slept slid sneaked or snuck spoke sped spent spilled or spilt spun spat or spit split spread sprang stood stole stuck stung stank or stunk strewed struck strove or strived swore swept swam swung took said seen sought sold sent set sewn or sewed shaken shaved or shaven sheared or shorn shone or shined shot shown or showed shrunk or shrunken shut sung sunk sat slain slept slid sneaked or snuck spoken sped spent spilled or spilt spun spat or spit split spread sprung stood stolen stuck stung stunk strewn struck or stricken striven or strived sworn swept swum swung taken
  • 134. English-second year bachillerato 134 Bibliography teach tear tell think thrive throw undergo understand upset wake wear weave weep win wind withdraw wring write taught tore told thought thrived or throve threw underwent understood upset woke or waked wore wove wept won wound withdrew wrung wrote taught torn told thought thrived or thriven thrown undergone understood upset woken or waked worn woven wept won wound withdrawn wrung written
  • 135. English-second year bachillerato 135 Ministerio de educación& Pearson Longman. Brian Abbs, Chris Barker, Ingrid Freebair. English , level 1.Editogran . Quito. October 2012. Print. Edwards Linda. Elevator 3. Richmond Publishing . London. 2007. Print. Gray David. Elevator 1. Richmond Publishing . London. 2007. Print. Norris Lucy. Elevator 2. Richmond Publishing . London. 2007. Print Richards Jack. Interchange Third Edition 2. Cambridge University Press. Hong Kong, China. 2005. Print. Richards Jack. Interchange Third Edition 3. Cambridge University Press. Hong Kong, China. 2005. Print. Ministerio de Educacion. Division Nacional de Idiomas Extranjeros. Cradle. Ponce Rita, Rivera Marlene, Rosero Irene, Miller Kari. Our World Through English 2. Edimpres. Quito. 2005. Ministerio de Educacion. Division Nacional de Idiomas Extranjeros. Cradle. Ponce Rita, Rivera Marlene, Rosero Irene, Miller Kari. Our World Through English 3. Edimpres. Quito. 2005.  Islcollective Internet Second Language Collective!. This booklet was created in Continental high school with Paola Armijos as English Teacher. Contact
  • 136. English-second year bachillerato 136