Nouns – horse, Monday, Jack, Tajmahal Verbs – go, be, must, play, walk Adjectives – Happy, Awake, enthusiastic Adverbs – Sadly, soon, very, however, often Pronouns – I, she, he, it, you, everyone, yourself Determiners – a, the, my, every, any Prepositions – in, of, opposite, regarding Conjunctions- and, or, while, if, that Interjections – oh!, well!, Alas! Parts of Speech
The most typical nouns are the names of people, things and substances such as peter, house, girl and milk. Sometimes, the thing described has no solidity, shape or dimensions What is a noun?
Verbs are sometimes defined as ‘doing’ words - words that indicate what is being done in a sentences. Finite / non – finite Verb: A finite verb is one used in the normal way, usually with a subject and a tense – (for example, write and writes in Iwrite , she writes).When a verb lacks tense, it is non-finite. The non – finite forms are the –ing form (sinking) the past participle (sunk), and the infinitive (to sink) What is a Verb?
Impersonal verbs Perfect forms Phrasal verbs Progressive forms Reflexive forms Strong / Weak verbs Transitive / Intransitive verbs Types of verb
Adjective which means ‘added to’ or it ‘qualify’ or ‘modify’ nouns, and sometimes pronouns. They are often used to describe the thing that the noun refers to. What is an Adjective?
Adjective of Quality Adjective of Quantity Numerical Adjectives Demonstrative Adjectives Interrogative Adjectives Types of Adjectives
Adverb typically modifies or qualifies the Verb. It tells how, when, where, why or how often an action takes place. The most typical kind of adverb is derived from an adjective by adding –ly : tiredly, happily. But beware many words ending in – lyare in fact adjectives What is an Adverb?
Pronouns are nouns in disguise, and have almost exactly the same uses as nouns. There are several groups of pronouns, including: Indefinite pronoun Reflexive pronoun Demonstrative pronoun Relative pronoun Personal pronoun What is a Pronoun?
Determiners are small words used before nouns to tell you which one, or how many, or whose, and so on. The two common determiners are ‘the’ and ‘A/An’ are called articles. ‘the’ is the definite article; it refers to a defined thing or person (bring the chair) ‘a/an’ is the indefinite article; the object or person it refers to is not defined (bring me a chair) What is a Determiner?
Prepositions are mostly little words. They typically come in front of noun phrases and pronouns, and tell you something about place, time, reason and so on. Some Prepositions (compound prepositions) are made up of more than one word : in front of, because of. What is a Preposition?
Conjunctions are joining words (and, but, or, because, when, if) They can be of various kinds: Coordinating conjunctions Subordinating conjunctions Correlative conjunctions What is a Conjunction?
Interjections are words like Oh, well, hello, and alas. They live on their own, outside the structure of the rest of the sentence. What is an Interjection?
Prepared by G.Babu Lecturer in English Chennai