Minorities in the USWhere do you think you would find thefollowing minorities in the US? – Hispanic Americans – African Americans – Native Americans (American Indians) – Asian Americans – Arab Americans
Where does the largest population ofIranian descent live in the US? Los Angeles “Tehrangeles” 700,000 – 800,000 people
Skin WhiteningMarket is approximately worth $500 million in India alone
Ethnicity• Distinctiveness based on shared cultural traits – (history, cultural landscape, faith)• Ethnic divisions can cause conflict: – Liberia (Afro-Liberians vs. Americo-Liberians) – Corsica (Corsicans vs. French) – Sri Lanka (Sinhalese vs. Tamils) Ethnicity is based upon perception Most ethnic conflicts are between people who have no “racial” differences Armenian Genocide
Northern IrelandWhich is the Catholic? Which is the Protestant? Ian Paisley John Hume
Ethnic Space• Cities Little Italy, Chinatown etc.• Toponymy: New Orleans; New York• Rural “ethnic islands”
Bostons oldest synagogue, the Vilna Shul on Beacon Hill,now serves as a cultural center and an informal place toexperience Judaism. David Gerzof, 30, standing at the rearduring a service, helps organize events at the shul.
Quebec• Canada a plural society – Historically, Quebecers felt like “second class citizens” – 1970’s Bloc Quebecois – 1977 Businesses must function in French – 1980’s Native Americans claim also be a “distinct society”
GENDERAREAS OF INEQUALITY• EDUCATION• WAGES• FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT• FORCED MARRIAGES• “HONOR” KILLINGS/DOWRY DEATHS• PHYSICAL VIOLENCE• “GLASS CEILING”
WOMEN’S EDUCATION AS A RATIO TO MEN’S Primary school enrolment and attendance Afghanistan Male 66% Female 40% Nigeria Male 68% Female 58% Mexico Male 98% Female 97% Secondary school enrolment and attendance Nigeria Male 38% Female 33% Mexico Male 71% Female 70%
CYCLE OF POVERTY WOMEN IN SUBSAHARAN AFRICA… VIEWED AS THE LESS VALUABLE THAN BOYS & OFTEN MARRIED EARLY (9-14 YEARS) WILL NOT GET LACK BASIC EDUCATION LOANS FROMBECAUSE THEYMUST PERFORM BANKS HELP FROM HARD PHYSICAL LABOR TO GOVERNMENT MAINTAIN HOUSEHOLD ARE USUALLY POWERLESS IN MARRIAGE (PROPERTY HELD BY HUSBAND)
Female SuffrageWhen did women get the right tovote?1893 Argentina Pakistan1917 Canada Russia1918 (3 countries) Cuba Switzerland1919 France UK1920 Germany USA1934 Iraq1944 Japan1947 (3 countries)1971 Kuwait1980 Netherlands2005 New Zealand
ENFRANCHISEMENT – “The Vote” GREATEST PARTICIPATION BY WOMEN IN GOVERNMENT – NORTHERN EUROPE FEMALE POLITICAL LEADERSCHANDRIKA KUMARATUNGA CORAZON AQUINO MARGARET THATCHER SRI LANKA PHILIPPINES BRITAIN
WOMEN’S ENFRANCISEMENTPERCENTAGE OF SEATS IN PARLIAMENT OCCUPIED BY WOMEN IN 2008 SWEDEN 47% U.S. 17% RWANDA 46% JAPAN 14% IRAQ 26% IRAN 3% CHINA 21% SAUDI ARABIA 0
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