Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Race, Ethnicity& GenderDeBlij Chapter 5AP HUMANGEOGRAPHY
Minorities in the USWhere do you think you would find thefollowing minorities in the US?  – Hispanic Americans  – African ...
Where does the largest population ofIranian descent live in the US?  Los Angeles “Tehrangeles”   700,000 – 800,000 people
GEOGRAPHY OF RACE                Rejecting the Color Line
RedliningBlockbusting
GEOGRAPHY OF RACE • The term “race”   originates in 16th cent.   Europe    – Skin color is not a      reliable indication ...
“Racial” ConflictThe Rwandan Genocide is often described as “racial” conflict               Hutu                    Tutsi
“Racial” Conflict The Yugoslav civil war is often described as “racial” conflictSamira Hasanvasic, left, a Bosnian Muslim ...
Ethnic Cleansing
Apartheid – South Africa   Jim Crow – United States
Britain                        Russia• Caribbean                    • Chechens• Africa• Indian subcontinent               ...
Global Standards of Beauty
Skin Tone in India  Aishwarya Rai
Skin WhiteningMarket is approximately worth $500 million in India alone
Ethnicity• Distinctiveness based on shared cultural traits  – (history, cultural landscape, faith)• Ethnic divisions can c...
Northern IrelandWhich is the Catholic? Which is the Protestant?          Ian Paisley    John Hume
Ethnic Space• Cities Little Italy, Chinatown etc.• Toponymy: New Orleans; New  York• Rural “ethnic islands”
Ethnic Island
AcculturationWhat can save ethnicneighborhoods fromacculturation?   •Cultural Revival   •Cultural Linkage
Immigration   Intermarriage Cultural Revival
Bostons oldest synagogue, the Vilna Shul on Beacon Hill,now serves as a cultural center and an informal place toexperience...
Quebec• Canada a plural society   – Historically, Quebecers     felt like “second class     citizens”   – 1970’s Bloc Queb...
GENDERAREAS OF INEQUALITY• EDUCATION• WAGES• FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT• FORCED MARRIAGES• “HONOR” KILLINGS/DOWRY  DEATHS• PHYSIC...
WOMEN IN SAUDI ARABIA
Gendered Space (GenderApartheid?)
DEMOGRAPHY & HEALTH • LONGEVITY GAP    – Europe – Women outlive men by 7 yrs    – Russia – Women outlive men by 12 yrs    ...
Maternal Mortality Rate (#Deaths Per 100,000 Live Births)Country            Mortality Ratio    Lifetime RiskAfghanistan   ...
Female Infanticide (Gendercide?) • India   – 873 girls for every 1,000 boys born (New Delhi • China   – 1995 – 9/10 single...
WOMEN IN IRAN
WOMEN’S EDUCATION AS A RATIO TO MEN’S  Primary school enrolment and attendance  Afghanistan Male 66% Female 40%  Nigeria  ...
CYCLE OF POVERTY WOMEN IN SUBSAHARAN AFRICA…                        VIEWED AS THE LESS                       VALUABLE THAN...
Female SuffrageWhen did women get the right tovote?1893                 Argentina     Pakistan1917                 Canada ...
Female Suffrage1893   New Zealand1917   Canada1918   UK, Germany, Russia1919   Netherlands1920   US1934   Cuba1944   Franc...
ENFRANCHISEMENT – “The Vote”      GREATEST PARTICIPATION BY WOMEN IN        GOVERNMENT – NORTHERN EUROPE                FE...
WOMEN’S ENFRANCISEMENTPERCENTAGE OF SEATS IN PARLIAMENT OCCUPIED BY WOMEN IN 2008      SWEDEN      47%           U.S.     ...
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Race & ethnicity 2012
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Race & ethnicity 2012

220

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
220
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Race & ethnicity 2012"

  1. 1. Race, Ethnicity& GenderDeBlij Chapter 5AP HUMANGEOGRAPHY
  2. 2. Minorities in the USWhere do you think you would find thefollowing minorities in the US? – Hispanic Americans – African Americans – Native Americans (American Indians) – Asian Americans – Arab Americans
  3. 3. Where does the largest population ofIranian descent live in the US? Los Angeles “Tehrangeles” 700,000 – 800,000 people
  4. 4. GEOGRAPHY OF RACE Rejecting the Color Line
  5. 5. RedliningBlockbusting
  6. 6. GEOGRAPHY OF RACE • The term “race” originates in 16th cent. Europe – Skin color is not a reliable indication of genetic closenessRace is a political creation
  7. 7. “Racial” ConflictThe Rwandan Genocide is often described as “racial” conflict Hutu Tutsi
  8. 8. “Racial” Conflict The Yugoslav civil war is often described as “racial” conflictSamira Hasanvasic, left, a Bosnian Muslim girl and her Serb friend Romana Stjepic, right,
  9. 9. Ethnic Cleansing
  10. 10. Apartheid – South Africa Jim Crow – United States
  11. 11. Britain Russia• Caribbean • Chechens• Africa• Indian subcontinent Who is classified asBrazil “black?”• The poor
  12. 12. Global Standards of Beauty
  13. 13. Skin Tone in India Aishwarya Rai
  14. 14. Skin WhiteningMarket is approximately worth $500 million in India alone
  15. 15. Ethnicity• Distinctiveness based on shared cultural traits – (history, cultural landscape, faith)• Ethnic divisions can cause conflict: – Liberia (Afro-Liberians vs. Americo-Liberians) – Corsica (Corsicans vs. French) – Sri Lanka (Sinhalese vs. Tamils) Ethnicity is based upon perception Most ethnic conflicts are between people who have no “racial” differences Armenian Genocide
  16. 16. Northern IrelandWhich is the Catholic? Which is the Protestant? Ian Paisley John Hume
  17. 17. Ethnic Space• Cities Little Italy, Chinatown etc.• Toponymy: New Orleans; New York• Rural “ethnic islands”
  18. 18. Ethnic Island
  19. 19. AcculturationWhat can save ethnicneighborhoods fromacculturation? •Cultural Revival •Cultural Linkage
  20. 20. Immigration Intermarriage Cultural Revival
  21. 21. Bostons oldest synagogue, the Vilna Shul on Beacon Hill,now serves as a cultural center and an informal place toexperience Judaism. David Gerzof, 30, standing at the rearduring a service, helps organize events at the shul.
  22. 22. Quebec• Canada a plural society – Historically, Quebecers felt like “second class citizens” – 1970’s Bloc Quebecois – 1977 Businesses must function in French – 1980’s Native Americans claim also be a “distinct society”
  23. 23. GENDERAREAS OF INEQUALITY• EDUCATION• WAGES• FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT• FORCED MARRIAGES• “HONOR” KILLINGS/DOWRY DEATHS• PHYSICAL VIOLENCE• “GLASS CEILING”
  24. 24. WOMEN IN SAUDI ARABIA
  25. 25. Gendered Space (GenderApartheid?)
  26. 26. DEMOGRAPHY & HEALTH • LONGEVITY GAP – Europe – Women outlive men by 7 yrs – Russia – Women outlive men by 12 yrs – Sub-Saharan African – Women outlive men by 2 yrs
  27. 27. Maternal Mortality Rate (#Deaths Per 100,000 Live Births)Country Mortality Ratio Lifetime RiskAfghanistan 1800 1 in 8US 11 1 in 4,800Iceland 4 1 in 12,700
  28. 28. Female Infanticide (Gendercide?) • India – 873 girls for every 1,000 boys born (New Delhi • China – 1995 – 9/10 single 30 yr olds were male
  29. 29. WOMEN IN IRAN
  30. 30. WOMEN’S EDUCATION AS A RATIO TO MEN’S Primary school enrolment and attendance Afghanistan Male 66% Female 40% Nigeria Male 68% Female 58% Mexico Male 98% Female 97% Secondary school enrolment and attendance Nigeria Male 38% Female 33% Mexico Male 71% Female 70%
  31. 31. CYCLE OF POVERTY WOMEN IN SUBSAHARAN AFRICA… VIEWED AS THE LESS VALUABLE THAN BOYS & OFTEN MARRIED EARLY (9-14 YEARS) WILL NOT GET LACK BASIC EDUCATION LOANS FROMBECAUSE THEYMUST PERFORM BANKS HELP FROM HARD PHYSICAL LABOR TO GOVERNMENT MAINTAIN HOUSEHOLD ARE USUALLY POWERLESS IN MARRIAGE (PROPERTY HELD BY HUSBAND)
  32. 32. Female SuffrageWhen did women get the right tovote?1893 Argentina Pakistan1917 Canada Russia1918 (3 countries) Cuba Switzerland1919 France UK1920 Germany USA1934 Iraq1944 Japan1947 (3 countries)1971 Kuwait1980 Netherlands2005 New Zealand
  33. 33. Female Suffrage1893 New Zealand1917 Canada1918 UK, Germany, Russia1919 Netherlands1920 US1934 Cuba1944 France1947 Japan; Argentina; Pakistan1971 Switzerland1980 Iraq2005 Kuwait
  34. 34. ENFRANCHISEMENT – “The Vote” GREATEST PARTICIPATION BY WOMEN IN GOVERNMENT – NORTHERN EUROPE FEMALE POLITICAL LEADERSCHANDRIKA KUMARATUNGA CORAZON AQUINO MARGARET THATCHER SRI LANKA PHILIPPINES BRITAIN
  35. 35. WOMEN’S ENFRANCISEMENTPERCENTAGE OF SEATS IN PARLIAMENT OCCUPIED BY WOMEN IN 2008 SWEDEN 47% U.S. 17% RWANDA 46% JAPAN 14% IRAQ 26% IRAN 3% CHINA 21% SAUDI ARABIA 0
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×