Engaging Communities for Health and Development From GIPA to MEPA… Meaningful Engagement of People living with and those At-risk of HIV and AIDS Community Engagement Strengthening for the Philippine HIV Response (CES4PHR) Program A joint Initiative of the Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc. and the Philippine National AIDS Council (PNAC) for the Fifth AIDS Medium Term Plan for 2011-2013 supported by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance and the MAC AIDS Fund Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
....Go to the communityEngaging Communities for Health and .......Live with them, Development ...........Learn from them ...................LOVE them Start with what they know, build with what they have. But with the best leaders, when the work is done; the task accomplished, the people will say: "WE HAVE DONE IT OURSELVES” Lao Tsu. China, 700 BC Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
What is Community Engagement?**Engaging Communities Deepening our thoughts of what “engagement” is and how it differs from merely for Health and participation and involvement, we have found it useful to see them as separate Development and distinct; and see involvement and participation as steps on the way to engagement such that: Engagement… is about continuous dialogue – the development and maintenance of relationships and actions between communities and organisations where decisions, are shared and based on mutual and growing understanding; and actions are accountable, transparent and meaningful. Participation… is about people being active partners in the regeneration of communities – contributing and sharing in the decisions that affect their lives. Participation should enable people to have a degree of power and control in the processes with which they are involved. Involvement… is about involvement in community activities in a variety of different ways. Community involvement often starts with agenda and programmes that originate outside the community. ** Adopted from: http://changesuk.net/themes/community-engagement/ Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
When claim-holders engage with their duty-bearers, their NEEDS are filled and HUMAN RIGHTS fulfilledEngaging Communities for Health and Development The Response is Relationship-based When claim-holders participate in decision-making processes, they are claiming fulfillment of their HUMAN RIGHTS The Response is RIGHTS-based When people involve themselves in the services provided by their duty-bearers, they benefit to fill their NEED The Response is NEEDS-based Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
“I access services because I have a responsibility to address my own and Most my peers‟ HIV risk and vulnerability as EmpoweringEngaging Communities well as my country” for Health and Development The engagement between the claim-holder and the duty-bearer makes their role as “power-holders” in the response to HIV “I go to my service providers because it is my right to access the Empowering services afforded to me by law” The participation of the community in decision-making makes them as “claim holders” and the service providers as “duty-bearers” “I go to the clinic because I need Least the services for my illness” Empowering The involvement of the community makes their role as “need- bearers” and those who provide their needs as “service providers” Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
Engaging Communities for Health and From GIPA to MEPA Development greater involvement meaningful engagement: The meaningful engagement of people living with HIV and those at- risk (MEPA) – is a process in which communities, their groups and leaders are empowered to be “Meaningfully Engaged” to a response that respond to their life issues together with their duty-bearers. Community engagement contribute to the response to HIV and AIDS in all areas of Assessment, Planning, Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation At PHANSuP, we are „Engaging Communities for Health and Development‟ Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
Engaging Communities for Health and Development PLHIV OFWs LGBT PHANSuP’s 7 Key HIV Community Male PWID Sex Groups Workers Female Street Sex Youth Workers The MePA Process: Meaningful Engagement of People Living with and those At-Risk of HIV/AIDS Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
Community Engagement Mechanism The Engager:Engaging Communities for Health and Development Involvement Outcomes (Needs-based) Individual outcomes (BCC) Partnership Outcomes (Rights-based) Engagement Outcomes (Relationship-based) Duty bearer: Claim holder: Communities Government/CSOs Response to HIV or any other issues Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
Case Study: Community Engagement for Building a Unified (C.E.B.U.) Response Project Cebu Response Project: PHANSuP: Community Engager MOU signed by PWID, PLIHIV, Sex WorkersEngaging Communities community groups with Local for Health and Government and PHANSuP Development USAID Philippine National AIDS Council IHAA AIDS Society of the Philippines UN Agencies Department of Health and the UNAIDS PLHIV City Health Department MSMs and Transgender HACT-VSMC Male Sex Workers Social Hygiene Female Sex Workers Clinics Local NGOs People Who Inject Drugs Duty bearers: Claim holders: Government/NGO Communities 5th AIDS Medium Term Plan Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
4 Pillars of Community EngagementEngaging Communities for Health and Development Pillar 1 Pillar 2 Pillar 3 Pillar 4 Constituency Knowledge Policy Service Development Management Advocacy Delivery Communities Communities articulating Communities A well- sharing their voices driving the functioning experiences to campaign increased Community- and their causes uptake of based transforming and influence services at Groups these into enabling the local (CBGs) with useful policies that providers civically- knowledge engage them through engaged that address in the social members their development mobilisation vulnerabilities endeavours Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
Community Groups Engaged in Key Priority Areas for HIVEngaging Communities Laoag for Health and Development Tuguegarao Manila Baguio Quezon City Angeles Pasay City Olongapo Legazpi Ormoc-Tacloban Mindoro Malay-Boracay Cebu Iloilo Bacolod Cagayan de Oro Davao General Santos Zamboanga Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
Communities with Injecting Drug Use Behaviours (People who Inject Drugs)Engaging Communities for Health and 4 CBGs and Development 3 PROJECT SITES 4 Service Delivery Champions 1 Service Delivery 2 Community- Champion: Social based Groups Hygiene Clinic 2 Service Delivery Champions: Reproductive Health and Wellness Center and Human Development and Empowerment Services Cebu City 1 Community- based Group 1 Community- 1 Service Delivery based Groups Champion: Social Hygiene Clinic Zamboanga General City Santos Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
Communities with High MSM Behaviours in HIV Key Priority Cities Gay and Transgender Groups 10 Learning Alliance Hubs Street Youth Male Sex WorkersEngaging Communities for Health and Pimps of Sex Workers Development 4 MSM in Cyber Space Baguio, Angeles, Tourism Frontlines Olongapo PLHIV Cities of Bicol Region Manila, Pasay, Quezon Tacloban, Orm oc, Leyte Laguna, Mindo ro Cebu, Mandaue, Lapulapu Iloilo, Boracay, BAcolod Davao Region Zamboanga Peninsula General Santos City Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.
Philippine NGO Support Program, Inc. (PHANSuP)Engaging Communities www.facebook.com/phansup for Health and Development PHANSuP, one of the two pioneer independent national linking organizations of the UK-based International HIV/AIDS Alliance (www.aidsalliance.org) , is a health and development NGO with more than 19 years of solid experience in engaging communities co-create lasting, people-centered solutions to health and development inequities and disparities. PHANSuP and the Philippine National AIDS Council (PNAC) forged a Partnership Agreement on 2 November 2010 aimed to accelerate local responses to HIV and AIDS through the “Community Engagement Strengthening for the Philippine HIV Response (CES4PHR) Program” using PHANSuP’s Framework on “Meaningful Engagement of People Living with HIV and those At-risk (MePA)” as a key strategy in initiating, implementing and sustaining an effective HIV response at the local level. Philippine NGO Support Program (PHANSuP), Inc.