Ohio ValleyThis war will start in North America and continue to be fought in Europe
CHRONOLOGY OF THE WAR1752 Anglo traders enter the Ohio valley leading the French to create a fortress system1754 The Albany Congress meets to coordinate colonial defenses • Ben Franklin Fort Duquesne
Albany Plan of Union• Single institution to govern all of the British N.A. colonies• Each colony would send delegates to an American continental assembly• Council would deal with western affairs of the colonies, trade, Native American policy, defense.
CHRONOLOGY OF THE WAR 1754 British try to prevent the settlement of Fort DuquesneColonel George Washington
CHRONOLOGY OF THE WAR1755 The Acadians refuse to swear allegiance to the British crown & deported1756 British patrol attacked by French (leads to war)1759 General Wolf defeats French forces on the Plains of Abraham & takes Quebec and Montreal1763 Treaty of Paris France cedes territory in North America Lands west of the Mississippi given to Spain
West, Benjamin. The Death of General Wolfe 1770
RESULTS OF THE WAR• Overwhelming British victory• France ousted from North America; Spain ousted from Florida• Native Americans could no play one European power against another• Need for taxation• New Englanders had prolonged contact with the British- their conclusion: the British did not respect “the rights of Englishmen• Proclamation of 1763 – Reaction to Pontiac’s Rebellion