Gilded age politics 2013


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Gilded age politics 2013

  1. 1. The Gilded Age Politics
  2. 2. The Grant AdministrationUS Grant Credit Mobilier Scandal elected VP financially benefittedpresident from railroad construction President Grant VP Schuler Colfax1868 1869 1872 1874 Jay Gould Whiskey Ring tries to Gov’t officials received bribes corner the from whiskey distillers in gold market return for lower whiskey tax
  3. 3. Bosses of the Senate
  4. 4. Late 19 Century Presidentsth Pendleton CivilRutherford B. Hayes (R) Service Act 1877-1881 Compromise of 1877 James Garfield (R) 1881 Nasty Campaign “Ma, Ma, Wheres my Pa?” Stalwarts v Halfbreeds The “Mugwumps” defect – angered by Blaine The Assassination Grandson of William Henry Chester A. Arthur (R) McKinley Tariff 1881-1885 “Billion Dollar Congress” Grover Cleveland (D) 1885-1889 1893-1897 William T. Sherman had been considered as the Assassination of President Garfield Republican candidate for President. His response: by Charles Guiteau (Stalwart) “If drafted, I will not run; if nominated, I will not accept; if elected, I will not serve." Benjamin Harrison (R) 1889-1893
  5. 5. Late 19 Century Politics th Democrats Republicans “Solid South” Waving the Bloody ShirtMachine Politics “Stalwarts” - pro patronage (Conkling) “Half-Breeds” - civil service reform (Blaine)
  6. 6. Pendleton Act
  7. 7. Vote for political Bosses Poor ImmigrantPolitical Machine Voters Needs votes Needs Food, shelter, jobs Give jobs, food and shelter to their supporters
  8. 8. "Honest Graft and Dishonest Graft” Very Plain Talks on Very Practical Politics by Senator Plunkitt of Tammany Hall recorded by William L. Riordon(1905)“EVERYBODY is talkin these days about Tammany men growin rich on graft, butnobody thinks of drawin the distinction between honest graft and dishonest graft.Theres all the difference in the world between the two. Yes, many of our men havegrown rich in politics. I have myself. Ive made a big fortune out of the game, and Imgettin richer every day, but Ive not gone in for dishonest graft - blackmailingamblers, saloonkeepers, disorderly people, etc. - and neither has any of the menwho have made big fortunes in politics.Theres an honest graft, and Im an example of how it works. I might sum up thewhole thing by sayin: "I seen my opportunities and I took em.” Just let me explain byexamples. My partys in power in the city, and its goin to undertake a lot of publicimprovements. Well, Im tipped off, say, that theyre going to layout a new park at acertain place. I see my opportunity and I take it. I go to that place and I buy up all theland I can in the neighborhood. Then the board of this or that makes its plan public,and there is a rush to get my land, which nobody cared particular for before.Aint it perfectly honest to charge a good price and make a profit on my investmentand foresight? of course, it is. Well, thats honest graft…..”
  9. 9. Thomas Nast William M. TweedNast’s cartoons brought down the corrupt mayor of New York CityWilliam “Boss” Tweed and his Political Machine “Tammany Hall”
  10. 10. Let us Prey